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these we shall confine ourself. The poisoned if she has the key to unlock the mystery? If so, arrow he aimed at our heart, fell wide of its the wretch may yet be dragged into notoriety, mark--very. We do love Nature ; and above all and "branded" as he deserves. We should like things, Må GRAY, we love GOOD-NATURE. We to endorse him, —"Our EDITOR-HIS MARK !"] shall never sneer at any individual, however humble, who seeks to become acquainted with that

Rooks, are they Enemies or Friends ?—There which God throws open to ALL; and we are con can be no doubt that rooks, and birds generally, do tent to leave you “ ALONE in your glory.") some damage to wheat-fields; yet, in the case of

| rooks, I think their benefits to the farmer so far The Mutilated Jackdaw.-When you recorded exceed the injuries they do him, that with the in our JOURNAL of January, the atrocity com exception of the stock he keeps on his farm, I imamitted by some miscreant (name unfortunately gine there is no live animal which comes upon it unknown), who had cut (nearly) off the lower which benefits him so much as the rooks. I admandible of a playful jackdaw-you imagined mit that they eat grain both at seed-time and harthe poor bird would die. So, from the account vest, and that they are destructive to potatoes ; but given, did we all. Wonderful however is it to for how many weeks in the year are they fed upon relate, that it still lives! The annexed appeared the produce of the farmer ? Suppose we say two in the Hampshire Advertiser, of March 12.-" An months (which is a liberal allowance, seeing that Unnaturalist. Under this side-head we inserted at the time they are eating wheat and potatoes, they in our paper of the 1st of January, a paragraph are also feeding upon other things when they can supplied by a correspondent, narrating the mon- | obtain them); what do they feed upon the remainstrous cruelty of some wretch who had mutilated a | ing ten months ? What, but grubs, worms, insects,

ckdaw by cutting off nearly half of its lower and their larvæ? I once endeavored to estimate bill. The poor bird belonged to Mr. Rideout, of the amount of insect-food destroyed by the No. 7, Mount-place, Blechynden-terrace. It was rooks in a rookery near the town where I allowed its liberty, and had made acquaintance was born (belonging to W. Vavasour, Esq.) where with all the neighborhood-calling at the win- it was supposed there were 10,000 rooks. I dows, and receiving the tid-bits kept in store for reckoned that each bird ate a pound of food per him by many persons. Our paragraph was trans- week ; so that, for five-sixths of the year, they mitted to Kind's Journal, in which it appeared, lived entirely upon worms, insects, and their larvæ. accompanied with the condemnatory remarks Here, then assuming my data to be correct), thero such an abominable act naturally called forth. is no lesa a quantity than 200 tons of destructive Mr. Kind's lady correspondent recommended, as vermin eaten by the birds of a single rookery. And the most merciful act to “Poor Jack," to have when we consider that the larvæ of some of these him killed. We have very great pleasure in stat insects (those of the cockchafer and some others) ing, that the patient kindness of Miss Rideout has are in the larvæ state for three years, and aro rendered the fatal catastrophe unnecessary. We devourers of the farmers' crops the whole of that called, a few days ago, to inquire after " Jack,” | time—we may find it difficult to realise the amount and found him “at home" and in excellent health of destruction which is prevented by the rooks. and spirits. He was called for by name from the In some countries, they are eaten up by the grubs garden ; flew to the wrist of the messenger, and of the cockchafer; but here (thanks to the rooks) was placed on the table at which his mistress sat. it is not even known as a destructive insect. The Jack knew very well what was to follow, and first Lord Ribblesdale was a great friend to tho showed his pleasure by a variety of funny move-rooks; and I have heard this partiality thus ac. ments. His mistress then crumbled portions counted for, viz., that many years ago & flight of of biscuit, and fed “ Jack” from her lips. locusts visited Craven and threatened to do much Some bits were placed on the table, and he was damage ; but that the rooks came by thousands told to show the visitor that he could eat-he did from all parts of the country, and attacked the 80 with evident reluctance at the trouble, having locusts so vigorously and successfully, that they to lay his side-face on the table ; but he can were soon exterminated. When we come to reflect cat nevertheless. The mutilated bill exhibits no on the great portion of the year during which they signs of growth. Jack is allowed his liberty, but eat nothing but insect food, we must admit that his wings are somewhat pruned to curtail his the benefits they confer upon the farmers in the flights. He calls at the houses of his acquaint- aggregate, far exceed the injuries they inflict.ances; and his “story" having created a greater | T. G., Clitheroe. interest for him even than before, bis patrons and patronesses feed him like his mistress. He returns The Loss of the Queen Victoria" Steamer, off home early in the evening, and Aies to his cage, the Irish Coast. I think, my dear Sir, that the the door of which is never closed; but he does remarks of the diver, who was asked to go down not pay his morning visits till after he has taken a second time into the cabin of this ill-fated vessel his breakfast at home."-I hope, my dear Sir, -are well worthy of being immortalised in our this poor bird will show an excess of 'instinct, by owx JOURNAL. "They are few, but forcible. And avoiding for the future the fiend who so exulted oh! How full of " terrible reality !" The following in torturing him. I only wish that the name of was received by electric telegraph:-"The plate the monster were known to me--how soon would had previously been saved by the diver, but noI put you in possession of it!-HEARTS-EASE, thing can induce him to go down a second time; Hants.

for he says that the scene which presented itself in (Oh, Hearts-easo! you are an angel. Thank the cabin was the most horrible he had ever wityou for the wish you show, to serve the cause of nessed. He relates that on his going down the true humanity. "Will Miss RIDEOUT kindly say, cabin stairs, he thought that he had entered a warwork exhibition-the corpses never having moved Sea-Anemone.--I have read your very interfrom their positions since the vessel went down. esting paper on polypes, (see p. 28) and now send There were eighteen or twenty persons in the you a brief description of the manner in which I cabin, all of whom seemed to be holding conversa treated a sea-anemone, which may not, perhaps, tion with each other; and the general appearance be unacceptable. The specimen that I was of the whole scene was so life-like, that he was fortunate enough to obtain, was found at Aberystalmost inclined to believe that some were yet live with. Its size, when closed, was nearly that of ing. From their various positions and counte- the echinite (commonly called the “sea urchin''), nances, it is evident that they could have no idea and it resembled a flattened ball of exceedingly of the disaster which was hastening them to so transparent and colorless jelly, having merely a untimely an end. This accounts for the non-find- dark spot in the centre. Being highly delighted ing of the bodies,"— To read this statement of with my treasure, and feeling certain that it was literal facts, while seated comfortably at home, a living mass, the idea of wishing to prolong its is appalling-truly. But what must the actual existence and to have an opportunity of seeing it sight have been, when vividly presented to the fully develop itself, was but natural.' With a view eyes of that diver? Well might he refuse again to facilitate this, I secured a considerable quantity to witness it !-EMILY P., Carshalton.

of fresh sea-water, and had it carefully bottled and

corked. I then procured a very large SeidlitzArdent Spirits, Beer, Tobacco, &c.—As you

water glass; and nearly filling it, I placed the have spoken your mind so often, so nobly, and anemone in it. For two days it remained seemso plainly. Mr. Editor, on the use of these most ingly motionless, but it then occurred to me to filthy abominations. I make no apology for place the glass in the full blaze of the sun ; when, sending you some statistical facts bearing on the to my great delight, in about ten minutes, I general anestion. Neither von nor I shall ever observed a tremulous motion, and, in about a succeed in removing the evil; but we have a quarter of an hour, the whole of the tentaculæ right to keep on "hinting" at the inevitable con- expanded. What a most beautiful sight presequences resulting from a parley with the sented itself! The hitherto colorless mass had enemy. Very recently a Parliamentary paper

assumed the vivid color and perfect appearance has been published, in return to a motion made

of a fine scarlet French anemone! So long as it by Mr Hume, showing the number of persons

was in the sun, it continued expanded, but would taken into custody for drunkenness and disorderly

immediately commence withdrawing into itself, conduct by the metropolitan police_with similar $0 soon as I removed it into the shade. Somereturns relating to the city of London, and to times, it would remain for days together enclosed, Edinburgh and Glasgow. From this, we arrive when left to itself. I never could discover that it at the following gloomy facts; and get" an idea" had the slightest disposition to eat; and I conclude of what is still going on daily. In 1831. when that it lived entirely upon the natural supply of the metropolitan population amounted to 1.515,585. nourishment in the sea-water, which I usually there were 31.353 persons arrested for 'drunken changed about once in ten days. When I passed ness, and 10,383 for disorderly conduct. Of the it into other hands, although it had been several drunkards, 11,605 were women, and 19.748 were weeks in my possession, it seemed perfectly men. Among the persons who conducted them- | healthy, and I have no doubt it would have exselves in a disorderly manner. there were 7.287 isted till the stock of water was exhausted.women and 3,096 men. In 1841, when the popula- ! WATER-LILY. tion had increased to 2,068,107, the numbers were for drunkenness 15,006, and for disorderly conduct “Cupid" and the Revenue.-The god of love 15,810. There were among the drunkards 5,123 is a wag. He first sets the heart on fire; and females, and 9,883 males; and among the disor-then makes people "pay" handsomely for the derly, 7,913 women and 7,897 men. In the same pleasure he excites. It is the only "tax" they year, the city police took up 2,313 persons for pay without a groan! "Never" says the report, drunkenness, and 802 persons for disorderly "since the introduction of the Penny Postageconduct -- among a population, as shown rate, has there been so great an amount of corby the census returns, of 123,563 per. respondence passing through the Post-office at sons. In 1851, when the population of the metro- St. Martin's-le-Grand, as there was on Monday, politan districts had increased to 2,399,004, the Feb. 14; that being what was called the 'Feast total number of persons arrested for drunkenness of St. Valentine,' or, in more modern parlance, had decreased to 10,668; 6,207 of whom were men, 'St. Valentine's Day.' Never was there so great and 4,461 women ; and the total of disorderly per- an accumulation of correspondence in the earlier sons arrested was 6,138; 2,556 of whom were men, part of the morning. No fewer than 40,000 and 3,762 women. In the city the numbers were, in letters had to be delivered within the circle of the 1851-drunkards arrested, 280 ; disorderly persons London district post alone by the first despatch ; arrestod, 681. Edinburgh, with 140,000 inbabi- and at ten o'clock, the number had increased to tants in 1841, shows 4,824 arrests for drunkenness 65,000,--a quantity hitherto unprecedented. At and disorderly conduct in that year; and in 1851, eight o'clock in the evening, it appeared that not when the population was 166,000, the arrests less than 350,000 letters had been sorted during were only 2,793 ; while in Glasgow, with 333,651 the day, upon many of which not less than one inhabitants in 1851, there were 10,012 arrests. shilling postage was charged, the major part of I do not ask you, Mr Editor, to grant me more which were taken in. Taking these at the rate space. My communication is a multum in parvo in the mass of 11d each postage (a very moderate that needs no extension !-Civis.

average), the sum charged to the revenue would amount to £2,604 38. 4d.; this, in fact, being only a moiety of the amount returned to the daily man was, in consequence, ordered to bring her and sheet by the returns of the provincial officers. her foal home. This having been done, and the During the duty, the men were regaled with farrier having arrived, she was pronounced to be roast beef and vegetables, according to annual dangerously ill. Despite all that could be done for custom."-T. W.

| her, she died next day. The men were ordered to [Our correspondent has sent us the “ dry facts." give her a decent burial. While doing this, " Bell" What of the heaving bosoms, agonising smarts, was observed to stand towards the park fence; broken hearts, doubts, hopes, fears, misgivings, silently and earnestly gazing at that distant and may-bes, perhaps-es, and those hidden imaginings melancholy operation. Did she know that that haunt the frenzied brain, &c., &c. ? Many “Peggy" was sick? Did she dread that “Peggy" a daring act was braved on that auspicious morn; was dead? Let the sequel show. After “Peggy" many were the arrows discharged from as many was duly interred, “Bell " set up a loud and fatal bows-the issue of which who shall dare to sonorous neigh ; which she repeated as long as the contemplate ? Not we !)

men were in view. What could she mean by that

neighing? At a consultation which was then The Love for Birds. It is worthy of remark held, as to the disposal of the orphan foal; one of that many animals, birds in particular, hold a the servants suggested to try " Bell ” with it. very strong power over many a stout and manly A few doubts were at first expressed; but the heart. There exists between them an indefinable trial was ordered to be made. "Bell ” was sent sympathy, broken only by death. An interesting for. How unusually quiet she stood to be caught! case in point, recurs to my memory. A few she actually thrust her head into her bridle ! years since, a vessel, laden with linseed, was with what a melancholy, yet stately step did she coming up our river to discharge her cargo at the walk home! Her very gait told that she guessed port. In her course, she ran ashore on some she was about to take some extraordinary responbrush-work in the river; and as the tide sibility upon herself. With some caution she was receded, it was evident to all on board that she introduced to her companion's foal; but she was must capsize. Just as the order was given for not to be guided by cold caution. Whoever has all to get into the boat, alongside, the captain seen an aunt press a sister's orphan child to her rushed frantically towards the cabin, where hung bosom, can picture to himself the rapture with his pet goldfinch (provincially called the red-cap). which “ Bell" kissed that foal; stretched herDashing his hand maniacally through the sky- self out, and invited him to his natural food. light, he reached the cage. He withdrew the He with some reluctance accepted the proffered latter; and with it, his bird! Who shall paint boon. Her own foal looked just as any child his horror? The destruction of his vessel was would look, on seeing a stranger put to his nothing. Where was his companion of many a mother's breast-quite dumb - founded. But, long voyage ? He was cold, stiff-lifeless! The quick as thought, away he ran to her other water bursting into the vessel, had filled the cabin side ; and there stood "Bell " with a foal right with foul air. Goldy's lungs had imbibed the and left! Could you but have seen the look poison. He was rescued—just too late! The which she at that time directed towards her sorrows of that jolly Jack Tar may not be told, master! In it you could easily read, that but surely his heart was in the right place! she not only knew “Peggy” was dead; but C. P., Boston, Lincolnshire.

that her foal needed a protectress; and that [The attachments you speak of, are indeed protectress she determined she would herself be. singular. We have known many such. No Was there not herein something higher than person living can appreciate better than ourself, instinct? Yes, there was a reasoning power exthe intensity of love inhabiting the hearts of hibited, even superior to that evinced by some some of these little creatures. We have had human beings. “What else but reason could many pets--and lost them. The “parting scene" have told her that “Peggy's " sickness termiwas sad indeed!]

nated in death? Or what else could have told her

that the animal which had that day been buried Pieris Rapsce.-This very morning, Tuesday, was her friend and companion ? And what else Feb. 22, Pieris Rapsce was on the wing. Pray could have told her, that “Peggy" being dead, insert this "curious fact," as I am inclined to her foal required a nurse ? Reasoning powers, think it a remarkably early appearance for this of a high order, could alone tell her all this, country. Only once have I noted it at an earlier and teach her to adopt that foal and rear it date, viz., when I was in Switzerland, Feb. 16, with her own. Moreover, there must be some 1849.-BOMBYX ATLAS.

means by which animals convey their ideas from

one to another. For, after the first reluctance Instinct and Reason exhibited in the Horse.- exhibited by the orphan foal was surmounted, Mr. Gustavus Murray, who rented the farm of he showed signs of determination to follow " Bell" Rosskeen, of M‘Leod of Callboll, Ross-shire, N.B., as though she were his mother. In about an had two very handsome black mares, which were hour after she was brought in, she was sent companions in harness. The one was called out to the park attended by both foals. If the “Peggy," and the other“ Bell." In the spring two mares were noticed before ; the one mare, of 18:36 each of them produced a foal ; which like nursing the two foals, was now doubly noticed. themselves were handsome, black animals. Many Few passed the road without paying a tribute a gentleman, and many a farmer, paused to ad- of respect to “Bell." She was fully alive to mire them while they were grazing in view of the the importance of the charge which she underroad. One day “Peggy" was observed not to took; and well did she discharge it; for towards graze; but to move languidly about. The fore the close of the season, none but the farın

people could distinguish the real from the lowed in an instant. The disappointment of my adopted foal. In 1839 these foals were dis- pet was extreme; so I gave him another. This, posed of at a public sale, after being broken in you may be sure, went no further! Our robins for the saddle. Since that time, I lost sight are now shy; and busily employed in building and of both “Bell " and her foals.-A. R. M., sitting. Still they notice us, and "bob" to us as Coventry.

| we pass.--HEARTH-EASE, Hants.

(Many thanks, fair maiden, for these little racy " Why" and "Because."—Why is the alarming anecdotes. You have imagined rightly, that they excrescence which finds a resting place near the would interest us and our readers. The pair of centre of a woman's person-à tergo, like unto an robins about which our pen has been so often Historical Romance — BECAUSE it is a fiction eloquent, are now sitting. They have built their “founded" on fact.*—A Young CORRESPONDENT, nest or a shelf in the greenhouse, close to the Oxford.

dwelling-house. It is in one corner, based on an (We suppress your name, Sir, in consideration old japanned dressing box, over which a pair of of your youth. You are remarkably “fast." We garden-shears, in an upright position, are carelessly positively tremble for you as you grow up.) placed. Between the handles, is the place of

entrance and exit. It was as good as a play to Tameness of Little Birds.-I have often been watch the construction of that nest, and see the delighted, whilst listening to the details you have large mouthfuls of dead leaves, hay and hair, given of the tameness of the birds living in your that were carried in. We were invited to look, garden, and entering your windows to be fed. An and we did look; and no doubt we shall see, as affectionate heart cannot but enjoy these truly we have before seen, the exodus of the “happy "natural" pleasures-80 different from those of family " when fledged. Our wrens, dunnocks, the giddy world at large! As one of your readers and thrushes, are all equally tame; and we look -and "admirers " of course, let me tell my little daily for the nightingales and blackcaps to comstory. During the past cold and inclement sea. plete "the band that always sojourns with us in son, our garden, like yours, was the resort of quite Spring and Summer. If we could only prevail upon " a family" of birds, the principal were robins, our neighbors to lay aside their murderous guns, chaffinches, and hedge-sparrows–or, as you fami- who could be more happy than we and our "little liarly call them, “Dicky Dunnocks." These saucy families ?”] rogues seemed intuitively to know that I was a friend to their race. They followed me about Pillar Roses.—To ornament a garden, there is everywhere. I had such games with them! no kind of shrub, however beautiful, so well Sometimes, for the fun of the thing, I would pre- adapted to take various forms as the rose. It can tend not to see them. At such times I would be used as a dwarf, to fill the smallest beds; as a walk carelessly round the garden; humming a tune, bush, to plant amongst evergreens; and as a tall or making lelieve that I was perusing a letter. standard to form avenues of roses on each side of a Well, Mr. Editor, this would not do. They fol. noble walk. In the centre of larger circular beds, lowed me in my walk; clinging to the trees and it is often planted in groups, with half-standards bushes on either side, and warbling a soft, musical around, and dwarfs in the front; thus forming an note to attract my ear. At last, I fairly burst out amphitheatre of roses, which, when in bloom, is laughing at their manoeuvres; and it was hard one of the finest sights in the floral garden. Again, to say which enjoyed the fun most,-I or my as climbers, to ornament the amateur's villa, or pensioners. We were well-matched! I have, the more humble abode of the cottager. Also, to however, a complaint to make of my pets; for plant against bare walls and palings, forming droopthey were shockingly quarrelsome. The chaf- ing shrubs, when budded on high standards, waving finches were even more pugnacious than the gracefully their boughs, laden with fragrance and robing--doing battle whenever I fed them. The bloom, in the warm gales of summer and autumn. females were, I am sorry to say, as bad as the | What can be more desirable ? All these forms maleg. Talking of the robins, I had such a game are certaintly very pleasing ; but, however elegant with two of them, one cold inorning! I was their appearance, still none of them show off the feeding a fine handsome fellow, with a bold, beauty and grandeur of the rose so effectively as speaking eye, when, in a fit of jealousy, a rival training it upwards to a pillar. In the gardens of the made a dash at him, and tore out a whole gentry of this country, pillars for roses are fre"bunch" of feathers! I picked them up, and quently made of iron rods, with arches of the had the curiosity (woman-like) to count them.

same, or small chains hung loosely from pillar to There were only eighteen. Didn't I scowl at the

pillar, so as to form beautiful festoons of those red-breasted savage! What cared he? Nothing. I lovely flowers. These arches and chain festoons My last game was with such a very tame little of roses on each side a terrace-walk have a splenfellow! Taking up some half-dozen meal-worms, did effect. Sometimes the arch is thrown over I threw him one of uncommon size. This he the walk only, and the roses trained accordingly. snapped in halves. The first half he hopped away Those persons who may feel disposed to erect iron with, and swallowed it. Returning for the other, pillars, can easily ascertain their cost of any it was gone, and he had not seen the going of it! respectable ironmonger. They may be either I had. His rival, watching his opportunity, had made of a single upright rod, or with four rods at darted down with the velocity of lightning, and about nine inches distant from each other; thus put his appropriation claws upon it. It was swal. forming a square pillar, fastened with cross pieces

of strong wire. T'he rose may be planted in the * What will Mr. John Gray, of Glasgow, bay centre, and the branches as they grow be trained to this "curious (but solid) fact?"-Ep. K. J. to each corner rod, and the small shoots arranged

between them. Bring all the shoots to the out. A singular Land-slip in Ireland.-One of side, and do not allow any to twine round the rod. those curious phenomena, a moving bog, was Tie them to each, with bass matting or small recently witnessed on the lands of Enagh Monmore, string, as they can then be easily loosened from the estate of Marcus Keane, Esq. Atract of bog, the pillars whenever they require painting-an about a mile in circumference, was observed to be operation that must not be neglected, as the iron deeply fissured. Shortly afterwards, the whole would soon rust, and thereby injure the plants, mass commenced moving in an easterly direction, and be very unsightly. Previously to planting and continued in motion twenty-four hours. the roses, the soil should be rendered rich; so that During that period of time, it accomplished a they may grow quickly, flower freely, and cover movement of about eighty perches to the east of the pillars, arches, and festoons, as soon as possi. its former position; and the result has been the ble. This rather modern and pleasing mode of exposure of a quantity of bog timber, which was culture cannot be too strongly recommended ; and previously covered with peat to the depth of for that purpose, if expense be an object, poles, fifteen feet. The cause of the land-slip is supeither of oak, ash, hazel, or larch, may be used by posed to have been the accumulation of water in a fixing them firmly in the ground in a triangular slough which occupied the centre of the bog. It shape, three feet apart at the base—the ends being now covers a piece of ground from which the turf brought together at the top, and tied with some has been cut away.-J. TRACY. strong tarred cord or stout copper wire. Then three roses of the same variety, or of different kinds, The Victoria Regia.-M. Otte, of Hamburgh, according to taste, can be planted one at the foot has published in the Garten-und Blumenzeitung, of each pole, and trained so that when in full some observations on the heat acquired by the foliage and blossom a handsome tall pyramid will | flowers of the Victoria at the time of their exbecome apparent, formed of the beauteous and pansion. The experiment was made on the second odoriferous Queen of Flowers."-R. M.

evening the flower opened. At fifty minutes past

six, the temperature of the air, in the house, was Chrysanthemums for Seed.-Your near | 80°, of the water, 790, and of the interior of the neighbor, Mr. Salter, of Hammersmith, has a flower, 87o. At six minutes past seven, the air paper in the Florist í see, about growing Chry- was 77o, the water 799, the interior of the flower, santhemums for seed. To prove that this may 88°. The development of heat by flowers, during be done, he mentions that they are often in flower their expansion, is not a fact new to science. in France in April and May. Cuttings are struck Numerous experiments have, at different times, in September or October, and kept in a close frame been made upon it; nevertheless, the subject is through the winter. These bloom in spring; and interesting, and as everything relative to the Mr. S. suggests that, with the summer sunshine “queen of flowers" now attracts so much atten before them, there would be no difficulty in ob tion, this phenomenon should not be lost sight of, taining good seed from such plants.-J. D., | by those who will now soon have opportunities for Futham.

investigating it.-R. M.

Sugar made from Maize. A patent has been The Larve of Insects.- I see by Mr. Miller's granted to an American for making sugar from remarks, in your last number, that he has had his maize. He boils the meal with water and sul- | patience sorely tried, whilst endeavoring to bring phuric acid, by which brown sugar is produced, up Bombyx Řubi. I am not surprised at it. I held in solution with the acid. To separate the know the gentleman well, but I think I can inform latter, chalk is introduced, with which it com- | Mr. M. how he will be more successful another seabines, and falls to the bottom of the boiler. The son. In the first place he must give him his natural strength of the acid is not diminished, nor its food. He will not touch Bramble, (although called quantity lessened; so that the same vitriol would Rubi,) nor Willow. Try him with Violet, Hearts' suffice to convert into sugar an indefinite quantity Ease, Dandelion, Ground Ivy, Dead Nettle, and of meal.-W. A.

you will see him feed, and get plump. In Autumn

build him a nice little house, and give him a Triphæna Pronuba.--This morning, Feb. 27, garden with plenty of the above low-growing herbs ; I beheld to my great amazement, & fine male but let the walls of the garden, and windows of Pronuba just fresh out of the chrysalis. This his lodging, be so protected that he cannot get out. is too remarkable an occurrence not to be recorded. Be sure that he is protected both from heavy rain More particularly as this fellow was brought up and severe frost, and I think you will find yourself by myself, together with about 150 others, all of amply rewarded for your trouble. If Sir, you which are still in chrysalis. The usual time for should have a great many caterpillars, and will the appearance of this moth, is in June and July. send half-a-dozen to me, you shall have the These were reared from the egg, and the whole produce, or know the result. It is always a queer of the brood were hatched on the 25th of August fellow to bring up. I have generally lost one last. Being an old practical " dabbler," I have third, --sometimes more than that. With respect naturally witnessed many "curious facts” in to Neustria, it is quite true their voracity is most entomology, but seldom any more curious than ungentlemanly. I had almost said uncaterpillarly. the one I now bring under your notice. I may They will eat almost anything, although not quite mention here, that Arctia Lubricipeda likewise omnivorous. I am afraid, Sir, you pet them too made his appearance ex pupá yesterday. Ile, much. If you wish for a few nests, I shall be most however, is so odd a creature, that I am never happy to supply you. Give them the first thing gurprised to see him at any time.-BOMBYX Arlas, that comes to hand. They are not particular. Feb. 27.

| But, observe, during the first week of their ex

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