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and gates, and our gravel-walks resemble Sleet, shine; cold, fog, in portions fill the time ; saturated sponges.
Like hope, the prospect cheers ; like breath it
fades: Abroad, the streets are flooded with muddy water, and slippery with patches of Life grows in seasons to returning prime;
And beauty rises from departing shades. ice and half-melted snow, which strikes through our shoes in a inoment. The houses, and all objects whatever, have a dirty and March! It is like a cool, but spirit-stirring
Oh! blithe and animating is the breath of disconsolate aspect; and clouds of dun and smoky haze hover over the whole dis- draught of some ancient vintage; elating, spiriting scene. In the country, the pros:
but not enervating the heart, deadening the pect is not much better. The roads are memory of past evil, and expanding the full of mire. Instead of the enchantments mind with the delicious hope of future deof hoar-frost, so beautifully described by not exclusively permitted to March. Feb
lights. Such a precious boon, however, is
ruary is often allowed to be a liberal parArtist unseen! that dipt in frozen dew
taker ere its close ; and we have known the Hast on the glittering glass thy pencil laid, winds lift up their voices, in this month, with
Ere from yon sun the transient visions fade, all their triumphant and sonorous energy, Swift let me trace the forms thy fancy drew! Nothing, perhaps, can illustrate so vividly Thy towers anil palaces of diamond hue,
our idea of spirit as a mighty wind,-present Rivers and lakes of lucid crystal made, in its amazing power and sublimity, yet seen
And hung in air hoar trees of branching shade, only in its effects. We are whirled along by That liquid pearl distil :-thy scenes renew, its careering torrent with irresistible power; Whate'er old bards or later fictions feign,
we are driven before it, as Miss Mitford says, Of secret grottoes underneath the wave, Where Nereids roof with spar the amber cave; ing and roaring over the house, like the
as by a steam engine. How it comes rushOr bowers of bliss, where sport the fairy train,
Who, frequent by the moonlight wanderer scen, devouring billows of an ocean broke loose! Circle with radiant gems the dewy green.
Then for the banging of doors—the swinging
and creaking of signs—the clatter of falling Instead of these we say, we have naked shutters in the street! Then for the crash hedges, with sallow and decaying weeds of chimnies—the toppling down of crazy beneath them ; pastures brown and wet; and gables-the showering of tiles upon
pavesheets of ice which recently afforded such fine ment, as if the bomb-shells of a besieging exercise to skaters and sliders, are half sub- army were demolishing the roofs, and rendermersed in water,-full of great cracks, and ing it death even to walk the streets. Then scattered with straws, and dirty patches, and for a scene of awful grandeur upon the shores stones half liberated by the thaw. Let us of the glorious ocean.
That which but an felicitate ourselves, however, that such a hour before was calm and sun. bright, a joyless time is seldom of long continuance. variety of vessels lying at anchor, or sailing The winds of March will speedily come pip- to and fro in serene beauty,--then is become ing their jovial strains; clearing the face of a scene of sublime and chaotic uproar; the the blessed Heavens from their sullen veil of waves rolling, and foaming, and dashing their clouds, and sweeping away the superabun- spray over rocks, pier-heads, houses, and dant moisture from earth and air.
even over the loftiest towers and churches too The banks are partly green; hedges and trees
—as we have seen it,- to an amazing extent, Are black and shrouded, and the keen wind and the windows, at a great distance from the
till the water ran down the walls like rain, roars, Like dismal music wand'ring over seas,
beach, were covered with a salt incrustation And wailing to the agitated shores.
-the vessels meanwhile laboring amidst the
riotous billows as for life, and tugging at The fields are dotted with manure
e-the sheep their cables as if mad for their escape. In unshorn wool, streaked with the shepherd's
Many a beautiful, many a wild, many an red, Their undivided peace and friendship keep,
animated spectacle is to be witnessed on the Shaking their bells, like chillren to their bed.
shores of our happy isle in such moments !
What a solemn and sublime war, also, is The roads are white and miry-waters run there in the woods—a sound as of vast and With violence through their tracks—and sheds, tempestuous seas! What poetical spirit can that flowers
hear it without being influenced by incomIn summer graced, are open to the sun;
municable sensations; and ideas of power, Which shines in noonday's horizontal hours.
majesty, and the stupendous energies of the Frost claims the night; Morning, like a brido,
elements ! Forth from her chamber glides ; Mist spreads Oh! storm and darkness; yo are wondrous strong.
her vest; The sunbeams ride the clouds till eventide ; What picturesque ruin is there scattered
And the wind rolls them to ethereal rest. around us! Trees overwhelmed-immense
branches torn off-small boughs broken--and in the clear water below, and the verdure dry leaves whirled along, or quivering in the and flowery freshness of summer above. If air like birds.
we are to believe travellers, in no country is
the domestic culture of flowers so much Not unfamiliar to mine ear,
attended to as in our own. We trust this Blasts of the night! ye howl, as now My shuddering casement loud
will always be a prevailing taste with us. With fitful force ye beat.
There is something pure and refreshing in the
appearance of plants in a room ; and watched Mine ear has dwelt in silent awe,
and waited on, as they generally are, by the The howling sweep, the sudden rush;
gentle sex, they are links in many pleasant And when the pausing gale
associations. They are the cherished favoPoured deep the hollow dirge.
rites of our mothers, wives, sisters, and Once more I listen; sadly communing,
friends not less dear; and connect themselves, Within me,-once more mark, storm-clothed,
in our minds, with their feminine delicacy, The moon, as the dark cloud
loveliness, and affectionate habits and sentiGlides rapidly away.
ments. I, deeming that the voice of spirits dwells
Sweet lady fair :
Muse on the choral dance,
And I shall fancy that I see,
In the bright eye that laughs below; Hark! how the spirit knocks,-how loud
The dark grape on its parent tree. Even at my window knocks, --again ;
'Tis but a whim—but, oh! entwine I cannot-dare not sleep,
Thy brow with this green wreath of mine ! It is a boisterous night.
Weave of the clover-leaves a wreath; I would not, at this moment, be
Fresh sparkling with a summer-shower,
And I shall, in my fair one's breath,
Find the soft fragrance of the flower.
'Tis but a whim—but, oh! do thou
'Twing the lark leaves around thy brow! The ear doth shudder at such sounds; As the unbodied winds, in their disport,
Oh, let sweet-leaved geranium be
Entwined amidst thy clustering hair,
Whilst thy red lips shall paint to mo
How bright its scarlet blossoms are. Towards the end of the month, we are
"Tis but a whim-but, oh! do thou gladdened with symptoms of approaching
Crown with my wreath thy blushing brow! spring. On warm banks, the commencement Oh, twine young rose-leaves round thy head, of vegetation is perceptible. The sap is
And I shall deem the flowers aro there;stirring in the trees, swelling and feeding the The red rose on thy rich cheek spread, buds ; and, in gardens, a variety of green The white upon thy forehead fair. things are peeping from the earth, and snow
"Tas but a whim--but, oh! entwine drops, hepaticas, &c., are actually in bloom. MY WREATH ROUND THAT DEAR BROW OF In towns, it is a cheering sight, even while
Though the spring of our youth has departed, of young nativity, regarding not
And withered its earliest bloom ; The air's caress of melody and light
Though earth's tenants still, broken-hearted Beamed from the east, and softened by the bright We close o'er our kindred the tomb; Effusive flash of gold—the willow stoops
There's a solace that never can perish, And muses, like a bride without her love,
Faint record of long-faded joy,
Of pleasure no anguish can cloy.
When the heart with kind feelings o'erflowing, Leans o'er the sea, and steadfast as a rock,
To life's coming troubles is kind; Of dash and cloud unconscious, bears the rude
When time and regard, without knowing, Continuons surge, the sounds and echoes mock :
Have fostered young love in the mind; Thus Mental Thought enduring, wears in solitude.
Oh! 'tis sweet when adversity lours,
And youth's merry sunshine is past, Also; to see in those of wealthier dwellings, In mem'ry to dwell on those hours, hyacinths, narcissus, &c., in glasses display- Ere sorrow our gladness o'ercast! ing their bulbs, and long, white, fibrous roots,
Is filled with doubts and fears!
J. T. WATSON,
THE CLIMATE OF AUSTRALIA, lion curtain-clouds of morn, illumines the moun
tains with molten gold, dispensing life and light Oh, absence! by thy stern decree,
around, as he majestically mounts into the northHow many a heart, once light and free,
At the decline of day the scene is magnificent!
Onward the mighty orb rolls, like a ball of molten
iron, to the legion of gorgeous clouds that have
blaze up with crimson and gold, fringed with sparkThough I am forced thus to absent myself From all I love, I shall contrive some means,
ling silver, the tints of heaven's own iris are scatSome friendly intervals, to chat with thee.
tered over the sky, and the extended plains to the very horizon are tinged with pink. Even the
cities and dwelling-places are colored with the rich, INGULAR INDEED IS A MAN'S DES- changing hues ; and from their windows are seen
TINY! Here to-day, he is, literally streams of liquid fire. Day and night are of nearly speaking, gone to-morrow; leaving equal length throughout the year. The sun never behind him, perhaps, from positive remains above the horizon more than fourteen and necessity, much, if not all, that his a half hours, nor less than ten and a half; and, as heart holds dear. This country twilight does not linger in these latitudes, the bids fair to be decimated within changes from day to night, and from night to morn,
another year. Let us hope that a are to an Englishman unpleasantly abrupt. The rapid transit of letters, to and from, will cause many greater number of the nights are most enchanting. "twin hearts" to be saved from destruction. Ab- The southern constellations shine forth from the sence from a lov'd one" i8—" death."
hard, dark heavens, in unrivalled brightness, and So very many of our acquaintances are daily the haloed moon pours her chastened radiance on departing to Australia, that we begin now to feel the plains and hills with such refulgence, that every some peculiar interest for the country. Let us, thing for miles around is distinctly visible. therefore, hear what Mr. Lancelott says of the cli- The light of both the sun and the moon is more
Ás he is mineralogical surveyor for the intense than in Britain. I should say the differcolonies, the authority may be considered first- ence is as five to three. The climate throughout
the Australian province is decidedly hot. The “ The seasons in Australia are the reverse of ours, thermometer in Sydney and Melbourne during July is mid-winter, January mid-summer. The summer, frequently reaches 90° or 100° Fahr. in spring and autumn are very brief, and the transi- the shade ; and occasionally 115° or even more. tion from one season to the other is so imperceptible, In winter it rarely ranges below 46° Fahr.; hoar that it is difficult to say when the one begins or frost sometimes occurs ; ice, seldom or never. The the other ends.
variations in temperature are great and sudden; Spring sets in carly in September, when the noonday is frequently 20° hotter than morning or atmosphere acquires a delightful warmth ; as the evening, while the heat of one day often differs season advances, the fall of rain decreases, the heat from that of the next day by 15o. Then, as the increases, and about the middle of November, sum- southerly winds are altogether more moist than
The heat-now becomes great; those of the northward, a change of wind without and by the end of December, nearly all the rivers any alteration in the thermometer often chills sedried
up, vegetation has ceased, and the verely; indeed, the climate is much affected by country assumes the appearance of an aria desert. the direction of the winds. That which blows At the close of February, a diminution of tempera- from the northward, is extremely dry and often ture commences; autumn beginning about the mid- violent. dle of March, and early in April genial showers In winter it is moderately warm, in summer it carpet the country with bright verdure, and the is intensely hot, and rushes on with the velocity atmosphere becomes pleasantly cool and buoy- of a hurricane; raising the thermometer in the ant. Early in June, the season that can only shade to 110° or even 120° Fahr., drying up the be called winter from its situation in the calendar, grass like hay, depriving the grape of its watery commences; and by the middle of July, torrents clements, rendering iron exposed to its influence of rain have inundated the country, and rendered so hot as to burn the hand on touching it, doing the water-courses mighty, rushing streams; this injury to the promising harvest, and filling the cold rainy season generally terminates by the mid-air with such quantities of dust and sand, that the dle or end of August. Between the rains at this sun's rays are shut, and only darkness is visible. season of the year, there are days, and, in some The current of heated air appears confined to no years,whole weeks together, of delightful weather; particular altitude, but rushes upwards or downcool and bracing as the spring in England, but wards, according to circumstances; sometimes it more beautiful and exhilirating.
assumes a rotary movement, as if revolving on a With the exception of about twenty-five ex- series of horizontal axes, thus : IMM; or undulates tremely hot days, and sixty disagreeable wet or thus :
Occasionally the hot cold days, the weather throughout the year is in- wind travels so slowly, that its movement is describably pleasant, the air is balmy and bright, scarcely perceptible; there is then little dust, scarcely a cloud is visible, and the sun looks down the heat of the sun's rays is great, and the from the deep blue sky in unveiled splendor. The earth is so torrid, that å thermometer which rising sun is a sight most truly beautiful. The god I sunk horizontally into the ground to the of day from his eastern portais bursts the ebon pall depth of 2 inches, in a situation exposed to the of night, and flinging wide the purple and vermil- sun and wind, stood at 150° Fahr. On another
occasion I placed a bar of copper, about one foot fence is preferred before all others, as it keeps long and three inches wide by one inch thick, in a out sheep, pigs, and such like quadrupeds; it is situation exposed to the hot wind and the sun's rays; formed of pieces of timber, large and small, all when it had been thus placed for about two hours, I cut into equal lengthis, either of seven or eight I wrapped some common post letter paper round feet, and placed close and upright in a trench two it, and in doing so, it accidentally came against feet deep, and tightly ranimel; a rough batten my hand, which it burnt, and in a few hours after being nailed along the top as a band. The “ ditch the place blistered. After the paper had been in and bank," and “dog and log ” fence are occacontact with the copper about an hour, the color sionally met with. A simple but ingenious conchanged to a deep straw or pale brown ; and it trivance is frequently used for gate hinges to the wi's so scorched and rotten, that it broke in pieces ; " post and rail” fence, viz. : the back upright of when I attempted to unwrap it. During the pre- the gate is madle long, so as to form a top and valence of these siroccos, the high clouds, cirrus, bottom spur, the top spur is pushed through a hole and strata, dis ppear, while the lower remain un- formed to receive it in the top rail of the fence, changed; and at night the air is commonly filled and the bottom spur is bevelled to a point, and with beautiful sheet-lightning It is believed that fitted into the conical bottom of a stout or winethere are no noxious gases in these winds, and bottle, which is sunk into the ground neck downthey are said to exercise no deleterious effects on wards. This hinge never unships, and well the health of man ; the climate would, neverthe answers its purpose. less, be more salubrious without them, as, during The farmers furnish their dwellings with few their prevalence, nearly all persons of weakly or articles of domestic convenience. Only a few debilitated constitutions suffer extreme lassitude wood-bottomed chairs, an uncushioned cedar sofa, and depression. The moisture dries from the eyes, one or two plain cedar tables, bedsteads of the the lips become parched and cracky, the breathing plainest description, and sometimes a small lookshort and quick, the air as it enters the mouth ing-glass, are to be met with in the dwellings of feels burning hot; and while sitting perfectly still, the more wealthy ; most of the poor farmers mako the perspiration oozes from every pore in the skin. their own furniture, which generally consists of a Individuals of robust constitution, however, are not few rude forms and stools, a table and bedstead ; thus affected; the hardy, sun-tanned colonists and not unfrequently the only partition between freely expose themselves to the fiery blast ; and, the bed-room and the sitting-room is one or two breathing the hot air full of dust and sand, toil on outstretched sheets. Their cooking utensils and indifferent to every thing but the demand of a mode of cooking are similar to those of the urban parched thirst, and, in some cases, a wolfish appe-, population of Victoria. They all live on plain tite. When questioned, they reply : “Oh, the but substantial dishes, and some keep a good heat is no nuisanco; it's the choking dust that's stock of European wines, and British bottled stout unbearable.”
and ale. They of course raise nearly all their The same book that thus speaks of the climate, own edibles; and in order to live on fresh meat, tells us also something very interesting about the three or four of them will club together, and in farms in Australia ; also about the farmers and turn each kill a sheep or bullock, as the case may their wives :
be. “The farm houses are rough, but generally sub- The farmers, and indeed all persons who reside stantial and commodious: they are built of lifter. away from the towns, dress in the coarsest apent materials, accoriling to circumstances; if good parel. The usual male attire is a pair of common stone or slate is handy, it is used ; if not, and suit- slop trousers, a blue guernsey, witli a leather belt able clay exists in the neighborhood, bricks are to keep the trousers up and the guernsey down, a resorted to; and when none of these materials flaunting red cotton handkerchief as a neck-tie ; a are to be had, the dwelling is built wholly of wood. broad-brimmed cabbage-tree hat, and a pair of These residences usually have no ceiling, nor heavy hobnail boots. Some wear a coarse regatta upper floor-when you look up you see the roof; shirt under the guernsey, and others, when cirthe walls are not plastered, painted, nor in any cumstances permit, enjoy in the hot weather the way decorated except those which occasionally get luxury of nakedness, by dressing in only a shirt a lime-wash. The windows are sometimes canvas, and a pair of boots. The farmers' wives and sometimes glass, and the fire-places and chimnies daughters usually dress in cottons; their attire, are constructed as already described. For flooring, although common and coarse, is neat, chaste, and some have only earth, some are paved with stone, tidy; they wear high dresses, and cotton bonnets some with slate, a few with bricks, and a very few made with a large curtain to keep the sun from have wood floors. Water for domestic and other r pur- freckling the neck; they nevertheless have their poses is usually procured by sinking wells; and al- jewels, silks, &c., which they wear on festive octhough occasionally pure and excellent, it is in casions. Many of them are well-educated, devoid general impregnated with minerals, hard and of affectation, thrifty, and industrious. Indeed, I brackish to the taste, and more or less unwhole was struck in my travels in the colony, with the
Near the farm-house is the rough but beauty, the accomplished graces, the glowing, strongly-built stock-yard, barn, stable, and other health, the vivacity, and the open-heartedness of needful outhouses.
the fair sex in the rural districts; and I should be There are no English-looking green hedges in wanting in gratitude did I not record their disthe colony; the farms are enclosed with rude, interested kindness, attention, and general libemisshapen wool fences; the three-rail “post and rality to the wandering stranger. rail” is the most usual; it will cost from 701. to Most of the farmers and others, who dwell in 801. to enclose an eighty-acre section with this the rural districts within the hundred of the fence. Where timber is plentiful, the “kangaroo counties, are, although parsimonious to a fault,
BY HELEN HETHERINGTON.
altogether more moral, more straightforward and
DEW,-AND HOAR FROST. honorable in their business transactions, more kind and considerate to their neighbors, and How many persons are there, to whom the generous and hospitable to strangers, than the phenomena attendant upon dew and hoar Mammon-worshipping Adeladians. Their chief sources of amusement
frost are perfectly unknown! Yet are they are hunting, shooting, riding, and reading. Some possess their piano- singular, curious, and interesting : forte, and enliven their homes with popular and even classical music, and occasionally dedicate an evening to Terpsichore, when the polka, mazurka, When the direct influence of the sun is reschottische, valse-a-deux-temps, and other popular moved, in the evening, and the surface of the dances, are gone through with a grace and gusto earth thus no longer continues to acquire that would astonish the fashionables of London."
heat,-at that instant, from the ceaseless acEvery successive year will keep adding to the tivity of heat to maintain a state of equili. interest already created in favor of these colonies. brium, the surface of the earth, being the It is curious to observe how eagerly everything warmer body, radiates a portion of its suconnected with them is caught at and read. perfluous temperature into the surrounding
space ; and thus the air immediately in conWINTER
tact with the surface becomes cooled below the point of saturation, and gives off a portion of its water in the form of dew. The
deposition of dew is always most abundant Dark, cheerless Winter! few will welcome thee, during calm and cloudless nights, and in situOr hail thy near approach with songs of joy ;
ations freely exposed to the atmosphere. They say thy days pass dull and heavily,
Whatever interferes in any way with the And that thou lov'st to scatter and destroy. process of radiation, as might be expected, They tell me, too, thy melancholy moan
has a great effect on the deposition of dew. Chases all thoughts of happiness away;
Hence the radiation of heat, and consequently But thou hast cause for sorrow-joys have flown, the deposition of dew, are obviated not only And Earth's fair treasures fallen to decay.
by the slightest covering or shelter, as by Where are those lovely lilies of the vale,
thin matting, or even muslin, by the neighThe rose, the pink, and gems that deck'd our impediments, near the earth's surface, but
borhood of buildings, and innumerable other bowers ? Well may’st thou weep, and moan thy plaintive matters interposed at a great distance from wail,
the earth's surface have precisely the same The funeral dirge of Nature's fairest flowers.
effect. Thus clouds effectually prevent the
radiation of heat from the earth's surface, 80 Yet have I seen thy smile--not like the Spring
that cloudy nights are always warmer than Or joyous Summer. Timidly it cast
those which are clear; and, in consequence, A ray of future hope; and seemed to bring A sad, yet pleasing memory of the past.
there is usually on such nights little or no
deposition of dew. Yes; thou hast pleasures for the happy few,
Who love to revel in the fond delights
to hoar frost; hoar frost being, in fact, only With ecstacy I hail the bracing breeze,
frozen dew, and indicative of greater cold. And love to watch the fairy flakes of snow, We observe, therefore, that frosty nights, As they fall gracefully amongst the trees, like simply dewy nights, are generally still
To breathe a parting blessing ere they go. and clear. The influence of radiation in And who can fail to love thee? When the frost producing cold at the earth's surface, would Has crystalised the earth, and the moon's scarcely be believed by inattentive observers. light
Often, on a calm night, the temperature of a Beams on the face of nature, --we are lost, grass plot is 10 or 15 degrees less than that In love and admiration at the sight.
of the air a few feet above it. Hence, as Then let us wander where the leafless trees
Mr. Daniel has remarked, vegetables, in our Are dressed in crystal robes-earth's brightest climate, are, during ten months of the year, gem,
liable to be exposed at night to a freezing And brilliant ice-drops, moulding as they freeze, temperature, and even in July and August,
To deck with beauty Nature's diadem. to a temperature only two or three degrees Oh! we will ne'er forget the joy, the pride,
Yet, notwithstanding these vicissiOf England's happy home! Where'er we rove
tudes, in the words of the same gentleman,May happiness attend the dear fire-side, "to vegetables growing in climates for which AND WINTER'S DREARY HOURS BE CHEERED BY they are originally designed by nature, LOVE!
there can be no doubt that the action of ra