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Nora is a proper noun, feminine gender, singular number; nominative case, because it is the subject of the verb did see.

Exercise 143.- Parse the Nouns in the following sentences.

1. Sarah washed every dish. 2. The firemen saved much property. 3. Little Fred loves his sister dearly. 4. That parrot whistles several tunes correctly. 5. Nellie met her young cousin there. 6. We saw the three children. 7. Some thief stole the best horse. 8. A clever policeman caught the artful thief. 9. The heavy rains beat the ripe barley down. 10. The gardener grows fine potato crops. 11. He won several valuable prizes. 12. The tall poppies lifted their gay heads proudly. 13. Crossing the brook, we found some daisies. 14. I tried to eat the food, but I could not endure the Chinese cooking. 15. You ought to have seen that boy. 16. He was trying to catch the train. 17. Turning the corner suddenly, I met my uncle. 18. Having read the book, I concluded to buy a copy. 19. I watched him catching the fish. 20. Let me try fishing a little.

Read again paragraph 126.

207. Prepositions as well as Transitive Verbs govern the Objective Case. The Objective Case is found by asking “ Whom?” or “What?” after the Preposition; thus :

Ellen is with her father Preposition, with. With whom? Her father. Father is in the Objective Case, because it is the object of the Preposition with.

Exercise 144. - Parse the Nouns in Exercise 88.

208. Since the Verb be (or any other Copulative Verb or Verbal) takes the same Case after as before it (see

paragraph 200), the words me and king in the following sentences are in the Objective Case:

Did you take him to be me ?
They wanted Canute to be their king.

They swore allegiance to Richard, now become king. Exercise 145. — In the following sentences pick out the Nouns that are in the Objective Case, and give the reason.

1. I think him to be an honest man. 2. I want you to be a soldier. 3. Why do you desire him to become a lawyer ? 4. Do you take him to be a better scholar than I ? 5. Do you want him to be your errand boy ? 6. Did you take me to be Harry ? 7. Let me be the ringmaster.

Read again paragraph 180.

209. The subject of an Infinitive is in the Objective Case. Thus, in the sentence,

She wished John to go, John is in the Objective Case, because it is the subject of the Infinitive to go. (John is not the Object of the Verb wished. The infinitive phrase John to go is the Object, since it answers the question, wished what?)

Exercise 146. Parse the Nouns in the following, and in Exercise 129.

1. I asked my mother to go with us. 2. She wished the boys to carry the basket. 3. The policeman made the boys climb off the cars. 4. The motion of the boat made

my

sister decide to go ashore. 5. The teacher compelled William to stay after school. 6. Our visitor requested father to read the book. 7. He made John read it.

210. Sometimes a Noun is placed after another Noun or after a Pronoun to show more clearly who or what is meant; as, “ William the Conqueror,” “Brown the grocer,' 61

your father.” The Noun so placed is said to be in

Apposition to the other Noun or to the Pronoun, and is an Adjunct of it. (In analysis or diagraming, an Appositive must therefore be regarded as an Adjective Element.)

211. A Noun or Pronoun in Apposition has the same Case as the Noun or Pronoun it explains; as, “ Mr. Perkins the letter-carrier is returning ”; “ Have you seen my boy Tom to-day ?”

In the first sentence Mr. Perkins is in the Nominative Case, the Subject of is returning, and letter-carrier is therefore in the Nominative Case also.

In the second sentence boy is in the Objective Case, Object of the Verb have seen, and Tom is, by Apposition with boy, in the Objective Case also.

Exercise 147. - Parse the Nouns in Apposition :

1. Mr. Wilson, the architect, is here. 2. William the Conqueror came from Normandy. 3. It was the lark, the herald of the morn. 4. I met the sheriff, Mr. Burgess, this morning. 5. I live in Boston, the capital of Massachusetts. 6. The children love their uncle, Mr. Holmes. 7. That is strange conduct for you, a boy sixteen years old. 8. I have been reading of Louis, king of France, the victim of the Revolution. 9. Give me two dollars, the price I told you. 10. Frank, the jockey, broke his leg.

11. But he, our gracious Master, kind as just,

Knowing our frame, remembers we are dust.

POSSESSIVE CASE

212. In the sentence “ William lost John's knife," John is the name of the possessor (or owner), and knife is the name of the thing possessed (or owned).

213. Notice how the name of the possessor is written in the following examples :

Singular.

Plural.
A sparrow's wings. The sparrows' wings.
The man's hat.

The men's hats. 214. A Noun (or Pronoun) which is used so as to show by its form that something belongs to the person or thing denoted by it, is in the Possessive Case.

215. The Possessive Case of a Noun in the Singular Number is formed by adding an apostrophe (') and 8 ; as, “The bird's wing,” “ The boy's shoe.”

216. 'If the Noun in the Singular Number already ends in a hissing sound, the s of the Possessive is sometimes left out; as in “ Moses' law,” “ Euripides' plays,” “ Socrates questions,” “For goodness' sake,” “ For conscience sake,” “In justice'

cause."

217. When the Noun in the Plural ends in & the Possessive is shown by adding an apostrophe only; as, “ Birdswings," "Boys' games.” When the Plural Noun does not end in 8, an apostrophe and 8 are added; as, “ Men's gloves, 66 Children's books."

Exercise 148. - (a) Write the Possessive Case Singular of

John. Moses. Charles. Francis. Goose. Mr. Richards. Conscience. Justice. Dickens. Mr. Jones. Mr. Johnson.

(6) Write the Possessive Case Singular and Plural of

Boy. Lady. Baby. Gypsy. Monkey. Wife. Thief. Negro. Hero. Man. Mouse. Child. Woman. Mistress.

Read again paragraph 86.

218. A Noun (or Pronoun) in the Possessive Case is an Adjunct of some other Noun, and is treated in analysis or diagraming the same way as any other Adjective Adjunct. A Noun in the Possessive Case is parsed thus :

The boy's book is new. boy's is a common noun, masculine gender, singular number, possessive case, an adjunct of book.

Exercise 149. (a) Pick out the Nouns in the Possessive Case and say of what Noun each is an Adjunct. 1. The grocer's arm

was broken. 2. We watched the eagle's fight. 3. The children's clothes are clean. 4. The police found the thieves' plunder hidden in the cellar. 5. The butchers' shops were all closed. 6. Samson tied foxes' tails together. 7. The farmer bought hay for his oxen's food. 8. For goodness' sake listen. 9. Mrs. Williams's dog is lost. 10. Moses' grave is unknown. 11. The vault was full of men's bones. 12. In this place ran Cassius' dagger through. 13. Peter's wife's mother lay sick of a fever. 14. This dog is a collie, while Charles's dog is a setter. 15. I am reading one of Dickens's novels.

(6) Pick out the Pronouns in the Possessive Case and say what Noun each depends on.

1. Have you seen my hat? 2. Hast thou found thy friend? 3. Tom has learned his lessons, but Jane has not learned hers. 4. The bird is in its nest. 5. We have found our mittens. 6. You have found your mittens. 7. The children were crying because they had lost their father.

(c) Analyze and diagram the sentences given in this Exercise.

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REVIEW OF VERBS, VERBALS, AND NOUNS See also the Review on page 78. Verbs are either Transitive or Intransitive. A Transitive Verb expresses an action received by

some Object. An Intransitive Verb shows a state of being, or an

action which is not directed to an Object.

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