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tability in mine: the former says, “salvation, MAY be saved ; much 6 I never read a more Jesuitical more they that have doubted of article than that in the last [Sep- “ some particular books : ..... yet do tember] month's Eclectic;" the « all or most of these, in my judglatter observes, “the principles of “ment, cast away a singular prop the Eclectic Reviewer I hold to be “ to their faith, and lay it open to horrible.” I know that the opinions dangerous assaults ........ Certain I of fallible men cannot settle the “ am, that the strengthening our matter; but they may at least shew “ faith in the verity of Scripture, him, that he is mistaken in con- “ would be an exceeding help to necting my protest with a want of “ the joy of the saints ...... "Truly' catholicity in my spirit (Ecl. Rev. “ (he adds, quoting another author) p. 388); and they may lead him se- 66 this loose and unsettled faith is riously to reconsider the sentiments one of the fiery darts and forcible which so grieve and scandalize the “ engines of Satan ; by such church of Christ in its different de- “ cunning cavils, shifts, and elusions, nominations. He has heard the “ against the authority of Scripture, opinions of the living ; let him listen “ the poor man, not able to clear also to a voice from the pious dead. “ himself of them, falls into a doubt“ Though All Scripture,” says the “ ing of all religion, and sinks into devout Baxter, “be of Divine au

“ despair.'” I am, &c. thority, yet he that believeth but

G. C. GORHAM. “ some one book, which containeth Queen's College, Cambridge, s6 the substance of the doctrine of

Nov. 9, 1825.


When inarshall’d on the nightly plain,

The glittering host bestud the sky;
One star alone of all the train,

Can fix the sinner's wandering eye.
Hark! hark ! to God the chorus breaks,

From ev'ry host, from ev'ry gem;
But one alone the Saviour speaks,-

It is the Star of Bethlehem.
Once on the raging seas I rode,

The storm was loud, the night was dark,
The ocean yawn'd- -and rudely blowed,

The wind that toss'd my foundering bark.
Deep horror then my vitals froze;

Death-struck, I ceas'd the tide to stem;
When suddenly a star arose,

It was the Star of Bethlehem.
It was my guide, my light, my all;

It hade my dark forebodings cease;
And thro' the storm, and danger's thrall,
It led me to the port of

Now safely moor'd--my perils o'er--

I'll sing, first in night's diadem,
For ever and for evermore,

The Star!--the Star of Bethlehem !


REVIEW OF BOOKS. An extensive Inquiry into the im- -and the voluntary sacrifice of himself portant Question, what it is to upon an ignominious cross, for the repreach Christ, and what is the demption of à fallen world.' And in this

great work of redemption we behold the best Mode of preaching Him. By exact accomplishment of those typical and Richard Lloyd, M. A. Rector of prophetic promises, which through so St. Dunstan's. Seeley. Pp. viii.

many ages prefigured his advent, and a

concentration of all the Divine perfections and 372.

shining forth_with a mild and attractive A plain Discourse on the Nature, splendour. From the foot of the cross

Evidences, and Means of Edifica- we follow Him, in silent wonder and adocation. By the Rev. C. Davy, ration, through the darkness of the tomb,

to his triumphant resurrection and asA. B. Seeley. Pp. x. and 127.

cension to his mediatorial throne and

. By dominion, and to those communications . ' . Pp. 62. of spiritual gifts and graces vouchsafed for We have been induced to notice the edification of his church, and which

He will continue to dispense till He come these three works in the same ar

again in the clouds of heaven, with great ticle from the general coincidence majesty and glory, to raise the dead, and of the subjects on which they seve- to judge the world. rally treat , and from the correspond. sacred offices of a prophet and

of a priest for

Heis, indeed, invested not only with the ence of sentiment which on various the purpose of enlightening and of pardonoccasions they evince, however their ing a world“ dead in trespasses and sins,” authors may differ on some par

but He reigns as the Lord God Omnipoticular and minor points. We can

tent, in the armies of heaven, and among the

inhabitants of the earth. Whilst, however, scarcely conceive of more important he is thus enthroned in glory, as “ the topics than those which Mr. L. King of kings, and Lord of lords,” his proposes for consideration in his kingdom is not, strictly speaking, of this present publication ; subjects which, world. He had, while he dwelt among though continually occurring, must insignia of sovereignty, no magnificent re

us, no earthly regal authority, no external ever excite fresh interest in the tinue. He was attended only by a few minds of the faithful minister. After illiterate fishermen, and was the object of a short preface, Mr. L. introduces

scorn and of persecution. His throne

here below is founded in spiritual conhis first inquiry by some observa

quest; it is the mighty dominion of truth tions on the attainments requisite to and of holiness, in the heart of fallen man; the preaching of Christ, in which he his kingdom is a kingdom of grace. He well maintains the importance of a

came to proclaim liberty to the

captives of learned as well as a pious ministry. nious bondage of sin. He has opened and

Satan,-emancipation from the ignomiHe then proceeds to point out the consecrated a new and a living way.” to most direct and circumscribed man- the Throne of Mercy, and by giving indiner of preaching Christ, and after- viduality and life to his doctrines and prewards considers the subject with and palpable form, that the grandeur and greater particularity.

nobility of the soul consist, not in the arAmidst much that is excellent, tificial pomp, or in the delusive glare and we would call the attention of our

fashion of this world which pass away, readers to the following passages :

like the fiery meteors of night, but in a mind elevated and attuned to the worship

of God, and in harmony with his will. If we pass on to the consideration of Such a mind is like the blue expanse of Christ's mediatorial character, we shall heaven, sublime and serene, and the find that it embraces no inconsiderable radiant qualities which illustrate and range of doctrine and of practice. It leads adorn it may remind us of those celestial us to contemplate the sovereign and un- orbs, which enlighten and beautify this merited love of God the Father, in the lower world. Pp. 21-23. transcendent gift of his Son; the ineffable love of that Son in the mysterious as

After remarking that the exhilasumption of the human nature and its rating character of the Gospel ab union with the divine in his own person, good news, should strongly mark


and designate our sacred ministry, the person of our Redeemer, that she may Mr. L. proceeds:

brighten the prospects, and revive the

dejected spirit of the humble penitent. What argument can be so affecting or

When all around him is dark and temmake such a triumphant appeal to the pestuous, she opens to him a refuge from heart as that simple, but sublime declara- the storm; safe and secure, he hears the tion, “God so loved the world, that He thunders only at a distance, and lifts up gave his only begotten Son, that whoso- his eye to Heaven, radiant with hope, and ever believeth in Him should

not perish, emphatically the glory of sinners, not of

glistening with gratitude. The Gospel is template the Divine glory in the firma. the innocent, but of the guilty. Christ ment above us, and its numberless orbs of

came not to call the righteous, but sinners light; or as it is displayed in the diversi

to repentance; He came to seek and to fied productions of the earth, and more only a serious sense of our need of mercy,

save that which was lost, and requires especially in its diurnal and annual revolutions, by which we enjoy the constant

and an earnest application for it, that we succession of day and night, and the har

may obtain it. Indeed the cross of Christ monious vicissitudes of the seasons: these

exhibits such an assemblage of all that is and other phenomena of nature, proclaim sublime and lovely in moral excellence, with a powerful though silent 'eloquence such unsullied holiness, -such inexorable the majesty and goodness of our great justice, combined with such an unfathomCreator. But these bright manifestations able depth of Divine love, that it tends far of his perfections are eclipsed by the above all other subjects in the Scriptures, greater work of redemption,---by the tran

to rectify the inverted order which sin has scendent gift of his only Son,-by His introduced, and to form the Christian chamysterious assumption of the body pre

It alone reveals - Christ's righpared for Him, and by His voluntary ob

teousness in the remission of sin; it maglation of it for us men, and our salvation.

nifies justice in the way of pardoning it, This is that wonderful and inestimable and mercy in the way of punishing it. It gift that comprehends all other gifts ; it shews justice more awful than if mercy lies at the foundation of our temporal no

had been excluded, and mercy more at. less than of our spiritual blessings. The tractive than if justice had been dispensed primary doctrine of forgiveness, through with. In short, it is a scheme of reconthe “ Seed of the woman,” is that original ciliation, planned with such unerring wispromise which rises like the morning light dom, that it magnifies the law, and makes upon a benighted and guilty world, and it honourable; whilst it magnifies the criall the subsequent dispensations of the minal, who broke the law ;-for the respect Gospel are but the gradual evolution of put upon the law makes him honourable this prophetic promise, which expands also. Hence both the sinner and the law daily into a more luminous fulfilment.

have just ground to glory in the cross of How admirably suited is such a proclama- Christ, as the wisdom and the power of tion of free and unmerited mercy to ope

God unto salvation. Pp. 28-32. rate upon the ingenuous part of human The Saviour is also represented nature, and to become the source of that heavenly hope which purifies, whilst it by Mr. L. as the grand source of consoles the mind. Standing at the foot strength and consolation, and as of the cross, and looking to Him who died such deserving the continual rethereon, with the eye of penitential faith, gard of the weak and tempted be-a flood of light, above the brightness of

liever: the sun, has often illuminated the gloom of despondency, and tranquillized the Is the Christian weak and ready to faint? tumults of the soul. This light is not He is encouraged in the Scriptures to look that cold speculative light which amuses to his exalted Saviour and be strengthenonly the understanding; it is the light of ed. “His grace is sufficient for him,"; life, light that vivifies, invigorates, and and He has promised not “to break the warms the affections, -and at the same bruised reed, nor to quench the smoking time enriches the soul with the lovely flax.”-Has he been tempted to deviate fruits of righteousness and true holiness. from the line of duty ? Let him return, The black Ethiopian may look long enough like the prodigal son, humbly confessing at the visible sun and not be changed; his sins, and he shall be abundantly parbut he who thus looks to the Sun of Righ- doned. Has he been induced, by unteousness shall be enlightened and trans- worthy motives, to deny his Lord, and to formed into that Divine image, which has be ashamed of his cross ? Let him think of been so awfully defaced by the fall. For his unparalleled sufferings and dying love, what is the Gospel but the gracious inter- and, like Peter, weep bitterly; such sorrow position of celestial mercy for the deliver- shall be turned into joy. Is he weighed ance of fallen man? It is mercy coming down under a gloomy and painful sense of down from the Throne of Righteousness in accumulated sins, and does his subtle and



malicious adversary, who before tempted, complishment. Such abortive magnificence now accuse and condemn him? Let him reminds us of those clouds which sail recall to mind the gracious and compre- along the skies with an inflated majesty, hensive promise of his Saviour, “Come and intercept the light of heaven without unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy fertilizing the lands over which they pass. laden, and I will give you rest.” There is The system of the Gospel is a system of no distress, of whatever kind or degree, to faith and practice. An evangelical creed which the voice of mercy is not respon- was never designed to be the substitute give.-Do the rough winds of this world of piety, but the life of it;-and piety violently assail him, and damp his Chris- itself requires to be disciplined by rules. tian ardor ?-Does his love begin to wax But many religionists are too wise to be cold? Let bim silently and devoutly think taught by human authority, and too holy of Him who “bore the contradiction of and spiritual to attend to the laws of sinners,” their base ingratitude, and mon- morality. They are disposed to deprestrous rebellion, and whose intense love ciate instrumental duties, and to hold in for the safety and welfare of their souls, disdain all mechanism in religion. Under no floods of persecution could extinguish, a recondite, mysterious principle of piety, or even abate. By such solemn medita- that looks almost exclusively toʻthe imtions

upon the cross of Christ, who volun- mediate illapses of the Spirit, they not only tarily died for the salvation of all men,- forget that the healing water of life is consin will gradually lose its attractions and veyed through appointed channels, but ascendency, and the sacred fire of Divine that Christ is no less our Legislator than love will silently kindle in the soul,-and our Redeemer, and requires us to recogall enmities towards our fellow-creatures, nize Him in his precepts, as well as in his who have been redeemed by the same doctrines.--How can we satisfactorily asatoning blood, will be melted down into certain that we love God, or have a saving mutual forgiveness, under the benign in- faith in our Redeemer, but by weighing fluence and sunshine of Christian charity.

ourselves in the balances of the sanctuary, Be, therefore, determined to know nothing -by bringing our conduct to the standard but Jesus Christ, and Him crucified, of the moral law? Even admitting that “ who for the joy that was set before Him, man is actuated by that genuine faith endured the cross, despising the shame, which “worketh by love,”-still his faith, and is set down at the right hand of the love, and other graces must be regulated throne of God!" Such a holy determina- in their exercise by some rule of action; tion, formed in the strength of Divine otherwise, they will soon shew themselves grace, will soon emancipate you from in a “zeal not according to knowledge.” many embarrassments and difficulties, in- As a ship upon the boisterous ocean reternal and external, and give a clear and quires not only wind and tide to accelerate manly tone to your character. Having a her course through the trackless deep, but good end before you, and being resolute a rudder and a pilot to steer her in safety and true to the attainment of it, you will, amidst the rocks and quicksands to which in so pursuing this end, be moulded into she is exposed; so does the Christian, in all virtue at once; for whatever virtues sailing over the dangerous ocean of life, lie in the passage towards it, you are in- require to be constantly reminded of his vested already with a disposition to con- chart and directory; he must not transform yourselves to them. Pp. 67, 68. gress the boundaries of his appointed In the fourth chapter, the import- obtain the prize of his high calling, within

course, but he must move, if he would ance of studying the law of God as the prescribed limits. Activity alone is the rule of action is well inculcated, insufficient; unless it be well directed, it and the evils resulting from those

may become, not a progressive, but a reimperfect and erroneous views which

trograde movement. Pp. 92–94.

To preach, then, Christ, is not to conignorant though well-meaning men fine ourselves to his name, as if it had a are apt to bring forward, are forcibly magical influence, or to be continually pointed out:

chiming upon his doctrines in order to

elicit from them such sounds as may Many do not study the law of God, as a vibrate in exact unison with our morbid rule of action; they speak of the doctrines feelings :. it consists in illustrating the of Christianity, of true faith in them, and great design of his mediation, and in exof the necessary fruits of that faith. Thus pounding his laws,--the conjunctive tenthey move in a constant round of doc- dency of which is, to render us obedient trines, and from their connection with to the eternal rules of righteousness. In each other and with their correspondent short, the Gospel can never produce its duties, assume, without due examination, full and appropriate effects,-unless we that they reach their appointed end in promulgate the truth, the whole truth, practice. But these assumptions are dan- and nothing but the truth; so intimate gerous in morals, and generate a religion and indissoluble is the connection besplendid in promise, and meagre in ac- tween truth and holiness. P. 109.

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Many will doubt whether Mr. not acquainted with any who proLloyd has not occupied a somewhat fess habitually to go up into the disproportionate space in his re- pulpit and speak ex tempore—that marks on the duty of submission is, who, without any previous selecto rulers, &c. Ať the same time, tion of their subject, or any prepawhen it is considered how feverish ration of materials, accustom themand fretful professing Christians in selves at once to address an audigeneral are when a minister ven- ence with what first comes to their tures to call upon them to honour minds. Yet this is the correct idea the king, and how absurdly many of extemporary preaching. We assert that Christian ministers have have known cases where the failure nothing to do with political affairs, of an expected supply, the sudden though expressly enjoined to put indisposition of a minister, the actheir people in mind to obey magis- cidental loss of a previous preparatrates, &c. Mr. L. may perhaps be tion, &c. compelled another to envindicated for shewing how import- gage at once upon a service for ant a part political submission is of which he had not prepared; but we Evangelical holiness.

know of none who really adopt this Mr. L.'s inquiry into what is the as their stated practice. best mode of preaching Christ, is We have, however, neither time less satisfactory than his former in- nor inclination to enter on the quesvestigation. A large part of it tion between written and unwritten is employed in discussing the com- discourses. It may, in general, be parative merits of written and ex- said that no man preaches well from temporary discourses ; and he pro- notes who has not previously written nounces, with an air of considerable for a considerable period ;—that, in complacency and authority, that many cases, the preaching from notes the former ought, by all persons, renders persons indolent and superand under all circumstances, to be ficial ;--but it is by no means true exclusively adopted. While, how. that this is invariably, or even geneever, we agree with him in many rally, the case: it is certain that of his observations, we cannot, by many employ much more time and any means, concur, unreservedly, in study to prepare a discourse from his final decision. The expediency notes than would suffice to write of adopting extemporary or written it at full length; and that they prediscourses, cannot now be settled fer preaching without a written preby authority, and the ipse dixit of paration, because they find, that by any one will have small weight with this means their preaching is more preachers in general. Much de- acceptable, more efficient, and more pends upon the talents of the indi- useful. We surely ought to hesividual minister ; much on the nature tate before we condemn, on the of his congregation, and their pecu- one hand, that mode of preaching liar habits and prejudices; and still which such eminently holy and usemore upon the results which, after ful men as Cecil, and Foster, and due proof of his ministry, the Robinson, and Scott, and Newton, preacher finds to ensue from that adopted, and most decidedly recomparticular system which he has mended to others as the more exadopted.

cellent way;

while at the same time When, however, extemporary the rash condemners of written serpreaching is referred to, it is neces- mons may well pause, when they sary to remark, that many entertain recollect that Milner, and Richardvery erroneous

the son, and many other useful and exsubject. Extemporary preaching, emplary characters, confined themstrictly speaking, is a practice selves entirely to such discourses. . almost entirely unknown. We are Mr. Lloyd has annexed an Appen

ideas upon

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