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a most perceptible modification and contrast; in specially and generally ; also in carriage, bearing, a word, a very near approach to the spangled or deportment, and in the quality of its feathers ; Hamburgh. The prominency and roundness of whilst the character of its produce or chickens is the breast is diminished, the body is narrowed, ever varying and uncertain. lengthened, and gra lually tapering to the tail ; But what, on the other hand, has been urged the feathers of which, as observable in the hen, against beards ?-Simply dislike. A whisper has are like those of the Hamburgh, and are much gone forth, which no one, however, will own to-longer than in the true or bearded Poland. The that the beard is from a cross with the Russian neck presents a striking difference: all that I fowl. In trutlı, the Poland has no one character general volume of the neck is gone; and it is of the Russian; not even in the so-called beard is thin, spare of feathers, and meagre; in size and there any resemblance; for whilst the beard of the in proportion it is wanting.

Russian is a long tuft, looking like a hanging bag Though, as I have said, the marking of the lof feathers, the beard of the Poland consists of implumage affords us no help in tracing the beardless bricated feathers, scarcely longer than the rest on Poland to its connexion with the spangled Ham- the throat, and closely, compactly, and definitely burgh, they being very similarly spangled-yet the arranged in a triangular shape, the basc being nature, fabric, or material of the feather litters, uppermost; it has nothing in common with the and affords assistance in defining the difference bearded tuft of the Russian, or any other fowl. between the true bearded Poland and the hybrid | It is truly sui generis-true in its own kind, and

Thus, let any one handle a true golden an inborn, inbred characteristic of a true Poland. Poland hen, and he will be struck with the remark- In conclusion, I leg to say, that though I now write ably soft, silky, yielding quality of feathers; it is as a partisan of the bearded Poland (and coincide so peculiar, that at this moment I can recall the with the opinions of such experienced gentlemen as surprise on my first handling one; while the feel Mr.Vivian, as well as of Mr. Baker, of London, and or sensation communicated by the bearilless fowls others), it was only after mature reflection, obseris like the Hamburgli, a comparative closeness vation, and experience on both varieties, kept at and hardness of feather; there being nearly as the same time, and in equal numlers, that the great a difference in this respect as there is between conviction was forced upon me, that the bearded the feel of a Shanghae and a Malay. This differ- are the true Polands, and that the beardless are ence in the character of feathers in various fowls spurious. is well noticed by Mr. Baily, and a very distinctive character it is.

The long heralded Poultry Book, No I., Again, the top-knot, in the great majority of has appeared. It is, as we imagined it bearilless Polands (especially in the golden), is would be, a book not for the multitude, but insignificant. It is, I believe, invariably so in for the "choice few", who are at present imported birds; but within the last two years, mad after the unsightly Cochins. there have been raised in this kingdom some silver thing would set real judges of beauty beardless Polands with top-knots of fair size; the against this particular breed, it would be the golden, however, as far as I have seen at exhibi- animals " figured " in this book. A great tions, or heard of, still remain in statu quo; waiting deal of discursive matter is introduced, that some lucky hit, or cross with the bearded, to give renders the work“ heavy ;" though it is unthem top-knots, and to reduce their abundant, deniable that the elevations, plans, designs, plated, pointed combs. It is important to notice, &c., must have been produced at some conthat in breeding beardless Polands, the greatest uncertainty prevails as to the quality of the siderable cost. This, however, considering chickens. In some which I last year raised from that wealthy breeders will be the principal the very best specimens of beardless silver Polands, purchasers, is of little consequence. there was a very near approach to the rose comb By and-by, when the editors (the Rev. of the spangled Hamburgh; an uneven, serrated, W. Wingfield, and Mr. G. W. Johnson) protuberant, and large plate of flesh, terminating bave exhausted their panegyrics on the in a point, with a mere tuft of feathers for a top- Shanghae breed, we shall see what they have knot; whilst a very few had top-knots equal in size to the parents.

to say about the more useful fowls, It is in leed a fact, as important as it is striking practical poulterers), that "the Dorking,"

We hold to our opinion (confirmed by that while the chickens of the true bearded after all, is the bird for the table. Poland have invariably large and full-sized topknots, the produce, on the contrary, of beardless Polands, ovince all the uncertainty and anomaly

CHEERFULNESS. above stated. How is this? Why, I ask, should one be all certainty, the other uncertainty? The Hapry is he who, like the lark, is ever joyful, answer is clear, plain, and convincing enough. ever merry. We dearly love to hear a man sing The beardless Polands being spurious, hyl-rid---now or whistle as he walks along to his work. No one the Polish, now the Hamburgh blood or type pre- can be sensible of fatigue whilst he marches to vails; so that in the one instance we have top-knots, music. The very stars are said to make harmony in the other scarcely any, but with development of as they revolve in their spheres. Wondrous is the comb; for it is a fact well known to breeders, that strength of cheerfulness; altogether past calculaall cross-bred birds exhibit a constant tendency tion its power of endurance ! Efforts, to be perto lean to one parental origin or the other; as they manently useful, must be uniformnly joyous, a spirit term it, "they cry back. Thus have I shown all sunshine; graceful from very gladness, beautiful that the beariless Poland is degenerate in shape, because bright.

if any. TIT-FOR-TAT;

physicians and phrenologists ought to know, OR,


boy have the organ of destructiveness, you

may “whip” him for killing flies, but you NE OF MY PECULIARITIES is - MUST NOT wonder at him. If a youth a strong tendency to differ in But this brings me back again to my subject. opinion from other people

I never could tell how many of these models upon almost every possible Fred had; a great many, no doubt. He was subject. I never mouth the a true lover of Nature, and all her Ladyship's matter–I come out roundly. fair children seemed naturally to love him.

I have no doubt the reader They could not help it. is fond of roast beef and plum-pudding. Now credible. He must have dealt in magic. It

Oh, those sweet women! It is almost inI detest them. Nothing could be more gross, earthly, stultifying. Besides, no man fond of was a perfect blessing to be near him ; to catch such stuff does, ever did, or ever can sit down the light and heat of the thousand glances to a meal, without running into excess. Then which fell upon him, and of which he caught come custard, ice-cream, fruit, almonds, rai- a few stray ones, though only by accident. sins, wine. You rise with a distended sto Lovely women fell into his mouth like ripe mach and heavy head; and stagger, a way loved him, and he loved them all. His was

plums. He had clusters of them. They all ith brutish apathy. I am for light diet -milk, rice, fruit; sweet, harmless things of a royal heart. nature. No lamb bleeds for me.

No stately

" What are you thinking of, Fred ? " ox is slain that I may feast. Old mother

said I. earth supplies my slender appetites. The

“Caroline," he answered" of course." deep, deep spring, clear as crystal; the inno

“She who sailed yesterday for America ?"

“ Yes-I LOVE HER." cent vegetables-ethereal food. Thus I am light as air. I am keenly alive to every

" And she?" moral and natural beauty, which few enthu

He rose and opened an escritoire. siastic beef-eaters are. I drink no beer, and

"Is it not perfectly beautiful ? I swallow no spirits. I never smoke, and I The sweet relic of golden, sunshiny hair, rise all the year round at five o'clock. lay curled charmingly, in a rose-colored en

I differ from everybody in another thing. I velope. It did look pretty. Butbelieve in love at first sight. We ought to be “ Has Caroline B- such light hair?" able to tell in a week, whether a woman would asked I. “I never knew I always thought do for a wife. The judgment of “ true love" -I was observing only yesterday that, is intuitive. A glance, and it is done. A surely, surely you have made mistakeman of genius has in his own imagination a see, what is that written at the bottom of the standard of the object of his love-an unex- paper ? Julia !'” plainable model-the prototype to which Fred hastily looked again in the little exists somewhere in reality, although he may pigeon-hole, and drew forth another rosenever have seen or heard of her. This is colored envelope; another ! and another !! wonderful, but it is true. He wanders about I smiled! So did he. the world, impervious to all the delicious, “What a vile, narrow prejudice it is !” thrilling, soul-melting beams of beauty, till said Fred. he reaches the right one. There are blue “What?” eyes—they are tender, but they touch not " That a man can love only one! I have him. There are black--they are piercing, loved twenty -- fifty — nay, a hundred. I but his heart remains whole. At length, always love some one. Sometimes two at a accident Alings him into contact with a certain time — sonetimes twenty. I should die creature. He hears the tones of her voice; else." he feels the warm streams of soul shining “ Heartless !” exclaimed l.. This is not from her countenance. Gaze meets gaze, love. Love is sole, absorbing-pure-conand thought sparkles into thought, till the stant-immutable." magic blaze is kindled, and—they fall in “ Hark'e," said Fred. “ I never cease to love.

love. Adding another angel to the list, does It sometimes happens that, for one model in not infer the striking out any of the others. the imagination of this man of genius, there Oh~n0! There is no limit. A man of soul are accidentally two or three prototypes in loves just as he happens to be placed in rela. real life ; or rather, he has two or three dif- tion to women. I am warmed by them, as I ferent models.

am when I stand in the sunshine. Because It is a great misfortune for a man to have I have a garden here, when the beams of the more models than one. They lead him astray. god of day fall on my shoulders with a pleasThey involve him in difficulties. They play ing ardor-must I not feel the warmth when the very deuce with him. And yet meta- I stand in your garden yonder? It is the


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great principle.' Should the object of my from her a lock of hair, swore he loved her, early love die, must I be ever thereafter dead and left her with an ardent embrace. to the most exquisite of human passions ? “ I am suffocating,” said Fred. Death is only absence. I know twelve pretty “ Hush!” I exclaimed : “ See, there is women. They are better than men. NATURE another. How familiarly he seats himself made them so. They are all different-all by her side-takes her hand ". excellent-all divine. Can I be blind? Can “ I shall strangle to death.” I be deaf? Shall I deny that their voices “ Patience !" are sweet, their hearts tender, their minds " Dear-est Colonel !” exclaimed Julia. clear and intelligent? No. I love them ALL (" The other was only the lieutenant,"

--Julia, Mary, Fanny, Helen, Henrietta, whispered John.) Emily, Eliza, &c. · I never think of them “ I am blessed with too fero such faithful without sensations of pure delight."

friends." Frederick felt a hand upon his shoulder ;

(I held Fred still with the grasp of a giant.) he looked up. It was Mrs. B., his wife. “ That I love you, I cannot deny. A · The d-1!, said he.

woman of soul loves just as she happens to be I had withdrawn, of course. I am a placed in relation to men. She is warmed by bachelor myself. Curtain lectures are not in their noble characters, as she is when she stands my way. I have troubles enough of my in the sunshine. It is the great principle.

Mrs. B. did not come down to dinner. “Love-li-est of thy sex !” said her comMr. B. did not come home to tea. I did not panion. get up next morning to breakfast. So that Fred burst forth, levelling both pistols at I could not know what was the “ result." the Colonel. He pulled the triggers, but they Mrs. B. is one of the

did not go off. Pistols, loaded with sawdust, loveliest women

very I ever met. I believe I have two or three of seldom do. the models myself. It is pleasant enough,

The Colonel uttered a scream, and fled. but then--every rose has its thorns !

" Madam!" said Fred, swelling with indigOnly think !" said she to me, her eyes nation," have you any more of these affecmoistened with tears, her cheek'crimsoned tionate friends ?” “ ONLY Eight, my dear with shame, her bosom palpitating with dis- husband. Why, what puts you in such a tress,—“twelve! He loves twelve, he says." rage

? “ A whole jury !" said I.

« Perfidious wretch ! " " It is monstrous !" said she.

“ Hear me," said Mrs. B., solemnly. " Monstrous indeed!" echoed I.

" When we married, I intended to devote my " What if I should love twelve officers !” life, my actions, my heart to you. From you said she.

I expected the same. I can see no distinction " Tit-for-tat," said I.

in our relative duties towards each other. " Or six ?" said she.

Love must exist on both sides-or on neither. “ Too good for him," said I, taking her Whatever may be the opinion of a heartless hand.

world, a man of soul' and of virtue makes "Or three ? " said she.

his wife" “ Or one ? " said I, drawing her toward me,

“I am not to be preached to, traitress," and kissing her soft lips. She was my only said Fred. “I leave you now for ever; but sister, and I always loved her. . . . The plot not till I take vengeance on my new military was arranged. Frederick had meditated a acquaintances. Where are they ?” journey of two days; but was called back, by They are here," she answered. an anonymous note, at nine the same even- The door was thrown open, and the two ing. . : : Tall women are so scarce! We officers, with their chapeaux off, were heard hired the uniform at the tailor's

giggling and laughing in a most unmilitary “ I am thunderstruck !” exclaimed Henry manner. to me.

" The world is at an end. The sun What did Fred do? Just what every is out. What! Kate-my dear Kate!” the other good husband ought to do,-he first tears gushed from his eyes.

rubbed his eyes, and looked foolish. He then " I saw it myself," said the servant. burst out into a ringing laugh, and flew into " Kiss-ed her!"

his wife's arms, sobbing audibly. “ Six times," said John.

The two young military officers, of course, Frederick caught the pistol, and pointed it " giggled" again ; and as Fred had" vowed" at his head. I wrenched it from his grasp. to take vengeance on them, he took it,-in

“ Come with me,” I said. “Perhaps it may his usual manner! He was forgiven, on his be a mistake."

promise not to offend any more. We opened the door softly. In the next I hope he kept his word,--for the sake of room sat Mrs. B.-at her feet a richly-dressed the G Principle !" young soldier, who kissed her hand, received




Nay, bind not on that snowy neck

Rich pearls, and sparkling chains ;
Its beauty needs no aid to deck,

Save its own azure veins.
I cannot bear those links should hide

A bosom fair as thine ;
Nor veil beneath their jewell'd pride

Love's dear and fragrant shrine.
A ruby mark adorns thy breast

Whose tints some fairy wove,
Whose glow my lip has fondly prest, -

'Tis Nature's gem I love !
Remember how I've blest that spot,

And felt thy bosom thrill
Beneath my kiss ;—then hide it not,

Give me its beauty still !
'Twere shame to veil the smallest part

Of that transparent skin;
Take off, take off that jewelled heart,

There's one more rich within !
The worm may weave its web of gold

To hide it from the sun;
But bursting from its silken fold,

The butterfly needs none.
In Nature's plumes, the stately swan

Floats o'er the crystal lake!
Undeck'd by art, the graceful fawn

Springs lightly from the brake.
And who would tint the drifted snow,

Or gem the ocean's spray;
Or gild the morning's early glow !

Yet thou art fair as they !

go, let glistening gauds be tried
By others, -not by thee;
Thou hast not one defect to hide,

The lily's not more free.
Yet, if thou wilt a necklace wear,

GIVE ME its links to twine ;
Come to these arms, and find it hero,
Love's necklace" shall be thine !

M. G. S. From Kidd's JOURNAL, May 30, 1840.

The Starling.-The starling has already been noticed in our JOURNAL, both in laudatory and disparaging terms. I must say he is a special favorite of mine. I like his free and confiding habits. I admire his glossy and glittering plumage. I love to see him marching, in double-quick time, over my lawn, in quest of worms and insects; I enjoy his soft and musical whistle, as he sits, in an autumnal morning, basking on the top of some tree that catches the first rays of the rising sun. I doubt not that the amount of good effected by starlings in the destruction of predatory insects, must far outweigh the little mischief they may do in an occasional visit to the cherry garden. In this agricultural district they are constantly to be seen on the backs of the sheep, relieving those animals of vermin; and the sheep seem well aware that their visitors are engaged in a very neighborly occupation. But my present object is to notice an accusation made against starlings, which I remember to have heard ever since I first took an interest in the feathered tribes ; viz. that being given to intrude in pigeon-houses, they are in the habit of destroying both the eggs and young of the pigeons. Yarrell has alluded to the accusation. Without offering his own opinion on the subject he says, “Starlings frequently roost in pigeon houses, and are accused of destroying both eggs and young pigeons. This has been doubted; I can substantiate no charge on my own knowledge,” &c. Now evil reports, although oftentimes altogether false, and generally exaggerated, have frequently at least some foundation. I had often sought for information on the point in question, from observers of nature : but, for a long time, could learn nothing that was satisfactory. However, I was at length enabled to satisfy myself as to what I consider the origin of the charge against, and the amount of capability in the starling. When I first resided amidst the hills of North Hants, some twenty years since, starlings were rare; now they abound. I wish I could add, that fitting places for nidification abounded also. But no; in these utilitarian days, if a sound tree happily escape the axe, a pollard, or a tree with a hole in it, has no chance of long adding to the picturesque of the neighborhood. The starlings consequently occupy every, available position—the eaves, the thatch, the chimney of the cottage, the barn, the church tower; and, as an especially comfortable retreat, they share with the pigeons the tenantry of the dovecote. Conversing with an observant neighbor about the inmates of his pigeon-house, he accidentally remarked the circumstance of his occasionally losing young pigeons from the intru

sion of the starlings. The remark of course caught my attention ; and, on following up

the conversation, I learnt that the starling, being a bold and pugnacious bird, after taking possession of a hole for nidification in the vicinity of a pigeon similarly engaged, will frequently attack the latter. On such occasions the pigeon, from its timid and unwarlike habits, not only gives way, but is led sometimes to forsake its eggs, and even its young, in terror of the powerful and sharp beak of its neighbor. It appears to me, that the circumstances just narrated may be fairly regarded as explanatory of the origin of the accusation against the


Come, and hear the lav'rock's vespers

Sounding sweetly through the dell; Come, and hear the melting whispers

Lightly echo'd by the gale. Phæbus gilds the hills in splendor ;

Luna brings the ev'ning's close :
Twilight sues, with accents tender,

Wearied Nature to repose.
Come,--the birds with love are burning,

Sweet they sing, in sportive glee;
While, to bives of joy returning,

Wings the laden merry bee.
Then, oh, leave all baneful pleasures ;

Rove, with me, o'er hill and lea;
May unfolds her flowery treasures
Come, then, come !-she waits for thee.

D. S. B.

starling, who may thus far be culpable : and in unfruitful. The same pair formed another nest, this

way may be charged with the occasional ruin and the hen has been sitting for a week on four of a pigeon's nest. I offer this explanation as eggs, all of which appear to be unfruitful. No. 1 likely to interest some of the reailers of our JOUR- in the same room, built a nest early in March, but NAL; and as being useful to satisfy the doubts of the eggs were not laid till near the end of the others ( as it has satisfied my own, regarding this month, and then in one corner of the space

where blemish in the character of the Starling.-H.H.W., the nest-box is placed, on the bare wood, and in Combe Vicarage, Hants.

such a situation that the hen could not possibly

sit on them. I placed them in the nest ; but she On Breeding Canaries, Proper Cages, &c., &c. has not condescended to look at them since, and is -Since I wrote last, death has been at work in now building a new nest. The eggs, three in my family of songsters; and no less than one number, I intend to place in No. 6, where the first fourth of the whole number have been struck down egg was laid on the 4th instant. In No. 8, four by his ruthless hand. All these deaths have taken eggs were laid on the 30th March, and the hen is place in cages of wire and tin-plate, without any now sitting. Two other pairs are making preparawood being used in their construction. I thought tions for a beginning; and in a fortnight I expect these would be more easily cleaned, and kept in we shall be in full operation. One of your corresorder, than those made of wood; and although pondents states, that cakes made with butter are told by an experienced fancier that such cages injurious to the young birds. I have used the were dangerous, still I persisted in using them, and broken cakes and scrapings of cakes procured from have paid dear for my obstinacy. I do not yet a confectioner's, to mix with boiled egg, for my know why these tin and wire cages are more dan- birds; and I never found any ill effects to follow its gerous than others; I only state the fact. That use, though no doubt the crumbs and broken the few remarks I may forward to our JOURNAL, cakes contained a large proportion of butter. I on the subject of Canary Breeding, may be more have five larks, and they are all in full song. I easily understood by your readers, I will

, with give them equal parts of CLIFFORD's German your permission, give a list of my birds and cages ; paste, bruised hemp-seed, and bread crumbs, and their respective arrangement. The cages are mixed. This food answers admirably for them. numbered, from 1 upwards : No. 1 is a handsome My bed-room has a southern aspect, and is devoted and very complete cage, painted white inside ; but to my favorites, whose comfort and convenience I not made entirely of mahogany. It was procured constantly endeavor to study. They are fed and from Clifford, Great St. Andrew Street; and with watered every morning, with the addition of egg the above exception, is made according to the in- and cake twice a week. Every Thursday they are structions given in one of your own earlier articles thoroughly cleaned, and an abundant supply of on Song-Birds. Its occupants are a pair of London fresh sand given. Any further information likely prize canaries (mealy cock and Jonque hen) not to prove of interest to your readers, I shall be most quite perfect, and one year old. No. 2 is a large happy to communicate from time to time.-Alpha, cage made entirely of mahogany, 30 inches long, Liverpool, April 8. 20 high, and 12 deep. It is neither painted nor whitewashed inside ; and is tenanted by a pair of Notes on the Robin, Swallow, Cuckoo, &c.perfect prize canaries (Jonque cock and mealy We are now, my dear Sir, in all our glory. hen). No. 3 is the same as 2, only rather smaller; The weather is seasonable; the glorious sun it is neither painted nor whitewashed. Its tenants shows us his bright and lovely face; and the are a mealy Belgian cock and Jonque hen,-both trees are clad in a vesture of the most refreshfine birds. No. 4 is the same as 3. No. 5 is a ing green. The very flowers, on every hand, very old cage, about the same size as No. 2 ; but seem anxious to gladden us as we pass.

Ali without a division to separate the young birds from nature is serene and happy; and as you say, the old ones, and with loose nest-boxes. Nos. 4 why should not we, her children, be happy too? and 5 are without inhabitants at present. Nos. Is not happiness "contentment ?" [Most assured6 and 7 form a double cage (new), of the usual ly !] Our robins are at nest. The mamma in exconstruction, with loose boxes, and quite plain. pectancy has been “sitting" some time; and her Each compartment is 24 inches long, 20 high, and doating spouse has, meanwhile, paid her the most 12 deep. No. 6 contains a pair of common cana- attentive consideration. There is no mauvaise ries, and No. 7 a mealy Belgian cock and Jonque honte about him! More than once has the elehen. Nos. 8 and 9-a double cage, similar to the gant little brogue taken from my very hand a last (one year old)---size of each division, 19 inches mealworm, and flown with it direct to his betterlong, 12 high, and 10 deep. It is occupied by two half. No solfishness have we here, Mr. Editor. pairs of fine Norwich canaries, Jonque cock and Well may you remark, that we mortals ought to mealy hen. No. 10 is a very old and common cage improve upon the many hints thrown out to us containing a cock goldfinch and hen canary. No. 1 by the lower world! I note something suggestive similar to the last, and contains a cock linnet and every day; and often ponder on your words-not,

The foregoing list comprises all I hope, without profit. The swallows have been my present stock; but, before six months have over some days (they visited Hammersmith on passed over, I hope to see it very largely increased. the 14th of April]; but we have not yet heard the The first symptoms of breeding were shewn by Cuckoo. [He was heard at Acton, Middlesex, No. 2, whose inmates were kept in a warm room, 14 miles from Hammersmith, on the 17th of where a fire was constantly burning. Being sup- April.] He cannot, however, be far off, as his plied with materials, the nest was finished on avant-courier, the wry-neck, is heard early every February 23rd; but the first egg was not laid till morning. I should tell you, that we are not, like March 3rd. Four eggs were laid, but turned out the generality of people, averse to swallows

hen canary

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