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The sun with ruddy orb
Ascending fills the horizon.
15. The modest wants of every day

The toil of every day supplied.


Read again paragraphs 48 and 49, and work again Exercises 41 and 42.

Exercise 180. — Analyze the following Interrogative Sentences.

1. Where are you going to-day? 2. What way does the wind come? 3. Must he then watch it rise no more? 4. Why preach ye here? 5. The tear-drop who can blame? 6. Know ye not Agincourt? 7. Now wherefore stopp’st thou ine? 8. Why look'st thou so ? 9. Where are those lights so many and fair? 10. Whom seek ye here? 11. What is your reason for that? 12. For whom was this coat made ?

13. Can storied urn or animated bust

Back to its mansion call the fleeting breath? 14. Can honor's voice provoke the silent dust? 15. What objects are the fountains

Of thy happy strain ?


Read again paragraphs 50, 51, and 52, and work again Erercises 44 and 46.

Exercise 181. — Analyze the following Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences.

1. Never from my side depart. 2. Lend me your ears. 3. Neglect him not. 4. Provide for thine own future safety. 5. Still in thy right hand carry gentle peace to silence envious

tongues. 6. Break his bonds of sleep asunder. 7. Chase all thy fears away.

8. How dark it is here ! 9. What a long walk we must take! 10. Heaven defend the right. 11. Thy kingdom come. 12. Thy will be done. 13. How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank! 14. What long ears he has !


[Analyze according to the model given in paragraph 279.] 1. Who weeps for strangers ? 2. Man wants but little here below. 3. The earth to thee her incense yields.

4. The glories of our birth and state

Are shadows.
5. Onward, onward, may we press

Through the path of duty.
6. She gave me for my pains a world of sighs.
7. A fair maid sat at her bower-door

Wringing her lily hands.
8. Your glorious standard launch again

To match another foe.
9. With thunders from her native oak

She quells the floods below.
10. No stores beneath its humble thatch

Required a master's care.
11. And from all agony of mind

It keeps them safe.
12. Now do these sternly featured hills

Look gently on this grave.
13. A sealike sound the branches breathe,

Stirred by the breeze. 14. Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive. 15. A man's a man, for a' that.

Additional sentences, in the various Exercises in this chapter.



280. We have so far considered elements chiefly with respect to their use in sentences, as that is the more important thing to be considered. As respects their form, the elements of simple sentences are word elements or phrase elements.

281. Word elements may be
(a) the Subject
(b) the Object,
(c) the Attribute,
(d) the Verb (always regarded as a word element),
(e) an Adjective modifier, including

Nouns or Pronouns in Apposition,

Nouns or Pronouns in the Possessive Case,
(f) an Adverbial modifier,
(g) a Connective element (Conjunctions),

(h) an Independent elementi (as Interjections, Nouns used as Exclamations, or Nouns in the Nominative of Address ;2 also Preparatory there and it3).

282. Phrase elements may be

(a) the Subject (an Infinitive),
(6) the Object (an Infinitive),

1 In analysis an Independent element is to be mentioned as such. In diagraming it should be placed to one side and not connected with the other words.

2 See paragraphs 202, 204. 8 See paragraphs 262–265.

(c) the Attribute (an Infinitive or a Prepositional Phrase),

(d) an Adjective modifier ) (an Infinitive or a Prepo(e) an Adverbial modifier S

sitional Phrase). 283. From paragraphs 281 and 282 it is seen that the Subject, the Object, the Attribute, an Adjective modifier, and an Adverbial modifier may each be either a word element or a phrase element.

Any part of speech, except a Preposition, may be a Word element. Phrase elements are, in form, Prepositional or Infinitive.

ANALYSIS OF COMPOUND SENTENCES Read again paragraphs 149, 150, 151. 284. Sentences made


of two or more Simple Sentences connected by Copulative or Disjunctive Conjunctions are called Compound Sentences.

285. The members of a Compound Sentence are usually joined by expressed Conjunctions; as, —

They had been friends in youth,
But whispering tongues can poison truth,
And constancy lives in realms above,

And life is thorny and youth is vain. Here we have five coördinate members joined by Conjunctions.

But the members of a Compound Sentence sometimes follow one another without expressed Conjunctions; as,

The way was long, the wind was cold,

The minstrel was infirm and old. We have here three coördinate members : 1. The way was long. 2. The wind was cold. 3. The minstrel was infirm and old.

286. In analyzing Compound Sentences treat each member as though it stood alone.

Exercise 182. — Analyze the following sentences.

1. Give me this apple and you take that. 2. Are you coming soon, or shall I go now? 3. I am in no hurry, but I don't want to wait too long. 4. I will take this box, though it is not exactly of the right size. 5. This apple is ripe enough, while that one is green; yet both grew on the same tree. 6. The stream will not flow and the hill will not rise And the colors have all passed away from her eyes. 7. We lay beneath a spreading oak,

Beside a mossy seat,
And from the turf a fountain broke

And gurgled at our feet.
8. The waves beside them danced, but they

Outdid the sparkling waves in glee.
9. The rainbow comes and goes,

And lovely is the rose.
10. The good south wind still blew behind,

But no sweet bird did follow,
Nor any day for food or play

Came to the mariner's hollo.



1. Trust men and they will be true to you.
2. History is a compound of poetry and philosophy.

3. Good histories, in the proper sense of the word, we have not.

4. And her let us honor with the title of Madonna.

5. Suffer little children to come unto me, and forbid them not.

6. Give me the liberty to know, to utter, and to argue freely according to conscience, above all liberties.

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