Imágenes de páginas

him, precisely as Christ had said. He now “ wept bitterly," though Yet even the commission of so ex- before he had shewn himself without traordinary a crime, in exact coin- feeling, either for his Lord or for cidence with the warning given, himself.-His repentance, whatever had no effect upon his mind; and, might be the character of the emotill he repented, does not appear to tions which attended or succeeded have once struck him as surprising.- it, was in itself no pleasurable, but Lastly, he had time. For instance, an acutely painful, feeling: a sure after his second denial, about the proof that it was the work of Christ. space of an hour elapsed before his St. Luke does not tell us that he next temptation.-Yet all these wept sweetly, but that he wept bitadvantages were insufficient to save terly. Had he experienced none the Apostle from falling. Previous but agreeable emotions, his repentwarning, the assurance of help, ac- ance might have been merely that companying admonitions, awakening of a spiritual voluptuary, the conexample, the sad experience of tinued work of Satan. But God consequences, the accomplishment had granted him repentanceunto of prediction, time allowed for life. The power of Christ was consideration and self-recovery, all now put forth on his behalf; the proved vain! The power of Christ, deadening spell of Satan was broken: alone, was adequate to deliver the he went out, and wept bitterly. Apostle in this his great and terrible Never did the glorious power of extremity. Satan is strong, but Christ appear more conspicuous, Christ is stronger. “ The Lord than at the season of his greatest turned, and looked upon Peter :" humiliation, when he suffered the that look was accompanied and death of the cross. He is seized as made effectual by the inward ope- a culprit, and heals a wounded man ration of the grace of Christ : and by a touch. He is held a prisoner, then at length the Apostle was and restores his fallen servant by a awakened to a sense of his guilt. look. He is lifted up upon the cross, He now heard the crowing of the and saves a fellow-sufferer from cock, though, before, it was lost eternal death. He dies, and a cenupon him. He now “remembered turion owns him for the Son of God. the word of the Lord,” which before He needs the rites of burial, and a he had forgotten. He now" thought disciple goes in boldly to Pilate, thereon,” though before he paid no and begs his body. He displays attention to it. He now “ went his wounds, and a doubting Apostle out," though before he lingered exclaims, “ My Lord and my God!" about the scene of his temptation.

We walk by faith, and not by sight;

And if we ever go astray,
Do Thou, O Lord! conduct us right,

And lead us in our onward way.
Onward from earth to heaven we go;

And, gently guided, Lord, by Thee,
The path which is begun below

Conducts to immortality.
And though it were a transient gloom, "

Though darkness on our steps attend
E'en though it lead us through the tomb, .

Its course is bliss, and heaven its end...

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REVIEW OF BOOKS. A Defence of Religious Liberty, in and unwarrantable assertions of some a Series of Letters, with Notes of the Roman-Catholic hierarchy in and Illustrations, from a Lover their opposition to the general cirof Truth. By the Author of culation of the word of God among 5 Letters on Prejudice and Ser. the numerous members of that commons on Christian Responsibility., munity in our sister country.

Some observations which occur LORD Bacon, in his Essay on in a note in the first page, merit “ Seeming Wise,” speaks of " men attention. who are so close reserved that they

The resistance to the circulation of

he will not shew their wares but by a Scripture in every shape, and to its use dark light, and seem always to keep at any period of life, (unless for a chosen back somewhat." To expose these few, whose submission may be depended hidden things of dishonesty, to de

ide on,) has become so violent and universal,

that charity itself can hardly assign any tect their errors, to drag them to the

motive but a latent scepticism in some of open day, and thus bring them in these reverend gentlemen, respecting the contact with that light which mak doctrines which their church so strenuously. eth manifest, is the bounden duty upholds. He that teacheth truth, as well

as he that doeth truth, cometh to the of every lover of truth, and has

light, and refers to the law and to the been well executed by the author testimony for his proof. To say that any of the work before us.

church, or any doctrine of a church, The title. indeed. at the first cannot stand with a free circulation of glance, excited our apprehensions. either the Scripture or the doctrine must

Scripture, is in other words to say, that We feared lest some sectarian sen- be false. timents should be found in the De

There is also much point in the fence of Religious Liberty-a term but too often used in reference to

following remarks. opinions and practices in direct op- He, the Protestant, dares not close the position, not only to the Articles book of life against his brethren! He dares

not do this, in defiance of the challenge of and Formularies of our Church, but

Him who referred to those Scriptures for. likewise at utter variance with the evidence of himself, and who used those meekness of that “ wisdom which is Scriptures as his weapon of defence in his from above, and which is first pure, own awful hour of temptation, beginning his

reply to every suggestion of the enemy, as then peaceable, gentle, and easy to

if to point out to his followers the armoury. be entreated, full of mercy and from whence their weapons of defence good fruits, without partiality and were to be drawn, with the memorable without hypocrisy." While, how words, “ it is written !” Surely the Son

of God himself, in whom dwelt all the ever, our fears on this head were

treasures of wisdom and knowledge, speedily removed by the perusal of needed not to resort in the hour of trial to the work itself, we would still re- the written record of his Father's will, commend, in a future edition, the save for the purpose of pointing to that adoption of a somewhat different this

record as the light and the guide of all

his people! title, implying “ The universal right. and duty of reading the sacred

The abominable spirit still in-: Scriptures."

dulged by the Popish Church is. Our narrow limits will not allow clearly manifested in the following us to give a general view of the line extract from her modern catechism.. of argument here followed ; we can " It is not to be denied, that heretics only admit a few extracts on parti- and schismatics, because they have revolt

ro ed from the Church, (for they no more. cular points, and refer our readers

belong to the Church, than deserters do to the able statements of the work to the army they have abandoned ;) it is, itself for a refutation of the bold not, however, to be denied, chat they are, in the power of the Church, as persons who, according to the diversity of their who may be called by her to judgment, rites and languages, may celebrate Divine punished, and doomed by anathema to services, and administer the sacraments of damnation !!” (Note to p. 25.)

the Church,' instructing them both by

word and example.”-9th Canon of the Well may the writer of these 4th Lateran Council, A. D. 1215. letters compare with the preceding Compare with the above decree the horrible declaration the words of the following Bull of Pope Alexander 7th, Apostle, “ Count him (the offender) published A. D. 1650 :

“ Whereas, sons of perdition, endeanot as an enemy, but admonish him vouring the destruction of souls, have as a brother."

translated the Roman Missal into the In reference to the pretended su. French tongue,” (this translation, be it obpremacy of St. Peter, some striking

served, was not made by laymen or here

18 tics, but executed under the direction of observations occur, for which we several French bishops,)“and so attempted must refer to the work itself. The to throw down and trample upon the maquotation, however, from Paulinus jesty of the holy rites comprehended in of Nola, is too beautiful to be

Latin words, as we abominate and detest

the novelty, which will deform the beauty omitted.

of the Church, and produce disobedience, .« Christ is the rock which contains the temerity, boldness, sedition, and schism. fountain of living water, which we find

so we condemn, reprobate, and forbid the

said and all other such translations ;- and happily near us when we are pressed with

interdict the reading and keeping of them thirst in the midst of the world. It is this which refreshes us, and prevents us

to all and singular the faithful, of whatever from being consumed by the burning of

sex, degree, order, condition, dignity, qur corrupt nature. This is the rock upon

honour, or pre-eminence, under pain of which is built that house which shall never

excommunication : and we command that fall. This is the rock, which having been

all copies of such translations be immeopened in one of its sides, poured forth

diately burnt.” from thence water and blood, to make us The contrast between the antaste of two salutary fountains, the water

cient fathers and the modern Roof grace, and the blood of the sacrament, which is at once the source, and the price,

mish divines, on the subject of of our salvation.” (Paulinus of Nola.) reading the Scriptures, is drawn

There is a ludicrous but very ap. up in a very masterly way. Could propriate remark on this question of

any one believe, that in the ninesupremacy in a note at the foot of teenth century, and in the British the 36th page. .

isles, any man professing the name

of Christ, could dare to make such The appearance of Christ to Peter first,

an assertion as the following one by after his resurrection, is urged as another mark of our Lord's preference of this

J.K.L. (Bishop Doyle). “The Scripapostle above his brethren : but let it be tures alone have never saved any observed, that before Christ shewed himselfone: they are incapable of giving to Peter, he appeared to Mary Magdalene;

salvation : it is not their object, it is

salvation. it is not their obient who must therefore come in for a share of any primacy drawn from this argument.,

not the end for which they were

written!!!”. . In the 81st page, the 9th canon 'But we must conclude our notice of the 4th Lateran Council is op- of these truly admirable and ably posed to the famous Papal Bull. written letters. They discover exwhich issued from the Vatican about tensive reading in ecclesiastical his. four centuries afterwards, and to

tory, combined with a clear head which latter document, as well as to

and a pious heart. It is scarcely a similar one of more recent date,

possible to rise from their perusal such frequent appeals have been

without gratitude for our privileges made.

as Protestants, and a fervent desire “ Because, in many parts within the for the illumination and conversion same city and diocese, people are mixed of our fellow-subjects in Ireland of divers languages, having under one from the darkness or

ne from the darkness and delusion of faith divers rites and fashions, we strictly command that the bishops of the said Popery.. cities or dioceses provide fit and able men, We have only room for one more extract, selected from the com- Babel, has been perpetuated and mencement of the last letter, and increased to the present day. The which we give as it states the true “ gift of tongues” at the day of ground of the present controversy, Pentecost afforded a temporary rewith its origin and consequences, medy, and contributed most essenconsequences for which the mem- tially to the propagation of Christiabers of the Romish Church may nity. But when it pleased God that thank themselves.

the extraordinary gifts of the Holy When I first took up the pen to ad

Spirit should no longer be vouchdress my Roman-Catholic countrymen, it safed, the evangelists of each sucwas merely with a purpose of offering (in ceeding age have been compelled a single letter) a few remarks upon the to employ a large part of the prime nature of the arguments urged by some and a Roman-Catholic clergymen against the

and flower of their days in acquiradmission of the Bible into schools for ing an imperfect knowledge of the, the Irish peasantry. - I did not then anti- perhaps barbarous, language in cipate the events which have since made which they desire to proclaim the it necessary for the advocates of the Bible to take up the question upon a broader gran trang

glad tidings of salvation ground, and involved unavoidably some They indeed who enter into the topics of controversy which the Church force of the Apostle's reasoning, of Rome is obviously very averse to bring “ If the trumpet give an uncertain under public examination. If these events have awakened inquiry into the scriptural

sound, who shall prepare himself to evidence of doctrines long received with

the battle ? So likewise ye, except a blind acquiescence, that Church has no ye utter by the tongue words easy right to charge Protestants with a result to be understood, how shall it be which her own aggressions have occasion ed. She has precipitately thrown down

known what is spoken ? for ye shall the gage by her intrusion into Protestant speak unto the air,"_will at once meetings; she has been listened to with feel the importance of cultivating patience, she has been answered with the accurate knowledge of those power; her railings have been heard with

languages which are generally spoout retort, her objections have been refuted without acrimony.-Business has ken in large and populous regions, been postponed, convenience has been and will especially rejoice when the sacrificed, personal safety has almost been way is opened to those territories hazarded, to afford her every possible facility of discussion; and she now stands

from which they have long been expledged to defend by fair argument her cluded, and where the obstacles to claim to the submission of the Christian an entrance have been generally world.

considered as insuperable.

It is therefore with great pleasure

that we are now called upon to no· The Chinese Miscellany; consist- tice two distinct publications on the

ing of original Extracts from Chinese language; the one affordChinese Authors, in the Native ing an opening, and the other exCharacter; with Translations citing by cogent arguments to a and Philological Remarks. By diligent pursuit. Robert Morrison, D.D. F.R.S. The Chinese Miscellany" pro&c. Kingsbury. 4to. 10s. 6d. ceeds from the pen of that ardent Pp. 52.

and indefatigable missionary, Dr. An Essay on the Nature and Struc- Morrison, and contains specimens

ture of the Chinese Language ; of native composition in the Chinese with Suggestions on its more ex- character, accompanied with a litensive Study. By Thomas Myers. teral translation into English; a free

Kingsbury. 1825. Pp. 32. translation into English ; and the The first grand impediment to the mode of pronunciation expressed in extension of the Gospel of Christ Roman letters. By this triple aid results from that confusion of tongues the genius, construction, and sound which, commencing: originally at of the language, as well as the sen

Nov. 1825.



timents of the authors, are perspi- language, and then points out the cuously presented to the English means of pursuing that study. reader. The work also contains all Supposing, however, the reader inclined the Chinese symbols and characters to commence the study of this language, in common use, with full explana- it will still be objected, there are great tions as to their pronunciation, and obstacles in the way. The want of books,

· and of the means of instruction, will be

y first pleaded. But both these are now of Chinese literature, and is inter- happily obviated; for Dr. Morrison has spersed with many valuable remarks. established a public Chinese library in the The difficulties in the way of ac- city of London, containing about 1000

works of various authors, consisting of quiring the Chinese language ap- more than 10,000 volumes. At this library, pear, from the work before us, to the learned Doctor, or some of his senior be far less than has been generally students, attend every day, who will be supposed. Instead of the student most happy to do all in their power to

communicate a knowledge of this language being under the necessity of mas

to those who are anxious to acquire it. tering eighty thousand different cha. But ac

But again : it may be also added, “ the racters, as some have apprehended, difficulties, of learning it are so great, that it is stated, that an acquaintance I have neither time nor patience to sur

mount them.” This idea of its extreme, with about two thousand is sufficient

difficulty, however, is not more prevalent. for ordinary purposes.

than incorrect. “ The acquisition of the

Chinese language has often been repre"In the penal code of China," says Dr.

sented as impracticable; and sometimes, Morrison, " which embraces a great va

on the other hand, it has been said to be riety of subjects, and extends to upwards

very easy. It is of importance that the of twenty Chinese volumes, there are un

student should take the middle path, der two thousand different characters. Sir

where indeed the truth lies. To know George T. Staunton, whilst going through

something of Chinese is a very easy thing, his translation of the · Ta tsing Leu Lee,'

to know as much of it as will answer made an index of the different characters

many useful and important purposes is employed in the original, and found the

not extremely difficult; but to be master numbers not greater than I have men- of the la

en- of the language, a point to which the tioned; and a person who can read the

writer has yet to look forward, he conpenal code possesses a very considerable widers

siders as extremely difficult. . It is a knowledge of Chinese. Two thousand

thousand difficulty which,' in the words of Sir W.

difficulta characters, when compared with the eighty Jones, when speaking of the Persian lanthousand which have been talked of, seem

guage, like all others in the world, will easy of acquisition. The ancient books

books be insensibly surmounted by the habit of of poetry and morality require, however, industry and perseverance

industry and perseverance, without which a larger stock of words; yet two thousand are sufficient to form such a ground-work

no great design can ever be accomplished.'

The student, therefore, should not underas would make the superstructure not take Chinese with the idea that it is a very difficult; and ideas can be conveyed in

easy thing to acquire; nor should he be the modern style, without an acquaintance

discouraged from attempting it under an with the ancient books. It is possible for

impression, that the difficulty of acquiring an European, or any other man, to convey it is next to insurmountable.” his ideas, on almost any subject, with To afford the reader, however, an opabout two thousand characters or symbols portunity of judging by comparison, it may to the people of China: and this stock of

stock of be said that its acquisition is more difficult simple and modern words, or characters, than that of either Latin or Persian : but will enable him to read the commentaries in the opinion of the writer, less so than on ancient poets, historians, and philoso- that of Greek or Arabic. Let but the phers, in the Chinese language, and scholar summon up resolution to begin: thereby form a key to the whole of their

get the two volumes of the second part of literature.”—P. 4.

Dr. Morrison's Dictionary, and a copy of The pamphlet of Mr. Myers con

his Chinese translation of the New Testa

ment; let him study, with a little assistfirms the views given by Dr. Morri

ance, two or three hours a day for a short son by referring to various other time, and he need not despair of being authors, as Drs. Milne, Marshman, soon able to read any one of the four Mr. Barrow, &c. It next points out

Gospels in Chinese off hand, with a little

previous preparation. The singular pevarious considerations which may culiarity of its being destitute of any visible excite to a diligent study of the marks, by which the pronunciation can be

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