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DISTRESS SIGNALS.

Art. 31. When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance from other vessels or from the shore the following shall be the signals to be used or displayed by her, either together or separately, namely:

IN DAYTIME.

A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus, or firing a gun.

AT NIGHT.

First. Flames on the vessel as from a burning tar barrel, oil bar rel, and so forth.

Second. A continuous sounding with any fog-signal apparatus, or firing a gun. (June 17, 1897.) Limits of Application of International and Inland or Local Rules.

The Secretary of Commerce is hereby authorized, empowered and directed from time to time to designate and define by suitable bearings or ranges with light houses, light vessels, buoys or coast objects, the lines dividing the high seas from rivers, harbors and inland waters. The words “inland waters” used in this Act shall not be held to include the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal: (Feb. 19, 1895, sec. 2.)

LINES ESTABLISHING HARBORS, RIVERS, AND INLAND WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES,

WITHIN WHICH THE INLAND RULES ARE TO APPLY.

[All bearings are in degrees true and points magnetic, and are given approximately; dis

tances in nautical miles.)

Cutler (Little River) Harbor, Me.: A line drawn from Long Point 226° (SW. by W. 7. W.) to Little River Head.

Little Machias Bay, Machias Bay, Englishman Bay, Chandler Bay, Moosabec Reach, Pleasant Bay, Narraguagus Bay, and Pigeon Hill Bay, Me.: A line drawn from Little River Head 232° (WSW. 38 W.) to the outer side of Old Man; thence 234° (WSW. 12 W.) to the outer side of Double Shot Islands; thence 244° (W. 5/8 S.) to Libby Islands Lighthouse; thence 23142° (WSW. 14 W.) to Moose Peak Lighthouse; thence 23212° (WSW. 3 W.) to Little Pond Head; from Pond Point, Great Wass Island, 239° (W. by S.) to outer side of Crumple Island; thence 249° (W. 114 S.) to Petit Manan Lighthouse.

All harbors on the coast of Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts between Petit Manan Lighthouse, Me., and Cape Ann Lighthouses, Mass.: A line drawn from Petit Manan Lighthouse 20542° (SW. 44 S.), 2642 miles, to Mount Desert Lighthouse; thence 2504° (W. 1 S.), about 33 miles, to Matinicus Rock Lighthouse; thence 26712° (WNW. 34 W.), 20 miles, to Monhegan Island Lighthouse; thence 260° (W. 58 N.), 1942 miles, to Seguin Lighthouse; thence 233°(WSW. 18 W.), 1874 miles, to Portland Light Vessel; thence 21412° (SW. 38 W.), 2912 miles, to Boon Island Lighthouse; thence 210° (SW.), 11 miles, to Anderson Ledge Spindle, off Isles of Shoals Lighthouse; thence 17674° (S. by W.), 1942 miles, to Cape Ann Lighthouses, Mass.

Boston Harbor: From Eastern Point Lighthouse 215° (SW. 38 W.), 1534 miles to The Graves Lighthouse; thence 13944° (SSE. 3. E.), 742 miles, to Minots Ledge Lighthouse.

All harbors in Cape Cod Bay, Mass.: A line drawn from Plymouth (Gurnet) Lighthouse 7712° (E. 48 S.), 1644 miles, to Race Point Lighthouse.

Nantucket Sound, Vineyard Sound, Buzzards Bay, Narragansett Bay, Block Island Sound, and easterly entrance to Long Island Sound: A line drawn from Chatham Lighthouse, Mass., 154° (S. by E.), 61,2 miles, to Pollock Rip

ue Light Vessel; thence 137° (SSE. 12 E.), 11 miles to Great Round Shoal ntrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS.); thence 229° (SW. by W. 7 W.), 12 miles, to Sankaty Head Lighthouse; from Smith Point, Nantucket Isnd, 261° (W. 38 N.), 27 miles, to No Mans Land Gas and Whistling Buoy, ; thence 359° (N. by E. 78 E.), 848 miles, to Gay Head Lighthouse; thence 09, (W. 57 S.), 3472 miles, to Block Island Southeast Lighthouse; thence 1042 (W. % S.), 1434 miles, to Montauk Point Lighthouse, on the easterly id of Long Island, N. Y. New York Harbor: A line drawn from Rockaway Point Coast Guard Station 972° (S. by E.), 644 miles, to Ambrose Channel Light Vessel; thence 23872° WSW. 18 W.), 814 miles, to Navesink (southerly) Lighthouse. Philadelphia Harbor and Delaware Bay: A line drawn from Cape May ighthouse 200° (SSW. 12 W.), 842 miles, to Overfalls Light Vessel ; thence :644° (WSW. 12 W.), 378 miles, to Cape Henlopen Lighthouse. Balthmore Harbor and Chesapeake Bay: A line drawn from Cape Charles ighthouse 183° (S. 34 W.), 1138 miles, to Cape Henry Gas and Whistling vy, 2; thence 26442° (W.), 444 miles, to Cape Henry Lighthouse. Charleston Harbor: A line drawn from Tank, on Isle of Palms, 150° (SSE.

E.), 712 miles, to Charleston Light Vessel; thence 26442° (W. 12. S.), rough Charleston Buoy, 6 C, 874 miles, until Charleston Lighthouse bears 10° (N. 78 W.); thence 270o (W.), 1% miles, to the beach of Folly Island. Savannah Harbor and Calibogue Sound: A line drawn from Braddock bint, Hilton Head Island, 15012° (SSE. 5 E.), 934 miles, to Tybee Gas id Whistling Buoy, T (PS); thence 270o (W.), to the beach of Tybee Island. St. Simon Sound (Brunswick Harbor) and St. Andrew Sound: From hotel i beach of St. Simon Island 1% mile 60° (NE. by E. 14 E.) from St. Simon ighthouse, 130° (SE. 12 E.), 6% miles, to St. Simon Gas and Whistling Buoy PS); thence 194° (S. by W. 18 W.), 894 miles, to St. Andrew Sound Bar uoy (PS); thence 270o (W.), 434 miles, to the shore of Little Cumberland land. St. Johns River, Fla.: A straight line from the outer end of the northerly tty to the outer end of the southerly jetty. Florida reefs and keys: A line drawn from the easterly end of the northerly tty, at the entrance to the dredged channel to Miami, 8842° (E. 44 N.), 134 iles, to Miami Gas and Whistling Buoy 2 M; thence 179° (S. 18 E.), 848 miles, · Biscayne Bay Sea Bell Buoy, 1; thence 182° (S. 18 W.), 238 miles, to Fowey ocks Lighthouse; thence 188° (S. 58 W.), 694 miles, to Triumph Reef Beaon, O; thence 193° (S. by W.), 41,2 miles, to Ajax Reef Beacon, M; thence 194° 5. by W. 18 W.), 2 miles, to Pacific Reef Lighthouse; thence 19642° (S. by W. , W.), 5 miles, to Turtle Harbor Sea Buoy, 2; thence 210° (SSW. 12 W.), 47 iles, to Carysfort Reef Lighthouse; thence 20942° (SSW. 12 W.), 594 miles,

Elbow Reef Beacon, J; thence 219° (SW. 34 S.), 934 miles, to Molasses Reef ighthouse; thence 232° (SW. 12 W.), 6 miles, to Conch Reef Beacon, E; ience 23412° (SW. 34 W.), through Crocker Reef Beacon, D, 1038 miles, to lligator Reef Lighthouse ; thence 234° (SW. 578 W.), 1078 miles, to Tennessee eef Gas and Bell Buoy, 4; thence 251° (WSW. 18 W.), 1012 miles, to Coffins atches Beacon, C; thence 247° (SW. by W. 34 W.), 834 miles, to Sombrero ey Lighthouse; thence 25312 (WSW. 38 W.), 1634 miles, to Looe Key Beaon, 6; thence 25712° (WSW. 34 W.), 638 miles, to American Shoal Lighthouse; ience 25342° (WSW. 38 W.), 27 miles, to Maryland Shoal Beacon, S; thence 59° (WSW. 78 W.), 544 miles, to Eastern Sambo Beacon, A; thence 253° WSW. 14 W.), 214 miles, to Western Sambo Beacon, R; thence 257° (WSW. } W.), through Western Sambo Buoy, 2, 542 miles, to Key West Entrance as and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 262° (W. 7 S.), 444 miles, to Sand Key ighthouse; thence 261° (W. by S.), 234 miles, to Western Dry Rocks Beacon, ; thence 268° (W. 38 S.), 312 miles, through Satan Shoal Buoy (HS) to estal Shoal Buoy, 1; thence 27412° (W. 18 N.), 544 miles, to Coal Bin Rock uoy, CB (HS); thence 32412° (NW. 5, N.), 714 miles, to Marquesas Keys left ingent; from northwesterly point Marquesas Keys 59° (NE. by E.), 438 miles, » Bar Buoy, 1, Boca Grande Channel; thence 83° (E. 7 N.), 934 miles, to orthwest Channel Entrance Gas and Bell Buoy, 1, Northwest Channel into ey West; thence 68° (NE. by E. 7 E.), 2342 miles, to northerly side of Conint Keys; thence 49° (NE. 4 E.), 29 miles, to East Cape, Cape Sable.

Charlotte Harbor and Punta Gorda, Fla.: Eastward of Charlotte Harbor Intrance Gas and Bell Buoy (PS), off Boca Grande, and in Charlotte Harbor,

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in Pine Island Sound and Matlacha Pass. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Peace and Miakka Rivers north of a 250° and 70° (WSW. and ENE.) line through Mangrove Point Light; and in Caloosahatchee River northward of the steamboat wharf at Punta Rasa.

Tampa Bay and Tributaries, Fla.: From the southerly end of Long Key 245° (SW. by W.,58 W.), 9 miles, to Tampa Bay Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 13042° (SE. 58 E.), 534 miles, to Southwest Channel Gas and Bell Buoy (PS), at the entrance to Southwest Channel; thence 107° (ESE. 34 E.), 312 miles, to the house on the north end of Anna Maria Key. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Manatee River inside Manatee River Entrance Buoy, 2; in Hillsboro Bay and River inside Hillsboro Bay Light, 2.

St. George Sound, Apalachicola Bay, Carrabelle and Apalachicola Rivers, and St. Vincent Sound, Fla.: North of a line from Lighthouse Point 245° (SW. by W. 578 W.), 1594 miles, to southerly side of Dog Island; thence 217° (SW. by S.), 3 miles, to East Pass Bell Buoy, 1; thence 267° (W. 42 S.), 3 miles to St. Georges Island; the entrance to East Pass, and inside West Pass Bell Buoy (PS) at the seaward entrance to West Pass. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Carabelle River inside the entrance to the dredged channel; in Apalachicola River northward of Apalachicola Dredged Channel Entrance Buoy, 2.

Pensacola Harbor: From Caucus Cut Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy, 1A, 3° (N. 18 W.), tangent to easterly side of Fort Pickens, to the shore of Santa Rosa Island, and from the buoy northward in the buoyed channel through Caucus Shoal.

Mobile Harbor and Bay: From Mobile Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS) 40° (NE. % N.), to shore of Mobile Point, and from the Buoy 326° (NW. 7 N.) to the shore of Dauphin Island. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Mobile River above Choctaw Point.

Sounds, lakes, and harbors on the coasts of Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana, between Mobile Bay entrance and the Delta of the Mississippi River : From Sand Island Lighthouse 259o. (WSW. 58 W.), 4312 miles, to Chandeleur Lighthouse; westward of Chandeleur and Errol Islands, and west of a line drawn from the southwesterly point of Errol Island 182° (S. 14 E.), 23 miles, to Pass a Loutre Lighthouse. Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in Pascagoula River, and in the dredged cut at the entrance to the river, above Pascagoula River Entrance Light, A, marking the entrance to the dredged cut.

New Orleans Harbor and the Delta of the Mississippi River: Inshore of a line drawn from the outermost mud lump showing above low water at the entrance to Pass a Loutre to a similar lump off the entrance to Northeast Pass; thence to a similar lump off the entrance to Southeast Pass; thence to the outermost aid to navigation off the entrance to South Pass; thence to the outermost aid to navigation off the entrance to Southwest Pass; thence northerly, about 1942 miles, to the westerly point of the entrance to Bay Jaque.

Sabine Pass, Tex.: Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply to Sabine Pass northward of Sabine Pass Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS), and in Sabine Lake and its tributaries. Outside of this buoy the International Rules apply.

Galveston Harbor: A line drawn from Galveston North Jetty Light 129° (SE. by E. 14 E.), 2 miles, to Galveston Bar Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS); thence 276o (W. 18 S.), 274 miles, to Galveston (S.) Jetty Lighthouse.

Brazos River, Tex. : Pilot Rules for Western Rivers apply in the entrance and river inside of Brazos River Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy (PS). International Rules apply outside the buoy.

San Diego Harbor: A line drawn from southerly tower of Coronado Hotel 21212° (SSW. by 5/8 W.), 47 miles, to San Diego Bay Entrance Gas and Whistling Buoy 1A; thence 342° (N. by W.), 242 miles, to Point Loma Lighthouse.

San Francisco Harbor: A line drawn through Mile Rocks Lighthouse 326° (NW. 578 W.) to Bonita Point Lighthouse.

Columbia River Entrance: A line drawn from knuckle of Columbia River south jetty 351° (NNW. 7 W.) to Cape Disappointment Lighthouse.

Juan de Fuca Strait, Washington and Puget Sounds: A line drawn from New Dungeness Lighthouse 1312° (N. by W.), 1036 miles, to Hein Bank Gas and Bell Buoy (HS); thence 33712° (NW. 14 W.), 1134 miles, to Lime Kiln Light, on west side of San Juan Island; from Bellevue Point, San Juan Island, 33612° (NW. 14 W.) to Kellett Bluff Light, Henry Island; thence 346° (NW. 12 N.) to Turn Point Light; thence 7142° (NE. 18 E.), 844 miles, to westerly point of Skipjack Island; thence 3812° (N. by E. 14 E.), 438 miles, to Patos Islands Light; thence 338° (NW. 18 W.), 12 miles, to Point Roberts Light.

General rule.-At all buoyed entrances from seaward to bays, sounds, rivers, or other estuaries, for which specific lines have not been described, inland rules shall apply inshore of a line, approximately parallel with the general trend of the shore, drawn through the outermost buoy or other aid to navigation of any system of aids. Rules for the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River as Far East as

Montreal. (Act of Feb. 8, 1895.)

The following rules for preventing collisions shall be followed in the navigation of all public and private vessels of the United States upon the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters as far east as Montreal.

STEAM AND SAIL VESSELS.

RULE 1. Every steam vessel which is under sail and not under steam, shall be considered a sail vessel; and every steam vessel which is under steam, whether under sail or not, shall be considered a steam vessel. The word “steam-vessel” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery. A vessel is" under way" within the meaning of These rules when she is not at anchor or made fast to the shore or aground.

LIGHTS.

RULE 2. The lights mentioned in the following rules and no others shall be carried in all weathers from sunset to sunrise. The word“ visible" in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.

RULE 3. Except in the cases hereinafter expressly provided for, a steam vessel when under way shall carry:

(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the forepart of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the beam of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such beam, so, however, that such height need not exceed forty feet, a bright white light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.

(b) On the starboard side, a green light, so constructed as to throw an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(c) On the port side, a red light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(d) The said green and red lights shall be fitted with inboard screens projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

(e) A steamer of over one hundred and fifty feet register length shall also carry when under way an additional bright light similar in construction to that mentioned in subdivision (a), so fixed as to throw the light all around the horizon and of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least three miles. Such additional light shall be placed in line with the keel at least fifteen feet higher than the deck and more than seventy-five feet abaft the light mentioned in subdivision (a).

VESSELS TOWING.

RULE 4. A steam vessel having a tow other than a raft shall in addition to the forward bright light mentioned in subdivision (a) of rule three carry in a vertical line not less than six feet above or below that light a second bright light of the same construction and character and fixed and carried in the same manner as the forward bright light mentioned in said subdivision (a) of rule three. Such steamer shall also carry a small bright light abaft the funnel or aftermast for the tow to steer by, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

RULE 5. A steam vessel having a raft in tow shall, instead of the forward lights mentioned in rule four, carry on or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the beam of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such beam, so however that such height need not exceed forty feet, two bright lights in a horizontal line athwartships and not less than eight feet apart, each so fixed as to throw the light all around the horizon and of such character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles. Such steamer shall also carry the small bright steering light aft, of the character and fixed as required in rule four.

RULE 6. A sailing vessel under way and any vessel being towed shall carry the side lights mentioned in rule three.

A vessel in tow shall also carry a small bright light aft, but such light shall not be visible forward of the beam.

RULE 7. The lights for tugs under thirty tons register whose principal business is harbor towing, and for boats navigating only on the River Saint Lawrence, also ferryboats, rafts, and canal boats, shall be regulated by rules which have been or may hereafter be prescribed by the Board of Supervising Inspectors of Steam Vessels.

RULE 8. Whenever, as in the case of small vessels under way during bad weather, the green and red side lights can not be fixed, these lights shall be kept at hand lighted and ready for use, and shall, on the approach of or to other vessels, be exhibited on their respective sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such manner as to make them most visible, and so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side, nor the red light on the starboard side, nor, if practicable, more than two points abaft the beam on their respective sides. To make the use of these portable lights more certain and easy, they shall each be painted outside with the color of the light they respectively contain, and shall be provided with suitable screens.

RULE 9. A vessel under one hundred and fifty feet register length, when at anchor, shall carry forward, where it can best be seen, but at

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