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over four years. He and his son now work in my when about three years old. Some wise-heads garden, Mr. Editor, and the whole family are much assert, that this detriment to our beauty regularly respected. Is not this a curious case of “gourmand- takes place about that age. Now, as you are a ise" in a rat-of kind thoughtful feeling in a gar- mouse of experience, and the mother of so large a dener, as well as of grateful feeling in the old lady; family, due credit would attach to your testimony. and may it not teach a lesson to all of us--never I therefore entreat that, at an early day, you will to judge rashly by putting too much faith in ex- kindly inform me whether you can stilla tail ternal appearances ? We may sometimes condemn unfold ?" Meantime, my heart beating with hope, a fellow-creature for a theft committed by a rat! believe me yours ever affectionately, LITTLE BOBOMBYX ATLAS.

PEEP.-P.S.-If, as I begin to fear, you do not

belong to our family, perhaps you can contrive to The Family of Rooks, domesticated at Dover. | throw some little light upon my question.” - It is not one of the least remarkable circumstances connected with Dover, Mr. Editor, that

"Downy” to “Bo-Peep.” a number of rooks have for a few years past taken “My dear little Cousin.-I hasten to reply to up their quarters among the trees in the grounds

your very affectionate letter, received this mornattached to the large house belonging to E. R. ing from the Editor of our JOURNAL. I regret Rice, Esq., situated at the rear of the Marine that I am unable to speak from actual experience, Parade. Occupying the position that this spot or observation, in reply to your query. That not does, in the centre of a bustling town, the fact only myself, but also every one of my family can occasioned universal surprise ; and the “cawing" "a tail unfold”-and a pretty long one too! of the rooks soon became interesting. The inha- I can honestly affirm. Now, without presuming bitants of the neighborhood have, on their parts,

to contradict your wise-heads, I will venture to conceived quite a regard for these sable-feathered

doubt their statements. I have consulted my friends; so much so, that the vagabonds who little mistress, my old master Bombyx Atlas, and have essayed to scare them have received instan

his sapient dog Fino. Annexed is the result of taneous and condign punishment. It is not,

our consultation; or, as we say in Hebrew, therefore, surprising, that a report that a rookery

“Hereby hangs a tail.” They all confess their was about to be destroyed should have occasioned

inability to speak from positive practical expea strong expression of feeling on the part of those | rience; but I have referred to the “ Museum of residing near. This has emanated in the form Animated Nature'(a most valuable work), “LeDicof a petition to Mr. Rice, signed by between thirty tionaire Universale d'Histoire Naturelle" (a work and forty, householders, requesting that he will above all praise), Blumenbach (whose name speaks not permit the rooks to be disturbed.-So that it for itself), and four other works on natural history. is hoped the colony will yet be allowed to live in I have also carefully perused the minute descrippeace.-E., Sandwich, Kent.

tions of the manners and habits of one hundred and [Turn which way we will, we find the heart of

fourteen of the genus "Mouse," and ten of the the savage peeping out. How is it that the En

genus “ Dormouse;" but neither I nor Bombyx glish, with all their boasted civilisation, cannot

can find any allusion to the alarming and disagreebear to see any living creature “happy pes Of all

able prospect for dormice, or any other mice, at the animals, rooks are the most friendly. They

third year of their age. Indeed Bombyx perfectly must indeed have a mean opinion of mankind, for

recollects talking with a man who deals in fancy 80 returning their proffered hospitality !]

birds, fishes, mice, &c., &c., upon the subject of

the age which mice, properly taken care of, might The DormoureA Tail" of Mystery.--In

expect to reach ; and the man showed him a mouse your last, Mr. Editor, was a pleasing episode in which he affirmed he had reared himself, and the life of a “Happy Mouse." I want to address which he said was upwards of eight years old. It a note to her. Permit me to do so through the certainly had as fine a caudal appendage, Bombyx channel of OUR JOURNAL. Will you so far oblige tells me, as any mouse could wish to produce. me ?—LITTLE BO-PEEP, Worcester.

For these reasons, my dear little Bo-peep, endeavor [We cannot do less, Little Bo-peep, seeing that to redouble your efforts to win the affection of your your communication involves a curious inquiry. wavering protectress. Tell her that you would Subjoined, therefore, is your letter. We have rather die before the arrival of the doomed third referred it to “ Downy" in the first instance, and year, than become a tailless mouse. Tell her that her “reply " (just received) shall be given, pro I do not believe one word about her wise heads. bono publico.]

The great Creator would never have formed us "BO-PELP" to "Downy."

with such a beautiful ornament as our fine tail, if “Dear, Happy Downy. I am an aspiring little it were to be taken clean off when we had attained Dormouse, young and inexperienced; but seeking the third yearofour existence! Bombyx Atlas does at all risks to better my present condition. Pray not believe it; neither does Fino ; nor do I. My lend me your aid to further my wishes. The little mistress quite ridicules the idea. Most truth is, I desire to enter a family wherein one of happy shall I be, to know that I have been any our kindred lived most happily. By my winning way instrumental in promoting your welfare. May little ways-being young, sprightly, and gentle - you become as happy as I am, and never forget to I should not fear to win the affection of all. Now, show your gratitude to your mistress, if you between one member of that family and myself, should succeed in persuading her to take you there seems to exist a feeling of sympathy. She under her fostering care! As for the contemplated desires to make me her pet, I long to become loss of your tail, it will be time enough to talk her darling. One thing sadly stands in my way. about that when it occurs; and it is my belief you My predecessor had the misfortune to lose his tail will never have occasion to refer to that subject from natural causes. That such a thing might between us all. I should remark that “ Tom's happen from accident is possible, but only pos- wife," as we christened the female cricket, grew sible. So now, my dear' little Bo-peep, make jealous, and eloped. Whether “ Tom" pined or yourself as pretty as you can, and as winning too ; not I cannot say ; but his sudden disappearance and I think you will succeed in becoming the pet led to the belief that he might have died brokenof the family. My brother, sister, and all my hearted !-F. B., Liverpool. family, unite in sympathetic love to you ; anii (Are we personally known to this contributor ? believe me ever most affectionately yours, Our mind seems to incline towards that belief; Downy.

although it is not her hand-writing that induces

us to ask the question. We do not recognise the Notes on the Singularities of Birds.- It is very caligraphy; but we do the sentiment.] amusing, Mr. Editor, to watch the “ expanding intellects” of young birds, who show at a very early On Teming Birds.-I much prefer your method age that they will learn something. I once had half of tanning birds to that adopted and recommended a dozen nests of young birds in one cagem consisting by your correspondent,"Alpha." The starving of of missel thrushes, linnets, gieentinches, chaf birds to make them "love" you is heterodox, and finches, and blackbirds. Not one of them could quite foreign to the amiable principles which rule peck save a young thrush, whom I put in when OUR JOURNAL. As you say--to love for love's about a week older than the others. On feeding sake" is Heaven upon earth. The starvation systhem one morning, this bird carried off a piece of tem is unnatural, and therefore objectionable ; 80 food and dropped it near a chaffinch. The latter let us, if you please, keep true to our principles. caught at it and swallowed it. This rather -Puss. “queered "the thrush; but he obtained another (You are quite right, Puss-y; but as we are piece, and conveyed it to the same spot. It shared liberal, we never muzzle our contributors. Bechthe same fate as the last ; this must have tickled stein gave " Alpha " the hint. We do not like his fancy, for he deliberately brought it some more Bechstein's book,-never did, -never shall. The food and offered it; persevering till it was cram- woodcuts it contains of birds and cages are well med. You can judge how astonished I felt, when, enough; but it is not at all adapted for the use on the young bird refusing to have any more, he of people who love birds. Neither is it pracbrought food to another one, and then to all the tically useful. It has circulated, simply because rest! He continued to perform the self-imposed there was no other competitor. Children have it duty every day, occupying the whole of his time, in the nursery, as "a picture-book of Birds." It and seeming quite distressed when none of them amuses them, and keeps them out of mischief. would eat. He taught them too to peck, in “no Beyond this, it has no real value.] time." It was quite ludicrous to observe how puzzled he was to understand why the linnets The Stereoscope, as applied to Miniatures.-In should refuse a long worm, which to him seemed your number for January, you gave some very an especial delicacy. But he was a true philoso- interesting particulars about the Miniature Likepher; and after the worm had gone a-begging all nesses taken “in relief," by Mr. Mayall, of 224, round, he took up something else, and indeed Regent Street; resembling, when so taken, cameo everything in the form of food that he could get. busts. May I ask if the cost is moderate ? -R. B., Winchester.

REBECCA J., Dundee.

[The whole apparatus, including the portrait, The Cuckoo.----Do, please, just announce the fact may be had from forty-two shillings upwards. You of the cuckoo being heard in our neighborhood say in your note that you are coming shortly to to-day, for the first time. His refreshing notes London. You will then be able to see a variety of have made us all so joyful in anticipation of the specimens, and their effects.] coming season SWEETBRIAR, Worcester.

[His arrival at this date has been pretty general, The Piranha Fish.—This fish, which contendo we are told, in those places which he usually glad for the dominion of the waters of the Brazilian dens with his presence. We agree with you, that | portion of South America, is one of terrible his musical notes are refreshing. Our garden is voracity; there is hardly any animal that ventures his home.]

into the water but what suffers from its attacks. The Cricket.-I am so delighted, Mr. Editor, The victim of the piranha is generally surwith the tone of your charming periodical, that I rounded by large shoals or swarms of them; think it a duty to contribute whatever may tend to they may be justly compared to a nest of water amuse and instruct your readers. Some may smile hornets. Horses and cattle do not venture to at the idea of a tame cricket; but we have had drink of the water below the surface, lest their two tame ones. The first was a solitary bachelor, snout should be bitten off-an accident which, who came out regularly at night to be fed ; retiring however, sometimes befalls them. The cayman with sufficient crumbs for his morning meal. Find himself is forced to fly before this terrible enemy, ing himself noticed, he soon grew very familiar, and and turns his unprotected belly towards the top became our constant guest. In due time he fell of the water: the otter alone, whose hairy skin in love; and in the natural course of events, united deadens the force of the bite, is proof against his fate--not to a fair partner, but to one of a caste dark as his own. Both grew quite familiar, and visited us constantly.If I were to relate to you half A LITTLE SECRET.--If you would " overcome their contrivances to carry away what they could not mountains " (WE have done so) - work hard ; eat, you would scarcely credit my tale. However, trust to Providence; and reckon NOTHING to be true it is, there was a mutual friendship established ! impossible.




and fervor, and an eloquence rarely excited

and perhaps never more felicitously indulged A LETTER from my Love ! Come let me bless

in personal intercourse. Hence the chief The paper that her hand has travell’d o'er, And her eyes looked on. Then her inward thoughts; charm of a letter, if the term may be so apSee! how amid the words of love they're traced

plied, is its individuality; as a message from Like glow-worms amid buds of flowers!


one whom we love or esteem, according to NOWING, – VERY KNOWING

the degree of kin or congeniality between MUST HE HAVE BEEN, who

us, sent expressly on an errand of kindness first taught people to con

to ourselves. The consciousness that it was verse through the medium

written to and for him, gives the receiver a of hieroglyphics, -- for such

paramount interest in its existence, as well must letters have been in

nin as in its disclosures. To him, therefore, it their early infancy. He has

becomes an object of affection; and none conferred a gift on mankind

but himself (however some others may symwhich they can never sufficiently estimate. pathise with the feelings) can enter into it and for which they can never be sufficiently

with the same degree of ineffable emotion: grateful. Men, women, and children, rich

and children rich that, indeed, is "a joy with which a stranger and poor, gentle and simple, the prince, the

intermeddleth not.” peasant, and the beggar,--all share in the

In letter-writing, when the heart is earnbenefit, more or less.

estly engaged, the first thoughts in the first But for the power we possess of conversing

words are usually the best; for it is thoughts, with our friends at a distance, what mise

not words, that are to be communicated; rable people we should be! Of all the most

and meaning, not manner, which is mainly to innocent and exquisite pleasures of this life. be aimed at. The ideas that rise, and surely that of hearing from an absent friend | thicken as they rise, in a mind full and over

the greatest. It is Heaven upon earth flowing with its subject, voluntarily embody When we are suddenly reminded, by a letter,

themselves in language the most easy and of one who is dear to us, and see our name in

appropriate; yet are they so delicate and the well-known hand on the direction, does

evanescent, that, unless caught in the first not a flash of delight pervade the whole frame;

forms, they soon lose their character and the heart beat with expectation while the

distinctness, blend with each other, and from seal is being broken; and, as the sheet is

being strikingly simple in succession, become unfolded, go forth in full benevolence to meet

inextricably complex in association, on ac. the heart of the writer in the perusal of its

count of their multiplicity and affinity. contents ? Surely yes.

The thoughts that occur in letter-writing How welcome is the postman's knock! will not stay to be questioned; they must be How we do love that man! How cheerfully taken at their word, or instantly dismissed. do we give him his Christmas-box! In his They are like odors from “ a bank of violets" hands are daily, hourly placed, secrets dear -a breath-and away. He that would revel to us as our life. He seems to know it, as on the fragrance, by scenting it hard and he presents us with the letters,- beginning long, will feel that its deliciousness has eluded “ One, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight him. He may taste it again and again, and

-and one more, Sir,-nine !” He then smiles for a moment; but he might as well attempt significantly, after recognising certain hand- to catch the rainbow, and hold it, as long to writings, and looking at certain mottoes inhale and detain the subtle and volatile attached to certain letters in wax; and bow sweetness. He who once hesitates amidst ing, he gradually backs out into the street. the flow of fresh feelings and their spontaWe repeat it, we love these messengers of neous expression, becomes, unawares, bewilpeace, whilst we deplore the miserable par- dered ; and must either resolutely disengage simony that pays them wages insufficient to himself by darting right forward through the keep them alive. Talk about post-office throng of materials, to recover the freedom robberies,-- the post office deserves to be of his pen, or he must patiently select, robbed! We detest the crime, but we mar- arrange, and array them, as in a premeditated vel not at the circumstance.

exercise of his mind on a given theme. Most sweetly does Montgomery write The great beauty of letter-writing, either about letters, and those who indite them. with man or woman, consists in the freshness Ifis remarks are not, we admit, for the many; with which ideas flow from the heart. But but every reader of THIS JOURNAL will to enjoy this, two minds must be united in appreciate them at their full value.

one. There must be one heart, one community An epistolary correspondence, he says, be- of feeling. Tastes must be similar, thoughts tween intimate, endeared connections, is a similar. In no other way can sympathy spiritual communion, in which minds alone exist. seem to mingle, and, unembarrassed by the We have had, during the conduct of this bodily presence, converse with a freedom, Journal, some very remarkable opportunities

Vol. III.-17.


for speaking oracularly on the subject under this article is always among the presents to a bride notice. We are in constant and uninterrup- on the occasion of her nuptials. The distinguishing ted communication, and in free intercourse, marks of personal attractions among the Chinese, with many persons whom we have never vet in a gentleman--are, a large person, inclining to seen. We write as freely to them, as they

her corpulency, a full glossy face, and large pendent do to us. If we say we love them, we speak

y ears; the latter indicating high breeding and for

| tune. In females it is nearly the reverse, delicate but the simple truth. They have said as much i forins are in them highly estecmed, having slender to us. And why not? If we were to meet “willow waists." The eves are termed "silver to-morrow, there would be no shyness, no seas." The eve-brows are frequently removed, strangeness, no distance between us. This and in their stead a delicately curved pencil line result is brought about by that indefinable is drawn, resembling the leaf of the willow, "Lew chord of sweet sympathy, on which we shoo," a species of palm which is considered beautouched emphatically in our earlier volumes. tiful, and used metaphorically for “ Pleasure.”

Some may connect these remarks with Hence the saying—"deceived and stupefied by the professed “ art of reading characters by wi

racters by willows and flowers ;" i.e. by dissolute pleasures. the hand-writing ;" but no such jugglery is

In what circumstances the golden lílies," the

highest of personal attractions, originated, is not

may known. The distortion is produced by turning the bring grist to the mill of the hungry “pro: toes under the soles of the feet at birth, and confessor ;" but he knows nothing of what we fining them in that position by tight bandages, are talking about.

till their growth is effectually checked. The Letters truly have a voice, and it some bandaging is continued for several years, during times speaks softly, eloquently, lovingly, to which the poor child suffers the most excruciating those who can hear it; but “no stranger,” | tortures. This is no doubt an absurd, cruel, and as Montgomery says, can“ intermeddle" wicked practice ; but those who dwell in glass with such joys as these. Of letters generally,

houses should not throw stones. It is not a whit the same correct judgment may be formed.

worse, nay, I maintain that it is less irrational The mechanical action of the pen is seen

and injurious than the abomination of tight-lacing.

No vital part is here attacked, no vital functions on the paper. It is taken up for a purpose,

disordered ; and on the score of taste, if the errors and then laid aside. Cold, dry, formal

of Nature are to be rectified, and her graceful lines missives reach us constantly. We reply to and proportions improved, I see not why the process them as a matter of course ; and having burnt of amendment may not be as reasonably applied them, at once cease to think of them and the to the feet as to the waist. Almost every family writers. Selfish are the questioners, and as in China, however poor, has one daughter with the succinct are we in our replies.

small feet. But such are not the letters of which we Head-dresses of natural and artificial flowers have been singing. These, even if burnt, are always worn. “No woman,” says Sir George have a “ correct copy" stamped upon a sub Staunton, “is so poor as to neglect, or so aged as stance that is imperishable,-our heart. to give up adorning herself in this manner." The

culture of flowers for this purpose is a regular

occupation throughout the country. SOME PECULIARITIES OF THE CHINESE.

Wives are distinguished from unmarried females, BY W. B. LANGDON.

by the latter allowing the hair near the forehead

to hang down towards the eye-brows; while the THE CONSTANT INTERCOURSE NOW TAKING

former have theirs bound together upon the crown place between this country and China, natu

of the head, rally renders anything connected with the

Among the accomplishments of Chinese ladies,

music, painting on silk, and embroidery, hold the latter interesting. The subjoined remarks

chief places. The musical instruments are various

haracteristics of the in kind and material, and a supply of them is held women of the country; and give one an idea to be an indispensable part of the furniture of a of their social habits. A Chinese dinner-party lady's boudoir. Painting on silk is a very common is a curiosity in its way. But hommage aux recreation; and embroidery is an almost universal dumes ! Let me first speak of the ladies :- accomplishment.

The women of China, as in all other countries So much for the women of China. Let not blessed with Christianity, occupy a rank in us now take a peep at a Chinese 6 spread." society far inferior to that of the men. Neverthe. The ceremony attending an invitation to less, their place in the social scale is higher, their dinner is somewhat formal, and may be inteinfluence greater, and their treatment better, than resting to many of your readers. The invitacan be predicated of the sex in any other Asiatic tin

siatic | tion is conveyed some days before, by a nation. Of school education the mass receive none,

crimson-colored ticket, on which is inscribed though there are occasionally shining exceptions ; but Gutzlaff ascribes to them the possession of a

the time appointed; and the guest is entreated large sbare of common sense, and says that they

to bestow " the illumination of his presence." make " devoted wives and tender mothers."

" At other times, the phrase is, I have pre. The generality of Chinese ladies cannot boast of pared pure tea, and wait for your company to great beauty. They inake a free use of rouge, and converse."

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The following description of a Chinese supplied with a species of spoon, of silver or dinner, from the pen of Captain Laplace, of porcelain, sufficiently convenient in shape. the French Navy, is given with so much of the characteristic vivacity of his countrymen,

To the younger guests, naturally lively, such a and so well conveys the first impression of a

crowd of novelties presented an inexhaustible

fund of pleasantry; and, though unintelligible to scene not often witnessed by Europeans, that I introduce it without further apology :

the worthy Hong merchant and his brother, the

jokes seemed to delight them not at all the less. The first course was laid out in a great number The wine, in the meantime, circulated freely, and of saucers of painted porcelain, and consisted of the toasts followed each other in rapid succession. various relishes in a cold state, as salted earth- | This liquor, which to my taste was by no means worms, prepared and dried, but so cut up that I agreeable, is always taken hot; and in this state fortunately did not know what they were until I it apprcaches pretty nearly to Madeira in color, as swallowed them; salted or smoked fish, and ham,

well as a little in taste; but it is not easy to get both of them cut into extremely small slices;

| tipsy with it, for, in spite of the necessity of frebesides which there was what they called Japan quently attending to the invitations of my host, leather, a sort of darkish skin. hard and touch. this wine did not in the least affect my head. We with a strong, and far from agreeable taste, which drank it in little gilt cups, having the shape of an seemed to have been macerater in water for some antique Vase, with

antique vase, with two handles, of perfect worktime. All these et cæteras, including among the manship, and kept constantly filled by attendants number a liquor which I recognised to be sov. | holding large silver vessels like coffee-pots. made from a Japan bean, and long since adopted After all these good things served one upon the by the wine-drinkers of Europe to revive their other, of which it gave me pleasure to see the last, faded appetites or tastes, were used as seasoning succeeded the second

succeeded the second course, which was preceded to a great number of stews, which were contained by a little ceremony, of which the object seemed in bowls, and succeeded each other uninterruptedly to be a trial of the guests' appetites. Upon the All the dishes, without exception, swam in soup: / edges of four bowls, arranged in a square, three on one side figured pigeons' eggs, cooked in gravy. others were placed, filled with stews, and surtogether with ducks and fowls, cut very small, and mounted by an eighth, which thus formed the immersed in a dark colored sauce ; on the other. | summit of a pyramid ; and the custom is to touch little balls made of sharks' fins, eggs prepared by none of these, although invited by the host. On heat (of which both the smell and taste seemed

the refusal of the party the whole disappeared, to us equally repulsive,) immense grubs, a peculiar and the table was covered wi

and the table was covered with articles in pastry kind of sea-fish, crabs, and pounded shrimps. and sugar; in the midst of which was a salad con

Seated at the right of our excellent Amphitryon. 1 posed of the tender shoots of the bamboo, and I was the object of his whole attention ; but, some watery preparations, that exhaled a most nevertheless, found myself considerably at a loss disagreeable odor. how to use the two little ivory sticks, tipped with Up to this point the relishes, of which I first silver, which, together with a knife that had a long spoke, had been the sole accompaniment of all the narrow, and thin blade, formed the whole of my successive ragouts; they still served to season the eating apparatus. I had great difficulty in seizing bowls of plain rice, which the attendants now, for my prey, in the midst of these several bowls filled the first time, placed before each of the guests. with gravy; in vain I tried to hold, in imitation of It must be remembered that this was a my host, this substitute for a fork, between the formal dinner: rice forms a much more integral thumb and the two first fingers of the right hand, for the chopsticks slipped aside every moment, par

part of an every-day meal. leaving behind them the unhappy little morsel I regarded with an air of considerable embar. which I coveted. It is true that the master of rassment, the two little sticks, with which, notthe house came to the relief of my inexperience (by withstanding the experience acquired since the which he was much entertained) with his two in- commencement of the repast, it seemed very struments, the extremities of which, a few moments doubtful whether I should be able to eat my rice, before, had touched a mouth, whence age, and the grain by grain, according to the belief of Eurouse of snuff and tobacco, had cruelly chased its peans regarding the Chinese custom. I therefore good looks. However, I contrived to eat, with waited until my host should begin, to follow his tolerable propriety, a soup prepared with the example, foreseeing that, on this new occasion, famous birds' nests in which the Chinese are such | some fresh discovery would serve to relieve us epicures. The substance thus served up is reduced | from the truly ludicrous embarrassment which into very thin filaments, transparent as isinglass, we all displayed ; in a word our two Chinese, and resembling vermicelli, with little or no taste. cleverly joining the ends of their chopsticks, At first I was much puzzled to find out how, with plunged them into the bowls of rice, held up to our chopsticks, we should be able to taste of the the mouth, which was opened to its full extent, various soups which composed the greater part of and thus easily shovelled in the rice, not by grains, the dinner, and had already called to mind the fable but by handsful. Thus instructed, I might have of the fox and the stork, when our two Chinese followed their example ; but I preferred making entertainers, dipping at once into the bowls with up with the other delicacies, for the few attractions the little saucer placed at the side of each guest, which, to my taste, had been displayed by the showed us how to get rid of the difficulty. first course. The second lasted a much shorter I confess I was never witness to this slovenly | Presently the table was strewed with flowers,

time, the attendants cleared away everything. manoeuvre, as the Chinese tables are generally / which vied with each other in brilliancy; pretty

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