Stabilization of the Bituminous Coal Mining Industry: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Interstate Commerce, United States Senate, Seventy-fourth Congress, First Session, on S. 1417, a Bill to Stabilize the Bituminous Coal Mining Industry and Promote Its Interstate Commerce; to Provide for Cooperative Marketing of Bituminous Coal; to Levy a Tax on Bituminous Coal and Provide for a Drawback Under Certain Conditions; to Declare the Production, Distribution, and Use of Bituminous Coal to be Affcted with a National Public Interest; to Conserve the Bituminous-coal Resources of the United States and to Establish a National Bituminous-coal Reserve; to Provide for the General Welfare and for Other Purposes. February 19 to March 7, 1935 ...

U.S. Government Printing Office, 1935 - 624 páginas

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Página 578 - No distinction is more popular to the common mind, or more clearly expressed in economic and political literature, than that between manufacture and commerce. Manufacture is transformation — the fashioning of raw materials into a change of form for use. The functions of commerce are different. The buying and selling and the transportation incidental thereto constitute commerce ; and the regulation of commerce in the constitutional sense embraces the regulation at least of such transportation.
Página 3 - ... (1) that employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of labor, or their agents, In the designation of such representatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection...
Página 3 - ... no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own choosing...
Página 303 - Said Commissioners shall not engage in any other business, vocation, or employment. No vacancy in the Commission shall impair the right of the remaining Commissioners to exercise all the powers of the Commission.
Página 450 - Businesses said to be clothed with a public interest justifying some public regulation may be divided into three classes: "(1) Those which are carried on under the authority of a public grant of privileges which either expressly or impliedly imposes the affirmative duty of rendering a public service demanded by any member of the public. Such are the railroads, other common carriers, and public utilities. "(2) Certain occupations, regarded as exceptional, the public interest attaching to which, recognized...
Página 578 - Commerce with foreign countries and among the States, strictly considered, consists in intercourse and traffic, including in these terms navigation and the transportation and transit of persons and property, as well as the purchase, sale, and exchange of commodities.
Página 282 - ... curious. It would nationalize all industries, it would nationalize and withdraw from state jurisdiction and deliver to federal commercial control the fruits of California and the South, the wheat of the West and its meats, the cotton of the South, the shoes of Massachusetts and the woolen industries of other states at the very inception of their production or growth, that is, the fruits unpicked, the cotton and wheat ungathered, hides and flesh of cattle yet 'on the hoof...
Página 69 - UNITED STATES SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERSTATE COMMERCE, Washington, DC The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 10 am in room 412, Senate Office Building, Senator Fred H.
Página 450 - It has never been supposed, since the adoption of the Constitution, that the business of the butcher or the baker, the tailor, the wood chopper, the mining operator, or the miner was clothed with such a public interest that the price of his product or his wages could be fixed by state regulation.
Página 578 - States, with the power to regulate, not only manufactures, but also agriculture, horticulture, stock raising, domestic fisheries, mining — in short, every branch of human industry. For is there one of them that does not contemplate, more or less clearly, an interstate or foreign market? Does not the wheat grower of the Northwest and the cotton planter of the South, plant, cultivate, and harvest his crop with an eye on the prices at Liverpool, New York, and Chicago? The power being vested in Congress...

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