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tical art, may be-knows from what parts of knowledge : there is a real quarter, from what region of inquiry strong bond of co-operation between or of art, he shall see it receive its its variously-employed followers.next aid. As little does he know to And this, in truth, to an extent not what necessity of human nature, to easily limited. The living strive for what difficulty of human reason, he one another, and for the ages to come. himself, if the faculty of discovery have The dead have striven for those that fallen to him, or even the chance, with now are. The imaginary community out the faculty, shall next bring relief. of which we spoke binds together, no -The curious artist who learnt to bend less, successive generations, and divided the lines of sight on their way into ages. We call ours all that is yet unthe eye, and the Philosopher who perished of the past genius of mantraced with his rod,* and he who uti kind :- And the canvass and the gorravelled the mazes of the sky, were geous wall, starting into life in colours guiding,—could they foreknow it-on of the Italian sun, the eloquence“since the paths of every sea, the Ships of mute" that thundered in a free Rome," Commerce and of War. The Philolo and the “ builder's skill” that " gist has given Hippocrates to the Phy- known” “ to Greece,” and “the light sician, to the Mathematician, Euclid chisel” that “ brush’d” her “ Parian and Archimedes, to the Theologian he stone,” bring to us the consciousness has delivered the volume of his high- of THE RACE WHICH WE ARE, kindle est Science, to the lowly believer, of our thoughts with the recollection of his morals and his faith.-One man what we haVE DONE, of what we in his laboratory holds a gauze of wire HAVE BEEN, raise instead of depressing over a burning lamp, and

observes that us, and seem to require of us now, for the flame will not pass through. His our right in them, no more than that observation, cast into another mind, we should understand, not that we turns into a talisman for the safeguard should imitate them,- while we purof human lives.-Some arts, some sue with strenuous endeavour and sciences, have in themselves a neces elated hearts, the different toils of the sary universality : -as he who fused same mind, of which our destiny opens an ore, ministered the strength and the way before us. They warn us inskill of every hand—as he who wrote deed of the spirit which we bear. They the articulations of the voice, pre- remind us what faculties we have to pared glory, durability, self-diffusing, unfold: in what liberty of power we self-augmenting might, to all the should walk : with what fires we are modes of action, to all the deeds in all made to burn. If we decline,-if we vail the undertakings, of the restless, un the eyes of intellect,-if we stoop the deterred, unsatisfied, all-aspiring, alle majesty of our nature,--if we grovel enterprising spirit of men. The in- in desire,—they refroach our sordid vestigator of the problems of NUMBER degeneracy. But the proud monuand EXTENSION, and of the yet more ments of old time challenging our adabstruse relations which these embody, miration, impose no domineering recan he labour and not for a thousand striction on our march of mind. They inquirers, of whose specific researches give no law. They point us to seek he has no understanding ?-He treats impulse, regulation, direction within universal elements, and what he finds ourselves. They call upon us not to of them, must be of scarce narrower revive arts, but to maintain power, application.—Thought is the germ of What we have to do we must learn thoughts. The act is the father of from our own time, and the voices that acts to be. We may comprehend in speak within us. Only let us take some degree the past which we tra care that the soul which has descendversed, not the future of which we left ed to us do not in our bosoms expire. the seeds beneath our feet.

There is great philosophical wisdom There are then links of connexion in that high and eloquent passage of strict and solid, among the several the Roman poet,—who, putting into

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the success of inquiry, but will admit tellect may, in different minds, exthat our understanding has obtained plore, were left still in some way imthe truths it has perseveringly sought. perfect, or did not yet truly exist, un

The question will then remain whe- til it were materially constructed. ther the opinion just now urged, in Of other views which might enter respect to the acquisition of know- into the composition of that memorledge,—that it is best, and only effec- able work, of the elements of thought tually, made, by limiting, almost by in the minds of its Authors, of opisingling to the mind, the objects of nions held and diffused by them, we attainment, by confining the direction have not now to speak. We are con—not the reach-of its progress,—(we sidering it merely in the light,-in have gone farther, but this is not here which, as a new project in literature necessary to be insisted on, in alleging it offered itself to the world,

of a the principle that should guide this SCIENTIFIC Method. As such, it restraint) is or is not grounded. appeared to us an illustration not a

If it is just, the very conceived little striking and important of error, ground of intellectual utility disap- as we must conceive it to be, prevailpears.—And this mis-judgment, as ing more or less in these latter days, we must suppose it to be, of utility, in respect to the real nature of knowthis endeavour to effect an important ledge, and its relation to the mind improvement to the mind against the which entertains it. very principles on which its improve This error, we should more properment depends, is what indeed strikes ly say these errors include a concepus as the prominent character and un tion of knowledge which may perliaps conquerable fault of the undertaking. be expressed by saying, that it is view, - We will make yet another remark. ed, or reasoned of, as if it consisted

It will seem an extraordinary sug- solely in the perception of relations: gestion to hazard, in respect to a work Secondly, a conception of it, as being of so great attempt and labour a species of definite possession to the TANTÆ MOLIS—imagined, moved, and mind, not a power of thought, necesexecuted by men of distinguished abi- sarily indefinite:-assomething, thirdlity, highest in their day, and yet ly, itself limited, and already comhigh in literary and scientific reputa- pleted:- In the fourth place, a fallation,-but we cannot resist a persua- cious idea of the participation of any sion, that there was implied in the one in the light and progress of his very ground and first conception of it, age as requiring, and consisting in, the not only a negligence of reflexion, but knowledge by him of what is known to what we almost hesitate to say-an his age :--Fifthly, to go no further, illusion of thought. A want of under- misconceptions, to which we have standing—we cannot suppose,—but a more than once adverted, of the unity, want of regarding and of duly appre- of knowledge, ciating--the effective, practical con Our Knowledge—it is manifest to nexions of the Sciences, appears to us every one who has ever in the least to have prepared the way for a mis- degree reflected upon his own,-howconception,-a singular one indeed ever it may become at last condensed under the circumstances,—of THEIR med up to our mind, is gaIMAGINARY CONJUNCTION, before

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the mouth of the imagined ancestor of There seems reason to believe, that,' his countrymen the prophecy of their for utmost intellectual advancement, greatness, by him apostrophizes, and nations and single minds should pur. exhorts them, abandoning to other na- sue their own cultivation, accomplish tions other modes of glory, to attach their own power,—the extent of every them selves to that which was allotted species of knowledge in one case, the peculiarly to be their own. There is nature of the human mind in both, so a division of genius to nations, as to requiring. Contrary opinions, of later individuals: and each will most ex time, appear to be in some degree, and cel, will do more for itself, for its own as we must think, injuriously prevarenown, and for mankind, by follow- lent. They have shewn themselves ing the light of this inward determin variously : a little in Literature. Of nation.

one such manifestation of them we If Italy painted, if France bright- would say a few words. ened the manners of civilized men, if When in the eniddle of the last cen. Germany thinks, if Britain acts, if tury the chief men of letters and Spain could have cherished the soul science in France applied themselves of romance, if India could have pre- to unite in one work, all parts, howserved to the world's late day the mys- ever apparently divided from each terious sublimity of its early dreams, other, of human knowledge, they beare not these all distinct gains, are lieved, we must naturally think, that they not separate forms of power, en they were at once advancing Science joyed, possessed by Man,—and would itself, and conferring important indihe not, -might he but know them to vidual benefit on all those, to whom gether continued to him,-feel him- they should bring, thus in one gift as self rich and strong in these diversities it were, the collected and digested reof his talents, of his cultivation, in sult of the manifold and long labours, this various developement of his natu of Intellect. ral welfare ?

Yet in one respect their plan should In nations, and in individual minds, seem scarcely to have been well devione principle appears to hold. We owe

sed for advancing Science, since the much to one another, undoubtedly: close limits to which it unavoidably guidance and urgency, as well as re confined the numerous subjects it instraint. But to every one his chief cluded, must in no slight degree have source of impulsion, motive in con both restrained and embarrassed oriduct, direction and incitation in ge- ginal inquiry. And in what other way nius, is given in himself. He will ef- they might hope to attain such an end, fect most by relying upon this: by exceptingin as much as todiffuse Science withholding himself from courses of is to advance it, is not easy to see :moral, of intellectual exertion, which excepting, in other words, as such an belong to others, and applying his force end might be attained by the benefit of desire, his full effort, to those which tendered by their design to the indiviare properly his own, opening of dual mind. themselves, and yielding way to his Now this could not consist in anynatural aspirations. The energy of thing that was to be gained to the expower will be greatest, when it is the position of Science, itself labouring eflux from an original nature. The under—what`alone necessarily distina sum of power, of advancement then, guished it-the very disadvantage we to the world must be greatest, when have just adverted to, of a forced comevery one disregarding the avocation pression. The benefit intended could of others, or looking to it for incite- consist only in the UniveRSALITY of ment only not for example, well dis- the Science offered, in placing the tinguishing generous rivalry from de- whole mass of what was known, withpressing imitation, pursues with his in the survey and under the power, entire strength of means, of ability and before the sight and in the very grasp, of will, --no higher, no nearer, no im- if it might be so thought, of the single perious consideration interposing and Mind. prohibiting,—that path of labour, for We will draw no reasoning from the utility, for bonour, for conscious uncertainties, which in many places achievement, and for mere indulgence cloud our knowledge, making the name in delight, to which his means, his of Science with us, in some instances, ability, and his will call him.

more suitable to the intention than to

the success of inquiry, but will admit tellect may, in different minds, exthat our understanding has obtained plore, were left still in some way imthe

truths it has perseveringly sought. perfect, or did not yet truly exist, un

The question will then remain whe- til it were materially constructed. ther the opinion just now urged, in Of other views which might enter respect to the acquisition of know- into the composition of that memorledge,—that it is best, and only effec- able work, of the elements of thought tually, made, by limiting, almost by in the minds of its Authors, of opisingling to the mind, the objects of nions held and diffused by them, we attainment, by confining the direction have not now to speak. We are con-not the reach-of its progress,—(we sidering it merely in the light,-in have gone farther, but this is not here which, as a new project in literature necessary to be insisted on, in alleging it offered itself to the world,--of a the principle that should guide this Scientific Method. As such, it restraint) is or is not grounded. appeared to us an illustration not a

If it is just, the very conceived little striking and important of error, ground of intellectual utility disap- as we must conceive it to be, prevailpears.—And this mis-judgment, as ing more or less in these latter days, we must suppose it to be, of utility, in respect to the real nature of knowthis endeavour to effect an important ledge, and its relation to the mind improvement to the mind against the which entertains it. very principles on which its improve This error, we should more properment depends, is what indeed strikes ly say these errors include a concepus as the prominent character and un tion of knowledge which may perliaps conquerable fault of the undertaking. be expressed by saying, that it is views - We will make yet another remark. ed, or reasoned of, as if it consisted

It will seem an extraordinary sug- solely in the perception of relations: gestion to hazard, in respect to a work Secondly, a conception of it, as being of so great attempt and labour, a species of definite possession to the TANTÆ MOLIS—imagined, moved, and mind, not a power of thought, necesexecuted by men of distinguished abi- sarily indefinite:-assomething, thirdlity, highest in their day, and yet ly, in itself limited, and already comhigh in literary and scientific reputa- pleted :—In the fourth place, a fallation,--but we cannot resist a persua- cious idea of the participation of any sion, that there was implied in the one in the light and progress of his very ground and first conception of it, age as requiring, and consisting in, the not only a negligence of reflexion, but knowledge by him of what is known to -what we almost hesitate to say-an his age:- Fitthly, to go no further, illusion of thought. A want of under- misconceptions, to which we have standing—we cannot suppose,--but a more than once adverted, of the unity. want of regarding and of duly appre- of knowledge. ciating—the effective, practical con Our Knowledge—it is manifest to nexions of the Sciences, appears to us every one who has ever in the least to have prepared the way for a mis degree reflected upon his own,-howconception,-a singular one indeed ever it may become at last condensed under the circumstances,ếof THEIR and summed up to our mind, is gaIMAGINARY CONJUNCTION, before thered by an almost infinite number spoken of by us, in the idealized and of its acts, and drawn from, or comgeneral mind of the species, as if this pounded of, elements innumerable and must needs be found somewhere, em endless.-From what impressions has bodied and real. We shall seem, we

a poet gathered his knowledge? They fear, to press fancy too far, and to have flowed in upon him from the hunt, ourselves, after illusion : yet first opening of his senses on the world. know not how to avoid the belief which What day has he lived that has not forces itself upon us, that, in the ori- from earth and sky, from the face of ginal idea of this work, we distinguish men, from books, from the joy and the traces, or shall we rather say dis sorrow of his own heart, brought some cover the reflexion, of a not very phi- contribution to that inexhaustible melosophical, not very metaphysical, im- mory of all things of soul and sense, pression, as if that CIRCLE of the Sci- in which he finds the materials of ences, which has been much spoken verse ?-that has not added some of, and which perhaps the human in- strength, some tenderness, some depth,

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