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the length of time between spawning and hatch- lic Halls,” or whatever else these dens of dising; the number which arrived in New Zealand honesty may be called in town or country. alive-with any other particulars which may ALARMING SACRIFICE OF-TRUTH AND HONESTY. occur to him),—he will confer a great obligation The well-known—and much better known than on natural history. I am the more desirous of trusted-firm of Swi BRAG, TAG, RAG, AND learning how long the ova were hatching; be- COMPANY, having purchased, with accommodation cause it is now a disputed point. To me, it seems bills drawn upon the notorious houses of Swindle, less a matter of time than of temperature. “Ephe- Dwindle, and Co., the whole stock of Damaged

says, that the ova were 140 days in hatch- Damasks, Rubbishy Stuffs, Short-measure Longing in the Shinn ; whilst here a gentleman of my cloths, and Bad Goods, have determined to get acquaintance has them hatching in 62 or 63 days them cleared off in a few days, so that Swag, from the time of deposition in the gravel. But Brag, Tag, Rag, and Co., may get clear off themthen he hatches them in spring-water of which selves before they are traced by their dupes and the temperature is seldom below 50°; and I creditors. The whole must be got rid of without am desirous of knowing-whether the passing any reserve, but with the usual unblushing imputhrough the tropies did not hasten the process still dence; and wholly regardless of cost—to character. more? I have long and frequently heard (indi- Among the principal bargains will be found 5000 rectly) of Mr. Gurney's success in breeding Opera Mantles, worth 10s.; present price £1 18. trout; and hope he will not consider me imper. These elegant articles may be said to be so retinent if I suggest to him the extension of his duced as to be had for almost lothing, as they are experiments-not only to salmon, but to the pro- so small that scarcely any use can be made of duction of hybrids, between the trout and the them. 3000 pieces of Common English Stuff, salmon. This is a problem in natural history lately translated into French Merino, and now which I believe has been solved here ; but I offered for six times as much as they are worth, as would rather it were repeated by an independent they must be got rid of in order to effect a good observer."—We will, when we receive it

, give riddance. About 1000 dresses in pieces—every Mr. Gurney's reply to these questions in full. dress being in at least eight or nine pieces—but The matter is one of great public interest,] must not be opened before purchase, as time will

not allow ; at say 6 and 9 per dress. Thousands More Hideous Sacrifices."-In your last of Lovely Barèges, at a nominal price--the value number, Mr. Editor, you very kindly directed the being literally nominal. Several Shawls in beauparticular attention of your fair readers to the tiful designs--the principal design being on the tricks of our large "selling-off linendrapers ;” and pockets of the public. 170 Dresses at 8 and 6 ! explained how these swindles upon the pocket Very costly—at that price. 1000 Ell-wide and common sense were managed and got up. You Robing Silks at 2 guineas, worth at least tenspoke, too, of a certain West-end house having shillings. Several pieces of Satin in lengths, dissolved partnership many months ago, and “sold greatly reduced—in length, by short measure. off" the remaining stock at "fearful sacrifices"- 7000 Transparent Encaustic Shawls, at 25 shilrealising thereby for themselves 400 per cent! lings—the transparency being so complete, that That same large establishment, Sir, has again

the imposition may be seen through immediately. just “ dissolved partnership!” The very same Several thousands of extraordinary Muffs-quite gigantic swindle is going on upon the very same worthy of the purchasers at this establishment. premises—New goods being smuggled in at night all goods--and bads—must be paid for before (as before), to replace those "great bargains they are taken away, as, if time were allowed for which have been sold during the day, at "hideous inspection, no one would ever think of paying for sacrifices," to the victimised public! Let these them afterwards. Any article complained of will remarks prove a second warning to your fair be rectified on inquiring at the other establishment, readers, for whose further enlightenment I have number 2400, Regent Street, with back entrance in transcribed the pithy caution of our friend Punch, Cheapside.-- You may wonder why I take so much in connection with another branch of the swindling interest in this matter ; but your wonder will cease linendrapery trade. Thoroughfares, says he, are

when I tell you that, of three fair dupes (who just now infested by gangs of suspicious-looking have been seriously victimised by the "hideous characters, who go about for the purpose of thrusl- sacrifice " mongers) I am the unhappy-FATHER. ing into our hands, throwing into the windows of [Ought the victims" in such cases to be pitied cabs and omnibuses, or impudently leaving at our

-or not? We'ourself saw, in one of these large, houses, a qua of printed letters--having the swindling establishments in Oxford Street (" diswords “ From the Commissioners,' " Private solving partnership''), an affiche to this effectIssue," and not unfrequently the Royal Arms on "One Guinea--would be cheap at Four!” Four the envelope. These things are becoming an in- what? Question! And yet, a bargain-hunter sees tolerable nuisance; uot only in London, but in this and believes it. If the seller is a swindler several provincial towns, into which a

set of he is ;-what is the buyer? We dare not write hawkers have intruded themselves. Getting

the word. It will readily suggest itself.] possession of a room at one of the principal inns, they diffnse their fraudulent announcements among How can I impart Color to Oil ?-I wish, Mr. the unsuspecting inhabitants. For the instruction Editor, to ask this question through your columns. of the public, we shall take the liberty of trans. The coloring matter must not be mineral. The lating one of these swindling circulars into the color I require, is either black or brown; and it must plain truth; so that people may know what they not affect the transparency of the oil or fatty matter. really have to expect if they visit the Com- -VIOLET. mission Rooms,".“ Marts," Emporiums,

[Will some of our readers kindly step in to the


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" and

aid of Violet? By answering her inquiry, they earth becomes regularly warmer as we descend. will essentially serve us.]

On an average, the increase is at the rate of one

degree of Fahr. for every fifth foot. At the botThe Cod.—The cod is exclusively an inhabi- tom of the mines of Cornwall-a depth of one tant of the sea; never even visiting fresh-water thousand two hundred feet—the thermometer

It is found only in cold or temperate stands at eighty-eight, equal to high summer-heat. climates. It does not exist in the Mediterranean, At this rate, rocks and metals would be melted or any other inland sea whose entrance is nearer twenty miles below the surface; and down in the to the equator than the fortieth degree. It ap- bowels of the earth several hundred miles, the pears, indeed, to be confined to the northern parts heat would be ten thousand times hotter than of the world, although few have been taken north melted iron. Who is there that can wonder at of Iceland. It abounds, however, on the south earthquakes, when all things rest on a molten sea and west coasts of that country, and likewise on of fire ?-G. the coasts of Great Britain and Norway. The The House Sparrow.—The geographical rango cod uniformly keeps in deep water, and never of this well known-bird is very extensive. He approaches the shore, excepting for the purpose is common throughout Europe, the islands of of depositing its spawn. The general weight of the Mediterranean, in the north of Africa, in Asia the cod is from 14 to 40 pounds. The largest also, in the Himalayan district, and in various cod ever found on the coast of Great Britain was other parts. Everywhere he is the same; at least, taken off Scarborough in 1755, and weighed under the same circumstances, except indeed in 78 pounds ; its length was 5 feet 8 inches, appearance ; for how unlike is the smoke-begrimed and its girth round the shoulders 5 feet. As sparrow of the town to the handsomely-plumaged indicated by the size of its mouth, stomach, and bird of the country! Everywhere he makes himbowels, it is extremely voracious. It preys upon self at home. The " cloud.capp'd towers small fish of every description ; the herring and the poor law union-house, the lowly-thatched sprat are its favorite food. The cod, however, cottage and the splendid Gothic mansion, nay, is far from particular in its choice ; for it likewise the very palace of the Queen of England herself, fecds on worms, mollusca, and crustacea. From one and all bear testimony to the universality of thirty to forty small crabs, about an inch and a the dispersion of the sparrow, and the self-acconihalf in breadth, have been taken from its sto- modating nature of his domiciliary visitations. mach, and the gastric juice of that organ is so The following pleasing instance of both instinct strong that the shells and hardest portions are and affection is mentioned by Mr. Cordeaux :speedily dissolved by it.-W. F.

Living in the City portion of the great metropolis

of London, I observed one afternoon, in the aperBirds in Town and Birds in the Country. The ture generally left for the cellar or kitchen winfollowing, Mr. Editor, is worthy attention. In dow when underground, an unfledged house the course of some inquiries made by certain gen. sparrow, incapacitated from flying to any distance. tlemen, one of whom was Professor Owen, a It had been inadvertently precipitated down slaughterman was questioned, who was also a this same dungeon, across which, in an oblique bird-fancier. He had lived in Bear-yard, near direction, was laid an iron bar, extending within Clare-market, exposed to the combined effluvium a foot of the surface. The mother was at the top, from a slaughter house and a tripe factory: He looking down with pity and alarm at the awkward particularly noted, as having a fatal influence position of this, perhaps, her only child. Many on the birds, the stench raised by boiling down and ingenious were the attempts on the part Loth the fat from the tripe offal. He said, "You may of parent and offspring for the regaining of the bang the cage out of the garret window in any latter's lost position ; each and all proved futile house round Bear-yard, and if it be a fresh bird and unavailing. I looked on with a degree of it will be dead in a week.” He had previously pleasurable excitement, mixed with fear and lived, for a time, in the same neighborhood, in a anxiety lest the drama should be incomplete by room over the Portugal-street burial-ground. That the flying away of the mother and the desertion place was equally fatal to his birds. He had re of the child. But no! Nature's uncalculated moved to Vere-street, Clare-market, beyond the ways on these points are perfect and all-sufficient, smells from those two places, and he was able as this case most beautifully proves; for although to keep his birds. In town, however, the ordi- each new proposal seemed to be blasted in the nary birds did not usually live more than eigh- carrying out, at length the intelligent creature, teen months; in cages in the country, they after considering for a moment, flies away, returns would live nine years or more, on the same food. with a stout straw in its beak, and rests for a few When he particularly wished to preserve a pet moments on the edge. Then conceive my delight, bird, he sent it now and then into the country when the little nestling, after a chirp or two from for a change of air.-Do you not think, Mr. Edi- its mother, learning no doubt the particulars of tor, that the currents of air to which birds are the project, climbs to the farthest end of the bar, exposed in London, often kill them? People ap- next the ground, receives the proffered straw in pear to me never to imagine such a thing possi- its beak, and is raised, to my breathless and unble !-MARIA P.

speakable astonishment, to the earth, on which its [You are quite right Mademoiselle. Thousands now delighted mother stands. It is often remarked of lirds die annually in London, from catching what impudent birds are London sparrows; and cold in this way.)

not without reason. Born and bred in the bustle

of the town, they must either live and jostle The Earth, a Furnace.--It is known as a fact with the crowd, or look down from the housein geology, that below the depth of thirty feet the tops and die of hunger. Naturally enougb, they

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prefer the former, and all our town readers will, principle! The lid of the bottle was sufficient to we are sure, testify to the cool intrepidity with keep in the moisture necessary for the vegetation which this familiar bird will pounce upon a bit of of the plants, and to keep out those noxious gases bread, or some other tempting morsel, which which, in the open air, would have proved so fatal happens to catch its eye upon the pavement; and to them. This led Mr. Ward to the construction with what triumph and exultation it bears it off of the cases which bear his name. These may be to its mate, seated on some window-sill or coping- made use of for various purposes; they enable us stone above or followed, perhaps, by three or four to grow many rare and beautiful plants, in situadisappointed companions, who were a moment too tions where they would perish immediately if exlate to seize the spoil.–Tue Rev. F. O. MORRIS. posed to the air; they form elegant ornaments in

the house or at the windows. They may be emThe "Wardian Cases," for growing Plants.- ployed as substitutes for frames in striking cutIt has been often said that a love of nature is tings, or in protecting tender plants during winter; implanted in the human breast, and that sparks they serve admirably for the transport of plants of it survive in the most artificial states of society. on long voyages. To the botanist they are inIt is this, no doubt, that places the mignonette- valuable; as, by their means, he may watch the box and the geranium-pot, in the window of the growth of many plants (such as ferns, &c.) which mechanic or tradesman living in the heart of it would be possible to preserve alive in any London, and renders the addition of a bit of other way. Form and size are of little conseground, some twelve feet square, such an attractive quence; in the author's own words, anything will feature of our smaller suburban dwellings. It is do, " from a wide-mouthed quart bottle to true that some well-worn hat or other article of building as large as the Crystal Palace." -A clothing must be annually transformed into gera- CORRESPONDENT OF "THE FIELD.” niums, to replace the unfortunates of the preceding

It is equally certain that the possession Breeding Canaries, Taming Birds, &c. -Having of the garden aforesaid necessitates a visit to Mr. Editor, derived very great advantage from Covent-garden every spring for a plant must the perusal of our Journal, in the pursuit of a needs be hardy to exist more than one year in pleasant and interesting amusement-viz., the such a well: but it is all one ; the affection for breeding, rearing, and keeping of canaries, &c., the bit of green is perennial, and survives repeat the idea has struck me, that possibly it might not ed disappointments-year after year the same be uninteresting to many of your readers if you hopes are entertained that things will do better were to publish the results of some experiments, than before and after all, even if they don't made for the purpose of testing the value of the flower quite so well as at Kew, still it is very advice and suggestions of yourself and numerous pleasant to have a few plants of one's own to look correspondents on this subject. I propose, during at. This love for plants runs through all classes the ensuing season, to keep an exact account of of society, but it is only the well-to-do that can all proceedings and details connected with the afford to gratify their tastes to the utmost. Green- management of my birds; and with your kind houses and conservatories, are luxuries attainable permission spray do so, by all means] will forward by very few of those whose avocations compel for publication in the pages of our JOURNAL, them to reside within the influence of our great extracts from this diary-on points most likely to cities. These owe their best thanks to Mr. Ward, prove interesting to the general body of your for a discovery which enables everyone to have readers, who, I presume, though perhaps not birdmuch of the pleasure of a greenhouse at a very fanciers or keepers, are, like myself, admirers and trifling expense. The cases invented by Mr. lovers of the feathered tribe, and of the most Ward are constructed with a view to the fulfil common, if not the most interesting of our cage ment, as nearly as possible, of the natural condi- birds—the canary in particular. I do not intend tions most favorable to the growth of plants; at to treat my birds in exact accordance with the the same time excluding those noxious elements directions laid down in your various articles on with which the atmosphere of great manufactur- "Song Birds,” and elsewhere throughout the ing cities is always so heavily charged. Mr. previous volumes of the JOURNAL; or to adopt all Ward was led to the discovery of the principle of the suggestions of your various correspondents. his cases in the following manner :-He had fre- I shall try a series of experiments, in order quently endeavored, but without success, to grow to ascertain the best method of breeding some of our British ferns in the yard at the back and rearing these beautiful birds. My experience of his house in Wellclose-square-certainly not has only been short, yet have I paid considerable one of the most favorable spots for such a purpose, attention to the subject; and as I believe that even in London. The smoke and other impuri- your object is the diffusion of truth and practical ties with which the air was loaded by the surround information on this, as on all other matters, and ing manufactories, soon destroyed the plants, and as the best means of realising this object is by Mr. Ward gave up his attempts at fern-cultiva- free and full discussion and inquiry—you will not tion in despair. Shortly after this, he placed the object to your opinions being put to the test of chrysalis of a moth in some moist earth contained experience (surely not]. Last year I was very in a bottle covered with a lid. A young fern and unfortunate ; and as it was late in the breeding a grass soon made their appearance on the sur- season when I made your acquaintance, I could face of the mould. These continued to flourish not derive the same amount of benefit that I for four years in their narrow house, and were might have done, had I known of the existence only destroyed at last by the destruction of the of our JOURNAL earlier as far as breeding canaries lid of the bottle by rust, and the consequent too is concerned. However, by carefully attending free admission of rain water. Here then was the to the instructions you have given for their


general management, I have succeeded in keep-jected to this process, became so tame after two ing my birds in good health ; whilst others have operations, that I can now carry it up and down the lost theirs in great numbers. One person who house on my finger, and I hope before long to hear it had thirty canaries last Autumn, at the present sing while perched on the edge of a cup at teatime has not one left. They have all died. Out time-a seat it is very fond of, as it has plenty of of eighteen, I have only lost one ; and that was good picking from many little fingers. I will one I had received from London a few days before conclude, by mentioning a plan I have adopted its death. Your receipt for cold, huskiness, in- for keeping the feet of my birds free from dirt, viz., fluenza, wheezing, or whatever else it may be covering the perches with green baize. This called, 'I have frequently tried; and the boiled I do by winding a narrow strip of baize spirally milk has been successful in every case but one. round the perch. Before I tried this plan, I found An asthmatical old fellow, who I am afraid it almost impossible to keep their feet clean, though nothing will cure, sits on his perch like a roll of I used every means I could think of.

This anfeathers,-puffing, blowing, and occasionally swers admirably; I have taken two cages, exactly screaming ; yet he eats, drinks, and sleeps alike, and put three birds in each. One had the well. Having noticed many inquiries in our perches covered, and the other had not. They were JOURNAL for directions to taming birds, cleaned at similar intervals ; yet all three birds I extract the following from “Bechstein's Cham- in one cage had to be frequently taken out to have ber Birds," and may add, that I have repeatedly their feet cleaned, while the others with covered tried the experiment with various degrees of suc- perches never had a particle of dirt on their feet.cess, according to the natural temper and disposi- ALPHA, Liverpool. tion of the birds. A siskin, canary, goldfinch, or chaffinch, is taken (either of which admits of The Tortoise.— I have just purchased a very being tamed in half an hour); or a bullfinch or fine tortoise. At present he is in a state of nightingale, which is more difficult and takes lethargy; but that, no doubt, is usual at this sealonger to tame. In proportion to its wildness, son. Can any of your readers tell me what these more or less of the inner web of the pinion feathers animals consider as luxuries? I am naturally is cut away ; taking care that the bird shall have anxious to make him "happy” in his new quarsufficient power left to fly from the band without ters.-J. J., Gloucester. injury, and the natural shape be not affected. It is then smeared near the nostrils with essence of Talc as a Substitute for Glass.- I notice in bergamot (or any other powerful essential oil), by your Second Volume, page 379, an inquiry by which it is rendered for a short time so insensible, John E., Camberwell, relative to Talc. This that it can be subjected to the training. This differs from glass, inasmuch as it is a natural proconsists chiefly in accustoming it to sit tranquilly duct, found among schistous, serpentine, and clayon the finger, in teaching it to hop from one finger slate rocks. It varies in color, from silvery white to another, and in preventing it from flying away: to green, greyish and blackish green, and red. It It may, it is true,fly away a few times; but thisit will easily separates into layers; and though not very not continue to do, especially if taken into a dark elastic, will bear a blow better than a pane of place behind a curtain, and it is thus also secured glass of equal size and thickness. Though it exfrom the risk of injury by flying against the walls hibits generally a pearly lustre, I do not like it so or windows. If it at once sit quiet, the finger of well as glass ; and I doubt much if it could be had the other hand is held beneath it in front, and it in sufficient quantity, and at so low a rate, as that is made to step from one to the other; when, the commodity. Among the many and divers forms distance being gradually increased it will speedily in which it occurs, there are three which stand hop to it.

This being accomplished, the chiefdif- conspicuous. Crystallised Talc occurs in rhumficulty is over; for, if once the bird hop quietly from boidal masses, and presents a straight clearage. The one finger to the other, it will, on recovering usual color is white ; often inclining to light green. from its insensibility, and observing that its This is found in serpentine rocks in Saxony, Tyrol, trainer does it no harm, speedily familiarise Silesia, Cornwall (in England), and Glen-tilt (in itself with all kinds of tricks. If it is wished Scotland). Massive Talc is less elastic than the to teach it to eat out of the mouth, it must be foregoing; and often quite opaque. It is found kept for a time in the cage without food; and then in micaceous schist, and gneiss. The color is frewhen sitting upon the finger, its favorite food quently apple-green. This is a common form. Inmust be held to it on the tip of the tongue. Hunger durated Talc is massive; of a grey or greenish soon teaches it to peck. Such tame birds learn color, with a curved clearage. It occurs in primialso speedily to sing upon the finger. To accom- tive formations, as clay-slate, in many countries of plish this, nothing more is necessary than to in- Europe. It is also found in Banffshire, and the duce it, by certain tones, motions, and fondling. Shetland Islands. I have been informed by a The chaffinch will do so, if at its singing time Russian friend, that he has seen it very commonly "Yaik, yaik," is piped to it, and its neck patted ; and used in his country in lieu of glass; but it must the bullfinch, also, if stimulated by friendly looks be borne in mind that the latter article was very and a motion to and fro of the upper part of the expensive at that time-particularly in the debody. But it is still further requisite to observe mesne of the Czar.-D. in this process of training, that to be effectual it should be continued for a longer time than is here A be rutiful Discovery, connected with the laid down. May we not presume that the bird Cocoons of the Silk-worm.-I send you, my dear will, in the course of a few weeks, do that freely Sir, some very curious particulars, which have just which has been taught, or rather forced upon it been brought under my notice; and which I conin this short space of time?”—Ope bird that I sub- sider of sufficient importance to warrant their

insertion in our own JOURNAL. Physiologists, summoned by their tribe to revisit the shores of
it would appear, have long since discovered that Africa.-J. J., Gloucester.
certain coloring matters, if administered to ani-
mals along with their food, possessed the property Ravages by Insects.-Your interesting corres-
of entering into the system and tingeing the bones. pondent, Puss, who seeks to learn the name of the
In this way the bones of swine have been tinged caterpillar, whose ravages in Sutton Park caused
purple by madder; and instances are on record of her so much surprise-is informed that it was most
other animals being similarly affected. No attempt, probably either that of Yponomeuta Eronymella,
however, was made to turn this beautiful discovery or Yponomeuta Padella. However, not having
to account until lately, when Mr. Roulin speculated seen the caterpillar, and not knowing what trees
on what might have been the consequences of it fed upon, I cannot speak oracularly. If Puss
administering colored articles of food to silkworms, should see anything of the kind in the coming
just before spinning their cocoons.

His first ex


let her forward me a few of the offenders periments were conducted with indigo, which he through you; and she shall be enlightened by remixed in certain proportions with the mulberry turn of post. I gather from her lively style that leaves serving the worms for food. The result of she is an "early bird," and a dear lover of nature. this treatment was succcessful-he obtained blue If so, let her commence her entomological studies

Prosecuting still further his experi- by carefully observing the caterpillars in question. ments, he sought a red coloring matter, capable of By rising at five o'clock, whilst yet the dew is being eaten by silkworms without injury resulting. spangling on their webs, she will see them all at He had some difficulty to find such a coloring work; and enjoy the sight. The wondrous matter, at first, but eventually alighted on the Big mancuvres of the larvæ, meeting and passing on nonia chica. Small portions of this plant having the same silken cord, will delight her not a little. been added to the mulberry leaves, the silkworms Their ascent, descent, and perfect understanding consumed the mixture, and produced red-colored of the routine prescribed them, exceeds belief unsilk. In this manner the experimenter, who is less witnessed. Puss, whilst making her obserstill prosecuting his researches, hopes to obtain vations next summer, will no doubt think of OLD silk, as secreted by the worm, of many other Bombyx. He will only add, that close scrutiny colors. This is truly a wonderful age, Mr. Editor. will verify the fact of these caterpillars being exNot a day passes without the discovery of some-cellent barometers, during the brief period of their thing new and useful.-HEARTS-EASE, Hants. existence.-BOMBYX ATLA8.

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The House-Marten-its Perseverance under Naturalists (80 called), and their ExclusiveDifficulties.- In the summer of 1851, a pair of ness.-I am sorry, Mr. Editor, to see occasion for martens commenced their nest in front of our the able article in your last month's JOURNAL, house—immediately over a flower-burder which signed " A Strolling Dabbler." I must, however, had been considerably injured by the refuse of the approve of its having been inserted, and as cordially nests of the preceding year. Everything was agree with the concluding editorial note thereon. resorted to to frighten them away; and the half. I had always fondly hoped, that such excellent pubbuilt habitation destroyed. No sooner, however, lications as the Naturalist, and OUR OWN JOURNAL, was this done, than they recommenced operations would have secured and increased that (I may say) on the same spot; and the persevering little crea. "freemasonry "of kindness, and good feeling, which tures were about their work for the fourth time should bind lovers of natural history together. Sorry when I procured a ladder, and having reached the am I, that my hope has not been altogether a happy site, well covered it with lard. This prevented one. Now, I feel strongly the ill-natured remark of their building materials adhering. After well Mr. GRAY (so ably pointed out by yourcorrespondent examining the place, nothing daunted, they moved as occurring at page 262 of the Naturalist); injust far enough to escape the grease ; and, in a asmuch as I myself have not sufficient time to place equally objectionable, constructed their new take up the study entirely as a science," but abode. "I then attached four strings to the corners more as an instructive amusement. I must still of a small board, and suspended it under the nest think, as I have stated in that work, that an in(in the manner of a hanging bookshelf). This terchange of Local Notes and Incidents in a answered every purpose. The neatness of the popular magazine, cannot but aid the advancement flower-border was preserved, and the little brood of the science, and tend to further inquiry on, and were reared as happily as though no untoward cir- the investigation of, many subjects which would cumstance had taken place. Last summer, per otherwise be lost sight of.- JOHN GARLAND, ceiving a commotion amongst some martens, 1 M. Ent. Soc. &c.-Dorchester. discovered that a pair of house-sparrows had driven [It will readily be believed that our Corresponthem out, and taken possession of their nests. dence with reference to Mr. Gray's coarse and This was an aggression that called for punishment. ill-natured comments on his fellow laborers in Taking my gun from its resting place, I shot both the field of science, is voluminous. To prove, the intruders, when the martens soon returned to however, our great dislike of returning evil for their abodo. Unfortunately, however, in a few evil, we withhold all but the above very tempedays, another pair of sparrows served them the rate remonstrance. If MR. GRAY, of whom we same trick. Again came forth the instrument of know nothing, be a gentleman in the usual acdestruction. On this occasion I killed the hen ceptation of the word, he will appreciate our sparrow only; her wary husband had taken the delicacy. If otherwise, we shall yet have the hint, and decamped. I saw him no more. The pleasure of proving, that the feelings of a gentlemarteds seemed to understand all about it. They man inhabit our own breast. We have had a again took possession, and remained with us till pardonable laugh or two at his expense; and to

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