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horse ran away. 4. The fire engine came. 5. The water put out the fire. 6. Water from the river was used.

(6) Pick out the Predicates in these sentences.

1. The child fell down. 2. It was hurt. 3. The doctor was called. 4. The child's head was bloody. 5. Some plaster was put on the place. 6. The child was well in a week.

(c) Pick out the Subjects and the Predicates of the sentences formed in working Exercise 7.


Exercise 9. (a) In the following sentences pick out all names of persons.

1. Ben is older than Harry. 2. Arthur is playing with Tom and Will. 3. Mary and Edith are writing. 4. Harold was reading to little Maggie. 5. Mr. Brown is stronger than my brother Howard. 6. Mrs. Cooper has gone abroad with Miss Percy. 7. King James reigned after Queen Elizabeth. (6) Give the names of

1. Ten boys.
2. Ten girls.

3. Ten persons whom you know, or have read about. Exercise 10. — (a) In the following sentences pick out all names of persons and of places.

1. Henry Roberts lives at Richmond. 2. St. Paul is in Minnesota. 3. King Solomon reigned in Jerusalem. 4. Washington crossed the Delaware. 5. General Wolfe was killed outside Quebec. 6. Moses led the Jews from Egypt to Canaan. 7. Mrs. Jones took Minnie up Fifth Avenue to Central Park. (6) Give the names of

1. Ten streets.
2. Ten cities.

3. Ten countries. 7. When I say Hendrik Hudson, I use the name of one particular sailor, not of every sailor.

But when I say sailor, I may mean Hudson or Captain Kidd or any other 1 See “Notes for Teachers," p. 163, Note 2.

sailor. Sailor is as truly a name as Hendrik Hudson, but instead of being the name of a particular person it is the name of a kind of person.

Exercise 11. (a) In the following sentences pick out all names of kinds of persons.

1. The doctor came to see the woman. 2. The boy hurt his sister. 3. I met my uncle, aunt, and three cousins to-day. 4. The king sent for his ministers. 5. The princess was walking with her maids. 6. Men are the best cooks. (6) Give the names of

1. Ten kinds of shopkeepers; as grocer, butcher.
2. Ten kinds of relatives; as father.

3. Ten kinds of workmen; as carpenter. Exercise 12. - In the following sentences pick out all names

1. Of kinds of persons.

2. Of kinds of places. 1. My sister is in the cottage. 2. Our friends live in the town. 3. The fisherman is at sea. 4. A policeman was walking up the street. 5. The workman was digging in his garden. 6. The old man was waiting at the station for his son. 7. The driver was thrown to the sidewalk.

Exercise 13. —(a) In the following sentences pick out all names of kinds of animals.

1. The wolf tried to catch a sheep. 2. The hawk killed three chickens. 3. The cat is playing with her kittens. 4. The thrushes and blackbirds were singing. 5. The bird was picking up worms. 6. An elephant is larger than a lion. 7. Ducks, geese and swans can swim, but hens cannot. 8. A whale is not a fish. (6) Give the names of

1. Ten kinds of animals that live on land.
2. Ten kinds of birds.
3. Ten kinds of fishes.

Exercise 14. — (a) In the following sentences pick out all names of things.

1. The pen is under the book. 2. That bottle contains ink. 3. There are three coats and six shirts in the trunk. 4. A stone was thrown at the window. 5. The plow is made of iron. 6. Put some coal on the fire. 7. The windows are white with frost. (6) Give the names of

1. Ten flowers.
2. Ten vegetables.
3. Ten articles of dress.

4. Ten things used at school. 8. In Grammar all words used as names are called Nouns.

9. A word used as the name of a particular person, animal, place, or thing, is called a Proper Noun.

A Proper Noun when written or printed should always have a capital letter; as, " William is in Boston."

10. A word used as the name of a class or kind of persons or things is called a Common Noun.

Exercise 15. - Pick out the Proper Nouns and the Common Nouns.

Once, when Rubens the famous artist was traveling in Spain, he visited a convent. The monks took him all over the buildings. Above the altar in the chapel he saw a beautiful picture. “Who painted that masterpiece ?” he asked. “A lay brother," answered the abbot. “Then he is a great painter,” said Rubens; “let me see him that I may tell him so.” Such words from such a judge were too much for the poor man; he took a few steps forward and fell dead at Rubens's feet.

11. Some Common Nouns are the names of qualities. Thus, vinegar is sour, or has the quality of sourness. An

honest man has the quality of honesty. Sourness and honesty are the names of certain kinds of qualities, and are therefore Common Nouns.

Exercise 16. — (a) In the following sentences pick out all names of qualities.

1. The smoothness of the ice made the child slip. 2. Honesty and justice are virtues; dishonesty and injustice are vices. 3. The rose is admired for its beauty and sweetness. 4. The driver was punished for his cruelty. 5. The tiger is noted for courage, strength, and ferocity. 6. The hardness of the diamond is well known. 7. The brightness of the sun caused her dizziness.

(6) Give the names of five qualities not named in the sentences just given.

12. Riding and shooting are the names of actions. Capture, nod, wink, burglary, and motion are also names of actions. The names of actions are Common Nouns.

Exercise 17.—(a) In the following sentences pick out all names of actions.

1. Walking is good exercise. 2. Next summer we shall learn swimming. 3. My brother will teach me rowing and sailing. 4. Forgetting is easier than learning. 5. Hearing and obeying are different. 6. We took a brisk walk. 7. I am sorry for the loss of the knife. 8. He was found guilty of murder. 9. You have done me a great service. 10. John's attempt to make the long jump was a failure.

(6) Give five other names of actions.

13. We may give names to groups of persons or things. Thus, a group

of men may

be a crowd, or an army, a jury, a congress. A group of animals may be a herd, a troop, a flock. A

A group of things may be a dozen, a score, a lot. The names of groups are Common Nouns.

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