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a minimum quantity of 20 identically punched cards.

(xii) Identical communications entirely in print, excepting the name of the sender, sent by several persons to the same addressee.

(9) Sealed matter includes mail of any class so wrapped as not to be easily examined except third- or fourth-class matter sealed subject to postal inspection. (See $ $ 24.8 and 25.7 of this chapter.)

(b) Use of postal and post cards. (1) Double postal and post cards are two attached cards, one of which is to be detached by the receiver and returned through the mail as a reply. The following rules apply to double cards:

(i) Double cards must be folded before mailing and the first half detached when the reply half is mailed for return. If the first half is not detached when the reply half is mailed for return, the card is subject to the letter rate of postage.

(ii) The reply portion of a double card must be used for reply purposes only; it must not be used to convey & message to the original addressee of the double card, to cover up the message on the original portion, or to send statements of account.

(iii) Double cards must be prepared so that the address on the reply portion is on the inside when the double card is mailed.

(iv) Plain stickers or seals or a single wire stitch may be used to fasten the edges, provided they are so fixed that the inner folds of the cards can be readily examined.

(v) Enclosures are prohibited.

(2) Additions to postal cards and post cards are limited to the following:

(i) The face of the card may be divided by a vertical line, the left half of the card to be used for the message and the right half for the address only.

(ii) The message on a single card, or on the first portion of a double card, may consist of advertising, illustrations, or any kind of writing, and may occupy the space to the left of the vertical line and the entire back of the card.

(iii) Very thin sheets of paper may be attached to the card, provided they are completely stuck to it.

(3) Post cards not conforming with prescribed specifications and bearing a

message wholly or partly in writing or the words “Post Card” or “Private Mailing Card” are charged the letter rate. If entirely in print and without the words "Post Card" or "Private Mailing Card," they are charged the third-class rate.

(4) Cards enclosed envelopes, transparent or not, are charged the letter rate, if sealed; if unsealed, they are charged according to the character of the message. Stamps on matter enclosed in envelopes do not count as postage.

(c) Business reply cards, envelopes, and labels. (1) A business reply card or envelope is a card or envelope prepared for use in replying to the permit holder who distributes them.

(2) A business reply label is a label cut from a newspaper or other publication, or a gummed label, to be stuck on plain envelopes or cards for return to the addressee.

(3) Postage is collected on all types of business reply mail when it is returned to the original distributor. Postage is computed at the first-class rate plus 1 cent for each piece. (See § 21.1.) Cards which do not conform to the specifications for post cards (see paragraph (a) (7) of this section) are subject to the postage chargeable on business reply envelopes.

(4) A permit to distribute business reply mail is required. An application on POD Form 3614 must be filed at the post office where the mail will be returned. There is no charge for the permit. If business reply cards or envelopes are distributed from a central office to be returned to branches or dealers in other cities, one permit obtained from the post office where the central office is located may be used to cover all.

(5) Business reply cards, envelopes, and labels may be distributed:

(i) In any quantity for return by surface or air mail. (See 26.1 of this chapter for airmail rate.)

(ii) To any post office in the United States and its Territories and possessions, including military post offices overseas; except in the Canal Zone, where they may not be returned without prepayment of postage. They should not be sent to any foreign country.

(iii) In any manner except by depositing in receptacles provided by patrons for receipt of mail. Examples: Renewal form inserted between magazine pages;

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(ii) May not be attached to parcels either to carry messages or to serve as address tags or labels without prepayment of postage.

(iii) May not be used to return parcels without prepayment of postage on both the business reply piece and the parcel.

(8) The distributor guarantees payment on delivery of postage on returned business reply cards or envelopes. Any concern distributing business reply cards or envelopes under one permit for return to its branches or dealers, guarantees to pay postage on any returns refused by any authorized addressee. (19 F. R. 7777, Dec. 1, 1954, as amended at 20 F. R. 7835, Oct. 19, 1955)

§ 21.3 Weight and size limits-(a) Weight. Maximum limits same as for fourth-class mail. (See $ 25.3 (a) of this chapter.)

(b) Size. No limit.

§ 21.4 Payment of postage-(a) Method. Postage may be paid by:

(1) Adhesive stamps.
(2) Stamped cards or envelopes.
(3) Metered stamps.
(4) Permit imprints.

(b) Insufficient prepayment. Firstclass mail on which one full rate of postage has been paid is dispatched to its destination, and any unpaid portion is collected on delivery. (One full rate is the amount specified in § 21.1 for the particular type of mail involved.) If the postage is short-paid no more than one full rate, only the deficient postage is charged; if short-paid more than one full rate, the deficient postage plus 1 cent for each short-paid ounce is collected on delivery.

$ 21.5 Mail sent by members of the U.S. Armed Forces. Letters sent by soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines in the United States military service located in the United States or other places where United States domestic mail service operates, addressed to places in the United States, may be dispatched for collection on delivery, under the following conditions:

(a) The address side of the letter must be marked "Soldier's Letter", "Airman's Letter", "Sailor's Letter”, or "Marine's Letter", as appropriate.

(b) Under the marking, the letter must bear the signature and oficial designation, either with facsimile handstamp or in writing, of a commissioned

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officer to whose command the soldier or airman belongs, or of a surgeon or chaplain at a hospital where he is; and in the Navy and Marine service of a commissioned officer attached to the vessel on which the member is serving, or an officer commanding a hospital or detachment ashore where he is.

(c) Postage, at single rate, is collected on delivery. (See $ 27.7 of this chapter for free mail for certain members of the Armed Forces.)

$ 21.6 Ship letters-(a) Vessels not regular mail carriers. Letters for deliyery in the United States, carried by vessels not regularly employed in carrying the mail, are charged double rate of postage, to cover the fee paid to the vessel. The postage may be collected at the office of delivery or prepaid with United States postage stamps.

(b) Vessels operating over post road. Letters and packages carried from one port to another in the United States over a water route that is wholly a post road by law, in a private ship or vessel, are charged single rate of postage. If part of the water route is not a post road, double rates of postage are charged.

(c) Delivery by the master of a vessel. Wholly unpaid printed matter delivered to the post office by the master of a vessel arriving from a foreign port and not regularly engaged in carrying mail, is charged with double the third-class rate of domestic postage, to be collected on delivery, and dispatched to its destination.

Sec. 22.7 Marking of paid reading matter. 22.8 Cancellation of second-class privileges.

AUTHORITY: $$ 22.1 to 22.8 Issued under R. S. 161, 396, as amended; 5 U. S. C. 22, 369.

§ 22.1 Second-class rates-(a) Within the county of publication. (1) For delivery at office of mailing having city or village letter-carrier service (and for delivery at publishers' headquarters office except when second-class zone rates are higher):

(1) By carrier: Weekly newspapers (minimum 48 cent per copy): 1 cent per pound.

Newspapers Issued more often than weekly: 1 cent per copy.

Periodicals (all publications issued less frequently than weekly): Copies weighing 2 ounces or less: 1 cent per copy. Copies weighing over 2 ounces, any weight: 2 cents per copy.

(ii) Through post-ofice boxes or general delivery, and for delivery by ruralor star-route carriers (minimum 48 cent per copy): 1 cent per pound.

(2) For delivery at offices having city or village letter-carrier service other than the office of mailing (minimum 48 cent per copy): 1 cent per pound.

(3) For delivery at all offices including office of mailing not having city or village letter-carrier service:

(i) If publication is printed in whole or in part in the county, one copy to each subscriber residing within the county: Free.

(ii) If publication is not printed in whole or in part in the county (minimum 48 cent per copy): 1 cent per pound.

(b) Outside the county of publication—(1) All publications, except those accepted at the special rate. (i) Reading portion (also advertising portion when it does not exceed 5 percent of the total space): 142 cents per pound, plus 30 percent (minimum 48 cent per copy).

(ii) Advertising portion, when it exceeds 5 percent of the total space, and single sheets or portions of sheets sent to advertisers to prove the insertion of advertisements:

Part 22-Second Class Sec. 22.1 Second-class rates, 22.2 Qualifications for second-class privi

leges. 22.3 Applications for second-class privi

leges. 22.4 What may be mailed at the second

class rates 22.5 Second-class mailing privilege for news

agents. 22.6 Sworn ownership and circulation state


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First and second zone.
Third zone.
Fourth zone.
Fifth zone.
Sixth zone.
Seventh zone.
Eighth zone.

142 cents per pound.)
2 cents per pound.
3 cents per pound.

Plus 30 percent; 4 cents per pound.

Minimum 46 cent per copy. 5 cents per pound. 6 cents per pound. 7 cents per pound.

(iii) When the total weight of any one edition or issue of a publication mailed to any one zone does not exceed 1 pound: lé for each zone to which a mailing is made.

(iv) The 30 percent additional charge to total postage does not apply to any religious, educational, or scientific publication designed specifically for use in school classrooms or in religious instruction classes.

(2) Special rate publications. Issued by religious, educational, scientific, philanthropic, agricultural, labor, veterans, or fraternal organizations or associations not organized for profit and none of the net income of which inures to the benefit of any private stockholder or individual, when specifically authorized by the Department: Reading and advertising portions combined: 11/2 cents per pound (minimum 48 cent per copy).

(c) Transient rate.

1. Coples mailed by public. 2. Sample copies in excess of 10 percent al

lowance. 3. Copies to persons not included in list of


2 cents for first 2 ounces; 1 cent each addi

tional 2 ounces or fraction thereof, or the fourth-class rate, whichever is lower.

(d) Second-class rates to other countries (1) Canada. Daily newspapers issued as frequently as six times a week:

(1) Reading portion: 142 cents per pound, plus 30 percent (minimum 48 cent per copy).

(ii) Advertising portion: 7 cents per pound, plus 30 percent (minimum 48 cent per copy). Publications issued less frequently than six times a week, including copies of Sunday issues of daily newspapers to subscribers who do not subscribe to the weekday issues: 1 cent for each 4 ounces or fraction of 4 ounces.

(2) PUAS countries. Copies addressed to countries subject to the Postal Union of the Americas and Spain: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Haiti, Republic of Honduras, Mexica, Morocco (Spanish Zone), Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, El Salvador, Spain (including the Balearic Islands, Canary Islands and Spanish Offices in Northern Africa), Spanish Guinea, Spanish West Africa, Uruguay, and Venezuela:

(i) Reading portion: 112 cents per pound, plus 30 percent; add 3343 percent to total (minimum 18 cent per copy).

(ii) Advertising portion: 7 cents per pound, plus 30 percent; add 3343 percent to total (minimum 18 cent per copy).

(iii) Special rate publications: 142 cents per pound; plus 33 43 percent (minimum 18 cent per copy).

(iv) The words "Postage Paid" must be placed, preferably by printing, in the

upper right corner of the address side of the envelopes or wrappers in which the copies are mailed to these countries. The words shall be boxed or underscored with a heavy line. When a number of individually addressed copies are mailed in one envelope or wrapper addressed to one place, each copy must bear this inscription in order that the copies will not be treated as unpaid and rated with postage due upon their arrival at the country of address.

(3) Other countries. For countries other than those listed in subparagraphs (1) and (2) of this paragraph, the rate is 2 cents for the first 2 ounces and 172 cents for each additional 2 ounces.

(4) Bulk weight. The pound rates are computed on the bulk weight of the mailings of each issue. There is no limit of weight for second-class mail.

(5) Who pays. Postage at the transient rate must be paid on all copies mailed by the general public. Only publishers and registered news agents may mail at the other second-class rates. (19 F. R. 7779, Dec. 1, 1954, as amended at 20 F. R. 3912, June 4, 1955)

$ 22.2 Qualifications for second-class privileges—(a) What may qualify-(1) Mailable publications. You may mail only newspapers and other periodical publications at the second-class rates. The copies may not contain obscene, treasonable, lottery, or other kinds of material that would cause them to be nonmailable under the provisions of Part 14 of this chapter.

(2) With or without general advertising. All publications that meet the basic qualifications explained in paragraph (b) of this section may carry general advertising. The publications of the institutions and societies specifically named in paragraph (c) of this section must meet all the basic qualifications except the requirement of a paid subscription list. They are excused from having a paid list only when they do not carry general advertising. Those which carry general advertising must have a paid list.

(b) Basic qualifications—(1) Regular issuance. Publishers must determine the number of issues they will publish each year and adopt a statement of fre. quency that will show at what regular intervals the issues will appear. Examples of statements of frequency are: Daily. Weekly. Monthly. Quarterly. Monthly except during July and August. Semiweekly. Biweekly. Semimonthly. Weekly during school year. Four times a year in January, February, Oc

tober, and November. A publication may not be published under a frequency that provides for less than four issues each year. Issues must be published regularly as called for by the statement of frequency. Publishers may change the number of issues scheduled, and adopt a new statement of frequency by filing an application for second-class reentry. (See $ 22.3 (d).)

(2) Issuance at known office. Publications must be issued and mailed at a known office or place of publication. A known office or place of publication is a public office where the business of the publication is transacted during the usual business hours. The office must be maintained at the place where second-class mail privileges are originally authorized. Offices for the transaction of business may be maintained at more than one place, but mailings may be accepted at the second-class pound rates only at the post offices where original or additional mail privileges have been authorized.

(3) Preparation Publications must be formed of printed paper sheets, without board, cloth, leather, or other substantial binding. They may not be produced by the stencil, mimeograph, or

hectograph process or in imitation of typewriting.

(4) Contents. Publications must be originated and published for the purpose of disseminating information of a public character, or they must be devoted to literature, the sciences, art, or some special industry.

(5) List of subscribers. Publications must have a list of persons who have subscribed by paying or promising to pay for copies to be received during a stated time. When news agents purchase copies for resale or receive copies on consignment for sale, only the persons who buy copies from the news agents may be included in the subscription list.

(6) Advertising publications. Publications designed primarily for advertising purposes may not qualify for secondclass privileges. They include:

(i) Those having advertising in excess of 75 percent in more than one-half of their issues during any 12-month period.

(ii) Those owned or controlled by individuals or business concerns and conducted as an auxiliary to and essentially for the advancement of the main business or calling of those who own or control them.

(iii) Those that consist principally of advertising and editorial write-ups of the advertisers.

(iv) Those that consist principally of advertising and that have only a token list of subscribers, the circulation being mainly free.

(v) Those that have only a token list of subscribers and that print advertisements free for advertisers who pay for copies to be sent to a list of persons furnished by the advertisers.

(vi) Those published under a license from individuals or institutions and that feature other businesses of the licensor.

(7) Free circulation publications. Publications designed primarily for free circulation may not qualify for secondclass privileges. Publications that are not circulated principally to a list of subscribers are considered to be designed for free circulation. All copies printed and circulated either by mail or by the publishers' carriers, and at the second-class pound rates or the transient rate, are considered in determining whether a publication is designed for free circulation,

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