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LONGMANS' BRIEFER GRAMMAR

SENTENCES

1. When I say, “This dog is ours," my words make a sentence. The following are other sentences about dogs :

Dogs bark.
Some dogs bite.
My dog is named Carlo.

Exercise 1.1 — Make a sentence about each of these : 1. Cats .... 8. That pencil .... 15. Monkeys . 2. My father ... 9. Bricks .

16. Fire 3. Ink .... 10. The moon ....

17. Ice .. 4. Stones 11. Chairs ..

18. Your hat ... 5. Roses 12. Apples .

19. The wagon 6. The sun .... 13. Birds ...

20. Cows ... 7. Oak trees. 14. The steeple ...

.

Learn

2. A sentence is the statement of a thought in words.

Exercise 2. (a) Make five sentences about things in the room where you are.

(6) Five sentences about things out doors. (c) Five sentences about people you know. 3. The sentence "Mary writes "consists of two parts:

1. The name of the person of whom we are speaking Mary; and 2. The word that tells what we say about Mary — writes. 1 See “ Notes for Teachers,'' p. 163, Note 1.

The sentence “This dog is ours ” also consists of two parts: the part that tells what we are talking about — This dog; and the part that tells what we say about it

is ours. 4. Every sentence, however long, has two such parts.

The part denoting the person or thing spoken about is called the Subject. (The words given in Exercise 1 were to be used as Subjects.)

What we say about the person or thing denoted by the Subject is called the Predicate.

5. A sentence may be separated into two parts, thus :

[blocks in formation]

Exercise 3. — Separate the Subjects and the Predicates of the following sentences, in the way just shown.

1. Roosters crow. 2. Pigs grunt. 3. Eagles scream. 4. Doves are swift. 5. The horse ran away. 6. Violets are blue. 7. Sugar is sweet. 8. My knife is dull. 9. The man is calling

10. Mice nibble. 11. The glass was broken. 12. The day is cloudy. 13. Rain will fall. 14. Apples are yellow. 15. This stone is heavy. 16. Stars are shining. 17. The lions were killed. 18. The cattle are grazing. 19. School is closed. 20. New traps were set.

Exercise 4. Place Subjects before the following Predicates.

Grow. Gnaw. Squeal. Ran. Hum. Fly. Was writing. Has been digging. Is falling. Is coming. Can read. Must hurry. Will be late. Roar. Are blooming. Is burning. Is old. Is heavy. Whistles. Ring.

6. If I say in the tree-top, my words do not make a sentence, for they do not state or tell anything. Such a group of words is called a phrase. A phrase has no Subject or Predicate.

Exercise 5. — Say which of the following are Sentences and which are only Phrases.

1. The bird is in the tree-top. 2. The knife is sharp. 3. On the floor. 4. To walk. 5. Boys run. 6. On the hill. 7. To study. 8. Scissors cut. 9. The paper is torn. 10. At the corner.

11. To be tall. 12. Tom was hurt. 13. His sister cried. 14. In a minute. 15. At last. 16. To swim. 17. Men have to work. 18. Cats have fur. 19. For an huur. 20. Dorothy sews.

Exercise 6. Use the following phrases in sentences.

In the sea. On the grass. To play. With a rope. In a hurry. To read books. At noon. In the evening. With a loud noise. In silence. To eat. To be caught. At once. To school. In the air. After a while. In New York. Without his hat. Along the road. To play ball.

Exercise 7. — Arrange the following words and phrases 80 as to make sentences.

1. All summer. Lived. In a tent. We. 2. Supper. Ready. At six o'clock. Our. Was. 3. Every day. Loaf. The cook. Made. A. Of bread. 4. Books. Lost. On the way.

John. To school. His. 5. From the trees. The. Are falling Leaves. To-day. 6. Wheat. Sows. In the spring. Farmer. The. His. 7. Bloom. Red. den. Tulips. 8. Grass. With a lawn mower. Fresh. The. Was cut. 9. Two. Along the street. Came. The. Side by side. Wagons. 10. With four eggs. A. Found. In it. We. Nest.

Exercise 8. — (a) Pick out the Subjects in these sentences.

1. The stove is very hot. 2. The house caught fire. 3. A

In the gar

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