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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1856, by
JOHN P. SANDERSON, In the Office of the Clerk of the District Court of the United States, in and for
the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.
It would, perhaps, be deemed presumptuous in the writer of the following pages to solicit public attention to them without stating some of the reasons which induced him to undertake the task, or, at all events, explain the object at which he has aimed in its execution. Many reasons might be adduced by him for engaging in the preparation of this volume. Let it suffice, however, to say, that the object aimed at by him was, to give the opinions of others, not his own -in a word, to present facts, historical and otherwise, showing the progress of immigration, the extent of the immigrant population, its tendencies and influences, and its general effects upon the country and its institutions; and, also, to exhibit an outline of the true principles and the distinguishing characteristics of the United States Government, and the views and opinions of its founders, as well as the policy of the government on the subject of immigration, naturalization of aliens, etc.
With the hope that the facts thus presented to the American people may, in some degree, contribute to correct misapprehensions, prevailing to a considerable extent, in relation to the subjects discussed in this volume, it is now, with great diffidence, and a full conviction of its imperfections, submitted to the public by
THE AUTHOR. Philadelphia, December 1, 1855.
XXX. CONDITIONS OF ELIGIBILITY TO OFFICE,