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repetition even of the Lord's Prayer: observe the effects of the two modes and possibly some persons may con- of Divine worship, in the same sider the substitution of judiciously churches, and conducted by the adapted hymns, for the chaunting or same ministers; and not to deterrecitation of psalms, an improve- mine on a general alteration until ment on our own liturgy; or even their judgment shall have been estawish that so large a portion of Scrip- blished by the experience of the ture was not appointed to be read in people. the midst of one devotional service. On the whole, I have derived But if there be something of super- great pleasure from the review of erogation in our liturgy, that of his the Prussian liturgy. Although Prussian Majesty is undoubtedly de defective, it cannot be charged with fective. The prayers prescribed by error. It is “a form of sound it for ordinary use do not contain words," and, amidst the wild vathe fulness, the depth, the contri riety of opinions which have been tion, the earnestness of supplication disseminated in Germany, may be and intercession, the devout and considered as a very valuable prograteful outpouring of the whole fession of public faith. It is the heart, which are found in our Gene work of a patriotic and a pious ruler ral Confession of sins, our Prayer of his people. It breathes the gefor all Ranks and Conditions of Men, nuine spirit of Christian simplicity, and our General Thanksgiving. But purity, charity, and peace. It bears the work is imperfect, and was pro- a delightful testimony, to the perbably designed only for a temporary sonal religion and virtue of its experiment. Let us therefore in- author; to his own experience of dulge the hope that it will be pro- the mercies and blessings, which he gressively improved, until it shall would excite his subjects to seek at arrive at an adequate representation the throne of his Redeemer. May of the real wants and desires of a the work of the Lord prosper in his Christian people.

. hands! May his prayers for his My next observation is, that this descendants be abundantly granted! liturgy is confined to “ the principal When his last hour shall come, may service of Sundays and Holy-days.” he enjoy the comforts and hopes for No form is given for the second, or which he so affectingly supplicates! afternoon, service; which is therefore And, in future “commemorations of left, as formerly, to the discretion of the dead," may it be said by the the minister. The reason of this Christian people of Prussia, “Grant, omission I have not been able to O faithful God, that we may live in ascertain. Perhaps the government thy fear, die in thy grace, and depart of Prussia are aware of the existence in thy peace, as did the beloved of strong prejudices against pre- King who taught us to pray!” scribed forms of prayer, and un

I am, sir, willing to give them too violent a : Your faithful servant, :, shock. Perhaps they wish fairly to

. . E. J.

ON THE NEGLECT OF PUBLIC WORSHIP. In consequence of some state- sidered by those upon whom the ments which I have recently met responsibility to a certain extent with, concerning the general neg- rests, this evil may, in an extensive lect of public worship by the lower degree, be corrected. classses of our own countrymen, Every thinking person must be I am induced to forward a few plain aware that the labouring classes of and practical remarks, with the this country constitute by far the humble hope, that, if maturely con- largest portion of our population.

And when we recollect, that, accord- a little into the spiritual meaning ing to some recent calculations, not of that charitable text of Scripture, more than one-fiftieth part of this “ Love thy neighbour as thyself," immense population are supposed or as thine own, he would feel it his to attend regularly upon public imperative duty diligently to exerworship on the Lord's-day, we are cise any authority the Lord may loudly called upon to explore the have given him, in order to obtain cause-to prescribe the remedy for others that light and know. and to unite in acting with decision ledge which he himself has received. and vigour in adopting every step And although the Christian should that may be calculated to abate this habitually engage in earnest and awful impiety. Such inattention devout prayer, he should not confine and profaneness, such deliberate himself solely to this duty: he has and impious neglect of the privileges certain talents entrusted to his with which we are favoured, seem 'charge, and he is bound to occupy to call for the Divine vengeance, and with those talents, by using every may well excite our apprehensions means he possesses, to promote the of some serious public calamity, glory of God and the salvation of especially when we consider hew souls; and having done this, let long and how bountifully favoured him then implore a blessing upon we have been with the ministers of the means, and he will ultimately God's word, and the ordinances of find his labours and his prayers his house. Under such circum- abundantly rewarded. stances we may well exclaim, in Our ministers can only act in the language of Scripture, ou Go conjunction with other powers.

(ye out into the highways and They can do little more than preach .hedges, and into the streets and and pray; but the masters of work

« lanes of the city, and compel them men, and the fathers of families, can

o to come in;" Go ye out, ye do much, in persuading and com, masters, amongst your labourers, pelling the people to come in and

your servants, and others, who hear. And, in proportion as persons .. look in any way to your instru. are entrusted with riches, and the o mentality for temporal support management of worldly concerns, 6 reason with them; tell them the they are doubtless both called upon «consequence; exert your authority, to give an account of their property 6 and compel them to come in ; that and influence, and to render an o my house may be filled, that my account also how far they have, in (work may go on, and my servants the discharge of such power, used o be encouraged to see it prosper in their authority in endeavouring to « their hands. For He emphati- bring every individual, within their cally says, by the Apostle Paul, reach, under the sound and liberty 66 that it is good and acceptable in of the Gospel. Such rulers may the sight of God our Saviour, who justly be said to be entrusted with will have all men to be saved and that authority, which the Scriptures come to the knowledge of his truth.” require to be made use of, as an

The Christian who is the father of “ encouragement to good works and a family will naturally use every a terror to evil-doers.” affectionate endeavour to cause his I n order to further these views, children to wait upon the Lord. I will relate two facts, which seem He is not satisfied with merely to apply immediately to the subject. offering a prayer on their behalf, They will, I have no doubt, tend to but exerts every effort in his power shew the general practicability and in order to establish their feet in the power of our Christian friends to Saviour's peaceful, firm, and narrow assist in alleviating the evil. path: and if he would only enter. A friend of mine is obliged, in the

course of his business, constantly to I feel persuaded that a similar plan employ a considerable number of might be acted upon, éven with workmen; but makes a practice of those persons who have occasion to keeping none in his regular work employ hundreds of individuals; and except such as punctually attend a Scripture pronounces dreadful inplace of public worship. He was, dignation against those enlightened upon one occasion, applied to for minds who are negligent in the use work by a man who he knew to have of their powers, or ashamed of the been reduced from opulent circum- work of salvation. Let all such who stances, through sloth and intem- are in authority, therefore, so use perance, to his then laborious their talents as not to be ranked at dependence. My friend knew also, the judgment amongst the wicked and that he had for many years been slothful servants. Let them employ in the habit of wretchedly abusing every gentle and persuasive means, the Lord's-day; and, at the time he in order to impress the necessity of engaged the man for his own service the work upon all around them. I during the week, it was made a posi should recommend them to enforce tive condition that he should regular the high importance of a proper use ly attend upon some place of public of the Sabbath on the minds of their worship on the Sunday. This circum- workmen, by explaining to them stance occurred several years since; that the day of rest was by no means and the result was highly gratifying; intended by its Author to be emfor the reduced man became a sober, ployed in idleness, intemperance, hard-working, useful servant, and or worldly pleasures; but for the seran habitual attendant on Divine vice of their God and the improveservice.

ment of their minds. They ought The other circumstance which I not, however, to stop here; but to go shall mention occurred very recent- on, and employ their powers as the ly. I had myself been reasoning case may demand, by firmly requirwith a young man upon the im- ing all under their authority seriously propriety of neglecting a place of to attend to the public duties of the worship, and, finding him not dis- Sabbath. They would then, in the posed to yield to persuasive means, true sense of the word, be endeaI at last plainly told him, that, un- vouring to “do good unto all men," less I saw him there on the next but giving the preference to those Sunday, he should be dismissed who are favourable to the housefrom my service on the following hold of faith. morning. Rather than lose his work, Let our manufacturers, our he then submitted to go. But, to farmers and tradesmen, and others shew the awfully degraded state of who are in authority, act generally his mind, and his antipathy to such and firmly upon this easy scriptural duties, only a few weeks before he had principle, and the result will amply declared, in the hearing of a fellow- repay them. For they will not only workman, that, when he entered find many of their degraded workeither church or meeting, he wished men become impressed with a stamp, the building might fall upon him. of reformation and Christianity, but He has now, however, consented to also become more trustworthy serattend regularly. He will have the vants, more discreet husbands, and advantage of hearing a pious mini- better and more truly affectionate ster; and will, I trust, ere long be- fathers of families. come better acquainted with his A FRIEND TO CHRISTIANITY. religious duties, and more desirable and useful to me.

ON TOLERATION AND CATHOLIC EMANCIPATION.

.... FROM SCOTT'S WORKS*. It may not, perhaps, be generally less is), this should be done in their known by your readers, what were case with peculiar circumspection. the sentiments of that venerable But to grant them what they claim, man, the late Rev. T. Scott, on the and many claim for them, as emanabove subjects. Should the follow- cipation, and which means nothing ing extract, which at once shews else than admission to power and his liberality and decision, be deem- authority, seems irreconcileable with ed, at the present crisis, worthy of wisdom either human or divine. It an insertion in the Christian Guar- is an essential principle of Popery, dian, it will oblige

however disguised by some, and lost

sight of by others, to tolerate none - Whatever company, in any na- who are not of that church, and the tion, can give proper security that grant of power to them, till this they will act as peaceful citizens principle be disavowed by bishops, and good subjects,' has, I apprehend, vicars-general, legates, cardinals, a right to the protection of the state, and popes, as well as others, in the whatever its religious opinions or most full and unequivocal language, observances may be; provided no- is to liberate lions, because they thing grossly immoral, and contrary have been harmless when not at to the general laws of the country, liberty: and the event, should this be practised under the pretence of emancipation be fully conceded, will religion. Yet the murders, human be, that the power thus obtained sacrifices, and other abominations will be used in persecution of those in the East Indies, and in many who gave it, as soon as it has acother places, can have no right to quired a proper measure of consolitoleration, nor can the toleration be dation. If the advocates for this by any means excused.

measure in our land, should they " Again, whatever may be urged prove successful, do not themselves in favour of allowing Papists full live to feel this, their posterity, I liberty, as to their superstitious and can have no doubt, will know it by idolatrous worship (for so it doubt- deplorable experience.”

• Vol. viii. 641,642.

TRANSLATION OF PSALM XLVI.
Thou, Lord, art my refuge and shield; The nations assembled in ire-
In danger a help ever nigh:

Convulsions throughout them were felt To thy will in affliction I yield

He spake, and, as smitten with fire, O hear me, my God, when I cry.

The earth and its tenements melt. Though the earth from its base were with- The God of Sabaoth, the God drawn,

Of Jacob,'s our refuge full sure : Though the mountains were gulfed in He smiteth the earth with his rod, the sea,

And its fruitfulness cannot endure. Tho'the waves roared in anguish and scorn, Thro’the earth, when He speaketh, no more My trust should be fearless in thee.

Are seen the proud banners of war; The city of God shall rejoice,

Swords, chariots, and spears, red with gore, The place of the Highest shall sing ; In ruins lie scattered afar.: For there floweth a fountain whose voice The Lord will be known in his might:

And whose waters from holiness spring. By the heathen with praise be adored : In the midst of his church is the Lord; But to us are his mercies most bright, She shall not be shaken with fear :

Who the treasures enjoy of his word. He will save her from sinners abhorred, Ere the stars of the morning appear.

WILLOUGHBÆUS.

REVIEW OF BOOKS. For Missionaries after the Apostoli- that, at the last anniversary of the

cal School. A Series of Orations, London Missionary Society, Mr. . in four Parts.' By the Rev. Irving was appointed to preach at · Edward Irving, A. M. Pp. xxvii. Tottenham-court Chapel; that he and 131. Hamilton

occupied the attention of a crowded Proceedings of the Church Mission assembly for some three hours, or ·ary Society for Africa and the three hours and a half; and that he

East: Twenty-fourth Year. afterwards announced the publicaThe Night and the Day: A Sermon tion of his sermon, for the benefit in Behalf of the Church Mis- of the widow of the Rev. Mr. Smith sionary Society. By Thomas Mor- of Demerara. At length, however,

timer, M.A. Seeley. Pp. 48. instead of a sermon, the First Part The promotion and the success of a series of Orations has appeared, of Missions to the Heathen must with the following explanation.. . ever lie near the Christian's heart. Having been requested by the London He may, perhaps, labour under a Missionary Society to preach upon the considerable degree of ignorance or occasion of their last anniversary, I will. mistake, as to the nature of the

ingly complied, without much thought of

what I was undertaking ; but when I attempts which are now making

came to reflect upon the sacredness and to evangelize the world: he may importance of the cause given into my entertain doubts as to the expe hands, and the dignity of the audience

before which I had to discourse, it seemed diency of particular measures, or

to my conscience that I had undertaken as to the general results of the plans

a duty full of peril and responsibility, for which may have been adopted : he which I ought to prepare myself with may, and naturally will, prefer one every preparation of the mind and of the

spirit. To this end, retiriny into the quiet society to another ; or even may

and peaceful country, among a society of in some extreme case deem it his

men devoted to every good and charitable duty to protest against the proceed work, I searched the Scriptures in secret ; ings of a particular society : but and in their pious companies conversed the man who can view the mis of the convictions which were secretly

brought to my mind concerning the · sionary cause with indifference, is

Missionary work. And thus, not without practically convicted of hypocrisy much prayer to God and self-devotion, I whenever he prays “ THY KINGDOM meditated those things which I delivered COMè.”

in public, before the reverend and pious

men who had honoured me with so great With these feelings we eagerly a trust. embraced the first opportunity of At that time I had no design whatever perusing Mr. Irving's publication. of giving to my thoughts any wider pubWe had heard much, from diffe- licity, and was prepared to resist any

application which might haply be made rent - quarters, of his sentiments

to me to do so ; but an application préon Missions : our curiosity was sented itself from a quarter which I was strongly excited; and we certainly not prepared to resist,- my ownt sympaentertained some expectations of

thies with a heart-broken widow, the

widow of John Smith, the Missionary, instruction and edification from the

who died in prison under a sentence of portion he has at length pub- death, which the good sense and good lished. We are, however, com feeling of England united in pronouncing pelled to add, that we have been to be unjusi. Inasmuch as he suffered

unjustly, I viewed hiin as a martyr, very much disappointed; and that

though condemned, like his Lord, with a we differ from Mr. Irving on almost show of law. And being unable in any every point in which his work has other way to testify my sense of his the least pretension to novelty or

injuries, and my feeling of the duty of the

Christian Church to support his widow, originality. ..

I resolved that I would do so by devoting. Our readers in general are aware, to her use this fruit of my inind and APRIL 1825.

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