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deal with, in those concerns which are cases of murder To this position we canusually transacted between one gentleman not assent. The Levitical, or rather the and another.
Judicial law, prescribed the punishment of « Again, the law of honour being con- death in various other instances; and we stituted by nien occupied in the pursuit of may be quite sure, that that law prescribed pleasure, and for the mutual conveniency nothing morally wrong, however burdenof such men, will be found, as might be some some of its precepts may be, or bowexpected from the character and design ever inexpedient or inapplicable in a diffe- . of the law-makers, to be, in most in rent state of society. The question of destances, favourable to the licentious indul- termining what specific punishment sball gence of the natural passions.
be assigned for the conimission of any par“ Thus it allows of fornication, adultery, ticular crime, appears to us to be endrunkenness, prodigality, duelling, and of trusted into the hands of the magistrate, revenge in the extreme; and lays no stress that is, of the ruling power. In our counupon the virtues opposite to these.” try, it is placed in that legislature of which
But leaving these general remarks, how judges, and magistrates, and executioners lamentable an illustration is here afforded are only the instruments; and we conceive us of the truth of God's word, "the end it is the duty of Cbristian subjects to obey of these things is death. The unbappy those penal as well as other laws which individual is reported to have said, with are from time to time enacted. We may reference to the Bible, “ Had I been ac- petition the Government for the remission of quainted with this book, I should not have a sentence on any particular ground; we come to this nelancholy end." Whether may petition the Legislature to alter any this report is correct or not, is in itself of law; we may endeavour to enlighten the small consequence. But it is of immense public as to its sererity, its inconsistency importance, that young persons should with 0:ber enactments, its mischievous seriously take for their guide the precepts tendency; but we have no right to proof God's word. They would then learn to nounce a law unjust, or refuse obcdience restrain and moderate their passions, to to that law, unless it is plainly and posiguard against fleshly lusts, which war tirely contrary to the law of God-in against the soul, to flee from the blandish- which case we must obey God rather than ments of those who hunt for the precious men. life, and avoid those habitations of which Is the punishment of death for forgery it is most truly declared, “The dead are one of these cases? We say, Certaiuly there."
not. Be it remembered, that forgery is In making these remarks we are actuated a crime very easily committed ; that its solely by compassion for the living, without effects are most ruinous and extensive; any the least feeling of malevolence for the that a single name, or short sentence, or dead. We certainly joined with the ten almost a stroke of the pen, may reduce the thousands alluded to by our correspondent* widow or orphan to the lowest state of poin prayers to God on behalf of the un- verty and distress-inay in various sudhappy malefactor, and felt nost thankful, posable cases expose tender and delicate that in addition to Dr. Cotton, the Ordie persons to hardships, which may issue in nary, &c. he was attended, during the permanent lisease and untimely death. solemn interval from his conviction to his We have known a case of insanity produced execution, by such pious and excellent by a sudden discovery of this nature; men as the Rev. Messrs. Burrows and and who is there that would not prefer Springet, on whose fidelity and wisdom we eren sudden death to that most mistcan most fully depend: but we must not rable of all conceivable states on this side let our feelings of tender compassion for the grave-hopeless and helpless insaan unhappy and, as we would hope, a nity. And again we ask, ought not such a penitent man, forget our pointing out as crime to be checked in the most efficient a warning to otbers the magnitude, and way? and what so powerful a check as, the natural consequences of his crime, and saying, You may possibly escape after tbe the miserable effects which follow both to commission of almost any other crime; you himself and to others.
can never escape after ibis ? . And bere we would say a few words To say that sonje other punisbinent more upon the penalty of death so invariably in- cffectual in preventing the commission of flicted in cases of forgery, and upon the crime should be substituted, is really sayailedged injustice or impropriety of its in ing nothing, until some practicable substifliction in the present case.
tute is pointed out. We also hare tbeoSome excellent and estimable individuals rised and speculated upon the subject, but have strenuously maintained, that the pu- are certainly as yet not able to come to a uishment of death is unlawful except in satisfactory conclusion. The effect of any
relaxation in the law would, wc fear, be to * Page 18.
increase the number of unhappy speculators on the possibility of escape. A well-in- Hanson's conduct appears to us to have tended mitigation might thus produce a been most kind and considerate, and the cruel effect to many.
animadversions upon it nost illiberal and . But of all supposable instances, we can indecorous. Surely it is a melancholy case scarcely conceive of any which on its if a Christian friend may not suggest to a own intrinsic merits can less be deserving prisoner under charge of a certainly capital of mercy, than the case where a banker offence, the importance of preparing to violates the trust reposed in bim. On this meet his God. We know nothing of Mr. ground, we certainly think the compassion Hanson except by report ; but we can have of the public bas in the present instance no doubt, that the Christian feeling and been abused; nor do we see on what principles which prompted his advice to the possible ground the penalty could bare unhappy màn,' afford him abundant consobeen remitted. Nothing but the full con- lation under the reproach be now suffers fidence reposed in the integrity of the for righteousness sake, and will turn to partners, and the stability of their Bank, him for a testimony when all buman distinccould have enabled Mr. Fauntleroy to tions shall for ever cease. . proceed so long in his iniquitous career. We cannot close these remarks without Nor would any man employ a Banker in earnestly calling upon our readers to guard whose integrity he had not full reliance; against the first assaults of temptation, and so that the very business itself must cease, to pray earnestly for restraining and con-' unless severe retribution follows on those verting grace. Little did Mr. Fauntleroy who violate the trust reposed in them. imagine to what his conduct would even
We bare felt especially pained at one tually bring him. He doubtless hoped, circumstance which has occurred during and probably seriously intended, in the first tbese investigations. Mr. Hanson, one of instance, to replace the money he bad the visiting magistrates of the county, in withdrawn; but let po man flatter bimself inspecting the prison, inquired of Mr. with impunity in the paths of sin, or imaFauntleroy, if he had any thing to coni- gine that he can withdraw at pleasure from plain of as to his treatment, &c. expressed the fatal course. One passion gratified, his regret at meeting him in such a situation, and another claims for indulgence. Snares and recommended to his attention the study thick and strong are wound around the unof the Sacred Scriptures. This conduct of Mr. happy victim, until at the moment when Hanson's was strangely misrepresented and he is ready to hope the danger is over, he sererely animadverted on by Mr. Conant, finds himself delivered hopeless and helpone of the magistrates of Marlborough less into inevitable punishment. O that Street Police Office, and Mr. H. has since men were wise ; tbat they understood these been rensored from the office of visiting things; that they would consider their magistrate. We cannot hesitate a nyoment latter end. in reprobating such a proceeding. Mr.
BAPTISMS OF JEWS. · MR. M'CAUL in a recent letter to the tion which the other desired. He there. London Society for the Conversion of the upon came to Warsaw a second time, and Jews, has inserted several interesting par- found our house. He walked backwards ticulars of baptized Jews ; from which we and forwards before the door for a long extract as follows:
time, but was afraid to rap, as there were On Sunday, Sept. 12th, another Jew several Jews about; at last the door was was baptised by Mr. Diehl. His bis- opened, and he ran in,' He told me bis tory is a little curious. He bad had for history; that he was a man of some proa long time a desire to receive Christian perty, a soap-boiler by trade; that he bad instruction and baptism, but was prevented left his business, and come to Warsaw by his wife, who was much opposed to solely for the purpose of being instructed Christianity. About four months ago, it and baptized, and that he was willing to pleased God to call her out of this world. remain one month, but that he could not He jumediately came to Warsaw, a dis- be longer absent from his business. He at tance of 200 English miles, as there is no the same time produced the official papers Protestant clergyman in the neighbour from the district magistracy, to show that -hood. He was, howerer, afraid to ask the his statement was correct. I asked why he Jews where we lived, and some Christians had not gone to the Roman Catholic priests of whom he enquired could not tell hins. in . bis neighbourhood, as it would have On this be relurned home. After some saved the expense of his journey, and weeks a Warsaw Jew had business in that would have been more advantageous to part of tbe country, and related the circum- , bin in this country. He replied, I do not stances attending the baptism of Constan- wish for baptism in order to gain any thing etia, and mentioned also the place where by it. I wish to know the truth as it is in she lived. This was cxactly the informa- . the Bible, &c. I asked him, bad hc any other business in Warsaw. He assured me his desire was to live a new holy life in the he had not. I asked him, solemnly and service of God.” I therefore took the nebefore God, to tell me if there was any se- cessary steps, and on Sunday, the 12th of, cret motive. He replied, if there was any September, in the afternoon, he was bapsecret motive, I would not become a Pro- tized by Mr. Diehl, after the second lesson. testant, neither would I have made this I preached from Isaiah Ixii. 10–12. The long journey, by which I must so long neg., church was much crowded, and very many lect my business, and suffer positive loss of Jews present. The baptism of this person : money. I then told him that I would give opened the way for the baptism of a young him instruction, but that I could not pro- man, twenty years old, who had visited us mise to baptize him. He replied, that as for eight months, and of whom we have he had come a second time to Warsaw, he good reason to hope that the Spirit of God would not go without instruction. I gave has long since begun a work of grace in his him a Jewish New Testament, and Mr. heart. As a Jew, he was very strict in his Moritz's Tract against the Toldoth Jesu. religious observances, and according to the Tbe next morning he returned. He knew simple account which he gave of himself, every argument in the Tract, and had read had frequently very deep convictions of sin. the gospel of Matthew, so as to be able to. These forced him to be doubly strict in folanswer every question without exception. I lowing the directions of the Talmud, in now asked, if he knew what it was to pray order to obtain forgiveness. He was to God aright. . He answered, I will tell brought to me by another young man. Our you the truth; since I have left home, I conversations were at first entirely remote, have not used the Jewish prayers, and I do from controversy, being simply on the nauot know any other. I spoke to him on ture of repentance and prayer as set forth; the nature of prayer, and gave him Tract, in the Old Testament. These made a deep No. 9, in which are questions for self-exa- impression on him, and gradually led the mination, When he returned the next day, way to the doctrine of atonement, and so I was much astonished by the effect which to the Messiahship of the Lord Jesus. At these questions had produced. - The first first all appeared easy; he found no diffithing be said to me was, “Oh Sir, I ap- culty except in external circumstances. pear to myself to be in a frew world; I find These were indeed bad; for as soon as tbe that I never have kept one of the ten com- Jews found out that he visited us, they. miandments." This was exactly the state withdrew from him their monthly contriof wind in which I desired to see him. I butions by which he was supported, as is therefore explained to him the curse of the usual amongst young men studying the law, and the doctrine of atonement. Thus Talmud. He lost also his food, was forbid we went on week after week until his time the houses of those who had been friendly, was almost expired. In three weeks he and was, in a word, stript of every thing; had read and made himself master of four they even attempted to use their influence Tracts, of the four Gospels, the Acts, the with the police to have him transported : Epistle to the Hebrews, first four chapters but here it pleased God that our influence to the Romans, and some odd chapters in should be the strongest. In this distress, the Epistles to the Corinthians and Pbilip a tradesman promised to take him on trial; pians. Except the time that he spent with but he had not been long here, before the me during instruction and family prayer, persecution and abuse of the journeymen he spent the whole of his time in the room compelled him to give this up. Now, too, of a pious German tailor, reading inces- he began to doubt very much concerning santly; so that it was evident that he had the Deity of the Lord Jesus Christ. His no other business in Warsaw. I was now situation was altogether deplorable. An in considerable perplexity. The newness old Jew, however, gave him just at this of his acquaintance with divine things al- time, permission to teach his two children most determined me against permitting him Hebrew, for which he gave him 75. 6d. per to be baptized, at the same time all other month; this kept him from starving. A circumstances spoke for it, especially as he diligent and anxious investigation soon rewas no young man, being 38 years old; lieved him of his doubts, and much inand I did not feel myself justified to send proved his spiritual state; but still we knew him home, and thus expose him to the not what would become of him. Out of temptation of turning Jew again, or of this difficulty we were relieved by a propobeing baptized elsewhere. After mature sal of the Israelite, whose baptism I have deliberation, I determined to cross-examine above described. He offered to take him him in a very solemn manner; and if his with him and teach him the soap-boiling. answers proved satisfactory, to admit him As he was already prepared as to knowledge to baptism. The sum of his answers was, of Christianity, and as we lope, also, of that he wished to be saved; that he thought Christian experience, I baptized and rethere was no salvation but througb the ceired him into the church of Christ on atonement of the Lord Jesus, and that Sunday, the 19th of Sep ember. After the
baptism, Mr. Wermelskirk preached from Jews attended, several for the first time. Ezekiel xxxvi. 25-27. It being usual in the The baptismal form of our English Church Polish Reformed Church that candidates for made a deep impression on all present. the ministry should preach before ordina. Several Jews afterwards expressed the pleation, the church was full, and very many sure which they had felt in being present.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The following remarks of a gentleman, spected and learned Dean, who took the actively engaged in the service of the chair. The speakers were beard with enChurch Missionary Society, on a late visit thusiasm; and the attack on us there has to Ireland, deserve serious attention : : only rooted us more firmly.
“ In the South, our visit was most gra- I congratulate you, my dear Sir, on the tifying. The interruptions which the result of those meetings; and feel myself London Hibernian Society bad met with, entitled to say, that the zeal, spirit, and and the unprovoked violence with which Christian feeling, displayed by the clergy we were treated at Cork, excited a spirit in in the South of Ireland, is a cause of graour favour, which, I trust, will long out- titude and thanksgiving to the Giver of live the occasion. Upwards of one hun- every good and perfect gift--the Head of dred clergymen of the Established Church the Church, which is His body. What attended our meetings in the county of would you think of clergymen and poor Cork alone; and many accompanied us Protestants coming thirty and forty miles through the tour.
to attend our meetings ? Yet such was the “ We experienced a slight interruption fact in numberless instances. from a Roman Catholic Priest in Kinsale, “ You are acquainted with the circumwho, notwithstanding the meeting was stances attending our Cork meeting. Eng. held in a church, and Lord Kinsale, bim- land wants to know what Irish Popery is. It self a clergyman, was in the chair, came is the BIBLE which is the object of attack : forward to oppose the formation of an and feeling, as they do, that, by our soAssociation-questioned the truth of our cieties 'and public meetings, the mass of statements—and particularly urged us NOT the population is penetrated, and the moral TO SEND OUT THE SCRIPTURES WITH darkness about to be dissipated, they OUR MISSIONARIES, as THE BIBLE NEVER anxiously endeavour to disturb these meetCONVERTED ANY ONE. The Rev. Gen- ings, or to convert them into places of notleman was answered, and the feeling of litical debate. I attended, lately, a meetthe meeting was most decidedly against ing of the Bible Society in Kilkenny, when him.
such conduct was again exhibited; and I “Our adjourned meeting at Cork was have just heard that the Archbishop of the most splendid which I have ever at- Tuam was obliged to leave the chair of a tended. It was crowded with all the re- similar meeting. May God give us temper, spectability of Cork; among whom were knowledge, and a Christian spirit, in these the clergy, who surrounded the highly re- trying times !
SCOTTISH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. The Rev. Dr. Barr, of Port Glasgow, butes, with no small liberality, to their and the Rev. Mr. SMART, of Paisley, arc funds, we doubt not that the present depuabout, we understand, to visit London, as tation will be received by their Christian a deputation from the Scottish Missionary brethren in the metropolis with a correSociety, with the view of preaching and sponding cordiality, both on account of the , making collections in aid of the funds of important nature of the Society, and from that Institution. As Scotland is annually a desire to promote a friendly intercourse visited by deputations from three or four between the two kingdoms in behalf of different societies in London, and contri- their respective benevolent institutions,
SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE TRANSLATIONS. Some pious and benevolent individuals of South America, in which the Spanish are at present engaged in soliciting sub- and Portuguese language is spoken, as wel! scriptions for preparing, printing, and cir- as the extent and ignorance of the Parent culating Doddridge's “Rise and Progress" in States, we feel deeply impressed with the the Spanish Language. Should they meet importance of the undertaking, and earnestwith adequate encouragement, they purposely wish it success. to publish various other useful religious Subscriptions are receired in Town by works in Spanish, and eventually in Por- Mr. Nisbett, 21, Berners-street, and Mr. tuguese.
Davis, Paternoster-row; and at Burntwood, When we consider the immense distriets near Lichfield, by the Rev. C. Dawes.
We are obliged to our friends Verax and Misodoulos for their Observations, &c. on the Review of West Indian Slavery in our last Number, and regret that our limits, as well as the nature of our work, prevent a fuller discussion of the subject. Perhaps, however, the following brief observations may suffice.
1. East India Sugar is chiefly, we understand, disposed of in Markets from which West India Sugar is excluded by its bigher prices, independent of the duty. The consumption, therefore, of East India sugar in this country, tends directly to diminish the demand, and consequently to lower the price of West India sugar in almost the only market to which the expense of the culture allows it to be transported.
2. The lowering of the price of West India sugar will of course induce the planters to cultivate other articles, such as coffee, cotton, &c. This change will materially benefit the slave population; the labours, and consequently the severities, on the sugar plantations being far greater than on any other,
3. In proportion as sugar is less in demand, the planters will appropriate suitable parts of their estates to the production of provisions, instead of depending almost entirely on foreign merchants. This will materially promote the bealth and comfort of the slaves, and eventually, we have no doubt, the pecuniary advantage of their owners.
4. The abstaining from West India sugar, if carried to any material extent, will open the eyes of planters, merchants, &c. to their true interests, and compel thera to adopt some of the various expedients pointed out for the termination of slavery. Our only fear is, lest professing Christians should shrink from the trouble and the self-denial which the substitution of East India sugаr may require. But there is not the least danger of such substitution extending so far as to occasion the alarming results which one of our correspondents contenu plates. At the same time we are by no means free · from apprehension of some sudden explosion in the West Indies. To guard against such explosion and all its horrible consequences, we call upon our readers to self-denial and prayer, and the adoption of means for the real benefit of the black population. Nothing tends more to keep the negroes quict, than the full knowledge that benevolent persons in this ountry are seeking their good. Nothing can sooner bring on insurrection than the intemperate language and conduct of the petty senates of some of our colonies; and to no set of men whatever are all West Indian Proprietors under so great obligations as to the very men whom they and their HJRELING Journals vituperate - such men as WILBERFORCE, and CLARKSON, and STEPHEN, and BUXTON, and MACAULAY, and all that noble band who have so long persevered in pleading the cause of their degraded, enslared, and injured fellow men.
Received, and will be inserted, T. F.J.-J. W.M. &c.
J. W. may meet with the information be desires by procuring the Evangelical Diary, or any of the religious pocket books, which contain a list of the principal Erening Lectures in London and its vicinity. We shall keep bis suggestion in view, but are not at present able to obviate some difficulties.
We have received six Stanzas, without a signature or a title; and not being able to define their object have laid them aside, at least for the present.-T. H. is also inadmissible.
Our correspondent who so earnestly pleads on behalf of the Vaudois or Waldenses, has neglected to mention any person by wbom subscriptions will be received. Our readers may see some account of this interesting people in our last vol. p. 357..
Persons frequently transmit Adrertisements and inquiries concerning Advertisements to ihe Editor. But all such communications should be addressed to the Publisher, or to the address mentioned in the Advertisement. The Editor never sees the Advertisements, except by mere accident, until after the Number is published, and bas not tinje to make inquiries about them. In many cases, communications both for the work and its cover, which would have arrived in time if properly directed, hare through being directed to the Editor instead of the Publisher, or the Publisher instead of the Editor, come too late.
All communications for the work should be directed, To the Editor of ibe Christian Guardian, Mr. Seeley's, 169, Fleet Strect. : All Advertisements and applications relating to them should be addressed to Mr. Seeley.