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mittee on Naval Affairs in the House of Representatives of the United States, having the good fortune to perform the duties of that position in a manner acceptable to the naval service, as well as to the general advantage. His heart echoed the lament of the Seminole Indians, forcibly expatriated from their native hunting-grounds, and carried far away toward the setting sun. His long and elaborate speech in their behalf, which may be read in the records of the debates of the House upon that interesting topic, produced a marked impression, but could not stay that career of national wrong to the weaker races scandalously denominated “ manifest destiny,” the retributive penalty for which Providence seems now vis-iting upon us in the bloody scourge of civil war.

He also made a strong speech in opposition to the Missouri Compromise, maintaining that not an inch of territory should be left to the blighting influence of slavery. He thought that, while conflicting interests were a fair subject of compromise, principles of eternal justice never were. In yielding material interests by compromise, man is giving away what is his own; but in compromising the principles of justice, he is daring to give up something of those sacred claims of right which do not belong to man, and cannot be in any measure relinquished without robbing God. To say that we avoid a greater evil by sanctioning a smaller one, he regarded as a reflection upon the rule of human conduct laid down by the Almighty, requiring us to do right and leave the consequences to him. History has proved that all the compromises with slavery were really the onward marches of its

encroaching waves, thus gathering volume and momentum perfidiously to sweep over the barriers of “ thus far and no farther," submitted to by the slave power as only a temporary expedient and means of fraud. He was also influential in the election of John Quincy Adams to the Presidency. A pamphlet, published by him, entitled “ The Election for the Presidency considered," had a wide circulation.

Timothy Fuller was a religious man. While in college, he sedulously examined the evidences of Christianity, and reached, by patient research, a deliberate conviction of its truth, which could never afterwards be shaken. He at once joined himself to the Church, of which he remained a life-long member and a careful observer of its sacred ceremonies. He attended divine worship constantly with his family, and regularly ministered at the home altar in the 66 church, which was in his own house. Nor could he be induced, under any pretext, to perform secular business on the Sabbath. When he first went to Washington, he purchased a new Bible, known in the family as his “Washington Bible.” He marked in it the twentieth verse of the forty-ninth Psalm, “ Man that is in honor, and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish.' Early in his professional career he cherished a project of becoming a preacher, but desired to first secure a maintenance, that he might discharge the duties of the sacred office with entire independence.

In 1809, he made a happy alliance in marriage with Margaret Crane, daughter of Major Peter Crane, of Canton, Massachusetts. The father served in the

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Revolutionary war. He acted as chaplain, at one time, of his regiment in the army.

Margaret may be truthfully styled a “good match” for her husband, for her character was the complement of his, and each had prominent traits where those of the other were deficient. Thus, while he dealt in reason, and approached all subjects intellectually, her sphere was the fancy and imagination. His tastes were for the practical and useful; hers for the ideal and beautiful. Each yielded to the wishes of the other. She leaned on him for views and opinions, discerning his judgment and implicitly trusting his results ; and he was careful to gratify her æsthetic tastes. Her ideality had taken especially the direction of flowers, and he provided for her an extensive garden, though, for sport, he insisted on his own bed of dandelions and marigolds, which, he laughingly insisted, far exceeded her exotics in real beauty and value. In temperament, too, they were admirably matched. He, always industrious and overworked, needed the elastic influence of her buoyant and exuberant spirits. With their diversity of traits, they had the oneness of aspiration and aim which is needed happily to cement the marriage union. Both were pious ; — he especially in the department of judgment and principle; she, in that of religious emotion and affection. Both loved children and home careful to provide, solicitous to develop and stimulate his children, and always anxiously reaching forward toward their future; she, a sunbeam of solace and cheer, a tender mother to soothe each childish grief and to shed a radiance over the present hour. She did not

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love the children more than he; but they appreciated her love at once, while justice to his was deferred till the retrospect of riper years. He was not, however, by any means a stern parent. He gave each night a touching proof of his fatherly tenderness, by visiting the couch where the children had sunk to rest, and pressing a kiss upon their unconscious lips.

Soon after his marriage, he purchased, for a residence, a large dwelling-house situated upon Cherry Street, Cambridge Port. In this mansion, which the children called “ the Home House,” were born Sarah Margaret, Julia Adelaide, Eugene, William Henry, Ellen Kilshaw, Arthur Buckminster, and Richard Frederick. Julia Adelaide died in infancy; and all have now passed from the stage of mortal life, except William and Richard.

On the year of the birth of Margaret, her father set out a row of elm-trees in front of the residence; which may still be seen, of a large growth, stationed, like huge sentinels, before the mansion. But, alas! they protect no longer the family who first set them there, and resorted for a while to their increasing shade.

Mr. Fuller first sought Cambridge as a residence, in order to withdraw as much as possible from the contagion of an epidemic, then raging in Boston ; and he never afterwards resided in the city.

CHAPTER II.

CHILDHOOD.

“The child is father of the man."

A

RTHUR BUCKMINSTER FULLER was

born in Cambridge Port, Massachusetts, on the tenth day of August, 1822. Here he

was nurtured, till the family removed, when he was about five years of age, to a mansion in Old Cambridge, which his father purchased of Chief Justice Dana. It was situated upon high land, near the Colleges, still called, from its original proprietor, " Dana Hill.”

The family were much attached to the dwelling in Cambridge Port, styled the “Home House”; though its attractions were chiefly intrinsic, consisting of the sunshine of family love and the charm of the birthplace. It boasted, however, a beautiful garden, secluded by a high, close fence, and decorated with trees, vines, and flowers. At its western extremity was a gate, always locked, behind which the sun set in glory; stimulating by its mystery the children’s fancy, to imagine, that, if opened, it would admit to a brighter land.* The prospect from the mansion windows

See Memoirs of Margaret Fuller Ossoli.

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