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tremely prejudicial to his spiritual influence among the natives, he resigned his appointment, and the salary which he enjoyed in virtue of it, and again offered his valuable services as a missionary, in connexion with the London Missionary Society. This offer, the high

and hallowed motives of which I duly appreciated, was accepted by me with most perfect cordiality; and, the permission of government having been obtained, Mr.

Brownlee, accompanied by the Christian chief, young Tzatzoe, removed to the banks of the Buffalo river, and there commenced another institution, under the protection of old Tzatzoe, the father of his native coadjutor. 3. By the latest' accounts, the cause of Christianity and civilization appears to be gradually gaining ground in Cafferland. Schools, for the youth of both sexes, have been established at the various stations abovementioned ; and, all things considered, they have already been attended with much greater success than could have been anticipated. School books and primers in the Amakosa dialect,* printed by the Glasgow and Wesleyan missionaries, have been introduced into all those seminaries ; and in a few years we may, with the blessing of God, hope to witness among the “ savage Caffers” the same delightful spectacle which is now exhibited at Bethelsdorp and Theopolis—the instructed children teaching their parents and grandsires to read the Gospel in their mother tongue. »£;* If; in this promising field, other Christian societies are now reaping the harvest for which our devoted and

* jj]* Sicana's hymn, at page 187, is a fair specimen of this soft and -harmonious language.

revered missionaries, Vanderkemp and Williams, first broke

up the soil, far be it from me and from any of my friends, to grudge them the honour that attends their success. If good is done, it matters little by what society it is effected ; and I have always been an enemy to that petty jealousy which would regard with the slightest tincture of envy the success attending the labours of others, or which would induce Christian societies to quarrel about the respective shares which each may have in any great or good work.

In a letter of a recent date from Cafferland, from our late excellent missionary, the Rev. Evan Evans, I have the following statement:

“I have visited all the missionary stations of the Wesleyan, Glasgow, and London missionary societies, and I am happy to say that they are all in a prosperous state. Having visited Wesley-Ville, Love-Dale, and the other missionary stations of the Wesleyan and Glasgow missionary societies, I visited the station of our beloved brother Brownlee, where I spent some days.

« Mr. Brownlee's prospects are truly encouraging. The population immediately around him is very dense, for this country. Standing on the site of the institution, I was able to count a vast number of Caffer villages in sight. On the sabbath-day it was truly delightful to see the people coming in every direction from the surrounding country to the house of God. Those of the Caffers at this station who have been converted, maintain an honourable profession, and show much love and affection to their teachers. John Tzatzoe, the young

Caffer chief, is much respected by all the people, and is of great use to Mr. Brownlee in his

labours. This mission, however, needs more assistance. Mr. Brownlee should have some artizans placed with him. He cannot, as yet, like the missionaries within the colony, have the natives to assist him in erecting the necessary buildings on such an institution. Williams sunk under the fatigue of his manual labours, and it will be a shame to the directors of our society if they lose Brownlee in a similar manner, or if the prosperity of the mission is retarded by their neglect. “ On

my visit to the different missionary stations in this country, I was particularly pleased to find a spirit of love and candour among the missionaries of the different societies, which cannot fail to have a powerful effect upon their labours. It is acknowledged by all the missionaries of the different societies that they have entered into the labours of Williams, and that they are now reaping the fruits of the seed sown by him in Cafferland. It gives me much pleasure,” adds Mr. Evans, “ to state that such is the respect entertained by the missionaries of the different societies for the memory of our departed brother, that they have entered into a subscription to erect a monument over his grave.'

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Namaqua Hottentots. — Their former condition.--Difficulty of enforcing habits of cleanliness.-Mr. Schmelen's labours at Bethany.- Proposal of Sir Jahleel Brenton.- History of the robber Africaner.--His plundering excursions--Conversion by the Missionaries-Visit to Cape Town-Exemplary conduct after he became a Christian-Meeting with his former enemy Berands, the Grigua-Death and Character.

Iran The Hottentot tribes known by the designation of Nama- ,! quas inhabit what is called Little and Great Namaqua: land. Little Namaqualand stretches from the border of the colony, on the western shore of South Africa, to.. the Orange river, and Great Namaqualand extends from the north banks of the same river to Angra Pequena Bay, including about three degrees of latitude. The breadth of the country has not been so well defined. This is one of the most sterile and dreary countries in South Africa, presenting little to the eye, except sandy; deserts, interspersed with a few green patches, which

1 are rendered fertile by the few springs which the coun- s. try supplies. The climate of Namaqualand is much hotter and drier than that of the east coast; it will sometimes be for months, and even years,, without rain ; and, during the excessive drought to which it is... exposed, the people keep their cattle alive by seeking forage for them among the reeds and bushes in the channels of the rivers. te

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For a brief account of the condition of this people when the English took possession of the Cape of Good Hope, and of the treatment they experienced from the colonists, I beg leave to refer my readers to the following extract from the volumes of a modern traveller :

“In that part of the Namaqua country lying between the Khamies and the Groote or Orange river, water is rarely met with, except in the periodical streams that flow from the mountains under beds of sand, in which the natives, when such existed, used to dig deep wells, and cover them over to prevent evaporation. These plains are now desolate and uninhabited. All those numerous tribes of Namaquas, once possessed of vast herds of cattle, are, in the course of less than a century, dwindled

to four hordes, which are not very numerous, and, in a great measure, are subservient to the Dutch peasantry who dwell among them. The latter, who have seized upon the choicest part of their country, allow them to erect their huts in the neighbourhood of their farms, on condition of their furnishing a certain number of people to protect their cattle against the attacks of Bushmen or wild beasts of prey. A dozen years more, and probably a shorter period, will see the remains of the Namaqua nation in a state of entire servitude. Such are the effects of an encroaching peasantry, sanctioned by the low policy of a government that could descend to employ agents to effect the purchase of whole herds of cattle for a cask of brandy. To this government was so little a concern of such great magnitude, that it authorized those agents, for the greater convenience of transporting their brandy, to make an expensive road across a point of the Kha-:) miesberg, which still bears the honourable name of the



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