Imágenes de páginas

dix, containing notes on various im- education,--for the exertions of magisterial portant subjects; of which the fol- authority, and a vigilant police! Without

the latter, the former cannot produce its lowing deserves the most extensive due influence: the seeds of virtue will be circulation.

liable to be choked by noxious weeds,If the members of our Christian legis- for “where iniquity abounds, the love of lature were more strongly influenced by many will wax cold !” the principles of Christianity, and lived What a heavy responsibility attaches to under a more solemn and realizing impres- the executive government if it does not sion of their high responsibility, they suppress, as far as possible, these public could not, I think, tolerate those gross

enormities! If it allows timidity, a violations of the Sabbath which disgrace sordid and narrow policy, or any sinister this metropolis. Whilst I am fully dis- motives, to interfere with their paramount posed to make allowances on account of obligations to uphold and promote the the magnitude of the dangers and difficul.

best interests of the country!-- There is a ties which they have had to encounter,

moral grandeur of character in nations as and highly appreciate their meritorious well as individuals ; there is the greatness and successful exertions in defence of the of goodness,-a sublime and reverential country, I cannot but deeply lament,

fear of God, which fears nothing, but that so many publie coaches should be

what displeases Him. This holy intreallowed to run upon this sạcred day, sa

pidity is imperiously demanded in our erilegiously perverting it to purposes of legislators and magistrates. They should pleasure or of profit , disturbing the general his will, from whom they derive their au

act as God's ministers, faithfully fulfilling habits and morals of the nation, as well as usurping upon that rest which was ap- thority, not for the purpose of aggrandizing pointed not only for the relief and edit- themselves, but of advancing the welfare cation of man, but for the refreshment of of the nation. I am fully sensible, how. the dumb creation.

ever, that the prevalence of some crimes is How injurious also to the interests of owing, not so much to the want of vigilance religion and morality are the Sunday news

and exertion in those who are invested papers ! -not merely as tending to secu- with official authority, as to a studied larize the mind upon this day of public and artful evasion of the laws,--to a serworship, but as often contaminating it by pentine subtlety in wickedness, which sets their political profligacy, by their gross public justice at defiance. Pp. 347–350. and libellous abuse of characters,.--even

The last of these notes comof the chief magistrate of the kingdom.

What sources of idleness and vice, in- ments on the proceedings of the volving families in distress, and leading to Home Missionary. Society, and a consequent augmentation of the poor- charges them practically with neg. rates, are our numberless public-houses!

What extensive mischief issues from lecting really destitute places, and the gaming-houses in this city! We have intruding into the parishes of exemwitnessed the frightful enormities to which plary and respectable ministers. A they lead, producing a desperation of spirit, charge which the conductors of -a spirit of gloomy suspicion, hatred, that institution will do well gravely and revenge among professed friends and associates. We have read of murders

to consider. consequent upon robberies, and with a The second work at the head of view to concealment; we have heard of this article is the production of the urgent distress, impelling to acts of vio- lence ; and the phrenzy of democracy

Rev. Mr.Davy, whose Cottage Serinfuriating the mind, and organizing assas

mons have already met with an exsinations. But in some recent instances tensive circulation, and is written in among us, murder itself has been calmly the same plain, unassuming, pious contemplated, and deliberately perpe- manner which distinguishes this trated. The victims of the sanguinary purposes of low and unprincipled gamblers gentleman's former productions.have been marked out as sheep for the After a suitable introduction, it slaughter, and prospective arrangements points out the meaning of edificawere made for the commission of crimes tion-its effects--progress-means which-appal and terrify the mind, and of which we cannot think without the deep

--evidences, &c. In the course of est humiliation. What, indeed, is man the inquiry Mr. D. points out many when left to himself! He is at enmity enormous and dangerous with God,-and the great enemy of man.

ideas, What an argument is this, upon the

which are, alas ! too common upon ground of self-love and preservation, for this important subject, and which, ministerial instruction, ---for a religious we fear, seriously affect the com


fort and endanger the safety of ordained, that we should walk in them.” many professing Christians.


If any one hear or receive “the truth as

it is in Jesus" unto edification, his holy hesitate not, therefore, strongly to

"profiting will appear unto all men.” If recommend this work to our read the root of divine truth be planted in our ers, and hope it will meet with an hearts by the Spirit of Christ, the sacred extensive circulation. It is especi- seed will surely rise towards its native

clime, shoot forth towards heaven, and ally valuable to put into the hands

bear fruit to the glory of God. If the of young Christians, who are very true foundation-stone be laid by divine apt to be drawn aside by the de- grace in our hearts, clear and visible evivices of the great enemy of souls.

dences of the great and gracious work will The following extracts may con

soon appear. The blessed and divine

work of grace within, will soon be manifest vey a fair idea of the nature of this by clear and undoubted proofs of genuine production :

edification and holy building without also.

If the good work of grace be begun “in If a man lay a good foundation, with the inner man,” it will soon be evidenced the full intention and firm resolution of in the whole conduct of the outer man building upon it, if his heart be in the

A blessed change in the life will work, and if he really wishes to complete soon declare to all men, who has wrought his design, he daily proceeds with the the change in the heart. If the soul rework, he daily makes progress towards ceive "godly edifying,” it will be proved the completion of the building, till the by the whole conduct. As well might we whole edifice be at last finished, and ready attempt or expect to prevent the current for his use and his enjoyment. Thus the

from flowing towards the ocean, or to stop soul, that truly and indeed does build on the winds in their course, as to prevent Christ, the true foundation, that loves it, the man, who is truly edified, from living and trusts its all upon it, is made willing a “godly life," and from showing to the and desirous to proceed with the work; whole world the real pleasure and profit no labour deters the true believer in Jesus which he has received, under the means from his “ work of faith ;” no pains are

of grace, by a humble walk before God, considered too great for the full accom- and by a holy conversation before men. plishment of his holy purpose; no sacrifice Pp. 20–22. of worldly comfort or temporal gain is considered as sufficient to alarm or indis- The following, on the Means of pose him, for the daily and unwearied Edification, is all we can at present prosecution of his design, to build for insert, God and glory “ He first sat down and counted the cost.”. He “ knows whom My brethren, if we would build for he hath believed, and is persuaded,” that glory, let us be careful to build by the the God whom he loves, and the Sa- rules of the word of God. Let us daily viour whom he trusts and obeys, will also, examine our work, whether it proceeds with the desire to build, give him power according to the will of God. Let us to finish, and never leave incomplete the daily compare our hearts and lives with works of his own hands. He daily and the pure precepts of the Gospel of Christ, progressively, by the helping hand of his that we may not vainly flatter ourselves God, raises up the true spiritual building. that we are right and safe, whilst we are We observe in it daily progress and im- totally wrong and in danger. Let us live provement. We see gradual elevation, by the rules of the Bible, walk according strength, and beauty. More and more to the Scriptures, and work as God has the blessed work proceeds, as the soul commanded us, that we may not be dis“ edifies itself in love.” The more the appointed at last and for ever. If the soul is truly edified, the more firmly it is Bible be our guide to God, to love and to “ built up on Christ,” and the nearer it obey him in Christ Jesus, the God of the reaches heaven. The higher the edifice Bible will be, by his Spirit, our guide is raised, the more heavenly-minded and unto glory. But,spiritual the soul becomes. "It breathes a The soul of a believer in the Son of purer air, and is in its conversation and God, not only needs rules by which he enjoyments from heaven heavenly.” may build safely on the true foundation,

The higher the elevation of the building, but also stands in daily need of help from the more regular and uniform it will ap- the Holy Spirit of God, to work with sucpear, and its strength and beauty will in- cess and safety. This help is obtained by crease together. The more the soul is the soul from God by humble and believing truly edified, the more regular and uniform prayer. The Christian that sincerely dewill be its obedience to the precepts of sires to receive Edification, is a man of the Gospel of Christ, and the more fruitful all prayer.” He only lives with comfort will it grow in all those holy duties and in the spirit of prayer, in the practice of “good works, which God hath before the duty of prayer, and in the enjoyment

DEC. 1825.

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of the high privilege of prayer. He knows weakly denied the existence of Anthe value and the blessing of the throne tinonianism; and others who have of grace,” by his daily experience of the consolation and the benefit of prayer. It ventured to pronounce$t.Paulan Anis his delight to draw near unto God in tinomian, and glory in being in this secret, and to hold communion with his respect his followers; and melanGod in humble prayer. He knows all the choly is it to state, that such congracious promises made prayer; and he goes " in the Spirit” of summate ignorance and folly have prayer, in faith and lively gratitude to his been found amongst the ministers of God and Saviour, for the fulfilment of religion ; nay, among some who, if the promised blessing." He that prays they had understood what they were well will also work well

, and do every talking about, would have been the duty in a right spirit and in a right man

By, prayer the believer receives first and most. zealous in condemnpower to love and to serve God, to con

ing the evil. So dangerous is it quer sin, to resist all temptation, to withstand all the allurements of a deceitful

for men to make use of terms which world, and to gain the victory over all the they do not clearly comprehend, or enemies of his salvation. By prayer he to suppose that the ability of pourreceives grace to edify and to adorn the ing forth a popular harangue is all Gospel, to glorify his Redeemer, and to "make his calling and election sure.” By able minister of Jesus Christ.

that is necessary to constitute the the grace of prayer he obtains from God power to rest all his hopes of glory on the Should these


fall into the true foundation, and to build upon it the hands of any who have heard or enhouse of sincere obedience and holiness in heart and life. The truly edified soul is

tertained such ideas, and should ever exercised in all the holy acts of devo- they be disposed to pay any regard tion and worship, and finds its sweetest to our recommendation-a point pleasures in holding converse with God which we by no means expect, for mighty engine the believer in Christ raises persons of this description are usuthe building towards heaven, and makes ally too wise to learn-we would daily progress in the work of God. “Our earnestly entreat them to lay out sufficiency to build is wholly of God;" eighteen-pence in the purchase of the want of acting constantly on the knowledge of this great truth, is the true

this pamphlet, and carefully to cause of many failures. We must “ set peruse the whole from the beginGod always before us,” as alone able and ning to the end. It is, every part willing to help us, if we would truly edify of it, deserving of serious attention, and build for the glory of that God, who by all who desire to know the na. can only be pleased with the work of his own hands, or with what is done by his

ture—the marks--the effects and people at his command, by his rules, and consequences, of this pernicious sysby his own most gracious help. Pp. tem; by all who are themselves de102-104.

sirous of preaching Christ Jesus, and The third publication at the head him crucified, or of edifying under of this article has lain much longer that Gospel which is preached to unnoticed upon our table than either them. we intended or its intrinsic merits Amidst so much that is excellent, deserved. The evil which it com- we are at a loss .what extracts to bats is one which is so deeply im- select for our readers, especially as planted in our fallen hearts, that our limits compel us to draw this the faithful minister and the true article to a close. believer will often feel it necessary One source of humility in true believers, to be again and again reminded both is to be found in those exercises of selfof its existence and of its remedy; examination, in which they are often enand we have seldom, if ever, seen

gaged, no merely satisfy themselves

that they are in a state of grace, and there the subject at once more concisely let the matter rest ; but rather to ascerand ably handled than in the ano- tain how far their habitual temper and nymous and unassuming pamphlet conduct correspond with the characters Matt. 13-16. “ In what respect (the for “ the way of a fool is right in his own real Christian will often inquire) do I eyes.” Prov. xii. 15. And the Antino. answer to these characters ? and wherein mian is so much in the habit of taking it have I contributed to extend the know- for granted that he must be right, that he ledge of Divine truth, and to diffuse the is not only surprised but grievously offendsavour of vital godliness ?” Thus, com- ed, if any one should dare to controvert paring what he is with what he ought to be, an opinion, which he has thought proper and what he has done with what he ought to maintain : as if his judgment ought to to have done, the diligence employed with be invariably regarded as the standard of the advantages possessed, the progress truth, and his lips as the oracles of wismade with the opportunities afforded, the dom; or, in other words, as if every one fruit produced with the culture bestowed, should think as highly of him as he thinks he finds abundant cause for deep humilia- of himself. But let such know, that those tion before God.

they sustain, as the light of the world,"

and “ the salt of the earth;" for such There have been some who have they are designated by our Lord. See

before us.

who trust in their own wisdom, and deThe Antinomian, on the contrary, is a spise others, are as far from the kingdom total stranger to such exercises as these. of God, as those who trust in their own His system, indeed, will not admit of thein. righteousness, and despise others. The He is already quite as good as he ought to principle is the same in both, and the issue be, and has done all that he was under any will correspond with the principle. “ For obligation to do: nay more, for he will not if a man think himself to be something admit the idea of obligation at all. His when he is nothing, he deceiveth himself.' services are perfectly gratuitous, which he Gal. vi. 3. “ And if any man think that may render or not, as he pleases. No he knoweth any thing,

knoweth nosuch word as duty is to be found in his thing yet as he ought to know.” I Cor. vocabulary. Both the name and the thing viii. 2. Both originate from pride of heart, are consigned by him to “ the children of and “ every one that is proud in heart is the bond-woman,” as he is pleased to call an abomination to the Lord.” Prov. xvi. them. He is resolved, for his part, to 5.-Pp. 28, 29. stand fast in the liberty wherewith his The following test of sound doctrine was notions have made him free—a freedom, given at an ordination, some years ago, by not from the yoke of sin, but from the yoke the minister who delivered the charge. of obedience. Now to what gospel, we It was to this effect : “ Never think you would ask, do these notions belong ? Cer- are quite sound in the faith, unless your tainly not to the gospel of our Lord Jesus principles allow and naturally lead you to Christ: for he hath said, “ So likewise ye, make use of every part of the word of when ye shall have done all those things God, whether it relate to privilege or duty. which are commanded you, say, We are If the natural tendency of your system be, unprofitable servants : we have done that to make you shy either of scripture docwhich was our duty to do.” Luke xvii. 10. trines or of scripture exhortations, you -Pp. 25, 26.

may be sure that either your creed is Antinomians are perpetually declaim- erroneous or you do not thoroughly uning against pharisaic pride. Now, we have derstand it. If you had got the right no hesitation in affirming, that there is no clue, you would find every part of divine description of persons, under a profession revelation suited to answer a valuable of religion, that exhibit more of the tem- end: but if there are some texts which per and spirit of the Pharisee than them- you never willingly, mention, except to selves. The difference, if any, lies not in explain away their obvious meaning, there the spirit which they manifest, for this is must be something wrong in your own the same in both, but in the ground on sentiments.' which they rest their respective preten

This criterion is rational and just. sions. The one values himself on his Let us apply it to antinomian tenets, and, superior goodness, the other on his supe- like Satan at the touch of Ithuriel's spear, rior wisdom. The Pharisee says,

“ Stand in Milton's Paradise Lost, they will by thyself, come not near to me, for I quickly assume their true character, and am holier than thou.' The Antinomian appear to be what they are-anti-scripsays, “ Stand by thyself, come not near tural. O how many passages of Scripture, to me, for I am wiser than thou.' But especially such as relate more immediately there is, in reality, no better ground for to practical religion, must be either wholly the one of these pretensions than for the omitted, or materially altered, before the other: for there is no more of superior Bible can be made to speak the language wisdom in the Antinomian, than there is of Antinomians! The very phraseology of superior goodness in the Pharisee. is repugnant to their views and feelings. Both are founded in self-conceit. Both It is such as they never employ themare equally offensive to God. For not he. selves, and never countenance in others. that commendeth himself is approved, but To mention only a few instances of this whom the Lord commendeth." 2 Cor. x. sort out of the many that might be pro18. To be wise in our own conceit is no duced. Matt. vi. 19-2); Luke xiii. 24; proof of sound wisdom, but the contrary: John vi. 27; 1 Tim. vi. 17-19; Phil. ii. fit of survivers ! flaming fire, taking, vengeance on them We regret that our limits comthat know not God, and that obey not pel us to omit the interesting exthe Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.” 2 Thess. i. 7, 8. Then will he say,


12, 13. Such language as this, though The doctrines that we so strongly conproscribed by Antinomians, was familiar demn, are generally termed Antinomian : to the Apostles. Accordingly, we find it but they might, with equal propriety, be employed by them on all suitable occa- denominated anti-evangelical; for they are sions without scruple. In the account as opposite to the spirit of the Gospel as given us, in the Acts of the Apostles, of they are to the letter of the Law. They the transactions of the day of Pentecost, are, indeed, anti-christian; for no heresy, when three thousand souls were converted ancient or modern, can possibly be more to God, it is said, at the close of the dis- subversive of the end and design of Chriscourse delivered by Peter on that memo- tianity, and, indeed, of every revelation rable occasion, “ And with many other which God has made of himself to man. words did he testify and exhort, saying, Antinomian sentiments, pursued to their Save yourselves from this untoward ge- ultimate consequences, would destroy the neration.” Acts ii. 40.--Pp. 40–42. moral government of God, and wrest the

Antinomians profess to be strenuous sceptre from his hands ; leaving him no advocates for the sovereignty of God: power to enforce obedience to his laws, but where is the sovereign, who would on any of his revolted subjects.-P. 46. number among his faithful subjects, those Some expressions in these extracts who, while they pretended to maintain point out the author as belonging his sovereignty, denied his authority, and would not admit that they were bound to

to our Dissenting brethren; but the obey his laws ? But perhaps they will tell work before us clearly shews that us, that we do not understand them; that he need not shrink from avowing it is merely the sovereignty of God in

either his name or denomination. election for which they contend. Their ideas of Divine sovereignty then, it seems, are extremely limited. They believe that The Warning suggested by awful God has a right to save whom he will, Providences considered: A Ser. but that he has no right to govern those whom he wilt save; although, in his love

mon on Occasion of the Sinking of and in his pity he redeemed them;

the Comet Steam-Boat. By J. with corruptible things, as silver and gold, Fawcett, A.M. Rector of Scaleby. but with the precious blood of his Seeley. Pp. 24. only begotten and well-beloved Son.

This Sermon is deserving of espeSurely, their views and feelings, on this subject, are very different from those of cial notice at the present moment, the ancient church and people of God; as the attempt of a pious and excelwhen, in the language of the Evangelical lent Minister to improve a most Prophet, they exclaimed, “ The Lord is sudden and awful dispensation. The our Judge, the Lord is our Lawgiver, the Lord is our King; he will save us.”

Comet steam-boat, proceeding from Isai. xxxiii. 22. They had no idea of Inverness and Fort William, in separating saving, power from sovereign rounding a point near Greenock, in authority, but cheerfully submitted to him as their King, whom they rejoiced in

the river Clyde, was met by the as their Saviour. These characters are

Ayr steam-boat, and struck with inseparably united in the person of our

such violence as to sink almost Divine Redeemer.

“ Him hath God ex- instantaneously, with more than alted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour." Acts y. 31. “ Even he

he seventy passengers on board, of shall build the temple of the Lord; and he

whom fifty at least sank to rise no shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule more! So sudden a transition from upon his throne; and he shall be a Priest the full vigour of health to the arms upon his throne.” Zech. vi. 13. being made perfect , he became the Author rienced, and has consequently ex

of death has seldom been expeof eternal salvation to all them that obey him.” Heb. v. 9. As for those that will cited the strongest feelings of symnot obey him, they will be accounted his pathy for the unfortunate sufferers. enemies, and treated as such, in that day May it be sanctified for the bene" when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven, with his mighty angels, in

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tracts we had marked for insertion, those mine enemies, who would not that I

but trust that many of our readers should reign over them, bring hither, and will procure the sermon for them. slay them before me.' Luke xix. 27. selves.

“ But

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