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MEMOIRS of the life and writings of Dr. Gold- The Preface to the Roman History,

230

smith, . .

71 The Preface to a History of England, . . 231

The Vicar of Wakefield, .

57 The Preface to the History of the Earth, etc. 232

An Inquiry into the Present State of Polite The Preface to the Beauties of English Poetry, 233
Learning, . . . . . 122 The Preface to a Collection of Poems, etc. 238

MISCELLANEOUS POEMS. Criticism on Massey's Translation of the
Prologue by Laberius, . . . . . 1431 Fasti of Ovid, . .

. 239

The Double Transformation, . .

ib. Criticism on Barrett's Translation of Ovid's

New Simile, in the manner of Swift, .

Epistles, . . . . . . 242

Description of an Author's Bedchamber,

LETTERS FROM A CITIZEN OF THE
The Hermit; a Ballad, .

WORLD TO HIS FRIENDS IN THE
An Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog,

EAST.

Stanzas on Woman, . .

The Traveller ; or, a Prospect of Society, ib.

Letter

I. Introduction. A character of the Chi-

The Deserted Village, . . . . 152

nese Philosopher, . . . 248

The Gift, . . . . . . 157||

II. The arrival of the Chinese in Lon-

Epitaph on Dr. Parnell, . . .

don. His motives for the journey.

Epilogue to the Comedy of the Sisters,

Some description of the streets and

Epilogue spoken by Mrs. Bulkley and Miss

houses, . . . . . ib.

Catley, : : : : : :, III. The description of London continu-

led for Mrs. Bulkley, - 158

The Haunch of Venison, . . . . 159

ed. The luxury of the English.

Its benefits. The fine gentleman.

Song from the Oratorio of the Captivity, · 160

The fine lady, . . . . 249

The Clown's Reply, . .

IV. English pride. Liberty. An instance

of both. Newspapers. Politeness, 251

Epitaph on Edward Purdon, . . . 161 V. English passion for politics. A spe-
An Elegy on Mrs. Mary Blaize, . . ib.

cimen of a newspaper. Character-
Retaliation, . . . . . . ib.

istic of the manners of different

Postscript to ditto, . . . . . 163

countries, . . . . 252

Song, . . . .

VI. Happiness lost by seeking after re-
Prologue to Zobeide, ..

finement. The Chinese philoso

Epilogue spoken by Mr. Lewes, .

pher's disgraces, . . . . 253

The Logicians Refuted, . . .

VII. The tie of wisdom only to make us
Stanzas on the Taking of Quebec, .

happy. The benefits of travelling

On a beautiful Youth struck blind by Light-

upon the morals of a philosopher, 254

ning, . .

. VIII. The Chinese deceived by a prostitute

A Sonnet, . . . . . . . ib.

in the streets of London, .255

DRAMATIC.

IX. The licentiousness of the English

The Good-natured Man. A Comedy, . 166

with regard to women. A charac-

ter of a woman's man, . . 256

She Stoops to Conquer, or, the Mistakes of a

X. The journey of the Chinese from Pe-
Night. A Comedy, . . . . 193

kin to Moscow. The customs of

An Oratorio; first printed in the Paris edi-

the Daures, . . . . 257

tion, in 1825, from the original in Dr.

XI. The benefits of luxury in making a

Goldsmith's own handwriting, . . 22

people more wise and happy, 258

PREFACES AND CRITICISM. XII. The funeral solemnities of the En-
The Preface to Dr. Brookes's Natural His-

glish. Their passion for flattering

tory,

epitaphs, . . . . . . 259

Latroduction to a New History of the World, 228! XI

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XIV. The reception of the Chinese

dom. An allegory to prove its

from a Lady of distinction, . 262

futility, . . . . 292

XV. Against cruelty to animals. A XXXVIII. The Chinese philosopher praises
story from the Zendevesta of

the justice of a late sentence,
Zoroastor, . .

. 263

and instances the injustice of

XVI. Of falsehood propagated by books

the King of France, in the case

seemingly sincere, . . 264

of the Prince of Charolais, 293

XVII. Of the war now carried on be XXXIX. The description of true polite-
tween France and England,

ness. Two letters of different
with its frivolous motives, .265

countries, by ladies falsely

XVIII. The story of the Chinese ma-

thought polite at home, . 295

tron, . . . . 266 XL. The English still have poets,

XIX. The English method of treating

though not versifiers, . . 296

women caught in adultery.

XLI. The behaviour of the congrega-

The Russian method, . . 267

tion in St. Paul's church at

XX. Some account of the republic of

prayers, . . . . 297

letters in England, . . 269 XLII. The history of China more re-

XXI. The Chinese goes to see a play, 270

plete with great actions than

XXII. The Chinese philosopher's son

that of Europe, . . . 298

made a slave in Persia, .272 XLIII. An apostrophe on the supposed

XXIII. The English subscription in fa-

death of Voltaire, . . . 299

vour of the French prisoners XLIV. Wisdom and precept may lessen

commended, . . . . 273

our miseries, but can never in-

XXIV. The venders of quack medicines

crease our positive satisfactions 301

and nostrums ridiculed, .274 XLV. The ardour of the people of Lon-

XXV. The natural rise and decline of

don in running after sights and

kingdoms, exemplified in the

monsters, . . . . 302

history of the kingdom of Lao, 275 XLVI. A dream, . . . . 304

XXVI. The character of the man in XLVII. Misery best relieved by dissipa-

'black, with some instances of

tion, . . . . . 305

his inconsistent conduct, .276 XLVIII. The absurdity of persons in high

XXVII. The history of the man in black, 278

station pursuing employments

XXVIII. On the great numbers of old

beneath them, exemplified in

maids and bachelors in Lon-

a fairy talc, . . . . 306

don. Some of the causes, .280| XLIX. The fairy tale continued, 308

XXIX. A description of a club of au-

L. An attempt to define what is

thors,

. 281

meant by English liberty, 309

XXX. The proceedings of the club of

LI. A bookseller's visit to the Chi-

authors, . . . . 282

nese, . . . . . 310

XXXI. The perfection of the Chinese

LII. The impossibility of distinguish-

in the art of gardening. The

ing men in England by their

description of a Chinese garden 384

dress. Two instances of this, 312

XXXII. Of the degeneracy of some of the

LIII. The absurd taste for obscene and

English nobility. A mush-

pert novels, such as Tristram

room feast among the Tartars, 285

Shandy, ridiculed, . . 313

XXXIII. The manner of writing among

LIV. The character of an important

the Chinese. The eastern tales

trifler, . . . . . 314

of magazines, etc. ridiculed, . 287 LV. His character continued ; with

XXXIV. Of the present ridiculous passion

that of his wife, his house, and

of the nobility for painting, .288

. . . . 315

XXXV. The philosopher's son describes

LVI. Some thoughts on the present
a lady, his fellow-captive, . 290

situation of affairs in the differ-

XXXVI. A continuance of his correspond

ent countries of Europe, . . 317

ence. The beautiful captive

LVII. The difficulty of rising in litera-

consents to marry her lord, 291

ry reputation without intrigue

XXXVII. The correspondence still con-

or riches, . . . . 318

tinued. He begins to be dis-

LVIII. A visitation dinner described, 319

gusted in the pursuit of wis- / LIX. The Chinese philosopher's son

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escapes with the beautiful cap LXXXV. The trifling squabbles of stage
tive from slavery,

players ridiculed, . . 353

LX The history of the beautiful cap. LXXXVI. The races of Newmarket ridi-

tive, . . . . . 321

culed. The description of a

LXI. Proper lessons to a youth enter-

cart-race, . . . . 355

ing the world, with fables suit LXXXVII. The folly of the western parts

ed to the occasion, . . . 323

of Europe in employing the

LXII. An authentic history of Cathe-

Russians to fight their battles, 356

rina Alexowna, wife of Peter LXXXVIII. The ladies advised to get hus-

the Great, . . . . 324

bands. A story to this pur-

LXIII. The rise or the decline of litera-

pose, . . . . . ib.
ture not dependent on man, but LXXXIX. The folly of remote or use-
resulting from the vicissitudes

less disquisitions among the

of nature, . . . . 326

learned, . . . 358

LXIV. The great exchange happiness

XC. The English subject to the

for show. Their folly in this

spleen, . . . . 359

respect of use to society, .327 XCI. The influence of climate and
LXV. The history of a philosophic cob-

soil upon the temper and dis-

bler, . . . . . 328

positions of the English, 361

LXVI. The difference between love and

XCII. The manner in which some
gratitude, .

. 329

philcsophers make artificial

LXV!I. The folly of attempting to learn

misery, . . . . 362

wisdom by being recluse, .231 XCIII. The fondness of some to ad-

LXVIII. Quacks ridiculed. Some particu-

mire the writings of lords, etc. 363

larly mentioned, . . . 232 XCIV. The philosopher's son is again
LXIX. The fear of mad-dogs ridiculed, 333

separated from his beautiful
LXX. Fortune proved not to be blind.

companion, . . . ib.
The story of the avaricious miller 335 XCV. The father consoles him upon

LXXI. The shabby beau, the man in

this occasion, . . . 364

black, the Chinese philosopher,

XCVI. The condolence and congratu-
etc. at Vauxhall, . . . 336

lation upon the death of the
LXXII. The marriage-act censured, 338

late king ridiculed. English

LXXIII. Life endeared by age, . . 339

mourning described,. . 365

LXXIV. The description of a little great

XCVII. Almost every subject of litera-

man, . . . . . 340

ture has been already ex-

LXXV. The necessity of amusing each

hausted, . . . . 366

other with new books insisted XCVIII. A description of the courts of

upon, . . . . . 342

justice in Westminster Hall 367

LXXVI. The preference of grace to beau-

XCIX. A visit from the little beau.

ty; an allegory, . . . 343

The indulgence with which
LXXVII. The behaviour of a shopkeeper

the fair sex are treated in

and his journeyman, . . 344|

several parts of Asia, . . 368

LXXVIII. The French ridiculed after their

C. A life of independence praised, 369

own manner, . . . . 345

CI. That people must be contented

LXXIX. The preparations of both thea-

to be guided by those whom

tres for a winter campaign, 346

they have appointed to gov-

LXXX. The evil tendency of increasing

ern. A story to this effect, 370

penal laws, or enforcing even

CII. The passion for gaming among

those already in being with

ladies ridiculed, . . . 371

rigour, . . . . . 347 CIII. The Chinese philosopher be-
LXXXI. The ladies' trains ridiculed, 348

gins to think of quitting En-

LXXXII. The sciences useful in a populous

gland, . . . . 372

state, prejudicial in a barbarous

CIV. The arts some make use of to

one, . . . . . 349

appear learned, . . . 373

LXXXIII. Some cautions on life taken from

CV. The intended coronation de-

a modern philosopher of China, 351

scribed, . . . . 374

LXXXIV. Anecdotes of several poets who

CVI. Funeral elegies written upon
lived and died in circum-

the great ridiculed. A speci-

stances of wretchedness, 352|

men of one, . . . 375

Letter

Page 1

CVII. The English too fond of believing

The Characteristics of Greatness, 445

every report without examination.

Conclusion of a City Night-Piece, 446

A story of an incendiary to this V. Upon Political Frugality, . . . 447

purpose, . . . . . 376 A Reverie, . . . . . 450

CVIII. The utility and entertainment

A word or two upon High Life Beloro

which might result from a jour-

Stairs, . . . . . 452

ney into the East, . . . 377 Upon unfortunate Merit, . . . 453

CIX. The Chinese philosopher attempts VI. On Education, . . . . 454

to find out famous men, . . 378 On the instability of worldly grandeur, 458

Account of the Academies of Italy, 459

atic employments into the courts VII. Of Eloquence, . . . . 460

of England, . . . . 380 Custom and Laws compared, . . 463

CXI. On the different sects in England,

On the Pride and Luxury of the Mid-

particularly Methodism, . . 381

dling class of People, . . 464

CXII. An election described, . . 382 Sabinus and Olinda, . . . ib.

The Sentiments of a Frenchman on the

ance; in which both sides fight by

Temper of the English, . . 466

epigram, . . . . . 383) VIII. On Deceit and Falsehood . . 467

CXIV. Against the marriage act. A fable, 385 An Account of the Augustan Age of

CXV. On the danger of having too high

England, . . . . . 469

an opinion of human nature, 386 Of the Opera in England, . . 471

CXVI. Whether love be a natural or ficti.

ESSAYS.

tious passion, . . . . 387

CXVII. A city night-piece, . . . 389

Preface to the Essays, . . 473

CXVIII. On the meanness of the Dutch at

1. Description of various Clubs, . 474

the court of Japan, . . . ib. II. Specimen of a Magazine in Minia-

CXIX. On the distresses of the poor exem-

ture, . . . . . 47

plified in the life of a private sen-

III. Asem, an eastern Tale; or, Vindica-
tinel, . . . . . . 390

tion of the Wisdom of Providence
CXX. On the absurdity of some late En-

in the Moral Government of the

glish titles, . . . . 392

World, . . . . .

CXXI. The irresolution of the English ac-

IV. On the English Clergy and popular

counted for, . . .

Preachers, . . :_ 480

CXXII. The manner of travellers in their

V. A Reverie at the Boar's-Head Tav-

usual relations ridiculed, .

ern, Eastcheap, . . . . 482

CXXIII. The conclusion, . .

VI. Adventures of a Strolling Player, 487

The Life of Dr. Parnell,

VII. Rules enjoined to be observed at a

. . . . 398

Russian Assembly, . . 490

The Life of Henry Lord Viscount Bolingbroke 407

VIII. Biographical Memoir supposed to be

THE BEE.

written by the Ordinary of New

gate, . . . . . 491

On a beautiful youth struck blin

IX. National Concord, . .

lightning, . . . .

X. Female Warriors, . . . 493

Remarks on our Theatres, .

XI. National Prejudices, . . . 494

The Story of Alcander and Septir

XII. Taste,. . . . . 496

A letter from a Traveller, . . 429 XIII. Cultivation of Taste, . . . 499

Account of Mr. Maupertuis,

XIV. Origin of Poetry, . . . . 502

II. On Dress, .

. .

XV. Poetry distinguished from other

Some particulars relative to Charles 12,

Writing,. .

. . 506

Happiness dependent on Constitution, 434 XVI. Metaphors, .

• 510

On our Theatres, . . . . 435/ XVII. Hyperboles, . . . . . 516

III. On the Use of Language, . . 436 XVIII. Versification, . .

517

The History of Hyspasia, . . 438 XIX. Schools of Music, Objections there-

On Justice and Generosity, .. . 439

to, and Answers, . . . 519

Some particulars relative to Father XX. Carolan the Irish Bard, . . 521

Freijo, . . . . . 440' XXI. On the Tenants of Leasowes,.. 522

IV. Miscellaneous, . . . . 441 XXII. Sentimental Comedy, . . 523

A Flemish Tradition, . . . 442 XXIII. Scotch Marriages, . . . . 525

The Sagacity of some Insects, . 444 XXIV. Dignity of Human Nature, . 526

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MEMOIRS

OF THE

LIFE AND WRITINGS

OF

Oliver Goldsmith.

There are few writers for whom the reader feels / villages claim the honour of having given him such personal kindness as for Oliver Goldsmith. birth: Pallas in the county of Longford; and ElThe fascinating ease and simplicity of his style; phin, in the county of Roscommon. The former the benevolence that beams through every page; is named as the place in the epitaph by Dr. Johnthe whimsical yet amiable views of human life and son, inscribed on his monument in Westminster human nature; the mellow unforced humour, Abbey; but later investigations have decided in fablended so happily with good feeling and good vour of Elphin. sense, throughout his writings; win their way ir- He was the second son of the Rev. Charles resistibly to the affections and carry the author with Goldsmith, a clergyman of the established church, them. While writers of greater pretensions and but without any patrimony. His mother was more sounding names are suffered to lie upon our daughter of the Rev. Oliver Jones, master of the shelves, the works of Goldsmith are cherished and diocesan school at Elphin. It was not till some laid in our bosoms. We do not quote them with time after the birth of Oliver that his father obostentation, but they mingle with our minds; they tained the living of Kilkenny-West, in the county sweeten our tempers and harmonize our thoughts; of Westmeath. Previous to this period he and his they put us in good humour with ourselves and wife appear to have been almost entirely dependent with the world, and in so doing they make us hap- on her relations for support. pier and better men.

His father was equally distinguished for his liteWe have been curious therefore in gathering to-rary attainments and for the benevolence of his gether all the heterogeneous particulars concerning heart. His family consisted of five sons and two poor Goldsmith that still exist; and seldom have we daughters. From this little world of home Goldmet with an author's life more illustrative of his smith has drawn many of his domestic scenes, works, or works more faithfully illustrative of the both whimsical and touching, which appeal so forauthor's life.* His rambling biography displays cihly to the heart, as well as to the fancy; his fahim the same kind, artless, good humoured, excur- ther's fireside furnished many of the family scenes sive, sensible, whimsical, intelligent being that he of the Vicar of Wakefield; and it is said that the appears in his writings. Scarcely an adventure or learned simplicity and amiable peculiarities of that a character is given in his page that may not be worthy divine have been happily illustrated in the traced to his own parti-coloured story. Many of character of Dr. Primrose. his most ludicrous scenes and ridiculous incidents The Rev. Henry Goldsmith, elder brother of have been drawn from his own blunders and mis- the poet, and born seven years before him, was a chances, and he seems really to have been buffeted man of estimable worth and excellent talents. into almost every maxim imparted by him for the Great expectations were formed of him, from the instruction of his readers.

promise of his youth, both when at school and at Oliver Goldsmith was a native of Ireland, and college ; but he offended and disappointed his was born on the 29th of November, 1728. Two friends, by entering into matrimony at the early

age of nineteen, and resigning all ambitious views "The present biography is principally taken from the Scorch | for love and a curacy. If, however, we may be edition of Goldsmith's works, published in 1821.

lieve the pictures drawn by the poet of his brother's

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