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TABLE 1.The competitive fats and oils situation in the United States, 1920–47

(Millions of pounds]

Average, Average, Average, Average,
1920-24 1925-29 1930-34 1935-39

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

1946

1947

2,824 2, 933 2, 192

3, 193 4, 106 2, 240

3, 754 4,305 2, 268

3, 744 4, 642 2, 130

4, 158 5, 145 2,015

3, 974 5, 587 1,818

3, 936 4, 281 1, 701

3, 806 4,092 1, 501

4, 431 4, 777 1, 637

603

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Item

Production:

Vegetable oils and fats
Animal and fish oils and fats.
Butter, creamery and farm.

2,054
3, 398
1,849

2, 860
3, 422
2,069

2, 433
3, 458
2, 244

Total
Less oil content of imported raw materials

7, 301

Production from domestic materials.

6, 698

7, 568

7, 470

Total.

1,372

1, 779

1, 678

Exportations:

Vegetable oils and fats
Animal and fish oils and fats

185
1, 135

106
951

89
697

50
196

103
224

97
410

173
731

597
947

529
1,013

276
665

271
522

307
530

Total

1, 320

1,057

Summary:

Production from domestic materials.
Net imports.
Net change in stocks 1

Total apparent consumption
Apparent consumption per capita (pounds per year)..

6, 698

52 -33

7, 568

722
+140

7, 470

892
+93

7, 122
2,081
+63

8,731
1, 413
+292

9,314
1, 461
-281

10,005

48
-256

10, 796
-574
+134

6, 783
61.9

8, 150
68. 9

8, 269
66.1

9, 140
70.1

9,852
74. 6

11, 056

83.0

10, 309

76.5

10, 082

73.9

1 Minus sign denotes decrease and plus sign an increase in stocks during each year. Source: Compiled from reports of Bureau of the Census, Office of Domestic Commerce; and Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. s. Department of Agriculture.

TABLE 2.-Per capita consumption of the principal fats in the United States,

1912-47
[Pounds per capita]

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1912 1913. 1914 1915 1916. 1917 1918 1919. 1920. 1921. 1922. 1923. 1924. 1925. 1926. 1927 1928 1929 19301931. 1932 1933. 1934. 1935 1936. 1937. 1938 1939 1940. 1941. 1942. 1943. 1944. 1915. 1946 1947.,

16. 6 16.5 17.0 17. 2 17.3 15.8 13.8 15.3 14.8 16.2 17.0 17.8 18.0 18.0 18.5 18.1 17.5 17.4 17.2 18.0 18.1 17.8 18.2 17.1 16.4 16.4 16.4 17.3 16.9 15. 9 15.7 11.7 12.0 10.8 10.3 11.2

1.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.8 2. 7 3.3 3.4 3.4 2.0 1.7 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.6 1.8

18.1 18.0 18.4 18.6 19.1 18.5 17.1 18.7 18. 2 18.2 18.7 19.8 20.0 20.0 20.5 20.4 20. 1 20.3 19.8 19.8 19.7 19. 7 20.3 20. 1 19.4 19.5 19.3 19.6 19.3 18.6 18.4 15.6 15. 9 14.8 14.1 16.3

11.3 10.8 10. 7 11.6 11.7 10.1 11.9 10.7 12.0 10.8 13. 2 14.3 14. 2 12. 2 12. 2 12.7 13. 2 12. 7 12.6 13.5 14.3 13.9 12.9

9.5 11. 2 10.5 11.0 12.6 14.3 13.7 13. 1 13. 1 12.6 11.5 11.8 12. 7

8.4 9.6 10.8 10.1

9.6 10.9 10.5 11.7 6.7 7.0 6.7 6.6 7.1 9.7 9.6 9.7 9.4 9.9 9.8 9.3 7.5 7.5 9.4 12.0 12.3 12.3 11.5 10.6

8.9 10.4 8.9 9.8 9. 2 10.0 10.1 9.4

1.0 1.8 3.7 2.9 1.8

.7 3.7 2.3 2.7 3.6 4.7 4.8 3.8 4.8 5.1 4.1 4.6 5.4 5.8 4.6 4.4 5.1 5. 2 5.4 5.7 6.3 6.8 7.2 7.5 8.2 7.6 6.3 6.6 6.0 6.3 6.0

20.7 22. 2 25. 2 24. 6 23.1 21.7 26. 1 24. 7 21.4 21.4 24. 6 25. 7 25.1 26.7 26. 9 26.5 27.2 28.0 28. 2 27.4 26.2 26.5 27.5 26.9 28.2 29. 1 29.3 30.4 30.7 32.3 29.6 29.2 28.4 27.5 28. 2 28. 1

38.8 40.2 43,6 43.2 42. 2 40.2 43.2 43.4 39.6 39.6 43.3 45.5 45. 1 46.7 47.4 46.9 47.3 48.3 48.0 47. 2 45.9 46.2 47.8 47.0 47.6 48.6 48.6 50.0 50.0 50.9 48.0 44.8 44.3 42.3 42.3 44.4

1.6

1.9 2.1 3.0 3.0 3.1 2.9 2,3 2.4 2.7 2.7 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.8 5.1

Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics,

TABLE 3.—Oleomargarine production, by types, United States, by calendar years

1917-47

[Thousands of pounds)

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1917

21, 803 262, 004 283, 807 1918..

89, 133 258, 004 347, 137 1919.

132, 906 218, 150 351, 056 1920.

189, 829 163, 391 353, 220 1921.

99, 265 104, 586 203, 851 1922

74, 127 104, 587 178, 714 1923

93, 971 121, 721 215, 692 1924.

97, 871 120,053 217, 924 1925.

108, 490 109, 663 218, 153 1926.

116, 215 108, 870225, 085 1927

148, 576 109, 471 258, 047 1928

190, 788 101, 732 292, 520 1929.

215, 460 109, 502 324, 962 1930.

211, 130 87, 017 298, 147 1931

162, 931 52, 876 215, 807 1932

155, 674 38, 604 | 194, 278 See footnotes at end of table.

287, 245 350, 799

368, 799 1369, 484

215, 082 184, 752 227, 580 231, 829 233, 951 242, 560 277, 498 316, 662 356, 248 325, 660 229, 927 203, 232

TABLE 3,-Oleomargarine production, by types, United States, by calendar years

1917–47—Continued
[Thousands of pounds]

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TABLE 4.-Materials used in the manufacture of oleomargarine, United States,

by calendar years, 1927-49

[Thousands of pounds)

[graphic]

76, 235 93, 493 98, 840 90, 201| 61, 519 49, 044 58, 417 61, 903 83, 307 76, 386 Vitamin concentrate, salt and

other "conditioning" ingredients ..

23, 637 26, 604 29, 320 27,640 17,549 12, 991 14, 806 16, 619 22, 520 21, 386 Total miscellaneous.. 99, 872 120, 097 128, 160 117, 841 79, 068 62,035 73, 223 78, 522 105, 827 97, 772 Grand total... 337, 080 394, 760 432, 884 395, 246 270, 683 229, 242 272, 853 294, 118 414, 505 422, 420

See footnotes at end of table.

TABLE 4-Materials used in the manufacture of oleomargarine, United States,

by calendar years, 1927–47—Continued

[Thousands of pounds]

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Corn oil

1, 796 566 489 421 627 Cottonseed oil.

1,690

5,827 11, 480 173, 617 142, 858 98,656 115, 946 149, 930 166, 444 252, 109 215, 008 253, 997 222, 814322, 552

9, 174 6, 589

6,651 Peanut oil

2, 880 3, 593 2, 445 1, 730 2, 210 920 Soybean oil

4, 564 12, 295 10, 215 13,794 17,500 31, 791 39, 885 70, 822 87, 103 75, 634 133, 346 198, 020 211, 105 206, 642 200, 681227, 594 Other vegetable 127 12 13 12 259 4, 562 1, 644

138 67 130 Total, domestic

vegetable 210, 084 186, 929 172, 424 205, 213 228, 413 302, 659 465, 082 451, 532 480, 166 443, 945 574, 427 Babassu oil.

14, 607 11, 547 13, 942 6, 150 946 332 Coconut oil

73, 806 89, 520 38, 519 21, 780 29, 786 3, 491
Palm oil..

1,063
1

14, 508 21, 214
4
4, 991

1, 375 Other vegetable 2..

7,947 4, 815

473

1,061
816

6
Total, foreign
vegetable ---- 97, 423 105, 882 52, 935 27, 934 36, 784 6, 014

1 6 14, 508 21, 214 Lard neutral.

1, 748 1,464 1, 355 5,100 8,300 8, 133 10, 694 9, 630
Oleo oil..
12, 278 13, 411 11, 866 14,332 18,415 22, 495 17, 236 11, 938

5, 786

2,058 3,145 Oleo stearin. 3,375

8, 841 3, 282 3, 067 3,386

2, 545 3, 297

3, 058 Oleo stock

2, 919

3, 448 3,079 1, 318 1,532

2, 510 2,086 3, 701 1,042 1, 260 1, 919 3,940 Other animal 3

2,819 2,092

1, 304

335 649 69 164 296 391 915 220 24

826 Total, animal. 18, 719 19, 689 17,399 24, 242 31, 988 37, 878 35, 112 26, 959 18, 465 7,042 11, 619 Total, all fats

and oils..---- 326, 226 312,500 242, 758 257, 389 297, 185 346, 551 500, 194 478, 492 498, 637 465, 495 607, 260 Milk (mostly skim).- 72, 846 73, 169 58, 655 60, 961 67, 323 74, 875 104, 389/101, 642 105, 002 96, 046 116, 242 Vitamin concentrate..

17 14 13

45

88 121 Salt and other “con

109 120 103 120 ditioning” ingrelients 4 19,073 18, 218 13,841 13,773 13,898 15, 312 21, 758 21, 674 21, 930

ochore

25, 893 Total, miscellaneous..

91, 919 91, 404 72, 510 74, 747 81, 266 90, 275 126, 268 123, 425 127,052 116, 645 142, 255 Grand total. --- 418, 145 403, 904 315, 268 332, 136 378, 451 436, 826 626, 462 601, 917 625, 689 582, 140 749, 515

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1 Includes mustard oil, vegetable stearine, soybean stearine, linseed oil, cottonseed stearine, cottonseed flakes, soya flakes, and soya stearine flakes.

2 Includes rape oil, rice oil, sesame oil, palm kernel oil, sunflower oil, curicuri, palm stearine and palm
flakes.

3 Includes beef fat, butter tallow, whale oil, lard flakes, and monostearine.
4 Includes derivative of glycerine, lecithin, benzoate of soda, color, ostearine, and miscellaneous.
Source: Bureau of Agricultural Economics, U. S. Department of Agriculture.

TABLE 5.—Percent of each type of fats and oils used in manufacture of oleomargarine, United States, 1927–47, by calendar years

(Percent]

[graphic]

See footnotes at end of table,

TABLE 5.—Percent of each type of fats and oils used in manufacture of oleomargarine, United States, 1927–47, by calendar years—Continued

[Percent]

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1 Less than 0.5 percent.

2 Includes linseed oil, cottonseed stearine, soybean stearine, vegetable stearine, cottonseed flakes, soya flakes, and soya stearine flakes, and mustard oil.

3 Includes palm flakes, palm stearine and rice oil, rape oil, seasame oil, palm kernel oil, sunflower oil and ouricuri.

Includes beef fat, tallow, lard flakes, butter, monostearine, and whale oil.

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