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Society), Dr. Franklin Parsons, Mr. Daydon Jackson (Secretary was received in London. On that night, therefore, which of the Linnean Society), Mr. J. E. Harting, Dr. Bowdler Sharpe, happened to be fine, observations were commenced at Mr. J. Britten, Mr. É. Saunders, Colonel Swinboe, Mr. A. W.
South Kensington, and two photographs were obtained, Bennett (Vice-President of the Linnean Society), Mr. Percy Sladen (Secretary of the Linnean Society), Mr. D. Morris, Mr.
together with some eye-observations, which were comMiller-Christy, and by a large number of other Fellows of the
municated to the Royal Society by Mr. Norman Lockyer Linnean, Geological, Zoological, and Entomological Societies of
on the next day in a preliminary note, from which we London; and by the editors of the Geological Magazine, the
make the following extracts :Journal of Botany, the Zoologist, the Entomologists' Monthly “ Last night was fortunately fine, and two photographs Magazine, and the Entomologist.
HERBERT Goss. Linnean Society, Burlington House, W., February 6.
were taken of the spectrum—the first exposed from 7.30 to 9, or for Th. 3om. ; the second exposed from
9.30 to 12.30, or for 3h. om. The first registered 13 lines; ON THE NEW STAR IN AURIGA. the second appears to contain some additional ones, were enabled last week to make an announcement
but they are very faint, and have not yet been measured. WE of the discovery of a new star in the constellation
A complete discussion of these photographs will form Auriga, as we received on Wednesday the Edinburgh
the substance of a subsequent communication, but already Circular giving an account of the manner in which the
the following approximations to the wave-lengths have first information had been received. A telegram was
been obtained, the photographs being treated absolutely sent by Dr. Copeland to the Astronomer-Royal on the least refrangible lines, as there has not yet been time to
independently, means, however, being taken for the four date of the reception of the post card- Monday, February 1-and, as we have since learnt from the Astrono
construct a proper curve for this region :inische Nachrichten, a telegram was also sent by Dr. Copeland and the Astronomer-Royal to Kiel. Un- Lines measured in the first
Lines measured in the second fortunately there is at present in England no local
photograph. system for the distribution of astronomical intelligence of this character, so that it will probably be found
Wave. Hydrogen Probable
Hydrogen' Probable that the fine night of Monday was only devoted to obser
origin. vations of the new star in a very restricted number of Observatories. The necessity for correcting this state of
Ca things has been pointed out by Mr. Lockyer in the Times
H of Friday, and it is to be hoped that some steps may be
h taken to rectify the defect. As it turns out, however, no 4128
4130 very great harm has been done, for the new star, instead
4172 of degra ting its light rapidly from the day of its discovery
Ca on February 1, seems if anything to have brightened, so that the changes in its light between Monday and Wed
4310 nesday were probably not so great as those observed in
carbon Nova Cygni during the first two or three days of its
4516 A telegram from Prof. Pickering communicated by the
4552 Astronomer-Royal to the Times of Monday seems to
4618 show that the star, instead of bursting forth suddenly about the date when the anonymous post-card was sent to Dr. Copeland, has really been visible since last Dec- “I have recently taken up the question of stellar spectra. ember, perhaps even for a longer time ; but in any case and find that a 6-inch object-glass with a prism in front it has not been registered in any recognized Catalogue. of it is all that is required for the brighter stars. This Prof. Pickering states that he finds this star visible on instrument was employed upon the Nova, which is of three plates belonging to the series of the Draper photo about the fifth magnitude, so the exposures were neces. graphs at different dates during the month of December. sarily long. The telegram through the “Centralstelle für Astrono- “ For the eye observations, the new 3-foot mirror which mische Telegramme,” Kiel, runs as follows :-" Cope- has recently been presented to the Astro-Physical Laboraland's Nova bright on photograph December 10, faint tory by Mr. Common was employed, but unfortunately December 1 ; maximum December 20; spectrum unique. the clock is not yet mounted, so that the observations -PICKERING.” It would thus appear that Prof. Picker, were very difficult. ing had photographed the new star on the three dates “C was the brightest line observed. In the green there named in the course of the photographic mapping of stars were several lines, the brightest of which was in all and their spectra which he is carrying out at Harvard probability F, the position being estimated by comCollege Observatory. We do not yet know whether the parison with the flame of a wax taper. Another line was plates were examined at the date on which they were coincident--with the dispersion employed--with the radiataken, or whether the telegrams relating to the appear- tion at wave-length 500 from burning magnesium wire. A ance of the Nova may have caused an examination to be fainter line between the two last-named was probably made, but the spectrum was visible on all three plates. near 495, thus completing the trio of lines which is
As we stated last week, the observations in England characteristic of the spectra of nebulæ. There was also commenced on Monday night at Edinburgh, on which a fairly bright line or band coincident with the edge of date Dr. Copeland saw bright lines, and at the Royal the carbon futing at 1 517 given by the flame of the Observatory on the same evening, when the new photo taper. A feeble line in the yellow was coincident under graphic 13-inch refractor was used for determining the the conditions employed with the sodium line at D. exact position of the star. With this fire instrument the “The hydrogen line at G was distinctly seen, as well as Astronomer-Royal was able to detect that the star differed a band, or group of lines, between G and F. from the other stars on the plate in appearance.
“ Nearly all the lines appear to be approximately, if not As to the work on Tuesday night, at present we know actually, coincident with lines seen in the various types nothing. An announcement of the discovery appeared of Cygnus stars, the chief difference being the apparent in the Times of Wednesday, on which date also, as we existence of carbon, hydrocarbon, and calcium in the have already stated, Dr. Copeland's Edinburgh Circular Nova.
* The colour was estimated by Mr. Fowler as reddish- Mr. Tesla we have a scientific explorer, who, if health yellow, and by Mr. Baxandall as rather purplish. My and life be granted him, will travel fast and far. own impression was that the star was reddish, with a Briefly, Mr. Tesla has done much to attain the conpurple tinge. This was in the 10-inch achromatic. In tinuous stream of electrical oscillations which Prof. Fitzthe 3-foot reflector it was certainly less red than many gerald, at a recent meeting of the Physical Society, comstar of Group II. No nebulosity was observed either in pared to a continuous whistle. The oscillations which the 3-foot or the 1o-inch refractor, nor does any appear in Hertz studied die out almost instantaneously. Could they a photograph of the region taken by a 35-inch Dallmeyer be maintained, a practically new weapon would be placed lens with ihree hours' exposure. It should be stated in our hands. Tesla does not, indeed, maintain them, that the camera was carried by the photographic tele- but he renews them many times per second, and the scope, the clock of which had had its normal rate pur- results are marvellous. posely changed to give breadth to the spectrum.
Though the potential is enormous, the electrode of the “ The photographs were taken and reduced by Messrs. apparatus can be safely handled. If a person in conductFowler and Baxandall. The eye-observations and com- ing communication with it touches a vacuum bulb or tube parisons were made by Mr. Fowler.”
it glows, and if the tube is brought near to others it sets them a-glowing too. No return is needed,
the current is The nights of Thursday, Friday, and Saturday were completed through surrounding space. The phosphohopelessly bad, but on Sunday night the weather cleared, rescent materials in some of the beautiful tubes lent by and more photographs were taken at South Kensington, Mr. Crookes shone brightly when one electrode only was an account of which, we believe, has been communicated connected with the coil. If the terminal is surrounded to the Royal Society. Observations of the Nova are there by an aluminium tube, the glow is notably increased. fore well in hand, and there is no doubt that a comparison The experiment of making a vacuum-tube luminous by of the photographic plates obtained in December and simply holding it in an oscillating field was successfully February will provide us with much minute information performed, and the lecturer himself received with impunity regarding the behaviour of our new visitor.
a crackling discharge, some six or eight inches in length, The remark in Mr. Lockyer's communication to the by holding his hand at that distance from the terminal of Royal Society, that the spectrum of the star contained his coil. early all the lines visible in the stars in Cygnus, is one All these things are not merely wonders. Mr. Tesla is of considerable interest and importance, because, if it be working with an object. He is one of those who hold confirmed by subsequent observations, it will show that that a phosphorescent glow is the light of the future. these stars in Cygnus cannot be stars in the true sense- He hints at artificial auroræ spreading from the summits that is, bodies like our sun. This seems pretty evident of towers of hitherto undreamt of height, and he has at from the fact that their spectroscopic phenomena can be all events got as far as producing in air at atmospheric reproduced by another body which suddenly appears, and pressure a glowing plane bounded by two rings about a probably will rapidly become invisible. The idea that foot and thirty inches in diameter respectively. Whether any of these bodies are “worlds on fire,” as was once his visions will all be realized may be doubtful. There is thought, need now no longer be discussed.
is no doubt that they are guiding him aright. As Lord Rayleigh said in moving the vote of thanks, a door has been opened into a new region of inquiry, into which
Mr. Crookes and Mr. Tesla have entered almost alone. MR. TESLA'S LECTURES ON ALTERNATE CURRENTS OF HIGH POTENTIAL AND Hertz acknowledge in terms of genuine emotion that he
Those who some fifteen months ago heard Prof. FREQUENCY.
had built upon a foundation laid by Englishmen, that T is not often that the outward and visible signs of a Englishmen had first recognized the importance of his
great scientific success are so prominent as they work, and that from England its first reward had come, mere last week at the Royal Institution. The reports must have listened with pleasure when the part that this which have reached this country of the work of Mr. country has taken in the development of electrical Nikola Tesla have made his name known to those who science was referred to in a like appreciative tone are watching or aiding the progress of electrical science. by Mr. Tesla. It is not indeed that the achievements of He was recently invited by the Institute of Electrical our great electricians are bettered or rendered more imEngineers to lecture before it, and the interest which his portant by acknowledgment, but it is pleasant to note coming excited spread in widening circles as the day on how cosmopolitan science is becoming, and that among which he was to exhibit his experiments drew near. scientific workers the feeling of fellowship is overcoming
It was evident that the ordinary meeting-room of the that of rivalry. For the rest we can only congratulate lostitute would be too small, and the Managers of the Mr. Tesla alike upon his work and his reception, and Royal Institution placed their theatre at its disposal
. the scientific world on the exhibition of a number of Members of the Royal Institution, were, however, beautiful experiments which will afford food for useful 20x1ous to hear and see for themselves; and finally Mr. reflection to theorist and experimenter alike. Tesla consented to lecture on two consecutive nights to
A. W. R. be Institute and the Institution respectively.
On both occasions the room was full, on the first The announcement of Mr. Nikola Tesla's lecture it was overflowing. Gathered round the lecture table to the Institution of Electrical Engineers excited widewas a crowd of those whose business it is, either as spread interest among all in the least degree interested theorists or as practical men, to keep abreast of the in electrical science. The succession of almost marvellous wave of scientific advance ; but as the youthful lecturer experiments in which in great measure it consisted must -who looks even younger than his years—with a have gone far beyond the anticipations of the most sanmodesty and charm of manner which were altogether guine of those of the audience who had had no previous irresistible, showed wonder after wonder, the interest of account of the nature and results of his work. It is not this critical audience deepened into enthusiasm. The too much to say that the Royal Institution lectures mark speaker's broken English and imperfect explanations a distinct epoch in the progress of theoretical and applied did not detract from his success. His marvellous skill electricity." While, on the one hand, the experiments as an experimentalist was evident and unmistakable, which the lecturer showed seemed to point to a possible and his hearers left the room convinced, not only that revolution of our methods of electric lighting, on the another step forward has been taken, but also that in other hand they must have suggested, if not for the first time, in a new and forcible way, important questions of nature of the phenomena illustrated by his lectures ; electrical theory, and the physiological effects of rapidly while, on the other hand, one object aimed at in alternating currents. That he should have been able Prof. Thomson's experiments was to show that in a unharmed to place himself in the space between two tube without electrodes luminosity could be produced by tinfoil plates connected to the terminals of his rapidly electrodynamic action alone-that is to say, in a field of alternating machine, was to the ordinary observer in itself electric force which is not electrostatic in the sense of sufficiently startling ; but that he should have been able admitting of the derivation of its intensity at each point to present a piece of iron to one of the poles of the from a potential function. machine, drawing a spark of several inches in length The changes produced in the distribution of electricity with impunity, and thereby to interpose his body as a on neighbouring conductors will cause glow in a vacuum connecting link between the machine and a long vacuum tube when a Holtz machine or Leyden jar is discharged ; tube which glowed like a flaming sword, must have ap- and this will in general be more or less operative. But peared to many of those most conversant with electrical | it is not in general possible to separate the electromotive phenomena truly astonishing.
forces due to this cause from those due to electroHitherto, alternating machines of great frequency and magnetic action. Prof. Thomson has succeeded in some high potential have been deemed peculiarly dangerous, cases in screening off these electrostatic effects, and in and not without reason. But it did not follow, of course, producing a glow discharge in which electrostatic action that with a sufficient increase of the frequency of alterna- could have little or no share. tion, the danger might not completely disappear. It will The glow or flame discharges from the terminals of his be of great importance to inquire in what way the im- induction coils, the glow discharge from the long wires munity of the experimenter from injury is brought about. stretched from the induction coil towards the roof of the Are impulses of 20,000 reversals per second and upwards hall, the glowing vacuous bulbs and phosphorescent tubes without serious effect on the nervous system of the human placed in the field between the parallel tin-foil plates body, so that conduction takes place through it without attached to the transformer terminals are all phenomena any disagreeable consequences? or is the conduction of the highest importance ; though, of course, they are effected without the nervous system being concerned only exceedingly striking and effective illustrations of at all ?
experimental results already arrived at by the lecturer The delicate network of nerves in the eye is sensitive himself and others, and communicated in a more or less to a certain range of frequency of electrical vibrations, complete manner to the electrical world. The applicaand perfectly insensitive to vibrations which lie outside tion of these, which Mr. Tesla suggests as a possible one that range in frequency. In the same way the insen- in the future, would bring about an ideal form of elecsitiveness of the general nerve-system of the human body tric lighting, which would transcend in luxury and coninterposed between a glowing vacuum tube and the ter- venience our present system of electric lighting by minal of a rapidly alternating machine or transformer incandescent lamps as far as the latter transcends the may begin and end at much lower limits. There is also, oil lamps and tallow dips used by our near ancestors. of course, the interesting question of the distribution of Every drawing-room would become an electric field in a these rapidly alternating currents in the somewhat com- continual state of rapidly alternating stress, in which the plicated conductor formed by the human body, which occupants would live, experiencing no unpleasant effects may have a great deal to do with the result.
whatever, while vacuous bulbs or phosphorescent globes It ought to be recalled here that Prof. J. J. Thomson and tubes, without care or attention, would shed a soft has been working in the same field, and has obtained diffused light, of colour and intensity arranged to suit the somewhat similar results. These were made the subject most luxurious fancy. It would be interesting also to of a very interesting demonstration to the members of know whether, after all, habitual dwelling in a region of the Physical Society on the occasion of their visit to electric stress rapidly changed from one extreme of high Cambridge in May of last year. For a long time Prof. intensity to the opposite, produced very slow physiological Thomson has investigated this subject both theoretically effects which could be traced in the improved health and experimentally, and his researches have thrown and longevity of the persons so dwelling, or the reverse. much light on the rationale of the very striking results If such applications are made (and there does not seem obtained by Mr. Tesla and himself in their closely allied to be any sufficient reason why they should not come to but independently carried out series of experiments. pass), the magnificent researches of Mr Crookes, as well
The admirable experiments of Mr. Tesla are only as those of other investigators to whom the lecturer justly another instance of the way in which practical applica- and generously acknowledged his indebtedness, will bear tions of science promote its progress, by enabling appa- some practical fruit in an almost totally unexpected ratus to be constructed on an engineering scale, and with manner, by becoming at once available in connection all the security for effective action which the constructive with a new and beautiful development of what is at art of the engineer furnishes so well. His simple alter- present the most progressive of the physical sciences. nating machine, running with very little clearance at a It does seem that we are on the point of farther great speed of about 2000 revolutions per minute, is itself a advance into the undiscovered domain of electrical triumph of skill in design and construction, and well science, and it is significant that it is likely to lie along illustrates how desirable and even necessary it is to take one of the routes made clearer to us by the discovery and advantage of all the aids to exactness, and they are verification of the great theory of electrical radiation. many, which can be obtained from the refined machine Who knows what further discoveries may be obtained tools and truth of design which characterize the engineer- before the present century has come to an end ? We ing workshop of to-day. The ordinary optician of twenty are advancing so rapidly that no one can declare that years ago, with his imperfect lathes, and general utter the record of discovery of the nineteenth century has want of power-driven appliances, his continual hand- nearly closed. One important means of further investifitting and shaping, and the absolute non-interchange: gating electrical radiation will be that which Prof. Fitzability of the parts of his instruments, has almost passed gerald made an attempt to find-a means of maintaining away ; and even the physical laboratory has become in for any required length of time electrical vibrations of great measure an engineering workshop, in which are to sufficiently high frequency. Mr. Tesla's results seem to be found Whitworth lathes and end-measuring machines promise that this problem may perhaps be solved before adapted for the most exact work.
very long, and many outstanding questions of the electroOne point in this connection is worthy of notice. magnetic theory of light thereby set at rest. In many Mr. Tesla insists strongly on the essentially electrostatic other ways his researches are certain to promote scientific discovery. To quote his own words : “The field is wide foot square. A line AB, 1 inch in length should then be and completely unexplored, and at every step a new truth drawn near the centre and a circle described about it, is gleaned, a novel fact observed.”
G. half of which should then be divided as shown into 12
WAVE-MOTION MODEL. As , I
considerable difficulty in giving to elementary students of Sound a clear conception of the motion of the air in organ-pipes when sounding. In Weinhold's
B ** Physics” a method is shown in which a series of sinuous lines, drawn on a sheet of paper, exhibit this equal parts. Perpendiculars should then be dropped motion when drawn across a narrow slit, but the difficulty upon the line AB, which is thus divided in harmonical attending the drawing of these lines has, I imagine, pre- progression in the points 1, 2, 3 .... 13. With the
cluded its general adoption for class purposes. It struck points 1, 2, 3 . . . . 13, 12, 11, 10, 9, 8, 7 successively as me that it ought to be possible to draw a series of centres, a series of circles should then be drawn beeccentric circles upon a disk in such a way that, when ginning with a radius of 1 inch, and increasing it each rotated, the motion of the intercepted lines, as seen time by i inch. The last circle therefore, described through a narrow radial slit, should correctly represent with the point 7 as centre, has a radius of 43 inch. The this motion. This, of course, is done for progressive two circles described with the point 7 as centre, since waves by Crova's disk. After spending some thought they represent nodes, should be drawn rather thicker than upon the matter I succeeded in producing such a disk, the others to distinguish them. a copy of which I inclose. It has given such satisfaction The disk is now complete. It should be cut circular that I have been advised by several scientific friends to in shape and mounted to rotate upon a pin struck through send a description of the method to you for publication, the point 7. If it now be examined by means of a narrow for the benefit of teachers and students generally. radial slit extending across the marked portion of the disk,
In the following description I have given the dimen- the short lines intercepted will, by their pendulum-like sions which I myself employ in describing these disks, motions, represent the motion of ihe air particles in a but they can of course be varied at will :
closed organ pipe giving its first overtone. When the A piece of stout cardboard should be taken about a slit is shortened so as to show only the portion of the disk between the two nodal lines, the vibration of a rod Physical Laboratory and other portions of the College of clamped at both ends will be represented; whilst the Science already housed on it to interpolate an English Luxemouter half of the latter length of slit will represent similarly bourg between two portions of the Science School and Science a closed organ pipe giving its fundamental note. In this Museum, relegating ihe latter to the aforesaid admirable picture way by restricting the slit to various parts of the disk, galleries, which then for all time can never be annexed to the various vibrating rods of metal and organ-pipes can be
Tate Gallery, or even put in connection with it? Why, in fact,
should the science instruction of the country be sacrificed to this represented.
collection of pictures, which is not of sufficient value to be The disks thus produced I have had very satisfactorily accepted by the National Gallery? We hear a good deal of the lithographed for students' use.
French Luxembourg, but would any munificent donor of modern Should any of your readers be desirous of obtaining French pictures be allowed to have a slice out of the middle of further information I shall be happy to oblige them. the École Polytechnique, or of the École Centrale, or of the
F. CHESHIRE. Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers, if, peradventure, that was the P.S.- In the drawing of the disk given the centre has
Naboth's vineyard which his heart craved sor? been filled up by broken circles. As thus drawn the Mr. Tate's collection of pictures were .inserted like a seton into
3. Why should the Government or the public suppose that if inner circle may with advantage be blackened over.
the tissue of the College of Science it would have the effect of drawing a shower of gists and bequests away from the rival
establishment across the Exhibition Road, and only separated THE SCIENCE MUSEUM AND GALLERY OF from it by a part of the College of Science ? That rival establishBRITISH ART AT SOUTH KENSINGTON.
ment contains the Sheepshanks collection, given under stringent
conditions to found, and accepted by the Government to found, Mo$
OST people were under the impression that they a National Gallery of British Art. Other collections have
had heard the last of the absurd proposal that the been added-even since the Tate Gallery was in the airsite in South Kensington, which had already been set on the same conditions. Intrinsically and artistically they apart for scientific purposes, should be appropriated for are worth probably ten times as much as the Tate collecthe British Art Gallery. After all, however, the scheme tion. From the recent competition which has been held has not, it seems, been definitely abandoned. Mr. Tate it is evident that the Government propose to spend a is said to have decided that if this particular piece of land large sum of money in completing the South Kensington is not granted he will withdraw the offer of his pictures Museum, which will then be in a position 10 properly and of the money he is willing to give for the erection of they cannot be sent to the Tate Gallery. They would be
It is well known that a suitable building. Men of science, like other people, lost to the nation if an attempt were made to do so, the pious would be sorry if the nation lost the advantages which
donors having taken ample precautions against such tricks being Mr. Tate wishes to confer upon it; but they are bound to played with their gifts. "Whatever pranks the Royal Academy protest strenuously against the notion that it is either right may play with the Chantrey Bequest, there is no reason to or expedient to try to promote the interests of art at the suppose that the British Museum or National Gallery pictures expense of those of science. The South Kensington site can be sent to increase the importance of this new establishis urgently wanted for the purposes for which it has ment under an irresponsible management, which is not supported been promised. Careful investigation has shown that by a single artist of eminence, as far as I am aware. every foot of the land will be needed for an adequate
4. Why should Government emulate the antics of the Science Museum and for laboratories; and if Mr.
celebrated cow who kicked over the pail of milk she had just Tate's idea is acted upon, irreparable injury will be
filled, and, having done more than any previous Government done, not only to the Royal College of Science, but to
for technical instruction, make itself superbly ridiculous by the entire system of scientific training in England. dealing an irremediable blow to the advance of that instruction
for the sake of Mr. Tale's £80,000? It must he remembered It has been asserted that the land " was bought for science
that there is no institution for the advancement of scientific and art,” and that, consequently, science has "no instruction in the country similar to the College of Science with monopoly in it.” The land was not bought for “science the Science Museum which it is now proposed to dismember for and art.” It was bought for "science and the arts,” by the sake of that. £80,000.— I am, Sir, yours obediently, which were meant the industrial arts, the development of London, February 9.
Y. which directly depends on science. The whole difficulty is due to the haphazard way in which all that relates to
NOTES. science is treated by public authorities in this country. If England had possessed a Minister of Education, with The late Prince Louis Lucien Bonaparte has left to powers corresponding to those which belong to the French the Nation his valuable collection of metals, which is or the Prussian Minister of Education, he would never now in course of arrangement at the Science Museum, have permitted this question to be even opened ; and Mr. South Kensington. The collection is rich in specimens Tate would probably have obtained long ago a proper of the
rarer metals. This bequest is the result of a site elsewhere. Of course nothing that can be done to prevent an act of utter folly and injustice will be left promise made to Prof. Roberts-Austen, the Prince having undone in Parliament by the scientific members.
been much interested in the Percy collection at South The following letter on the subject appeared in the Kensington. The Prince's early papers, which were mainly Pall Mall Gazette on Wednesday, February 10 :
chemical, comprised an account of a method of separating SIR,-Before Parliament and the public agree to the some
cerium from didymium ; and he used to refer with pride to what exacting terms which Mr. Tate appears to make a condition
his having won admission to the ranks of the Legion of of his munificent donation, I would beg your leave to submit Honour by chemical research. the following questions for their consideration :1. Why should he not be satisfied with the plot of ground, for the departments of physics and mechanical and electrical
In order to afford increased and improved accommodation somewhat higher up the Exhibition Road, which is much larger than his contribution of £80,000 will cover with a decently engineering, the Council of University College, London, have constructed building? The situation of that plot is in every decided to enter without delay upon a considerable extension of respect better than the one he covets. It is adjacent to the the College buildings. The addition to the College will form East and West Galleries, which are already connecied by a cross gallery. These galleries are, in the opinion of the most eminent
an important block opposite the east end of University Street, artists in the country, the best galleries for the exhibition of with an extension for some distance along the Gower Street pictures yet constructed in England, and in them the overflow front of the College grounds. It is to contain separate laborafrom Mr. Tate's gallery might in future time find a home. tories and lecture-rooms for mechanical engineering and elec2. Why should the site which he asks for be cleared of the trical engineering, with rooms for engineering drawing, a