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PREFACE-1952 EDITION

This fifth edition of the United States Code was prepared and published pursuant to section 202 (c) of Title 1, U. S. Code, General Provisions. It contains a consolidation and codification of all the general and permanent laws of the United States in force on January 2, 1953. By statutory authority this edition may be cited “U. S. C. 1952 ed.” Previous editions were published in 1926, 1934, 1940, and 1946.

Inasmuch as many of the general and permanent laws which are required to be incorporated in this Code are inconsistent, redundant, archaic and obsolete, there has been inaugurated a comprehensive project of revising and enacting the Code, consisting of 50 titles, into positive law, title by title. In furtherance of this plan bills have been enacted to revise, codify and enact into positive law Titles 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 14, 17, 18, 28, and 35. In addition, bills relating to other titles are also being prepared for introduction at an early date. When this work is completed all the titles of the Code will be legal evidence of the general and permanent law and recourse to the numerous volumes of the Statutes at Large for this purpose will be unnecessary.

The title and chapter structure of the 1946 edition, together with Supplement v thereto, has been substantially preserved, the only changes made having been necessitated by the enactment of legislation during the 2d session of the 82d Congress. Any errors discovered in the 1946 edition or Supplement V have been corrected.

The actual work of preparing and editing the material for this edition was done by the West Publishing Co. of St. Paul, Minnesota, and the Edward Thompson Company of Brooklyn, New York, under the supervision of the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives. These companies prepared the original Code which Congress enacted in 1926 and have continuously served the Committee since that time in the preparation of the authorized new editions and Supplements to the Code. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the editorial and manuscript staffs of both publishing companies and of the law revision counsel for the Committee, for their untiring efforts to make this edition as nearly perfect as possible. Acknowledgment of valuable assistance is made also to various officers of Government departments and agencies for their helpful suggestions and criticisms.

The Committee on the Judiciary invites criticisms or suggestions with the view of improving the Code wherever possible. It is hoped that the program of enacting the Code into positive law, title by title, to improve its present status as merely prima facie evidence of the law, will meet with early success.

Chaunely speed

Chairman, Committee on the Judiciary.

WASHINGTON, D. C., May 1, 1953.

Page 1x

TABLE OF TITLES AND CHAPTERS

TITLE 5.-EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND

GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES

Continued Chap. 14. Retirement of Civil-Service Employees. 14A. Retirement of Citizen Employees of Alaska

Railroad. 15. Compensation for Injuries to Employees of

United States. 16. Subsistence Expenses. 17. Preference of Veterans in Government Em

ployment. 18. Federal Employees Pay Provisions. 19. Administrative Procedure. 19A. Review of Orders of Federal Agencies. 20. Compensation and Benefits of Student

Employees of Hospitals. 21.

Classification of Civilian Positions. 22. Performance Ratings.

Annual and Sick Leave.

23.

TITLE 6.-OFFICIAL AND PENAL BONDS

TITLE 1.–GENERAL PROVISIONS Chap. 1. Rules of Construction. 2. Acts and Resolutions; Formalities of Enact

ment; Repeals; Sealing of Instruments. 3. Code of Laws of United States and Supple

ments; District of Columbia Code and Sup

plements. TITLE 2.—THE CONGRESS 1. Election of Senators and Representatives. 2. Organization of Congress. 3. Compensation of Members. 4. Officers and Employees of Senate and House

of Representatives. 5. Library of Congress. 6. Congressional Investigations. 7. Contested Elections. 8. Federal Corrupt Practices. 8A. Regulation of Lobbying. 9. Office of Legislative Counsel. TITLE 3.—THE PRESIDENT 1. Presidential Elections and Vacancies. 2. Office and Compensation of President. 3. Protection of the President; The White House

Police. 4. Delegation of Functions. TITLE 4.-FLAG AND SEAL, SEAT OF GOVERN

MENT, AND THE STATES 1. The Flag. 2. The Seal. 3. Seat of the Government. 4. The States. 5. Official Territorial Papers. TITLE 5.--EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS AND

GOVERNMENT OFFICERS AND EMPLOYEES 1. Provisions Applicable to Departments and

Officers Generally. 2. Department of State. 2A.

Department of Defense. 3. Department of the Army. 4. Department of the Treasury. 5. Department of Justice. 6. Post Office Department. 7. Department of the Navy. 8. Department of the Interior. 9. Department of Agriculture. 10. Department of Commerce. 11.

Department of Labor. 11B. Department of the Air Force. 11C. General Services Administration. 12. Civil Service Commission and Classified Civil

Service. 13. Classification of Civilian Positions.

TITLE 7.–AGRICULTURE. 1. Commodity Exchanges. 2. Cotton Standards. 3. Grain Standards. 4. Naval Stores. 5. Importation of Adulterated Seeds. 6. Insecticides. 7. Insect Pests Generally. 7A. Golden Nematode. 8. Nursery Stock and Other Plants and Plant

Products. 8A. Rubber. 9. Packers and Stockyards. 10. Warehouses. 11. Honeybees. 12. Associations of Agricultural Products Pro

ducers. 13. Agricultural and Mechanical Colleges. 14. Agricultural Experiment Stations. 15. Bureau of Animal Industry. 16. Bureau of Dairy Industry. 17. Miscellaneous Matters. 18. Cooperative Marketing. 19. Cotton Statistics and Estimates. 20. Dumping or Destruction of Interstate Pro

duce. 20A. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 21. Tobacco Statistics. 21A. Tobacco Inspection. 21B. Tobacco Control. 22. Agricultural Marketing. 23. Foreign Agricultural Service. 24. Perishable Agricultural Commodities. 25. Export Standard for Apples and Pears.

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