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by probate owers as were poso members of the

by probate judges in the Territory of Utah, except such duties and powers as were possessed and exercised by said probate judges as ex-officio members of the county courts of their respective counties, be and the same are hereby conferred on and vested in the judges of the district courts for the respective counties of this State.

Sec. 2. This act shall take effect upon its approval.

Approved February 24, 1896.

CHAPTER XXVIII.

TO PREVENT THE EMPLOYMENT OF CHILDREN AND

FEMALES IN MINES.

AN ACT to Prevent the Employment of Children under the Age of Four.

teen Years, and Females, in Mines and Smelters.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Utah:

SECTION 1. That it shall be unlawful for any perEmployment of son, firm or corporation to employ any child under

fourteen years of age, or any female, to work in any mine or smelter in the State of Utah.

Sec. 2. Any person, firm or corporation who shall violate any of the provisions of this act shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor.

Approved March 2, 1896.

children and females forbidden.

Penalty.

CHAPTER XXIX.

UNIVERSITY APPROPRIATION.

AN ACT to make a Special Appropriation for the support of the Univer.

sity of Utah.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Utah:

SECTION 1. There is hereby appropriated for the on support of the University of Utah, the sum of ten thou

Appropriation for State university, how paid.

Sec. 2. Warrants for the appropriation shall be issued by the State Auditor, but the same shall not be paid out of any moneys otherwise heretofore appropriated or held in reserve for the payment of interest on the bonded indebtedness of the State.

Sec. 3. This act shall take effect upon its approval.

Approved February 28, 1896.

CHAPTER XXX.

COUNTY PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS.

AN ACT to amend General Section 133, of Volume I of the Compiled Laws of

Utah, 1888, relating to the duties of County Prosecuting Attorneys.

to have charge

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Utah:

SECTION 1. That general section 133, Vol. I, of the Compiled Laws of Utah, 1888, be and the same is hereby amended to read as follows:

Sec. 133. It shall be the duty of the county pros- County attorney ecuting attorney to commence and take charge of all of alte prosecutions for all offenses arising under the laws of prosecu the State, in the county for which he is elected or appointed in all the courts having jurisdiction of the same. He shall attend the grand jury when in session, formulate all indictments and perform all the duties of a prosecuting attorney, pertaining to cases arising under the laws of this State. In all cases where a defendant has been committed or bound over by a committing magistrate for an indictable offense, unless the presiding judge has impaneled a grand jury to investigate said offense, it shall be his duty to at once file an information in the district court against said defendant, in lieu of an indictment, a copy of which he shall cause to be served on said defendant or his attorney at the time of his arraignment.

Sec. 2. This act shall take effect upon approval.
Approved March 2, 1896.

CHAPTER XXXI.

REMOVAL OF OFFICERS OTHER THAN BY IMPEACHMENT.
AN ACT to carry into effect the Provisions of Section 21, Article VI of the

Constitution of Utah, providing for the removal of officers otherwise than
by Impeachment for High Crimes, Misdemeanors or Malfeasance in
office.

removal from office.

Accusation,

tion must state,

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of t'tah:

SECTION 1. All officers not liable to impeachment Causes for are subject to removal for high crimes, misdemeanors

or malfeasance in office as hereinafter provided.

Sec. 2. An accusation in writing against any dishow presented. trict, county, precinct, municipal or school district

officer, or officer of any board of education, for any high crime, misdemeanor or malfeasance in office may be presented by the grand jury or by the county attorney of the county for which the officer accused is elected or appointed.

Sec. 3. The accusation must state the offense What accusa- charged in ordinary and concise language, and without

repetition.

Sec. 4. When signed by the grand jury, the accuService of copy. sation must be delivered by the foreman of the grand

jury to the county attorney of the county, except when he is the officer accused. The county attorney must cause a copy of the accusation to be served upon the defendant, and require, by notice in writing of not less than ten days, that he appear before the district court of the county, at a time mentioned in the notice, and answer to the accusation. The original accusation must then be filed with the clerk of the court.

Sec. 5. The defendant must appear at the time Appearance of appointed and answer the accusation, unless for some

sufficient cause the court assign another day for that purpose. If he does not appear, the court may proceed to hear and determine the accusation in his absence.

Sec. 6. The defendant may answer the accusation Answer. either by objecting to the sufficiency thereof, or of any

article therein, or by denying the truth of the same.

Sec. 7. If he object to the legal sufficiency of the Objection must accusation, the objection must be in writing, but need

not be in any specific form, it being sufficient if it presents intelligibly the grounds of the objection.

accused,

oral.

must be forth

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for witnesses.

entry thereof.

Sec. 8. If he deny the truth of the accusation, Denial may be the denial may be oral and without oath, and must be or entered upon the minutes.

Sec. 9. If an objection to the sufficiency of the When answers accusation is not sustained, the defendant must answer with. thereto forthwith.

Sec. 10. If the defendant pleads guilty, the court Plea of guilty, must render judgment of conviction against him. If dental etc. and he denies the matters charged, or refuses to answer the accusation, the court must immediately, or at such time as it may appoint, proceed to try the accusation,

Sec. 11. The trial must be by jury and conducted Trial must be in all respects in the same manner as a trial for a" felony.

Sec. 12. The county attorney and the defendant Process are respectively entitled to such process as may be nec- to essary to enforce the attendance of witnesses as upon a trial for a felony.

Sec. 13. Upon a conviction, the court must, at Judgment and such time as it may appoint, pronounce judgment that ent the defendant be removed from office, but, to warrant a removal, a judgment must be entered upon the minutes, and the causes of removal must be assigned therein.

Sec. 14. From a judgment of removal an appeal Appeal; during may be taken to the supreme court, in the same man- officer to be ner as from a judgment in a civil action; but, until such judgment is reversed, the defendant is suspended from his office. Pending the appeal, the office must be filled as in case of a vacancy.

Sec. 15. The same proceedings may be had on Removal of like grounds for the removal of a county attorney, ex- attorney. cept that the accusation may be made by the grand jury or by the Attorney General for the State, and must be delivered by the foreman of the grand jury or the Attorney General to the clerk, and by him to the judge of the district court of the county, who must thereupon appoint some one to act as prosecuting officer in the matter, or place the accusation in the hands of the county attorney of an adjoining county, and require him to conduct the proceedings.

Sec. 16. When an accusation in writing, verified Accusation, by the oath of any person, is presented to a district and present in court, alleging that any officer within the jurisdiction frient of the court has been guilty of charging and collecting illegal fees for services rendered, or to be rendered, in

pendency,

superseded.

county

eneral to foreman of the State grand

when verified

court, how

his office, or has refused or neglected to perform the official duties pertaining to his office, the court must cite the party charged, to appear before the court at a time not more than ten nor less than five days from the time the accusation was presented; and on that day, or some other subsequent day, not more than twenty days from that on which the accusation was presented, must proceed to impanel a jury and hear the accusation and evidence offered in support of the same, and the answer and evidence offered by the party accused; and if, on such hearing, it appears by the verdict of the jury, that the charge is sustained, the court must enter a judgment that the party accused be deprived of his office, and for such costs as are allowed in civil cases.

Approved March 2, 1896.

CHAPTER XXXII.

LAW OF LIBEL.

AN ACT relating to the Law of Libel, providing for Retractions and the

effect thereof in certain specified cases.

Retractions of

lications and damages therefor.

Be it enacted by the Legislature of the State of Utah:

SECTION 1. If it shall appear on the trial of any

action brought for the publication of any alleged libel libelous pub.in any newspaper published in this State, that the said

alleged libel was published in good faith, that the publication thereof was due to mistake or misapprehension of the facts, and that a full and fair retraction of any statement therein alleged to be erroneous was published in the next regular issue of such newspaper, or in case of daily papers, within three days after such mistake or misapprehension was brought to the notice of such publisher or publishers, in as conspicuous a place and type in such newspaper as was the article complained of as libelous, then the plaintiff in such cases shall recover only actual damages.

: Provided, however, That the provisions of this act Exception. shall not apply to the case of any libel against any candi

Exception.

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