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Reviews—<ontinutd.

The Story of the Hills, a Popular Account of Mountains, and
how they were made, Rev. H. N. Hutchinson, 364

The Optics of Photography and Photographic Lenses, J.
Traill Taylor, 364

The Evolution of Life, or Causes of Change in Animal Forms,
Hubbard Winslow Mitchell, M.D., 364

Manual of Chemical Technolo«y, Rudolf von Wagner, trans-
lated by William Crookes, F.R.S., 386

Elements of Agriculture, W. Fream, 388

Further Reliques of Constance Naden, George M. McCrie,

389
The Realm of Nature, Hugh Robert Mill. 390
Grasses of the South-West, Dr. George Vasey, 390
Sporting Sketches in South America, Admiral Kennedy,

39°
Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S.

Chailtngtr in 1873-76, prepared by the late Sir Wyville

Thomson, F.R.S., and John Murray, Prof. J. W. Judd,

F.R.S., 409
British Fungi, Phycomycetes and Ustilaginese, G. Massee,

411
A Treatise on the Geometry of the Circle and some Exten-
sions to Conic Sections by the Method of Reciprocation,

W. J. M'Clelland. M.A., 412
Kalm's Account of his Visit to England on his Way to

America in 1748, translated by Joseph Lucas, 412
CEuvres Completes de Christiaan Huygens, A. M. Clerke,

434
The Horse, a Study in Natural History, William Henry

Flower, C.B., F.R.S., 436
A System of Sight-Singing from the Established Musical

Notation, based on the Principle of Tonic Relation, Sedley

Taylor, 437
The Statesman's Year-book for the Year 1892, J. Scott

Keltic, 437
The Optical Lantern as an Aid in Teaching, C. H. Botham-

ley, 437
L' Homme dans la Nature, par Paul Topinard, 457
The Art and Craft of Cabinet Making, D. Denning, 459
L'Electricite dans la Nature, Georges Dary, 460
The First Book of Euclid's Elements, Rev. J. B. Lock, 460
The Ilford Manual of Photography, C. H. Bothamley, 460
The Advanced Class-book of Modem Geography, William

Hughes and J. Francon Williams, 460
The Theory of Determinants in the Historical Order of its

Development, Thomas Muir, 481
Anthropogenie, oder Entwickelungsgeschichte des Menschen,

Prof. Ernst Haeckel, 482
Philosophical Notes on Botanical Subjects, E. Bonavia, 483
The Zoological Record for 1890, Frank E. Beddard, 483
Lecons sur la Pathologie comparee de l'lnflammation faites a

I Institut Pasteur en Avril et Mat, 1891, £lie Metschnikoff,

Prof. E. Kay Lankester F.R.S., 505
Travels in Africa during the Years 1879-83, Dr. Wilhelm

Junker, translated by A. H. Keane, 507
My Second Journey through Equatorial Africa, Hermann von

Wissmann, translated from the German by Minna J. A.

Bergmann, 507
New Fragments, John Tyndall, F.R.S., 508
A Treatise on Chemistry, Sir H. E. Roscoe, F.R.S., and C.

Schorlemmer, F. R.S., 509
The Oak, a Popular Introduction to Forest Botany, H.

Marshall Ward, F.R.S., 509
The Elements of Plane Trigonometry, R. Levett and C.

Davison, 509
Lea Fleurs a Paris, Culture et Commerce, Philippe L. de

VUnorin, 510
Health Springs of Germany and Austria, F. O. Buckland,

510
The Principles of Chemistry, D. Mendclceff, translated from

the Russian by George Kamensky, and edited by A. J.

Greenaway, 529
A Treatise 00 the Ligation of the Great Arteries in Con-
tinuity with Observations on the Nature, Progress, and

Treatment of Aneurism, C. A. Ballance and Walter

Edmunds, Dr. M. Armand-Ruffer, 530
Precious Stones and Gems, their History, Sources, and

Characteristics, Edwin W. Streeter, 531
Air and Water, Vivian B. Lewes, Professor of Chemistry at

Royal Naval College, Greenwich, 531

Reviews—continued.

The Naturalist in La Plata, W. H. Hudson, Dr. Alfred R.
Wallace, 553

A Study of Influenza and the Laws of England concerning
Infectious Diseases, Richard Sisley, 556

Arthropogeographie, Zweiter Theil, Die Geographische Vcr-
breitung des Menschen, Freidrich Ratzel, 557

Within an Hour of London Town, among Wild Birds and
their Haunts, by a Son of the Marshes, edited by J. A.
Owen, 557

Mission Scienlifique de Cap Horn, tome vii., Anthropo-
logic, Ethnographic, P. Hyades et J. Deniker, 577

Quantitative Chemical Analysis, Frank Clowes and J. Bernard
Coleman, 578

Elementary Mathematical Astronomy, C. W. C. Barlow and
G. H. Bryan, 579

Practical Fruit Culture, J. Cheal, 579

Blowpipe Analysis, J. Landauer, edited by James Taylor,
580

Outlines of Theoretical Chemistry, Lothar Meyer, translated
by P. Phillips Bedson and W. Carleton Williams, Prof. M.
Pattison Muir, 601

Recollections of a Happy Life, being the Autobiography of
Marianne North, edited by Mrs. John Addington Symonds,
602

Our Trees, John Robinson, 603

Synopsis of Non-Metallic Chemistry, William Briggs, 604

Chemical Calculations, R. Lloyd Whiteley, with Preface by
Prof. E. Clowes, 604

The Year-book of Science, edited by Prof. T. G. Bonney,
F.R.S., 604

1 Iandy Atlas of Modern Geography, 605
Rew (R. Henry), on the Statistics of the Production and Con-
sumption of Milk in Great Britain, 614
Reynolds (J. E.), Silver Compounds of Thiourea, 383
Ribbentrop (Dr.), Government Forestry in India, 41
Ricardo (David), Principles of Political Economy and Taxa-
tion, 4
Ricco (A.), Earthquakes at Pantelleria, 120; Account of the

Submarine Eruption North-west of Pantelleria, October 1891,

Abstract of ditto, G. W. Butler, 584
Richardson (A. T.), Mathematical Exercises, 125
Richardson (Dr. B. W., F.R.S.), New Year's Address to

Sanitary Inspectors' Association, 234
Richet (Prof.), Death of, 258

Richet (Ch.), the Tubercular Vaccination of the Dog, 576
Rigg (Gilbert), Ice Crystals, 319
Riley (Dr. C. V.), a New Herbarium Pest, 235
Ring and Disk Blinds in Micrometic Measurements, on the

Influence of, Herr Dr. Walter Wislicenus, 137
Rings, Atmospheric, Dr. Sprung, 599
Rivers of Central Europe, the Temperature of, 114
Roberts (Thomas), Death and Obituary Notice of, 303
Roberts-Austen (Prof., F.R.S.): the Report to the Alloys

Research Committee of the Institution of Mechanical

Engineers, 22 ; Value of Metallurgical Science, 257; Bronze

in the London Atmosphere, 443; Metals at High Tempera-
ture, 534
Robertson (W. T.), Tea-culture in New South Wales, 260
Robinson (Dr. A.) the Formation and Fate of the Primitive

Streak in the Frog, 140
Robinson (John), Our Trees, 603
Robinson (Margaret), the Nauplius Eye persisting in some

Decapods, 450
Rochester Academy of Sciences, U.S., 588
Rockhill (William Woodville), the Land of the Lamas, 98
Rocks collected by M. Lopatin on the Podkamennaya

Tunguska, 597
Rodger (J. W.), Theory of Solutions, 342, 487
Roemer (the late Ferdinand), Proposed Memorial of, 322
Rogers (Fred. J.), Magnesium as a Source of Light, 622
Rolling of Ships, 559
Romanes (Prof. Geo. J., F.R.S.), Migration of the Lemming,

249
Rome (Province), Earthquakes in, 304
Roscoe (Sir H. E., F. R.S.): Action of Water-Gas on Iron, 9a;

a Treatise on Chemistry, 509
Rosenberg (Dr.), Assimilation of Diet investigated in a Dog

Working on a Treadmill, 599
Ross (Alexander), Journey to Head Waters of Ecayali, Central

Peru, 519

Ross (W. J. C.)i on the Discovery of Two Specimens of Fossil

Lepidodendrons in the Neighbourhood of Bathurst, New

South Wales, and the Inferences to be drawn from their

Occurrence, 424
Rossiter (E. C.)> Sulphochloride of Isomeric Dibromonaph-

thalene, 263; Action of Alcohols on Sulphonic Chlorides as

Means of producing Ethereal Salts of Sulphonic Acids, 263;

Action of Bromine on Mixture of Ortho- and Paranitro-a-

Acenaphthalide, 263
Rotation of Jupiter, W. F. Denning, 473
Rotation of Venus, Herr Loschardt, 210

Rotch (A. L.), Meteorology of French Association at Mar-
seilles, 189; the Mountain Meteorological Stations of the

United States, 403
Rothamsted, Results of Experiments at, on the Question of the

Fixation of Free Nitrogen, Dr. J. H. Gilbert, F.R.S., 32
Rothney (E. A. J.), Two Species of Indian Ants, 454
Roumania, the Meteorological Service of, 444
Rousseau (G.), Manganates of Potash, 288 ■
Roy (Prof., F.R.S.), Contributions to the Physiology and

Pathology of the Mammalian Heart, 451
Royal Academy of Sciences of Lisbon, Sir Joseph Fayrer,

F. R.S., elected Corresponding Member of, 585
Royal College of Physicians, Sir Andrew Clark elected (fifth

time) President, 566
Royal Geographical Society, 183; Appointment of Mr. J. S.

Keltie to the Assistant-Secretaryship in room of late Mr. H.

W. Bates, 402 ; Dr. H. R. Mill appointed Librarian to, 566
Royal Institution, Lectures at the, 155, 586
Royal Meteorological Society, 95, 215, 335, 431, 551, 623
Royal Microscopical Society, 46, 143, 165, 239, 311, 479, 574
Royal Military Academy, Science at the, 563
Royal Scottish Geographical Society, Branch established in

London, 544
Royal Society, 37, 141, 162, 190, 212, 311, 357, 381, 407, 429,

45'. 549. 573; Anniversary Meeting, no; Sir William

Thomson's Anniversary Address, no; Medallists, III;

Officers and Council, 112; Catalogue of Scientific Papers,

338
Royal Society of New South Wales, 95; Prizes Offered by,

443; Award of Clarke Memorial Medal to Mr. W. T.

Thiselton-Dyer, 495
Royal Statistical Society, R. Henry Rew on the Statistics of the

Production and Consumption of Milk in Great Britain, 614
Rubens (Dr.): New Method of Determining Dispersion and

Refraction in Ultra-Violet Rays, 48; the Dispersion of the

Ultra-Red Rays, 576
Rubi, Alpine, T. D. A. Cockerell, 320
Riicker (Prof., F.R.S.): Royal Society Medallist, III; Speech

at the Royal Society Dinner, 112
Ruffer (Dr. M. Armand), a Treatise on the Ligation of the

Great Arteries in Continuity, with Observations on the

Nature, Progress, and Treatment of Aneurism, Charles A.

Ballance and Walter Edmunds, 530
Rugby School Natural History Society, 520
Runge(Prof. O), on the Line Spectra of the Elements, 607
Russell (F.) Results of Meteorological Observations at Akassa,

95
Russell(H. C, F.R.S.), the Grouping of Stars in the Southern

Part of the Milky Way, 423
Russell (H. L.), the Effect of Mechanical Movement on the

Growth of Certain Plants, 478
Russell (Prof. Israel C.) : Cirques, 317 ; Geographical Position

of Mount St. Elias, 472
Russell (J. S. R.), the Abductor and Adductor Fibres of the

Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve, 573
Russell (Lucy J.), Bedford College and the Gresham University,

391

Russell (Hon. Rollo), Untenability of Atmospheric Hypothesis
of Epidemics, 431

Russell (Dr. W. J., F.R.S.): Town Fogs and their Effects, 10;
Bedford College and the Gresham University, 391

Russia : the Grain Production of, Borkovsky, 67; Russian
Geographical Society, 92; Awards, 444; European, Fre-
quency and Geographical Distribution of Heavy Daily
Rainfall in Russia, E. Berg, 258; Mercury Mining in, 305;
Causes of the Famine in, Dr. A. Woeikof, 378 ; Russian Pre-
historic Antiquities, the Slavonians of the First Centuries of
our Era, Prof. Samokvasoff, 547; Sunflower Cultivation in
Southern Russia, 568

Rust Fungus in Wheat, 615

Rusting of Iron, A. Liversidge, F.R.S., on the, 424
Rutherfurd's Photographs, Catalogue of, 21

Sabatier (Paul), Sulphides and Selenides of Boron and Silicon

Selenide, 41
Sacken (C. R. Osten), Meretrix, Lamarck 1799, versus Cytherea,

Lamarck 1806, 30
Sadtler (Samuel P.), a Hand-book of Industrial Organic

Chemistry, 125
Saffard (Truman), on the Observation of North Polar Stars in

the Vertical of Polaris, 159
St. Malo Bay, the Tides of, M. Heurtault, 143
St. Petersburg Electrical Exhibition, 303
St. Thomas's Hospital, Lectures on Systematic Botany at, 586
Saline Solutions, Heat Engines and, Lord Rayleigh, F. R.S.,

438,510 •

Salmon Industry in British Columbia, 279
Salt Lake of Aalia Paakai, A. B. Lyons, 29
Salts in Natural Waters, 78; K. H. Perry Coste, 176 ; Robert

B. Hay ward, F.R.S., 176
Samoan Cyclone of March 16, 1889, 161
Sauioan Hurricane, Everett Hayden, 461
Samokvasoff (Prof.) the Slavonians of the First Centuries of our

Era, 547
Sanderson (Prof. J. BurJon, F.R.S.), Obituary Notice of Sir

William Bowman, 564
Sandwich Islands, Mr. R. C. L. Perkins Selected to Investigate

the Zoology of the, 322
Sandwich Isles, Ornithology of the, Prof. Alfred Newton,

F.R.S., 465, 532 ; Albert F. Calvert, 485, 558; J. E.

Harting, 532
Sanitary Conference, International, 233
Sanitary Engineering, C. Napier Bell on, 426
Sanitary Inspectors' Association, New Year's Address, Dr. B.

W. Richardson, F.R.S., 234
Sanitation in Schools, 185
Sapper (Dr.), the Climate of Alta Verapaz, 41
Sardine, Growth of the Pilchard or, Prof. J. T. Cunningham,

255
Sardinia, the Nurhagi of, Dr. Ermling, 114
Sarro Savages, Arrow-Poison of, Laborde and Rondeau, 278
Saussaye (P. D. Chantpie de la), Manual of the Science of

Religion, 148
Saville-Kent (W.), Oyster-Culture in Queensland, 66
Scandinavia, Chronology of the Neolithic Age in, Prof.

Montelius, 39
Scheele (Carl Wilhelm), Letters and Memoirs of, 207
Scheurer-Kestner (M.), Decomposition of Sulphurous Acid by

Water at very High Temperatures, 384
Schimper (A. F. W.), Die indo-malayische Strandflora, W.

Botting Hemsley, F.R.S., 3
Schlresing (Th., Jun.), the Fixation of Free Nitrogen by Plants,

H3

Schnauss (Hermann), Photographic Pastimes, a Hand-book
for Amateurs, 5

Schoetensack (Dr. O.), the Nephrite Axe found at Ohlau,
Silesia, 379

Schorlemmer (C, F. R. S.), a Treatise on Chemistry, 509

Schorr (Dr. R.), Denning's Comet (b 1892), 569

Schoute (Prof.) : Lemoine's Two Problems of Stamps, 72; the
Stamp-folding Problem, 335

Schweizer (Dr.), the Behaviour of Spermatozoa towards Electric
Currents, 599

Science: Electricity in Relation to, Prof. W. Crookes, F.R. S.,
63; Examinations in, 85; Elizabeth Thompson Science
Fund, 91 ; a Text-book of the Science of Brewing, E. R.
Moritz and G. H. Morris, 100; Scientific Nomenclature, H.
St. A. Alder, 104; Manual of the Science of Religion, P. D.
Chantpie de la Saussaye, 148; Implications of Science, Dr.
St. George Mivart, F.R.S., 60,82, 222, 343; Edward T.
Dixon, 125, 272, 391; Miss E. E. C. Jones, 223, 366; on
the Relation of Natural Science to Art, Prof. E. du Bois-
Reymond, F.R.S., 200, 224; Science in Japan, Prof. E.
Ray Lankester, F.R.S., 256; Royal Society Catalogue of
Scientific Papers, 338; Science Museum and Gallery of
British Art at South Kensington, 348; Science Museum and
the Tate Gallery, 385, 433; Forthcoming Scientific Books,
476; Science at the Royal Military Academy, 563 ; the New
York "Scientific Alliance," 544; the Year-book of Science,
1891, Prof. T. G. Bonney, F.R.S., 604

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Sditer(Dr. P. L., F.R.S.), Opportunity for a Naturalist, 174,

369
Sclaler (W. L.), Catalogue of Mammalia in the Indian Museum,

Calcutta, 50
Scotland, the Ninth Annual Report of the Fishery Board for,

49

Scotland, Technical Education in, 377
Scott (Ernest), Electricity in Relation to Mining, 184
Scott (Robt. H., F.R.S.): Supernumerary Rainbows observed in
the Orkneys, 223 ; Atlantic Weather and its connection with
British Weather, 496
Scottish Meteorological Society, 470
Scottish Zoology, Prof. Cossar Ewart on, 17
Scripture (E. W.), the Study of Psychology as a Science in the

United States, 568
Scudder (F.), Action of Water Gas on Iron, 92
Sea, Cloud-Observations at, Prof. C. Abbe, 70
Sea-borne Sediment, the Precipitation and Deposition of, R. G.

Mackley Browne, 598
Sea-Fish, Destruction of Immature, Alfred O. Walker, 176;

Ernest W. L. Holt, 240
Sea-Serpent, Dr. A. C. Oudemans on the, 614
Sea-shore, Wood, and Moorland, By, Edward Step, 28
Seabroke (Geo. M.), Aurora, 605

Search Light, Working of the, W. B. Lefroy Hamilton, 5S7
Searle (G. F. C.), an Experiment of Sir Humphry Davy's, 47
Seaside Plants, Biology of, W. Bolting Hemsley, F.R.S., 3
Secular Acceleration of the Moon and the Length of the Sidereal

Day, 137
Secular Variation of Latitudes, 210
Seebohm (H.), White's Thrush (Tardus varius), 479
Seemann (Herr), a Weather Lexicon, 208
Segers (M.), Mussel-Poisoning in Tierra del Fuego, 134
Seismometry and Engineering in Relation to the Recent Earth-
quake in Japan, Prof. John Milne, F.R.S., 127
Seismology: Earthquake at Nipon, Japan, 19; Earthquake in
Japan, 86, 199; Seismology in Japan, 471; Seismological
Phenomena in Australasia, 423; Earthquake at Nicaragua,
471 ; at Portland. Oregon, 586; Earthquake in California,
471, 614 'sec also Earthquakes)
Selection, Topical, and Mimicry, David Syme, 30; Dr. Alfred

R. Wallace, 30
Selective and Metallic Reflection, A. B. Basset, F.R.S., 119
Self-registering Weathercock, J. Lawrence Hamilton, 559
Sellers (Coleman), American Superiority in Mechanics, 157
Sendall's (Sir W. J.) Apparatus for making Accurate Measure-
ments with Camera Lucida, 46
Sensitive Water Jets, W. B. Croft, 606

Shaler (Prof. N. S.), Nature and Man in North America, 220
Shark, Large Greenland, Stranded at Lynn, T. Southwell, 546
Sharp (Dr.), on the Phyllium, 623
Shaw (Jas.), Peculiar Eyes, 104
Sheep, Origin of the, in China, Dr. Macgowan, 285
Sherman (O. T.), Zodiacal Light, 381
Sherwood (William), Striated Surface under the Cromer Drift,

5"

Shields, Ancient Mexican, Zelia Nuttall, 520

shipbuilding: the Steadying of Vessels at Sea, J. T. Thorny-
croft, 570; the Influence of Shallow Water upon the Trial
Trip Speeds of Modem Vessels, W. H. White, F.R.S., 571;
on Balancing Marine Engines and the Vibration of Vessels,
A. F. Yarrow, 571

Ships, Rolling of, 559

Shipley (A. E.), Onchnesoma Sleemlrupii, 450

Shore (Dr.), Action of Lymph in Producing Intravascular
Clotting, 455

Shuleldt (Dr.) : Prints of Havesu-pai Indians, 235 ; Weaving as
Practised by the Navajo Indians, 260

Sidereal Day, the Secular Acceleration of the Moon and the
Length of the, 137

Sidgreaves(Rev. Walter), Stonyhurst Drawings of Sun-spots and
Faculse, 261

Siemens and Halske, Experiments on the Production of Ozone
by Electric Silent Discharge, 39

Sierra Leone Anglo-French Frontier Delimitation Commission,
the, 64; Government Mission to Investigate Botany of, 64

Sight, Motion of Stars in the Line of. Prof. H. C. Vogel, 280

sight-singing from the Established Musical Notation, a System
of, based on the Principle of Tonic Relation, Sedley Taylor,
437

Silk Insects of India, the Wild, E. C. Cotes, 520

Silk-producing Moths, Col. Swinhoe, 38

Simla, Capt. Bower's Journey from China to, 615

Sinclair (F. G.), a New Mode of Respiration in the Myriapoda,

164
Singer (Dr.), Cloud Pictures, 518
Sirius System, the, Dr. A. Auwers, 617

Sisley (R.), a Study of Influenza and the Laws of England con-
cerning Infectious Diseases, 556
Skate, the Electric Organ of the, Prof. J. G. Ewart, 451
Skinner (S.), Some Notes on Clark's Cells, 47; Properties of
Alcoholic and other Solutions of Mercuric and other
Chlorides, 430
Skua in Shetland, the Great, W. E. Clarke, 545
Slater (Chas.), the Differentiation of Leprosy and Tubercle

Bacilli, 450
Slater's (Prof. J. S.) Improved Armillary Sphere, 134
Slavonians of the First Centuries of our Era, the, Prof.

Samokvasoff, 547
Sleep : Causation of, James Cappie, M. D., 26; Peculiar Case

of Prolonged, 323, 349
Smart (William), an Introduction to the Theory of Value, 268
Smith (Charles), Arithmetic (or Schools, 247
Smith (Fred. J.), a Simple Heat-Engine, 294, 464
Smith (W. VV.), Hellebore as an Insecticide, 546
Smitheils (A.): Structure and Chemistry of Flames, 214; Struc-
ture of Luminous Flames, 214
Smitheils (Prof.J, Origin of Flame Coloration, 306
Smithsonian Institution: Gift by Mr. Thomas Hodgkins to, 37;

Prof. S. P. Langley's Report for the Year, 261
Smithsonian Standards for Physical Apparatus, Prof. S. P.

Langley, 197
Snakes in the Indian Museum, List of the, W. L. Sclater, 317
Snow-Sweeper, Electric, 39
Snowstorms, Severe, in the Channel Islands and South of

England, 586
Societe de Biologie, Prof. A. Chauveau elected President of the,

612
Society of Arts, Lecture Arrangements, 19
Solar Activity, State of, Prof. Tacchini, 137
Solar Activity in 1891, Rodolf Wolf, 307
Solar Disturbances of 1891, June 17, H. H. Turner, 404
Solar Heat, Dr. Joseph Morrison, 589
Solar Investigation, Prof. Hale, 473
Solar Observations, Prof. Tacchini, M. Marchand, 352
Solar Parallax, Determination of the, A. Auwers, 89
Solar Prominences: Measurement of, M. Fizeau, 422; Photo-
graphy of, Prof. G. E. Hale, 326; M. Deslandres, 404,
522
Sollas (Prof., F.R.S.), the Basal Conglomerate of Howth, 455
Solomon Islands, Collection of Dried Plants from the, 586
Solutions: Prof. W. Ostwald, 193, 293,415, 606; J. W. Rod-
ger. 487. 342
Somaliland, Skin of Grevy's Zebra brought from, 598
Sorby (Dr.), True Relation of Technical Education to Study of

Pure Science, 38
Sound, a Lecture Expeiiment on, Reginald G. Durrant, 415
South America: Adventure* amidst the Equatorial Forests and
Rivers of, Villiers Stuart, 3:7; Sporting Sketches in,
Admiral Kennedy, 390; Aberrant Fossil Ungulates of, 608
South Kensington, the Science Museum and Gallery of British

Art at, 348
South-West, Grasses of the, Dr. George Vasey, 390
Southwell ;T.), Large Greenland Shark Stranded at Lynn, 546
Sowerby (William), Intermediale Forms of Azaleas, 519
Spanish Quatercentenary Exhibition of Discovery of America,

Projected, 64
Sparrows and Crocuses, B. McLachlan, F. R.S., 441
Spectrum Analysis: Dr. Muller on the Telluric Spectrum, 21;
Note on the Chromosphere Spectrum, Prof. C. A. Young, 28;
the Chromosphere Line Angstrom 6676-9, 103 ; the Chromo-
sphere Line A 66769, Prof. C. A. Young, 198; New Method
of Determining Dispersion and Refraction in Ultra-Violet
Rays, Dr. Rubens, 48; Spectra of the Sun and Metals, F.
McClean, 159; Analysis of Spectrum of Sodium, Dr. G. J.
Stoney, F.R.S., 166; Stars having Peculiar Spectra, ProC
Pickering, 210; a New Spectrometer, C. FeVy, 239; Spec-
trum of Iron and the Periodic Law, John Parry, 253 ; Colour
and Spectrum of Free Gaseous Fluorine, M. Moissan, 260;
Observations of the Spectrum of Nova Auriga:, 345; Dr.
Henry Crew, 569 ;J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S., 429 ; E. W.
Maunder, 619 ; the Curves of Luminosity under very Feeble
Illumination, Prof. Konig, 432 ; the Lick Spectroscope, 473;
Researches on Samarium, Lecoq de Boisbaudran, 504;
Periodic Heat Maxima observed in Spectra from Flint and
Crown Glass and Rock-salt, M. Aymonnet, 504; the Aurora
Spectrum, Prof. Hale, 522; the Spark Spectra of Gallium,
Lecoq de Boisbaudran, 575; on the Line-Spectra of the
Elements, Prof. C. Runge, 607

ijpence (M.), Supernumerary Rainbows observed in the Orkneys,
223

Spencer (J.), Physiography, Elementary Stage, 27

Spencer (Prof. W. Baldwin): on the Habits of Ceratodus, the
Lung Fish of Queensland, 425; on the Fresh-water and
Terrestrial Fauna of Tasmania, 425

Spermatozoa, the Behaviour of, towards Electric Currents, Dr.
Schweizer, 599

Sphere, Prof. J. S. Slater's Improved Armillary, 134

Spitta(Dr. E. J.), Law of Limiting Apertures, 186

Sponge Trade of the Bahama Islands, 20

Sponges, Fresh-water in the Buffalo Bay and Niagara Region,
Dr. Kellicott, 305

Sporting Sketches in South America, Admiral Kennedy, 390

Spot, the Red, on Jupiter, W. F. Denning, 272

Spring (Prof.), the Late Prof. Stas's "Silver" (the Results of
further Stochiometrical Investigations), 497

Sprung (Dr.), Atmospheric Rings, 599

Squirrels in Winter, C. Fitzgerald, 136

Stage, Electricity on the, 259

Standards of Measure and Weight immured in the Houses of
Parliament, Examination of the, 543

Stanton (T. W.), the Stratigraphic Position of the Bear River
Formation, 450

Starling (Dr. E. H.): an Introduction to Human Physiology,
Augustus D. Waller, 340; a Text-book of Chemical Physio-
logy and Pathology, W. D. Halliburton, 51

Stars: Proper Motions of the Stars, W. H. S. Monck, 8; the
Motion of Stars in the Line of Sight, Prof. J. Norman
Lockyer, F.R.S., 117; Prof. H. C. Vogel, 280; Star
Groups, J. Ellard Gore, 52; on the Observation of North
Polar Stars in the Vertical of Polaris, Truman Saffard, 159;
Stars having Peculiar Spectra, Prof. Pickering, 210; New
Star in the Milky Way, Ralph Copeland, 325; Observations
of Nebulae and Star-Clusters, M. Bigourdan, 352; the New
Star in Auriga, 344, 366 ; Thos. D. Anderson, 365 ; G. Rayet,
408 ; J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S., 429, 473; Herren Eugen
and Gothard, 473 ; S. W. Burnham, 473 ; H. C. Vogel, 498;
Astronomer-Royal of Scotland, 454, 527; Photographic
Magnitudes of Stars, 380; the Grouping of Stars in the
Southern Part of the Milky Way, H. C. Russell, F.R.S.,
423; Fuzziness of some Variable, Cuthbert G. Peek, 497;
the Relative Motion of 61 Cygni, Prof. A. Hall, 547

Stas (Prof.), Death of, 154

Stas's (the late Prof.) "Silver" (the Results of further Stochio-
metrical Investigations), Prof. Spring, 497

Statesman's Year-book for the year 1892, J. Scott Keltie, 437

Statistics of Population of the Five Continents, E. Levasseur,
552

Statistics of the Production and Consumption of Milk in Great
Britain, R. Henry Rew, 614

Statistics of Surface and Population of European States, Emile
Levasseur, 528

Steam, Superheated, Lord Rayleigh, Sec.R.S., 375; J. Mac-
farlane Gray, 413, 486; Prof. James A. Cotterill, F.R.S.,
414; G. H. Bailey, 414; John Gamgee, 438

Steam-Engine, Thermodynamics of the, and other Heat-
Engines, Cecil H. Peabody, Prof. A. G. Greenhill,
F.R.S.. 172

Stearns (Robert E. C), Conchology of the West Coast of
South America, 89

Steel, Microscopic Structure of Hard, Behrens, 48

Steen (Herr), Influence of Total Solar Eclipse on Air-Pressure,

444
Stejneger (L.), Enormous American Lizard, 40
Stellar Aberration, Lord Rayleigh, Sec.R.S., 499
Stellar Photography, a Shutter for use in, J. Joly, 167
Stellar Spectra, Distribution of Energy in, Prof. Pickering, 159
Stellar Spectra, the Draper Catalogue of, A. Fowler, 426
Step (Edward), By Sea-shore, Wood, and Moorland, Peeps at

Nature, 28

Stirling (James), Hydrology of the Mitta Mitta, 40

Stirling (Dr.), New Australian Animal (Notaryctes typhlops*,

J. D. Ogilby, 135
Stockholm Natural History Museum, Prof. Sven Loven's

Resignation of his Position as Senior Keeper in the, 613
Stokes (Sir G. G., F.R.S.) : the Interactions occurring in

Flames, 430; on an Optical Proof of the Existence of Sus-
pended Matter in Flames, 133
Stokvis (Prof.) on Mutual Antagonism, 72
Stones for Building and Decoration, Geo. P. Merrill, 222
Stones, Precious, and Gems, their History, Sources, and

Characteristics, Edwin W. Streeter, 531
Stoney (Dr. G. Johnstone, F.R.S.): Analysis of Sodium

Spectrum, 166; proposed Standard Gauge, 598
Stonyhurst Drawings of Sun-spots and Faculae, Rev. Walter

Sidgreaves, 261
Storm, Magnetic, of February 13-14, 1892, 493
Storms, Magnetic, Dr. M. A. Veeder, 557
Storms, Winter, of Northern India, Henry F. Blanford,

F.R.S., 490
Story of the Hills, Rev. H. N. Hutchinson, 364
Streeter (Edwin W.), Precious Stones and Gems, their History,

Sources, and Characteristics, 531
Strength, the Limpet's, J. Lawrence Hamilton, 487
Striated Surface under the Cromer Drift, William Sherwood,

5"
Struthious Birds of Australasia, on the Origin of the, Prof.

Hutton, 425
Struts and Tie-rods laterally loaded, Prof. J. Perry, F.R.S., 192
Struve (H), Two New Laws of Celestial Mechanics, 70
Stuart (Prof. T. P. Anderson): the Mechanism of the Closure of

the Larynx, 357; Exchange of Professorial Duties, Prof. E.

Ray Lankester, F.R.S., 557
Stuart (Villiers), Adventures amidst the Equatorial Forests and

Rivers of South America, 317
Submarine Eruption North-west of Pantelleria, October 1891,

on the Matter thrown up during the, General W. Butler,

Geo. H. Perry, 251 ; Abstract of Mr. A. Ricco's Account of

the, G. W. Butler, 584
Suffling (E. R.), How to Organize a Cruise on the Broads, 52
Sugar in Blood, Note on the Behaviour of, Dr. Vaughan Harley,

407
Sulphur, Decomposition of, Tested Electrolytically, Dr. Gross,

599

Sulphuric Acid, the Manufacture of, George Lunge, Ph.D., Prof.
T. E. Thorpe, F.R.S., 121

Sumatra, Java, &c, Fresh-water Fauna of, Prof. Max Weber,
408

Sumpitan and Bow in Indonesia, Use of the, C. M. Pleyte, 235

Sun: the Temperature of the, M. H. Le Chatelier, 547; Sun
Pillar, Annie Ley, 484; Spectra of the Sun and Metals, F.
McClean, 159; Sun-spots and Air Temperature, 271 ; Stony-
hurst Drawings of Sun-spots and Faculae, Rev. Walter Sid-
greaves, 261 ; Sun-spots of February, 446; Red Light after
Sunset, Dr. M. A. Veeder, 30

Sunday Lecture Society, 116

Sunflower Cultivation in Southern Russia, 568

Sunflower, Biology of the, A. Gordyaghin, 597

Superheated Steam, Lord Rayleigh, Sec. R.S., 375 ; J. Mac-
farlane Gray, 413,486 ; Prof. James A. Cotterill, F.R.S., 414,
G. H. Bailey, 414; John Gamgee, 438

Supernumerary Rainbows observed in the Orkneys, Robt. H.
Scott, F.R.S., 223; M. Spence, 223

Surface Tension, a Lecture Experiment in, E. D. Fridlander,

463

Surgery: on the implanting of Large Pieces of Decalcified Bone
to fill up Losses of Substance of Skeleton, Le Dentu, 95

Surrey Hills, on, by a " Son of the Marshes," 5

Suspended Matter in Flames, on an Optical Proof of the
Existence of, Sir G. G. Stokes, F.R.S., 133

Swan's Secret, a, Mrs. Jessie Godwin-Austen, 416

Swift (Dr. Lewis): some Apparently Variable Nebulae, 261;
Variability of Nebulae, 522; a New Comet Discovered by,
446; Swift's Comet, March 6, 548 ; Comet Swift, 1892, 569

Swinhoe (Colonel), Silk-producing Moths, 38

Sydney: Discoloration of Water in Port Jackson by Minute
Marine Organisms, 184

Sydney: Ethnological Purchases for the Australian Museum,
E. P. Kamsay, 325; Fruit-growers' Conference at, 420

Sydney, Royal Society of New South Wales, 311

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Sydney University, the Demonstrator of Chemistry at, 19

Syme (David), Topical Selection and Mimicry, 30

Symons (G. A.), Phenomenal Barometrical Depression

(November 11, 1891), 65
Tacchini (Prof.), State of Solar Activity, 137; Solar Observa-
tions, 352
Tait (Prof. P. G.): on the Virial Equation for Gases and

Vapours, 199; the Isothermals of Mixtures of Gases, 431;

the Relation between Kinetic Energy and Temperature in

Liquids, 455
Tannin, the Mangrove as a Source of, Dr. J. T. Rothrock, 546
Tarr (R. S.), the Permian of Texas, 310
Tasmania, on the Freshwater and Terrestrial Fauna of, Prof.

W. Baldwin Spencer, 425
Tate Gallery, the Science Museum and the, 385, 433
Taurus, the Eastern, and the Anti-Taurus, D. G. Hogarth, 138
Taylor (A. J.), the Ouse, 102
Taylor (J. Traill), Optics of Photography and Photographic

Lenses, 364
Taylor (Sedley), a System of Sight-singing from the Established

Musical Notation, based on the Principle of Tonic Relation,

437
Tea-Culture in New South Wales, W. T. Robertson, 260
Teaching, the Optical Lantern as an Aid in, C. H. Bothamley,

437
Teall(J. J. H., F.R.S.), the Plutonic Rocks of Garabal Hill

and Meall Breac, 360
Technical Education: the Speaker of the House of Commons

on, 19 ; Technical Education in Essex, 243, 613 ; in Scotland,

377; in London, 403 ; the New London County Council and,

566; Technical Education for Novelists, 487
Technology. Photography as a Branch of, Prof. R. Meldola,

F.R.S.33I
Tegetmeier (\V. B.), Utilization of Homing Pigeons, 320
Telegraph, Heroes of the, J. Munro, 5
Telegraphic Connection with the Bahama Islands, 114
Telephone Installation at Adelphi Hotel, Liverpool, 184
Telescopic Objectives, A. Fowler, 204
Telluric Spectrum, Dr. Miiller on the, 21
Tempel-Swift's Periodic Comet, 21
Tempels-Swift Comet, 159

Temperature, Changefulness of, as an Element of Climate, 610
Temperature in Europe, Research on Extremes of, Dr.

Lachmann, 576
Temperature, Metals at High, Prof. W. C. Roberts-Austen,

F.R.S., 534
Temperature of the Sun, the, M. H. Le Chatelier, 547
Tenasserim River, Discovery of Coal on, 496
Tension, a Lecture Experiment in Surface, E. D. Fridlander,

463

Terne (Dr. B.), the Utilization of the By-products of the Coke
Industry, 157

Tertiary Silicified Woods of Eastern Arkansas, R. Ellsworth
Call, 119

Tesla (Nikola), Lectures on Alternate Currents of High Potential
and Frequency, 345

Theobald (F. V.), an Account of British Flies (Diptera), 173

Theory of Solutions, Prof. W. Ostwald, 293, 415; J. W.
Rodger, 342, 487

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics of the Steam Engine and
other Heat Engines, Cecil H. Peabody, Prof. A. G. Green-
hill, F.R.S., 172; a Simple Heat Engine, Fred. J. Smith,
294; Elementary Thermodynamics, J. Parker, 314; the
Thermal Conductivities of Crystals and other Bad Conductors,
C. H. Lees, 382; Poincare's Thermodynamics, Prof. H.
Poincare, 245, 414, 439, 485, 532; Thermodynamical View
of Action of Light on Silver Chloride, H. W. Elder, 524

Thermometer, a Compensated Air-, H. L. Callendar, 212

Thermometers, the Change of Zero of, C. T. Heycock, 526

Thiselton-Dyer (W. T., F.R.S.): University of London, 329;
Award by Royal Society of New South Wales of Clarke
Memorial Medal to, 495

Thomas (R. Haig), a Plague of Small Frngs, 8

Thompson (Elizabeth), Science Fund, 91

Thompson (E. E.), the Prairie Larks and Cranes of Manitoba,
'35

Thompson (J. O.), the Law of Elastic Lengthening, 311

Thompson (Prof. S. P., F.R.S.): Electro-Magnetism, Prof. A.
Gray, 73; Supplementary Colours, 452; Modes of Repre-
senting Electromotive Forces and Currents in Diagrams, 478

Thomson (D.), the Prolongation of the Gooseberry Season, 157
Thomson (Prof.), some Experiments on Electric Discharge, 526
Thomson (Prof. J. J., F.R.S.), Collection de Memoires Relatifs

a la Physique, 361
Thomson (Principal J. L.), Olive-culture in Australia, 135
Thomson (J. P.), on Recent Explorations and Discoveries in

British New Guinea, 425
Thomson (Sir William, F.R.S.): Portrait of, 113; Peerage

conferred on, 233
Thorne (R. Thome, F.R.S.), Diphtheria, its Natural History

and Prevention, 123
Thornycroft (J. I.), the Steadying of Vessels at Sea, 570
Thorpe (Prof. T. E., F.R.S.): Dr. George Lunge on the

Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid, I2r ; the Alkali Maker's

Handbook, by Dr. George Lunge and Dr. F. Hurler, 121;

Phosphorous Oxide, ii., 213 ; Frangulin, ii., 214; Obituary

Notice of Hermann Kopp, 441; Lecture Experiment to

illustrate Phenomena in Coal-Dust Explosion, 551
Thraen (Herr Dr.), WolPs Comet, 1891 II., 548
Throwing-Sticks, Eskimo, Prof. O. T. Mason, 66; Agnes

Crane, 103
Thurston (Edward), on the Fall of Meteorites in Madras, 20
Thibet, Across, Gabriel Bonvalot, 269
Tibet Expedition, General Pevtsoff, 45
Tides of St. Malo Bay, the, M. Heurtault, 143
Tierra del Fuego, Mussel Poisoning in, M. Segers, 134
Ttlden (W. A.), Limettin, 453
Tin Mining in Mergui, 496
Titchener (E. B.): Comparative Palatability, 53; Peculiar

Eyes, 177
Tittmann (O. H), C.G.S. System of Units, 581
Tobacco, the Insect &c. Enemies of, Prof. Tozzetti, 325
Tokyo Botanical Magazine, 46

Tomb, Prehistoric, in Ohio, Discovery of Remarkable, 157
Tombs, Ancient, and Burial Mounds of Japan, Prof. Hitchcock,

38l
Tomlinson (Herbert, F.R.S.), the Aneroid in Hypsometry, 440
Tonganoxie Meteorite, E. H. S. Bailey, 119
Topical Selection and Mimicry, David Syme, 30; Dr. Alfred

R. Wallace, 30
Topinard (Paul), the Transformation of the Animal Skull into

a Human Skull, 260
Topinard (Paul), L'Homme dans la Nature, 457
Topley (W.), Obituary Notice of Dr. T. Sterry Hunt, 400
Tornado in N.W. States of North America, 545
Torpid Cuckoo, A. Holte Macpherson, 416
Tortoise Enclosed in Ice, a, Frank Finn, 320
Tower of Babel and the Confusion of Tongues, the, Thos. G.

Pinches, 210
Town Fogs and their Effects, 53 ; Dr. W. J. Russell, F.R.S.,

to
Tozzetti (Prof. A. T.), the Insects &c. that Injure Tobacco,

325

Trajectories of Elongated Projectiles, Calculation of, Rev. F.
Bashforth, 473

Transcaucasie et la Peninsule d'Apcheron, la, Calouste S.
Gulbenkian, 52

Transit Circles, N.P.D.'s Observed with Greenwich and Wash-
ington, Prof. Newcomb, 548

Transit Observations, Personal Equations in, 617

Transvaal, Southern, Geology of the Gold-bearing Rocks of
the, Walcot Gibson, 598

Travaux de la Soci&e des Naturalistes de St. Petersbourg, 141

Travels of a Painter of Flowers, 602

Trees, Our, John Robinson, 603

Trigonometry, Elementary, Rev. R. H. Whitcombe and J. M.
Dyer, 174

Trigonometry: Levels, J. A. C. Oudemans, 240

Trigonometry, the Elements of Plane, R. Levett and C. Davison,

S°9
Trinity College, Dublin, Tercentenary Celebration of, 378
Tropical Sea-side Plants, W. Botting Hemsley, F.R.S., 3
Trouton (Fred. T.), some Experiments made with the View of

Ascertaining the Rate of Propagation of Induced Magnetism

in Iron, 42
Trow (A. H.), a Difficulty in Weismannism, 102, 175
Trowbridge (John), a Phasemeter, 622
True (F. W.), the Puma, 445
Tuberculosis, the Vaccination of the Dog against, Hericourt

and Richet, 576

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