Imágenes de páginas

After the stomach and bowels have been sufficiently cleansed by Antimony, I have, for many years, begun to order the powder of the Peruvian Bark in doses of gr. v. x. or xv, every 2, 3, or


hours; and if this quantity has a salutary effect, it was gradually increased 6 gr. xx, xxx. or xl. with sedulous attention never to add more than what perfectly agrees. It has generally been taken in milk, mint water, or the decoction of Bark.'

He concludes by remarking ;

• Except Mercury in the Syphilis, there are few or perhaps no examples where a remedy can produce such speedy relief and perfect recovery in so formidable a disease. For many years I have been thoroughly convinced that the Peruvian Bark has a much more powerful effect in the Rlieumatick than any other Fever : and that it does not even cure an ague so certainly and so quickly.'

Twelve of the cases which are classed under the head of rheumatism having proved fatal, the particulars of them are related at full length; partly for the purpose of shewing that the bark was not in any way accessory to the event, and likewise that death was to be attributed to some other disease, superadded to the rheumatic affection. We have next a set of tables, in which all the phænomena of the 170 casos are accurately classed in parallel columns ; so that we are able immediately to trace the history of each case by carrying the eye in one direction, or to compare the different cases with each other by moving down any one column. We highly approve this arrangement; and we cannot but regret that the author intends to discontinue it in his subsequent publications.

The nodosity of the joints, the account of which is included in the remainder of the volume, has generally been confounded with rheumatism, though, as it appears, it is clearly distinguishable from it. Thirty-four cases of it have fallen under Dr. Haygarth's observation ; they were almost all fem les ; the affection supervened about the middle period of life, and the fingers were the parts commonly affected. The seat of the disease is in the ends of the bones, and the periosteum, c.ipsules, or ligaments of the joints; these parts gradually increase, so that the joints become distorted and useless; and som tines they even appear to be dislocated. This complaint differs from gout, in the circumstances that the latter disease is attended with inflammation and redness of the skin and of the soft parts, and comes on in paroxysms; and it differs from rheumatisin in the nature of the swellings, which are harder, miore durable, and less painful. The best remedies for the nodosities of the joints appear to be the warm bath, a stream of warm water, and leeches applied to the affected part. We doubt not that these remarks of Dr. Haygarth will excite the attention of prac



titioners to this distressing and hitherto neglected complaint ; which, we apprehend, will be found a more frequent occur. rence than it is generally supposed.


ART. VII. The Stranger in Ireland; or a Tour in the Southern

and Western Parts of that Country in the Year 1805. By John
Carr, Esq., Author of a Northern Summer, or Travels round the
Baltic *, the Stranger in France t, &c. 4to. PP. 530. and 17
Plates. 21. 55. Boards. R. Phillips. .
ERTAIN tourists may be considered as literary haberdashers,

or dealers in small wares; and in serving their customers, they have often the pert flippancy of haberdashers' shopmen or apprentices. They collect shreds and remoants of knowlege, which they puff off with a smirk or a smile of the most perfect complacency; and if they obtain encouragement, they will try to sport a commodity which they mistake for wit. What could have tempted Sir John Carr I to enlist into this class of book. making ramblers? Did he conceive that any tissue would serve for a tour in Ireland, and that from him any thing would be acceptable? Sterne was vain enough to suppose that his readers would tolerate whatever flowed from his pen; and perhaps Sir John was of opinion that, if he tried sometimes to be pompous and at other times to be facetious, he should ingratiate himself with the multitude and even impose on the critic. He has artfully managed to fatter the Irish, by taking every opportunity of detecting bulls which are not Irish for the sake of shewing that the manufactory of them does not belong exlusively to the sons of Hibernia ; and he marks also the striking phraseology of the low Irish, which indeed is not ex. ceeding the province of a Stranger in Ireland: but we cannot tolerate his stale Joes, and his incessant à propos de botte. He contrives, when anecdotes fail him, to advert to some trivial circumstance which happily reminds him of something that was said or done in another place, and that was worth relating; and, as a good thing cannot be told too often, he obligingly communicates it to his reader.

To expand his narrative, also, he collects hear-say tales, right hand and left, without perplexing himself with the consideration of their probability or improbability.

* See M. Rev. Vol. xlviii. N. S. p. 133. + ibid. Vol. xli. p. 193.

İ The contents of this volume seem to have been so gratifying to the Irish nation, and to the Vice-Roy, that the latter has been in. duced to bestow the honour of knighthood on its author.

In the writer's serious accounts and remarks, however, we often find much to applaud ; and though he be generally desultory, and frequently incorrect, his pen is guided by humanity, and by a desire of promoting the improvement of the country which he attempts to describe. Impressed with the conviction that the people of Ireland have laboured under the foulest misrepresentations and aspersions, he laudably exerts himself to render them justice; and he notices the hardships by which they are oppressed, and the defective policy of government, not for the purpose of irritating their feelings, but in order to advance the important object of their amelioration. If our gravity was disturbed by his recollections of stale jokes and anecdotes, we were made amends by his judicious concluding general remarks; some of which, in the course of this article, we shall transcribe.

North Wales having been the vestibule to Ireland on this occasion, the tourist first honours the land of Cambro-Britain with his remarks. The pencil indeed is not here employed, but he draws the landscape of the vale of Llangollen in prose, scattering the gayest colours from his pen. He also tells us an incredible anecdote of a man in the stage-coach ; and he repeats another, which is said to have occurred at Paris, in which Mr. Bolton is made the victorious exhibitor, in a contest with a Frenchman for the superiority of British manufactures; though we apprehend that the story, whether a fact or a fiction, was in circulation long prior to Mr. Bolton's celebrated manufactures of Soho. Here likewise he met with a gentleman from Middlesex, who furnished him with the first bull; a commodity which, he assures us at the end of the volume, he never once discovered in Ireland, and which he believes is as scarce there as murders, though in our newspapers that island is celebrated for both. So desirous is he of exonerating the Irish from the imputation of bull-making, or at least of bringing other nations, both antient and modern, to participate with them in a propensity to blundering, that he attempts, on the following line,

Moriamur, et in media arma ruamus," to convict Virgil of having made a bull : but we see none : a resolution is proposed, and then the mode of carrying that resolution into effect.

Ireland is entered by the Bay of Dublin ; and to compensate for the absence of a bull, the author obliges us with a miracle, for he tells us that the vessel passed through two great sandbanks.'-- The scene is thus described :

• As we entered the bay of Dublin, a brilliant sun, and almost cloudless sky, unfolded one of the finest land and sea prospects I evci


L 4

beheld. “The mountains shewed their grey heads, the blue face of Ocean smiled, the white wave was seen tumbling round the distant rock.” On the right was the rugged hill of Howth, with its rocky bays, wanting only a voicano to afford to the surrounding scenery the strongest çesemblance, as I was well informed, to the beautiful bay of Naples; whilst, nearer to the eye, at the extremity of a white line of masonry just fringing the sea, the light-house presented its alabaster front. On our left were the town of Dalkey, with its romantic rocks, muulat-d castles, martello towers, with their gay little streamers, cle gant villas, and the picturesque town of Dunleary : whilst behind was sees a ine of parks and plantations, above which the mountains of Wicklow ascended with the greatest majesty. Whilst I stoud enraptured with the richness of the scenery, a good humoured Irish sailor came up to me, and, with a smile of delight, said, “ By Jasus, your honour! your're right there ; it is God's own country;" rodding at the same time at mei'

• For want of towers and opires, the capital excites but little impression of its magnitude and consequence at a distance. The harbour has been very much protected, on the south si? of the river, by a prodigious mole or stune-wall, callou the Solith Wall, formed of large blocks of mountain granite braced wi hiron, and strongly cementet. This wonderful monument of human ingenuiry and enterprize, which may rank with some of the finest remains of Romau magnificence, extends nearly three inile into the bay from Ringsend. From the King's Watch house it runs to the Block-house, which is distant seven thousand nine hundred anà thirty-eight feet; and from thence to the Lighthouse, at the extremity of the wall, nine thousand eight hundred and sixteen feet. It rises about five feet above high water, is nearly forty fee: broad as far as the Bick-house, and from thence to the Light-house twenty-eight feet braid, narrowing from a base of about thir:y-two feet broad. Thii s upendous work was begun in 1748, and completed in seven years. As we turned the Light-house, I was much gratified by its appearance : it is a round tower of white hewo granite of three stories high, gradually tapering to the summit, on which is raised an octagonal lantern of eight win. dows, the powerful light of which is encicased by reflecting lenses. A stone staircase, with an iron ballustrade, winds round the building to the second story, where an iron gallery surounds the whole. It was commenced on the first of June :762, in consequence of a sta. tute of Queen Anne, called the Ballast Act. By depositing huge rocks in a vast caissoon which was sunk in the sea, the ingenious architect, Mr. Smyth, has been able to raise this beautiful structure, and to give it the consistency of rock, in a situation peculiarly exposed to the saging elements. As we sailed in smooth water on the inner side of the Mole, it strongly reminded me of passing by the wonderful embankments which I had seen on the sides of the Neva. Before I land, let me recommend the Union Packet as infinitely the swiftest sailing vessel in the service *. Our vessel was able to lie along side of the Pidgeon house, where we quitted that consumma

Has the author sailed in all of them? Rev.

tion of human misery, a cabin after a short voyage ; and, upon landing, after our luggage had again been submitted to search, and to an imposition of threr shillings in the shape of a custom-house fee, we entered a long coach, drawn by four wretched horses, which at. tends upon the packets, and proceeded towards the capital, distant about three miles'

in this extract, for relecting lenses, the tourist should have written magnifying len'es : a lens is a dioptric, and not a catoptric glass.

A visit to the Museum induces the author to display his knowlege and his amiability. We are informed that the Romans tirst constructed their boats from the shell of the nauti. las, which is a siphon throughout;' (quere, were the Roman boats siphons throughout ?) and when he approaches Venus's shell, he utters this apostrophe, which must electrify all the Ladies of the United Kingdom, from Devonshire to the Ultima Thule : "If I pass over Venus's cockle, without paying my homage to the beautiful shell, may I never love or be loved ! Yet, not sure that this one exclamation would be sufficient to enlthrone him in the good opinion of the ladies, he professes himself in the next page ready to swear on the altar of Cupid.' What a courteous knight!

When the author visits the cathedral of St. Patrick's, Dean Swift becomes of course the prominent object. His epitaph is copied; and the melancholy reverse of his brilliant genius is an unavoidable source of reflection with a man of letters: but Sir John Carr should have known that the line in which his fate is so feeling!y described,

“ And Swift expires a driv'ller and a show," occurs not in Pope's works, but in Johnson's Vanity of Human Wishes.

We are apprehensive that the tourist was sometimes too inattentive to the accuracy of his informativn; for in his visit to the town of Black Rock, four miles from Dublin, he mentions land in its neighbourhood, so very rich and valuable as to let from ten to twenty-five pounds per acre.' Black Rock is compared to Clapham Common : but we question whether land at Clapham Common lets for half this price.

In treating of Dublin, the author makes many just observations on the deplorable state of the Irish coinage, the evils resulting from it, the circulation of paper-money, and the course of exchange between Ireland and this country, and to the instances already before the public, of the mischief occasioned to trade by the want of silver coin, he adds several which occurred within his own knowlege.-His discussion of this subject is 100 long for quotation


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