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press !!! The gallery was filled with the brother of Sir T. Esmonde, we
powers of eloquence I could command ; This infamous riot was only put I would urge every argument, and down at last by the sheriffs, and a strain every nerve, to oppose the prostrong body of constables.
gress of this new system. And why? A meeting was held at Clonmell, -Because it is my decided conviction by the friends of the education of the that this Biblical Society has for its obpoor, which was broken up by the ject the subversion of the Established rioting of the Catholics.
Church ; that it is actually at this moThe following were published in the ment sapping its foundations, and, if Dublin Weekly Register, as the coun allowed to proceed, must, at no very ter-resolutions meant to have been distant period, bring its lofty spires to proposed at the Clonmell meeting. the ground. Were this consummation
• Resolved—That it appears to this to be effected, it is not to be expected meeting, from the exposition made this that I would shed many tears over the day, by the Hon. Baptist Noel, and ruins; but I am free to declare, that I Captain Gordon of the Royal Navy, would regret to see the fabric swept that the free and indiscriminate circu- away by an inundation of Biblical falution of the Bible, without note or com naticism. ment, amongst our poor, constitutes In one part of his speech, Mr Esthe basis of the education sanctioned monde labours to shew, that the Caand supported by the London Hiber's tholics do not hold the doctrine of exnian Society.
clusive salvation. One of the Irish pa“ Resolved, 2dly, That we consider pers states him to be a Jesuit, and his such a system of education CONTRARY words savour abominably of Jesuitism. 10 THE SACRED SCRIPTURES, PREJU
We will ask him one or two plain
questions. RELIGION, AND SUBVERSIVE OF ALL Does the Pope admit the Establish
ed Church to be a lawful one? Does Resolved, 3dly, That, as good and he admit that the regular clergy can sincere Christians, and as loyal subjects, lawfully administer baptism?-If not, we will resist, with all our might, the where is the worth of the observation, establishment of such a system amongst that “lawful baptism,” whether Caus, because we are convinced that it tholic or Protestant, gives its objects would substitute eventually scepticism the hope of salvation ? and infidelity, in place of Christianity, If the Roman Catholic Church do and anarchy and confusion, in place of not hold the Protestants to be heretics, order and good government.”
why do the Rockites, and the lower The Northern Whig, a Belfast Whig crders of the Catholics generally, pubpaper, which, of course, advocates the licly call them heretics, and threaten removal of the disabilities, states, them with extermination as heretics ?
These, be it remembered, are not From whom do the vast mass of the the sentiments of some aspiring bare Irish Catholics learn to do this, if not rister, struggling to rise in the pro- from the Catholic clergy? fession of the law by the denunciation If the Roman Catholic clergy hold of the Gospel, but the matured opi- that the Protestants are not heretics, nions of a ROMAN Catholic Eccle- why do they suffer the majority of SIASTIC.”
their flocks to avow the directly conFrom a speech delivered at a meet- trary belief, when their creed is “ ing at Waterford by the Reverend Mr determinate and fixed, as to leave no Esmonde, a Catholic clergyman, and field for the exercise of individ ual
DICIAL TO THE INTERESTS OF TRUE
ORDER IN CIVIL SOCIETY.
judgment?" Why do they not instant- world are placed in strong contrast
cate the removal of the disabilities, These questions, we think, will should be thought to be the friends of greatly puzzle Mr Esmonde. We do the Roman Catholic religion. We are not merely want to know what the not aware that this opinion prevails. clergy believe, but we want to know But surely he must know, that those what the laity believe;—it is of far who contend for the removal of the greater importance for us to know disabilities, in effect labour to give what the officiating clergy TEACH, a very considerable portion of the than what their heads think. When general government to the Roman the most bigotted and fanatical portion Catholics—to the men who thus fight of the laity publicly call the Protest against toleration and the Scriptures. ants heretics, nothing upon earth can While we write, the papers inforın convince us that they are not taught us, that the meeting of the Galway the belief by their clergy.
Bible Society held at Loughrea, has If there be any difference in point just been broken up by a Catholic mob. of feeling among the Catholic clergy, The Archbishop of Tuam was in the this is from one of the better portion. chair ; he was grossly insulted, and The worthy gentleman pretty broadly some of the papers say his life was hints, that the ruin of the Established endangered. Our readers are aware Church, by anything save“ Biblical . that the Bible Society has nothing to fanaticism,” would give him joy. The do with schools, or school societies, reason of his exception may be guessed and that it merely seeks to distribute at.-—" Biblical fanaticism” would not the authorised version of the Scripoffer its spoils to the Catholics; if it tures, without note or comment, to swept away the Established Church, such as wish to possess it. it would sweep away Catholicism pre Similar scenes have taken place in viously.
other parts of Ireland. The Northern Whig, to which we In a former Number of this Magahave already alluded, in a well-written zine, we gave it as our opinion, that, article states :
if even the children were suffered to “ We deeply regret that a portion use the Bible as a school-book, this of the Irish periodical press should alone would do but little towards gihave become, in the strict and literal ving them a religious education. We meaning of the term, decidedly anti- insisted, that, in addition to this, they Scriptural. We can scarcely peruse a ought to have the Bible explained to single southern newspaper, without them, to be catechised by the clergy, fancying ourselves transported to those and to be taken regularly to a place of countries, where men's inquiries are worship. We insisted, moreover, that bounded by the Index Expurgatorius, it was of even greater importance to and the press lies manacled beneath give religious instruction to the adults the anathema of the Church. Nor is than to the children. theevil confined to the south. The press The schools, however, in the matwhich could advocate the miracles of ters before us, sink into comparative Hohenlohe, re-circulates with a species insignificance. Not only are the Scripof perverse consistency, the hackneyed tures and religious instruction to be sophisms of those who would interdict carefully excluded from them, but the to the laity the private and personal per- Bible is to be a prohibited book to the usal of the Word of God.
mass of the people, and the Protest“ The dissemination of the Scrip- ants—the dignitaries of the Establishtures, in any version, without note ored Church-are to have their lives ericommentary, is virtually interdicted. dangered in, and are to be driven by The readers of the Scriptures are pub- mob-violence from, the fair and lawlicly described as enthusiasts, fickle in ful discharge of their religious duties. their religious principles, driven at The great body of the population are one time into scepticism, plunged at to be restricted from looking into the another into melancholy madness. Scriptures, or any religious treatise, The Roman Catholic and Protestant save certain specified Popish ones, and
they are to receive no other religious that Protestant fanaticism almost ininstruction than that which makes variably produces purity of life ; while them what they are. The press is to be Catholic fanaticism rather encourages virtually placed under a censorship, than represses immorality and guilt. which shall suppress the holy voluine, Our incendiaries and assassins do not and all sound expositions of Christian- profess to belong to any religion ; but ity; and the Protestants—the regular the Catholic ones even put forth the clergy—are to be placed under a des- benefit of their Church as one of the potism, which will not even suffer motives of their crimes. The atrocithem to perform divine service with ties which have disgraced Ireland, alout insult.
though actually committed by a comThat this is directly at variance with paratively small number of hands, the British constitution and British li
were planned, and therefore in effect berty, needs no proof; and that it is a perpetrated, by combinations, which political question of the first magni- comprehended thousands upon thoutude, as well as a religious one, is alike sands of bigotted Catholics. apparent. The Roman Catholic clergy It is always bad policy in a Cathoare here usurping a very large portion lic to direct our attention to history. of the civil authority- they are here Mr Esmonde reminds our Church of enacting what amounts to civil laws of the Puritans, to put it on its guard the most pernicious description—they against the Dissenters. Unfortunateare here making themselves the civil ly for the sagacious Jesuit, our Church tyrants of all the rest of the popula- remembers, that a considerable time tion; and in doing this, they are pla- after the triumphs of the Puritans, it cing themselves in direct opposition to was placed in the most imminent danger the government, the wishes of the Bri- by the Catholics. It remembers that, tish nation, and the interests of Ire pot one hundred and forty years since, land and the empire at large.
some of its possessions were seized, its Now, where is their justification; rights were trampled upon, and its The Bible was not written after the total ruin, by the instrumentality of Popish Church and the Protestant ones civil despotisin, was attempted by the became enemies. Our translation of it Catholics. And it knows, that while is not a mutilated, unfaithful one, de- it is now on tolerable terms with the signed to favour our own Church, and Dissenters, the Catholics are clamourto injure its opponent. If it do not ing for a part of its possessions, and form the common foundation of both are as hostile to it as ever. the Churches, and if it be not just as The fact is, as we have already well calculated to make proselytes from stated, that our religious divisions flow the one as the other, whose is the from religious liberty, and not from fault? That must be a strange system the circulation of the Bible. History of Christianity which proclaims the abundantly testifies, that in times suppression of the Scriptures to be es when the Scriptures were almost whole sential to its existence.
ly kept from the laity, the Catholics The stuff respecting the production would have been split into as many of fanaticism by the Bible is abundant- sects as the Protestants now are, had ly refuted by the present state of Eng. it not been for the ferocious tyranny land and Scotland. It is irresistibly of their Church. Very many of our ludicrous to hear a Catholic rail against sects were founded before the Bible fanaticism. In point of freedom from came into the hands of the great body fanaticism, can the Catholics bear com- of the people. Our Church--that parison with any one of our sects? To Church which is so vilely slandered by say that they are not more fanatical the doughty champions of religious lithan the Methodists, Baptists, or Uni- berty--grants far more of such liberty tarians, would be a gross libel on the than any Church or Chapel in the latter. The fanaticism which could world. The discipline of Catholicism reverence the Romish priest as he mure is the very essence of tyranny ; that of dered the child, covers the vast mass many of the sects is sufficiently tyranof the Irish people ; but the fanati- nical; but the Church of England fixes cism of our Southcotonians, &c. ex no bonds upon its followers, save those tends only to a few of the most igno- of affection. Our clergy are our teachrant and brainless ; and the great bodyers, but not our masters; they appeal of the nation holds it in abhorrence. to our reason, and lead us to heaven It must likewise ever be remembered as rational beings, but they do not at
tempt to force us thither by the whip such ministers. A minister, no matand the cord, as though we were ter to what denomination he may bebrutes. We leave them when we long, will never make his fock goo:1 please, and they neither consign us to Christians, if he do not use the Bible perdition for it, nor injure a hair of our as his chief instrument—if he do not heads. This absence of authority on distribute it, as well as preach from it the part of the Church, and the bound--if he do not insist upon the study of less toleration granted by the state, it, as well as upon the hearing of his constitute the grand source of secta sermons. Nothing could be better cal. rianism. If the Scriptures were with- culated for the conversion of a body of held from the people, we believe that religious teachers into unprincipled our sects would be more numerous, and despots, than the taking of the Scripthat they would be highly mischievous. tures from the great mass of the laity, It would no doubt be as delectable a If we could ascribe this conduct of thing to the fanatical preacher, as to the Roman Catholic clergy to pure rethe Popish priest, if he could tell his ligious feeling-to genuine scruples of hearers that the Bible said this, that, conscience-we would willingly do it; } and the other, while they were depri- but it is impossible. We will allow ved of the means of ascertaining the them to object to Protestant tracts, and truth. If there be no Bible, there to Bibles having Protestant notes; but will be no genuine Christianity, al we will make no further concession. though there may be a profusion of su- We will not have the Scriptures supperstition, fanaticism, and party fury. pressed or altered to suit any body of
Amidst this outcry of the Catholics Christians whatever ; and we are ceragainst the Dissenters, what are they tain that nothing could be more alien in doctrine and life, when compared to Christianity and genuine religion, with the Methodists, Quakers, In- than the wish to keep the Irish peadependents, &c. ?-Which promul- santry as they are, rather than to supgates the most unscriptural absurdi- ply them with the Bible. ties, and is guilty of the most vice and Nothing could well seem more ludiwickedness ? Let it be remembered crously preposterous to an Englishman that “ Biblical fanaticism” makes no than this uproar against proselytism. assassins, incendiaries, and rebels; and Our Church is incessantly preyed upon that those who forsake the church to on all sides; and yet if the clergy were to join the Dissenters, almost always lead stand forward to whine against proselya purer life from the change. Whate tism, their best friends would treat them ever there may be of fanaticism and with derision. The Methodists, Inhypocrisy in the dissenting bodies, at dependents, &c. repeatedly hold meetany rate, no one is suffered to belong ings, not for the purpose of distributo them whose outward conduct is not ting the Scriptures, but to take steps strictly moral and virtuous. The plain for sending their preachers into new truth with regard to fanaticism is this: places, to use every effort for making If only a few dozens of fools and ma- proselytes; and yet the friends of the niacs utter a few religious absurdities, church would be annihilated by Whig these are instantly charged upon the vengeance, were they to interrupt these Protestants at large, not only by the meetings. The Catholics have been Catholics, but by a set of people who long straining every nerve to make delight in scoffing at all religions what proselytes in England. O'Connell states ever.
that they have done the same in ScotWe willingly admit that the mere land and Ireland ; and it is pretty well use of the Scriptures as a school-book, known that they are doing this everyand their profuse distribution, will not where; yet, forsooth, it is insult, cruelalone produce much benefit, although ty, tyranny, &c. to attempt to make we are very far from saying that they proselytes from the Catholics. Those will produce evil. The labours of ac who are suspected of the atrocious in. tive, zealous, pious, and eloquent mi- tention of wishing to make Protestants nisters, are, in our judgment, abso- of the people of Ireland, are private lutely essential for giving due effect to individuals; they are unconnected with the sacred volume ; but then we think the government'; the whole that they such circulation is absolutely essential wish to do is to give the Bible, with for giving due effect to the labours of out note or comment, to such as are VOL. XVI.
willing to receive it, and to open schools themselves under sound and efficient for such children as Catholic parents moral and religious instruction—not may, of their own free will, send to instruction with regard to this creed them. No compulsion is used—the or that, but instruction in those grand expence falls not on the Catholics— principles of Christian life which ought and the Scriptures only are read in the to be common to both religions. · Tesschools, without a word being spoken timony has long abounded to prove, respecting this creed or the other. Yet
that though compulsion and persuaO'Connell, Sheil, &c. call this insult, sion are not necessary to bring the cruelty, and tyranny; and there are children to the schools, compulsion Protestant scoundrels who repeat the and terror are necessary, and are unfalsehood, and Protestant dolts who sparingly resorted to, to keep them believe it.
away. The policy, the state policy, It may
be that the Roman Catholics which this calls for, cannot surely have a right to be the favoured people need explanation. There ought, sureof the empire,--that they have a right ly, to be some limit to the authority to immunities and privileges which are of a religious corporation, even though denied to all our other sects and par this be a Roman Catholic one; the ties; that they have a right to put down good of a people and of an empire Protestant meetings by brute force, at must surely be of somewhat more impleasure; to slander our Church, cler- portance than the personal benefit of a gy, and religion, without contradice body of religious teachers, even though tion, and to deprive six millions of the these be headed by the Pope. people of the Scriptures, and the right In 'our article on the Church of of opinion—it may be that they have England and the Dissenters, we stated such a right, but we deny it altoge that the Catholic party, if it obtained ther. Nothing could be more danger power, would regard its Church as its ous than for any of our sects or parties, grand bond of union and main weapon than even for our own Church, to have of war, would protect the system of such a right. Each of our tolerated its clergy to the utmost, and, in conones, whether religious or political, sequence, would make constant war should be exposed to the open attacks upon popular liberties.
When we of the others--each should be protect wrote this, no account of the late proed in all fair endeavours to make pro ceedings in Ireland had reached ,us, selytes, and each ought to be restrain and we little dreamed that the Cathoed from protecting itself from prose lics would so soon furnish such aplytism by anything save the laws and palling proofs of the truth of our honourable exertions. This is not on words. The heads of the laity are ly essential for the circulation of sound now furiously supporting their clergy opinions and the triumph of truth, in that system which annihilates the but it is essential for preventing party liberty of the press, and the right of creeds from becoming ruinous, party opinion to the people, and which releaders from becoming demagogues duces the people to the rank and treatand despots, and the people from be ment of brute beasts. With them the coming dupes, fanatics, slaves, and removal of the disabilities sinks into barbarians.
insignificance, when compared with Now, what would the mass of the the putting down of Bible and School people of Ireland do if they enjoyed Societies, and the keeping of the wretchthat freedom from religious tyranny ed peasantry in fetters,
although they which is enjoyed by the rest of the are well aware, when they commit community? It is proved, on all hands, their outrages on the Protestants, that that they would gladly receive the these must convince every reflecting Scriptures, and send their children to man in the empire, that party suprethe schools, if their priests would per. macy and dominion are their objects, mit them. Testimony has long a and that the removal of the disabilibounded to shew, that were it not for ties would be ruinous. the despotism of the Roman Catholic We were long told by the Concili. priesthood, the great body of the peo- ators and others, that the Catholic ple of Ireland would, not from com Association spoke only the sentiments pulsion, not from persuasion, but of the demagogues who composed it, spontaneously and with gladness, place and that its opinions and schemes