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Revenue and Expenditure.

The following table shows the actual revenue and expenditure for the years ending March 31. They are revised so as to exclude, in accordance with the system now adopted, the army and navy extra receipts, and the contributions by India for military charges, formerly brought to account as revenue: Expend

Expend-
Year.
Revenue.
iture.
Year.
Revenue.

iture. 1884. £86,160,184 .£85,954,564 1892

£90,994,786 £89,927,773 1885. 87,988,110 89,037,883 1893.

90,395, 377 90,375,365 1886. 89,581,301 92,223,844 1894.

91,133,410 91, 302,846 1887 90,772, 758 89,996,752 1895.

94,683,762 93,918,421 1888 89,802,254 87,423,645 1896.

101,973,829 97,764,357 1889 88,472,812 87,683,830 1897

103,949,885 101,476,669 1890 89,304,316 86,083,314 1898

106,614,004 102,935,994 1891

89,489,112 87,732,855

SOURCES OF REVENUE, YEARS ENDING MARCH 31.

1895. 1896. 1897. 1898...

(Net Receipts.)

CUSTOMS.
Currants, Spirits,

Tobacco

Other Mis-
Raisins, F'gn &

and

Imp't'd cellan's
Coffee. D'd Fruits. Colonial. Tea.

Snuff. Wine. Articles. Rec'ts. Total. £170,025 £396,602 £4,197,260 £3,587,632 £10,415,139 £1,143,698 £197,400 £31,193 £20,138,948

167,673 395,186 4,216,921 3,746,194 10,748,522 1,254,994 203,297 29,626 20,762, 413
172,333 401,244 4,318,192 3,799,372 11,108,048 1.296,181 224,272 36,489 21.266.131
170,049 389,573 4,299,961 3,868,207 11,433,909 1,325,372 267,494 37,685 21,792,250

EXCISE.
Chic- Coffee Mix-

Other
Beer. Spirits. ory. ture Labels. R'ways. Sciences. Receipts. Total.
£10,102,050 £15,269,296 £1,523 £2,101 £260,694 £236,086 £3,876 £25,875,626

10,718,719 15,603,680 651 1,808 259,342 238,540 4,015 26,826,755 10.901,094 16,103,412 1,502 1,792 272,183 240,866

4,247

27,435,096 11,388, 126 16,396,726 1.366 1,521 287,924 243,216 4,263 28,323,142

1895. 1896 1897. 1898,

1895. 1896 1897 1898.

Total Estate,
Legacy, Suc-
cession, etc.
£8,754,343
11,639,900
10741,379
11,185,998

ESTATES

STAMPS
Bills of Ex'ge, Life and Rec'ts, Drafts,
Deeds, Bankers' Notes, Marine and other Other
etc.

etc.

Insur'ces. Penny Stamps. Receipts.
£3,266,957 £747,890 £194,405 £1,202,747 £421,342

4,643,822 796,363 211,321 1.261,301 426,424
4,553,301 792.341 216,654 1,305,324 443,826
4,796,055 784,030 216,666 1,350,691 450,803

Total Stamps. £5,833,341 7,339,231 7,311,446 7,598,245

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The following statement shows the oscillations of the national debt of the kingdom from 1748:

Annual Principal.

Charge. At the end of the Spanish War, 1748.

£75,812,132

£3,165, 765 Decrease during eight years' peace.

1,237,107

412,199 At the commencement of the Seven Years' War, 1756.

74,575,025

2,753.566 Increase during the war.

58,141,024

2,279,167 At the Peace of Paris, 1763...

132,716,049

5,032, 733 Decrease during twelve years' peace.

5,873,238

329,214 At the commencement of the American War, 1775.

126,842,811

4,703,519 Increase during the war..

116,220,334

4,837, 737 At the end of the American War, 1784.

243,063,145

9,514,256 Decrease during the peace..

3,399,724

109,077 At the commencement of the French War, 1792.

239,663,421

9,432,179 Increase during the war....

297,989,587

10,836,372 At the Peace of Amiens, 1802

537,653,008

20,268,551 Increase during war with Napoleon.

323,386,041

12,377,067 At the Peace of Paris, 1815...

461,039,049

32,645,618 Decrease during forty years.

91,956,500

4,930,415 At commencement of Crimean War, 1854.

769,082,549

27,715,203 Increase during the war....

39,026,173

834,836 Debt in 1857.....

808,108,722

28,550,039 Decrease since the Crimean War.

151, 109,781

3,550,039 Debt on March 31, 1895.

656,998,941

25,000,000 Debt on March 31, 1896.

648,474,143

25,000,000 Debt on March 31, 1897

640,773,679

25,000,000 Debt on March 31, 1898

6:34, 435,704

25,000,000

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Agriculture.

The statement following shows the acreage in cereals and green crops in Great Britain and Ireland respectively :

GREAT BRITAIN.
Wheat. Barley. Oats. Beans. Peas. Potatoes. Turnips.
Year.

A cres. Acres. Acres, Acres. Acres. Acres. Acres. 1874.

3,630,300 2,287,987 2,596,384 559,044 310,547 520, 430 2,133,336 1894

1,927,962 2,095,771 3,253, 401 244,180 243,043 504,454 1,956,573 1897

1,417,483 2,166,279 3,296,063 242,665 209,024 541,217 1,915,902

1,693,957 2,104,764 3,095, 488 251,076 196,561 563,741 1,883,118 1847 1,887,805 2,035,249 3,034,999

190,656 504,914 1,833,145

228,912

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LIVE STOCK IN 1897.

United England.

Wales. Scotland. Ireland. Kingdom.* Horses.

1,168,763

153,282
204,379

534,133 2,069,852 Cattle.

4,567,834

709, 120 1,223,543 4,463,935 11,004,034 Sheep..

15,721,213 3,195,359 7,423,868 4,157,581 30,567,061 Pigs.

1,990,534
216,447

135,321 1,327,226 3,682,819 The following facts are taken from Mulhall:

Since 1846 there has been a decline in acreage of nearly two millions, but this has been compensated by the increased pastoral industry. Below are shown the figures : Year. Grain. Green Crops. Pasture.

Total. 1846.

11,600,000
10,330,000
22,940,000

44,870,000 1895.

8,870,000
11,180,000
27,830,000

47,880,000 The average production of crops and meat for the three years 1893-4-5 was: Wheat, 1,240,000 tons; barley, 1,820,000 tons; oats, etc., 4,460,000 tons; potatoes, 6,100,000 tons; turnips, 30,300,000 tons; hay, 12,300,000 tons: meat, 1.100,000 tons.

Notwithstanding that the price of grain has fallen 40 per cent. since 1846, the gross value of farm products then was £218,000,000, as against £230,000,000, the average value for 1893-+-5. The following figures will show the relation between labor and production and the influence of machinery thereon: Year.

Hands.

Product, £'s. £'s Per Hand. 1846.

3,519,000
218,000,000

62 1895.

2,527,000
230,000,000

91 From these figures it may be deduced that two men now produce in quantity what five did then. The fluctuations of agricultural capital are shown below in millions pounds sterling:

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PIG IRON-PRODUCTION, EXPORTS, ETC.

d.

1897.
1896.
1895.
1894.

1893.
Tons
Tons.
Tons.
Tons.

Tons. Production of pig iron..

8,789,455 8,659,681 7,895,675 7,364,745 6.829,341 Total exports of iron and steel.

3,750,000 3,552,286 2,838,149 2,649,998 2,856,574 Estimated home consumprion.

8,003,594 5,268,532 4,305.029 4,539,299 3,976,632 Stock of pig iron, December 31.

885,000 1,200,000 1,500,000 1,043,178 868,730 Average price of Scotch warrants.

46s. 10d. 44s. 5d. 42s. 8d. 42s. 4d. PRODUCTION OF RESSEMER INGOTS.

PRODUCTION OF OPEN-HEARTA STEEL INGOTS.
Year.
Gross Tons.

Year.

Gross Tons. 1885. 1,304, 127 1885

583,918 1820. 2,014,843 1890.

1,564,200 1894. 1,535,384 1894.

1,575,318 1895. 1,535,225 1895

1.724,737 1898. 1,815,842 1896.

2,317,555 1897 1,884,155 | 1897

2,601,806 IMPORTS, EXPORTS, CONSUMPTION, AND STOCK OF COTTON. The following shows the quantities of each description of cotton for 1897, in thousands of pounds, and the corresponding totals of previous years : 1897.

Import.

Export. Consumption. Stock Dec. 31. American

1,420,530

138,989
1,331,219

356,285 Brazilian.

17,300
1,004
15,286

3,017 Egyptian..

298,817
70,690
234,036

53,876 Peru, West Indian, etc.

8,951
3,163

7,247

4,816 East Indian, etc..

41,479
25,078
24,242

2,924 Total, 1897.

1,787,077
238,924
1,612,025

420,918 Total, 1896.

1,806,087

191,090
1,644,661

587,0:27 Total, 1895.

1,815,074

209,211
1,631,953

616,690 Total, 1894

1,834,546

244,396
1,613,373

642,781 Total, 1893.

1,498,062

235,580
1,482,664

666,005 AVERAGE PRICE OF COTTON. Ellison & Co., of Liverpool, give the following estimate of the average price of cotton at that port for a series of years:

1897.
1896. 1895. 1894. 1893.

1892. 1891. 1890. 1889. 1888.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.

d. Import, 45-16

43-16 456 53-16 4 13-16 5 5-16 5 13-16 5 11-16 5 17-32 Export.

4 7-16 4 11-16 4 3-16 4 5-16 5 1-16 4 11-16 4 15-16 5 5-16 548 476 Consumpt'n.. 45-16

458 53-16 4 13-16 5 5-16 5 15-16 534 5 19-32

WOOL. Helmuth, Swartze & Co., London, give the following statements of the supply, export, and consumption of wool in the United Kingdom: Domestic Imports of Wool,

Left for Clip. Alpaca, and

Total Home ConEstimated Mohair.

Total.

Exports. sumption.
Year.

Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs.
Lbs.

Lbs. 1903.

151,000,000 696,000,000 847,000,000 362,000,000 485,000,000 1-94.

142,000,000 723,000,000 865,000,000 358,000,000 507,000,000 184.

135,000,000 801,000,000 936,000,000 426,000,000 510,000,000
136,000,000 736,000,000 872,000,000 352,000,000 520,000,000
139,000,000 767,000,000 906,000,000 411,000,000 495,000,000

FLAX, HEMP, AND JUTE.
The imports of these articles into the United Kingdom were as follows:
-Quantity

Value
Flax- Dressed, undressed, and Tons. Tons. Tons.

£

€ Tow or Codilla of

1897.
1896.
1895.
1897.
1896.

1895. From Russia..

73,379

77,874 1,998,482 1,821,523 2 154,275
Germany
947 1,443 1,687

23,937
44,434

47.404
Holland
2,660 2,754 5,301 131,918 140,386

188,695 Belgium.

20,715 22,270 16,484 1,024,206 1,078,219 849,856 Other countries.

1,101 1,505 1,276 24,641 32,754 30,610 Total..

98.802 95,199 102,622 3,203,184 3,117,316 3,270,840 Hemp-Dressed, undressed, and

Tow or Codilla of From Russia...

7,416 11,071 12,540 177,507 273,159 316,325 Germany

8,485 9,322 10,354 201,845 227,297 248,744 Italy.

15,975 11.025 10,914 419,154 329,969 355,580
British East Indies.
6,877 5,569 4,999

94,614
89,891

78,031 Philippine Islande..

44,578 39,319 47,957 759,111 731,633 891,266 Other countries..

6,575 15,411 11,187 111,228 289,557 197,721 Total......

89,906 91,717 97,951 1,763,459 1,951,486 2,087,367 Jute.....

336,919 310,649 392,025 4,142,610 4,167,992 4,358,036 Total of flax, hemp, and jute. 526,627 527,565 592,598 9,109,253 9,236,794 9,716,543

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67,4227

Fisheries.

The quantity and value of fish, excluding shell fish, landed on the coast of the United Kingdom for the year 1897 were as follows: England and Wales, 397,260 tons, value £5,568,494 : Scotland, 250,087 tons, value £1,627,622 ; Ireland, 40,916 tons, value £283,944; total United Kingdom, 688,263 tons, value €7,480,060; including shell fish, £7,907,569.

Imports and Exports.

1890. 1891 1892. 1893. 1894 1895. 1896. 1897

The merchandise imports and exports of Great Britain have been as follows for a series of years :

-Exports

Total
Foreign
British

Total Imports and
Year.

Imports. and Colonial. Produce. Exports. Exports. £120,691,997 £64,721,533 £263,530,585 £328,252.118 £748,944,115

435,441,264 61,878,568 247,235, 150 309, 113,718 741,554,982 423,793,882 64,423,767 227, 138,270 291,640,166 715,434,048 404,688,178 58,878,552 218,259,718 277, 138,270 681,826,448 408,344,810 57,780,30 216,005,637 273,785,867 682,130,677 416,689,658 59,704,161 228, 128,246 285,832,407 702,522,005 441,808,904 56,233, 663 240,145,551 296,379,214 738,188,118 451,238,683 59,833,677 234,350,003 294,183,680 745,422,363

CLASSES OF ARTICLES FOR TWELVE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31.

Imports from foreign countries and British possessions (in thousands of pounds) :

1897.

1896. Animals, living (for food).

£11.380 £10.438 (A.) Articles of food and drink, duty free..

151,550 147,000 (B.) Articles of food and drink, dutiable.

26,791 25,568 Tobacco, dutiable..

4,072

4,352 Metals...

21.285 20,492 Chemicals, dyestuffs, and tanning substances.

6,006

6,776 Oils...

7,641

8,459 Raw materials for textile manufactures.

70,263 74,757 Raw materials for sundry industries and manufactures..

52,085 47,241 Manufactured articles..

85,038 81,379 (A.) Miscellaneous articles..

14,139

14,330 (B.) Parcel post..

1,004

1,012 Total value......

£451,238 £441.808

1895. £8,966 140,242 25,058

3,353 18,656 6,558 8,111 70,769 44,024 75,601 14,367

978

£416,689

£793 11,062 18,298

101,377

Exports of British and Irish produce and manufactures (in thousands of pounds): Animals, living.....

£1,133

£941 Articles of food and drink.

12,138 11.684 Raw materials. ...

20.140 17,687 Articles manufactured and partly manufactured, viz. : (A.) Yarns and textile fabrics....

96,618 105,329 (B.) Metals and articles manufactured therefrom (except machinery)......

31,487 33,549 (C.) Machinery and mill work.

16,282 17,014 (D.) Apparel and articles of personal use.

9,878 10,474 (E.) Chemicals, and chemical and medicinal preparations.

8,674 8,242 (F.) All other articles, either manufactured or partly manufactured...

32,939 33,552 (G.) Parcel post...

2,057 1,689 Total value.......

£234,350 £240,145

28,886 15,150 9,307 8,288

31,387 1,337

£225,890

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