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So there are other statistics showing a like state of things. According to the reports made on the subject, there were received into the houses of Correction, in Massachusetts, 29,076 persons, during the years 1850, 51, 52, 53 and 54, of which number 11,149 were of foreign birth, being considerably over one-third of the number. Of 1,056 inmates of the House of Correction, in Boston, in 1852, there were 738 foreigners, being two-thirds of the number.
A respectable local newspaper, a few months since, published the following statistics of crime and pauperism in Hudson county, New Jersey, viz. : 21,000 inhabitants, of whom 12,000 are natives, 5,000 Irish, and 4,000 other foreigners ; 4,168 persons confined to city prison and county jail, of whom 77 were natives, leaving 4,039 foreigners, of whom 3,608 were Irish; 188 inmates of the alms-house, none of whom are natives; all being Irish; 723 received aid from the poor-master, of whom 3 were natives, and 720 Irish.
Of 107 committed to the Jersey City prison during the month of June, 1855, but 13 were natives, 3 of whom were colored, while the others were foreigners, 71 of whom were Irish, 14 English, and 9 German. According to a report of the Marshal of the same city, there were, during the month of September last, 113 arrests for the following offences : Drunkenness, 61 ; breach of the peace, 26; assault and battery, 14; vagrancy, 1; violation of the Sabbath, 2; disorderly house, 1; assaulting females in the street, 1 ; larceny, 7-total, 113. Of this number 82 were born in Ireland, 20 in the United States, 6 in Germany, 3 in England, 1 in Scotland, and I was colored. The Captain of the Watch reported, that during the same month there were 218 lodged in the watch-house, of whom 29 were females, whose nativity is not given, 67 Irish, 60 German, 22 English, 30 Americans, and 10 colored.
The Buffalo Advertiser publishes the following statement of persons committed to the jail of Erie county, New York:
The inspectors of the Moyamensing prison, at Philadelphia, report that of 273 sentenced in the year 1853 to hard labor, 114 were foreigners, 68 of whom were Irish.
The following imperfect statistics of arrests made in Philadelphia, show the same state of things. In the third ward of that city, there were, during a period of three months, over 700 arrests by the police, of which number but 189 were Americans, 22 blacks, and 502 foreigners, of whom 491 were Irish, 61 German, 23 English, 4 Scotch ; in the seventh ward, the arrests from the 14th of September, 1854, to the end of the year, numbered 492, and during the month of February, 1855, they numbered 89, making an aggregate of 581, of whom but 69 were Americans, 143 blacks, and 369 foreigners, of whom 327 were Irish, 10 English, 6 German, and the remainder from other countries; in the tenth ward, during the same periods, there were 433 arrests, of whom 123 were natives, including blacks, and 310 foreigners, of which number there were 219 Irish, 38 English, 22 German, 14 Spaniards, 8 Poles, and 1 Frenchman; in the 12th ward, the number of arrests, from October, 1854, to January, 1855, were 245, and during February, 1855, there were 70, making an aggregate of 315, of which number 63 were natives, including blacks, and 252 foreigners, of whom 120 were Irish, 110 German, 11 English, and 3 Frenchmen; in the 14th ward, the arrests from September 27, 1854, to January 1, 1855, were 221, 97 of whom were foreigners, of which number 77 were Irish, 14 German, and 6 English ; of 281 arrests made in the 19th ward, but 27 were Americans and 1 colored person, the remaining 253 were foreigners, 207 being Irish, 26 German, 14 English, and 6 Dutch ; of 344 arrests in the 20th ward, 109 were Americans, and 7 colored persons, the remaining 328 being foreigners, of whom 159 were from Ireland, 58 from Germany, 10 Englishmen, and 1 Frenchman. The following is the number of arrests made by the police of the twenty-third ward, with their places of nativity, from October 1st, 1854, to October 1st, 1855: American 44, French 1, German 17, Irish 111, black 8, Scotch 2, English 60, unknown 5—total 248.
entertainment, which are so conducted as to be in a great degree exempt from the charge of contributing to the increase of pauperism and crime. It is the groggeries, many of which sell liquor without license, that are responsible for the pauperism and crime in our country, that make widows and orphans, and contribute to increase juvenile vagrancy and delinquency; and these, it is safe to aver, are chiefly kept by foreigners.
ured A recent writer states that," alcoholic beverage,” which is the euphonious phraseology of the day, has, during the last ten years, “burned $5,000,000 worth of property; destroyed 300,000 lives; sent 150,000 persons to our State prisons, and 100,000 children to the poor houses; caused 1500 murders, 2000 suicides, and has bequeathed to our country 1,000,000 orphan children." Be this as it may, liquor is undoubtedly a great source of evil, making orphans, and these, without moral training, growing ap in ignorance, poverty and filth, become criminals, as is forcibly described in a recent very able essay on juvenile delinquency, published under the direction of the Board of Managers of the Philadelphia House of Refuge: "Young years are tender and easier wrought upon," said Tillotson, "apt to be moulded into any fashion; they are like moist and soft clay, which is pliable to any form; but soon grows hard, and then nothing is to be made of it.” What will be gained by driving the boys from the engine-houses and corners to their "sweet homes ?” on
u Sated with exhalations rank and fell."
Nature, demanding relaxation and fresh air, impels the boy to seek pleasure where he can find it. A dozen collect together. They must have amusement. They cannot read; or if they can, they have nothing to read; or if they had, they have no place. Let the reader imagine him. self, instead of being seated in a large parlor, in a soft and luxurious arm-chair, reading the latest magazine or popular tale, transported, even with his interesting book in hand, to a small, close apartment, in which are four or five adults and as many children, a pile of reeking clothes on the only table in the room, a red hot stove, in which the bread for a large family is baking, and a "penny dip” shining to illuminate the room. How long will he sit still to enjoy his book? Will he not, in utter despair, rush off to the nearest dram-shop-to the neighboring rendezvous at the corner-or to the engine-house ? The boys who "swarm in the streets to pilfer and plague the broad highway,” are to a certain extent excusable, and to the utmost to be pitied. They have no place of amusement, no books, no sisters to play on the piano, or sing for them, no games to engage their attention, in a well-lighted and comfortable apartment. The boy cannot mopehis nature resists that. His young