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and 18 from other countries, making 83, being about one-fifth of the number. ; In North Carolina they had 873, and but 2 Irishmen, 2 Germans, and 4. other foreigners.
From other sources than the Census returns of 1850, such as the Prison Discipline Journal, American Register, American Almanae, Reports of Benevolent Societies and Institutions, Commissioners of the Poor, Prison Inspectors, &c., the following additional information is derived on the subject :
In Massachusetts, there were relieved and maintained at the public expense, from 1837 to 1840, the aggregate number of 8,671 persons, of whom 6,104 were foreigners, being over two-thirds of the number ; for the years 1850, 51, 52, 53, ending November 1, the whole number amounted to 107,776, of which 48,469 were foreigners, being not quite one-half, and of these over 40,000 were from England and Ireland.
According to the report of an association for relieving the poor in New York city, it alone relieved in that city, during the year 1854, about 27,000 persons, of whom, though the number was not given, there can be little doubt the greater portion were foreigners.
The number received into the Baltimore alms-house, during the year 1851, was 2,150, of which number about 900 were Irish and Germans; and of 2,358 admitted to the same institution in 1854, there were 1,397 foreigners, of whom 641 were German, and 593 Irish.
So the Society for the relief of the poor in Philadelphia, report that for the year ending March 31, 1855, there were received into their Home establishment 1,266 persons, of whom there were 816 foreigners, 182 of unknown birth, and 268 Americans; of the foreigners there were 605 Irish, 122 English, 41 German, 32 Scotch, 7 French, 3 Welsh, 2 Italian, 2 West Indian, 1 from Switzerland, and 1 from St. Helena.
The whole number of paupers received into the Blockley (Philadelphia) Alms-house, in 1848, was 3,584; of these there were 1,141 natives, 2,345 foreigners, 98 unknown ; of the foreigners, there were 1,650 Irish, 435 Germans, 227 English, 46 Scotch, 16 French, 3 Canadians, 3 Spaniards, 3 Polish, 8 from West Indies, 2 from South America, and 2 Russians.
A late report of the superintendent of the Louisville alms-house states the number of inmates to be 164, of whom 135 are foreigners and 29 natives, being over two-thirds of foreign birth of the whole number maintained by that city,
The Buffalo Advertiser gives the following statement of the number committed to the work-house in that city, for the last four years past :
It thus appears that the aggregate number received was 17,834 in these twelve years, of which 10,543 were foreigners, being considerably over one-half of the whole number, and of which more than two-thirds were from Ireland. Of those admitted during the year 1854, there were, as above stated, 579 natives, 902 Irish, 350 from other countries, of whom 132 were German, 100 English, 38 Scotch, 13 French, 9 Welsh, 8 Swiss, 6 West Indians, 5 from Sweden, Spain and Nova Scotia, each ; 4 Canadians, and 4 Danes, 3 from Italy and East Indies, each ; 2 from Newfoundland, Belgium, and at Sea, each ; and one from Hungary, Norway, Finland, Greece, Brazil, and Columbia, each.
At the Charity Hospital, in New Orleans, the number of admissions, in 1848, was 11,945, of whom but 1,579 belonged to the United States, and 10,280 were foreigners. In 1849, there were 15,558 persons admitted, of whom only 1,782 belonged to the United States, and 13,634 were foreigners. In the year 1853, there were 13,750 persons admitted, of whom 12,333 were foreigners, and 1,534 natives.
So at Cincinnati, there were, during the year 1848, about 3,000 persons admitted into the City Hospital, of whom over two-thirds were foreigners; during the year 1854, the number admitted was 520, of whom 449 were foreigners; the number who received in-door relief was 1,599, of whom 1,307 were foreigners; and the total number of persons relieved at the institution, during the same period, was 6,280, of whom 4,654 were foreigners. So at the Infirmary, in the same city, the number admitted, in 1854, was 660, of whom 505 were foreigners.
The number of patients attended during July, 1855, at the Northern Dispensary in New York City, was 996, of whom 630 were foreigners, 568 being Irish, 24 English, 15 Scotch, 12 German, and 11 from other countries. So of 1945 patients at the Eye and Ear Infirmary of the same city, during the year 1848, there were 1118 foreigners.
An examination of the reports of the Insane Hospitals would probably present a similar state of affairs. In the Pennsylvania Hospital for the Insane, of 2576 patients admitted, 635, being one fourth of the number, were foreigners, of whom 346 were Irish, 118 English, 108 German, and the remainder from other countries; in the Massachusetts Hospital for Lunatics, in 1849, of 169 patients supported by the State, 95 were from Ireland.
Many other similar statistics might be adduced, all showing the same state of things in different sections of the country; but the following extract from a recent letter of JEREMIAH CLEMENS, late United States Senator from Alabama, will suffice :
"By reference to the annual report of the Governors of the Alms-House, I find there were in the New York Alms-House during the year 1853, 2198 inmates-of these only 535 were natives, and 1663 foreigners, supported
at the expense of the city. And now I propose to use on our side the argument of our opponents, that there are only 3,000,000 foreigners to 20,000,000 natives. According to that ratio there ought to be about seven natives to one foreigner in the Alms-House ; whereas we find more than three foreigners to one native. No wonder that a people who are taxed to support such a body of paupers should be the first to set about devising means to get rid of them. Let us pursue the record-in the Bellevue Hospital, in the same city, there were 702 Americans—4134 foreigners; now the proportion rises to nearly six to one. There were of out-door poor,-that is, persons who had some place to sleep, but nothing to eat and nothing to make a fire—957 native adults, and 1044 children—3131 foreign adults, and 5229 foreign children, or children born of foreign parents. This number were relieved during the year with money. Of those relieved with fuel there were 1248 adult Americans and 1810 children-10,355 adult foreigners and 17,857 children. But the record is not yet complete let us turn to the statistics of crime. In the city prisons there were during the year, 6,102 Americans-22,229 foreigners. I pass on to an abode even more gloomy than that of the prison cell, and call your attention to those whom God in his wisdom has seen fit to deprive of the light of reason. In the Lunatic Asylum, there were admitted from the year 1847 to 1853, 779 Americans—2381 foreigners. For the year 1853 there were 94 Americans, 393 foreigners. Thesc tables might be made more complete by adding organ grinders, strolling mendicants, and professional beggars; but of these I have no reliable data, and therefore pass them with the single remark that I have never seen a native American who belonged to either class. These figures are far more conclusive than any language could be to prove the necessity of arresting the tide of immigration. Let every American impress them deeply upon his memory : 42,369 foreign paupers and invalids; 2381 lunatics, and 22,229 criminals, taxing the industry, and blighting the prosperity of a single city. In that list of crimes is embraced murder, rape, arson, robbery, perjury, every thing which is damning to the character of the individual, and every thing which is dangerous to society."