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ÎMPORTANCE OF INCREASED EFFORTS FOR EDUCATING
THE POOR OF IRELAND. SIR-I take the liberty of intruding spite then, of the clamours of the upon your valuable time, for the priests, and the efforts of their advopurpose of suggesting the propriety cates in Parliament, I trust the atof a joint and vigorous effort, on tempts to enlighten the Irish populathe part of the English Clergy, to tion will be steady and persevering; emancipate our fellow-subjects in that the Scriptures will be circulated, Ireland from a mental bondage the both in English and Irish; and that most degrading that can be well no opportunity of public discussion imagined. You will at once con- will be omitted. jecture I allude to Popery. Our I could, indeed, almost wish to brethren in the sister country are see every other scheme of benevofighting nobly the battles of the lence or utility sacrificed to this. Lord : they have already endured What are our Missions, what are some persecution in this best of our Foreign Bible Societies, what causes; and, if I mistake not, they our schemes for evangelizing the will be called on to endure yet Continent, or emancipating the more. Satan will not give up his West Indies, compared with this? dominion without a struggle: “ the Far am I from entertaining hostility strong man armed keepeth pos- to such excellent designs: I warmly session ;” and though the issue of approve of them: what I mean to the conflict is by no means doubtful, assert is, that the danger nearer yet the victory assuredly will be home is more immediate, the call most obstinately disputed. The more urgent; that, if any scheme question is, Shall we in England of benevolence is to be interrupted look on with apathy during such a or suspended, it ought to be one of struggle? Shall we even forbear the above, in order that we may to make the utmost exertions in bestow our undivided energies our power? Shall the cry of en- upon unhappy Ireland, and bestow treaty, “ Come over and help us," upon her emancipation, in the best be disregarded ?
sense of the appellation. With I am far from insinuating that this conviction on my mind, I could the religious community in this wish to see large contributions country have done nothing. On pouring in to those excellent socithe contrary, I am persuaded they eties, the Hibernian and the Irish. have done much. All I desire to I could wish, that, instead of being impress upon their consideration distinct institutions, they might, is, that much, very much, remains if possible, become two arms or yet to be performed; and that branches of one society, the dissupineness in such a cause is, to tinct object of which should be use the mildest language, extremely to diffuse Scriptural information impolitic. Ireland is at this moment throughout the sister country. The a mill-stone round the neck of En- whole strength of the Romish hiergland ; and whatever may be said archy is arrayed against us. Oh, of the influence of Absentees in let us not be slow to combat, with causing the wretchedness of the “the whole armour of God,” in country, I have no doubt the source this greatest of conflicts. If I might of every evil under which she groans presume to throw out a hint, it may be traced to the prevalence of should be, that a page or two of that religion, if such it may be your excellent miscellany should be called, which is equally hostile to devoted to this subject; that your the interests of man in this world readers might be informed from and that which is to come. In time to time what the two societies
are doing, the state of their funds, earnest wish that other religious and the opposition they are encountering, literary publications would join their and the prospects of usefulness that efforts with ours, in endeavouring to are opening before them. This excite the public attention to that might awaken the attention of many most important country. Ireland, who are at present very ignorant enlightened and tranquillized, will on the subject; and, by increasing be the decus et tutamen, the brightexertion, and, above all, quickening est jewel and the strongest support, supplication at the Throne of Grace, of the British empire ; but Ireland, without which all exertion is una- under the guidance of crafty politivailing, might afford no unreasonable cians, and brutalized by Papal ighope of triumph. Yours, &c. norance, superstition, and tyranny,
must eventually endanger, if not
overthrow, the prosperity of this We are not aware of any one country. The subject demands the object which the Irish Society at- most serious attention of the Patriot tempts, which had not been under- and the Christian. It is, however, taken long before by the London to the Scriptural Education of IreHibernian Society, with the excep- land we look for the lasting imtion of distributing the Liturgy. At provement of that country; and in the same time, the Irish Society has this point of view the London Hibermany supporters, who, from various nian Society is, to the British Chriscauses, might not be disposed to tian, the most important society in transfer their aid to the Hibernian existence. Ireland, properly chrisSociety, or assent to that union tianized, will furnish us with numewhich is here suggested. If MINI- rous and admirable missionaries for MUS will look over our late numbers, many situations; and her renovation he will discover that Ireland occu- is therefore intimately connected pies there a very prominent place; with the conversion of the world. and we cannot but express our most
THE BIBLE SOCIETY. FROM JOWETT'S CHRISTIAN RESEARCHES IN SYRIA. SIR,_I beg leave to forward for I hope you will allow it a place in insertion the following extract from your next number. The arguments Mr. Jowett's recent volume, entitled for the dispersion of the Apocrypha “ Christian Researches in Syria appear to me to be founded and the Holy Land, in 1823 on mistaken ideas as to what the and 1824,"_a work which I have Holy Scriptures are; on low and read with interest, and yet with a imperfect views of their sufficiency painful feeling of disappointment, and Divine inspiration; and on an at seeing how little he has been undue deference to the decisions of able to effect. I could wish, in- certain councils, synods, churches, deed, that you would insert the &c. I had therefore great pleasure whole of Mr. Jowett’s “ Notices, in observing the view which Mr. Remarks, and Suggestions," which Jowett takes on all these points; deserve more extensive circulation especially when I recollect that he than the volume itself will pro- is on the very spot which would bably obtain; but the present have led him to advocate the disextract has so important a bearing persion of the Apocrypha, if, as on the Apocryphal discussion, that some pretend, such dispersion was indispensably necessary to the cir- daism, or the illusions of Mohameculation of the the Holy Scriptures. danism, or the madness of Infidelity,
COLLECTOR. reject or resist this volume of truth!
How high is the obligation, which “ The Bible Society being a kind rests on all true Christians, to estaof central standard, by which the blish the evidences of the Divine opinions and measures of many So- inspiration of the Scriptures; accieties and individuals are, and long companying all their proofs with will continue to be, influenced, it the persuasive example of personal may be useful to delineate some- piety! what in detail the several principles “2. The Bible Society implies, on which the Bible Society is esta- further, the principle of THE SUFFIblished. In proportion as each is CIENCY OF HOLY SCRIPTURE FOR developed and distinctly marked, SALVATION: for, if any thing were different persons will, according to admitted to be deficient, it ought to the gifts bestowed upon them, take be supplied; and thus note and up that department which he can comment would be introduced, conþest cultivate. That noble institu- trary to the fundamental rule of the tion, worthy of all praise and of all Society. No censure is passed on aid, will, when its various compo- notes, as being useless; but they nent parts shall each of them be are omitted, as being not essential ; efficiently supported, stretch forth the Scriptures containing in themits munificent hands, scattering over selves all things necessary to salvathe face of the habitable globe a tion. larger measure of blessings than has 6 It is on this fundamental prinever yet been known by mankind. ciple, that a large body of professing
“ Not with any desire to excite Christians are at variance with the needless offence, but from the ne. Bible Society. The doctrine of oral cessity which exists for correcting traditions, handed down continually or repelling such offences, we pur- in the church, and equal in value pose, at each succeeding step of the with the Scripture; the lex non following argument, to state those scripta, as well as lex scripta—and principles, which operate to coun- the doctrine of the perpetual inspiteract or to retard the work of the ration of the Holy Ghost, conveyed Bible Society.
to a certain body of men, congre61. The first and niost essential gated after a particular manner, principle is, THE DIVINE INSPIRA- under a certain visible head (alTION OF THE HOLY'SCRIPTURES. though it is much controverted
“ If it were not the fact that the among themselves, whether that inBible was written by men moved by dividual at the head does of himself the Holy Ghost, we should have no speak inspired things, or whether the ground on which to stand, better head and the whole body together be than mere human opinion. But the organ of inspiration)—these two when our faith in the being and dogmas, namely, the necessity of attributes of God is accompanied oral traditions, and the Divine inwith the conviction that this holy spiration and unerring authority volume is His own revelation of either of the Bishop of Rome or of His will, so far as He intended us a Council assembled under his dito know that will here on earth, rections, are wholly neglected and our reverence for this book must passed over by the Bible Society. exceed our reverence for any thing But these are dogmas which Rome else existing in the world. . feels to be essential to the mainte
“ How deeply, then, are they to nance of her high pretensions in the be pitied, who, under the darkness world: she has, consequently, not of Paganism, or the blindness of Ju- been backward to display her resent
ment at the operations of so great, that, in various Papal countries, there so nobly patronized, and so efficient exists a feeling diametrically hostile an institution.
to the free circulation of the Scrip“ Let Rome, however, be judged tures. The principle avowed is, the of by mankind, according to her exclusive right of the priesthood to own strict principle. Agreeably to INTERPRET Scripture. But what this, the lex scripta is, in truth, not should hinder the priest, when he what we term the Holy Scriptures has expounded a chapter of the merely; but, together with them, Bible, from putting that chapter, the Acts at least of the first seven printed into the hands of his hearers; General Councils, and of the Council so that they may, by perusing it at of Trent: not less than this total home, refresh their memories ? And, amount is their BIBLE. In addition in like manner, what should hinder to this, it is impossible for any man him, while expounding the whole to divine what may, at a future pe- Bible, from putting into their hands riod, be declared binding by a a printed Bible, in order that their council similar to that assembled attention to the text and their hearat Trent. The opening clause of ing of the interpretation may go the 28th verse of Acts xv. is the hand in hand? A priesthood, acting principle which was arrogated by according to the Bible, would cer. that council; and the construction tainly desire this; and from no put on that expression by every priesthood, thinking or acting othergenuine Romanist secures a privi. wise, would it be expedient for the lege, at which the world might Bible Society to take counsel. tremble--the privilege of legislating “ 4. A further principle implied as Gods.
in the very term • Holy Scriptures,' “ 3. The Bible Society virtually is, that they are THOSE BOOKS implies, and really acts upon, the WHICH, ON GOOD EVIDENCE, ARB principle of THE RIGHT OF ALL PROVED TO HAVE BEEN OF DIVINE MEN TO READ THE SCRIPTURES. INSPIRATION. For, since all ought to have a know. “ The usual term by which this lege of the will of God, and the has been expressed, is, the CANONBible contains an all-sufficient re- ICAL books of the Old and New velation of His will, and reading is Testament. The books commonly one of the methods of knowing these called Apocryphal have no good contents of the Scripture, it follows, evidence, either external or internal, that, for the promotion of the uni- to demonstrate them to have been versal knowledge of God's will, one divinely inspired; while there is of the most efficient methods is the much of both kinds of evidence on universal reading of the Bible. the contrary side.
“ Although, in contravention of “5. Another principle for which this principle, there be no where the Bible Society is responsible, is laid down by any church the broad the MAINTENANCE, AS NEARLY AS declaration, that the people are not POSSIBLE, OF A PURE AND ORIallowed to read the Scriptures; and GINAL TEXT. The effort to give although the utmost that is censured the word of God to all mankind by the Council of Trent be, the brings this subject forward as one
indiscriminate reading’of the Bible: 'of great importance." yet, in practice, it is well known,
ON THE ECLECTIC REVIEWER'S “REMARKS” RESPECTING
THE APOCRYPHAL CONTROVERSY. SIR,-Although, up to the present thority of the holy book of God. moment, I am unconnected with A serious consideration of this fearthe Christian Guardian, either as ful evil, forms one of the points of a reader or as a correspondent, my “ Statement” (pp. 46, 47); and I request admission in your pages I warned my readers, that the argufor a few observations on a most ments used by our opponents would extraordinary and dangerous pro- “instil the suspicion, that the alduction, which has only just come leged inspiration of the books acto my notice. I allude to a pam- knowledged by Protestant churches, phlet, “ reprinted from the Eclectic is, after all, a matter of mere Review" of the apocryphal con- opinion or of considerable uncertroversy. In the second edition of tainty.” The writer in question my “ Statement,” I declared that I has come forth as the avowed adwas disinclined to renew a painful vocate of this pernicious doctrine ; discussion of which I am weary; and 'though the position which he but I know not how to retire from has advanced is sometimes brought this controversy in peace, until I forward in the way of insinuation, have endeavoured to warn the re- sometimes of assertion, yet it is ligious public of the dangerous ten- easy to see that, whether the indidency of such a pernicious article cative or the conditional mood be as that which I have just mentioned. used, it is the object of the writer Personally, I have every reason to to cast a shade of doubt over the rest satisfied with the handsome inspiration of some books included terms in which my pamphlet has even in the Protestant's Bible. been alluded to; but a few smooth The question of the canon, it is (and doubtless sincere) expressions, asserted, “ comes within the range complimentary to myself, cannot of human opinion.” It is « not deter me from avowing my reproba- clear” whether the whole of the tion of some of the positions of this books called “ Hagiographa, though production. I must premise how- of undoubted genuineness as histori. ever, that I have neither the time cal documents, can be considered as nor the disposition to do more than indited by the Holy Ghost.” “ Many touch upon the principal points pious persons have doubted” whewhich have been suggested to my ther“ Esther,” or “ Solomon's Song,” mind on the perusal of this paper; are inspired ; and “ might plead for which I understand is circulated a canon, more literally conformable with great industry throughout the to our Lord's three-fold classicountry.
fication of the Law, the Prophets, I. The most serious subject to and the Psalms.” “In their view, which I have to call the attention the books of Chronicles and 1 Macof your readers, is, the indecorous cabees would rank in the same class." ATTACK ON THE CANON OF HOLY “ It is lawful to concur in the cirSCRIPTURE, and the attempt to un- culation of a canon of Scripture dermine the integrity of the sacred which we believe not to be genuine, volume, which this pamphlet so seeing there is a difference of opiplainly exhibits.
nion in the Christian church.” The unhappy discussions which “ There is no inspired catalogue have taken place on this subject of the canonical books. Our own had in some measure prepared us canon, may possibly include books to expect, that doubts would be not inspired.” (pp. 5, 12, 15.) cast upon the inspiration and au- More might be quoted to the same