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assembled, That the following ports and harbors be for- fortified under tified, under the direction of the president of the United the president, States, and at such time or times as he may judge necessary, to wit: Portland, in the district of Maine; Portsmouth, in the state of New Hampshire; Gloucester, Salem, Marblehead, and Boston, in the state of Massachusetts; Newport, in the state of Rhode Island; New-London, in the state of Connecticut; New York; Philadelphia; Wilmington, in the state of Delaware; Baltimore, in the state of Maryland; Norfolk and Alex. andria, in the state of Virginia; Cape Fear river, and Ocracock Inlet, in the state of North Carolina; Charleston and Georgetown, in the state of South Carolina; and Savannah, and Saint Mary's, in the state of Georgia.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That it shall be The president lawful for the president of the United States to employ, troops of the as garrisons, in the said fortifications, or any of them, United States as such of the troops on the military establishment of the United States as he may judge necessary; and to cause Cause cannon, to be provided one hundred cannon, of a caliber, each, to shot ide the be
provided, &c. carry a ball of thirty-two pounds weight, and one hundred other cannon, of a caliber, each, to carry a ball of twenty-four pounds weight, together with the carriages and implements necessary for the same, and carriages with the necessary implements for one hundred and filty other cannon, with two hundred and fifty tons of cannon shot.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That it shall be The president to lawful for the president of the United States to receive of, or to purfrom any state (in behalf of the United States) a cession chase lands, &e. of the lands on which any of the fortifications aforesaid, with the necessary buildings, may be erected, or intended to be erected; or, where such cessions shall not be made, to purchase such lands, on behalf of the United States: Provided, That no purchase shall be made where such lands are the property of a state. *
[ Approved, March 20, 1794.]
gazines, and for other purposes.† Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re- Three or four presentatives of the United States of America in Congress arsenals, with
*See the constitution, article 1, section 8, clause 16.
See chapter 32, making further provisions for procuring armis, &c. also chapter 44, and 56.
A national armory at of
and mas eu ar
magazines, to be assembled, That, for the safe keeping of the military der lie direction stores, there shall be established, under the direction of the president, the president of the United States, three or four arsenals,
with magazines, as he shall judge most expedient, in such places as will best accommodate the different parts of the United States. Either, or both, of the arsenals heretofore used at Springfield and Carlisle, to be con
tinued as part of the said number, at his discretion: Proviso: arsenals Provided, That none of the said arsenals be erected, until he land is uniil purchases of the land, necessary for their accompurchased. &c.
mcdation, be made, with the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same is intended to be erected.
SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, That there shall be hearsenals, &c. established, at each of the aforesaid arsenals, a national
armory, in which shall be employed one superinten-
whole number, at all the armories, shall not exceed one Compensation to hundred. And the said superintendents shall, each, resuperintendents
ceive, as a compensation, seventy dollars per month,
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be being ke, of employed an officer, whose duty it shall be, (under the military stores, direction of the department of war,) to superintend the
receiving. safe keeping, and distribution, of the military
persons to whom the same may be intrusted; he shall
SEC. 4. And be it further enacted, That a sum not expropriated from a ceeding fifty-nine thousand dollars, be appropriated for eresting and re: the erecting and repairing of the arsenals and magako and not exo' zines aforesaid; and a sum, not exceeding twenty-two dollsturSrino thousand eight hundred and sixty-five dollars, for de
fraying the expense of the national armories, for one
year; and the further sum of three hundred and forty he applied. un- thousand dollars, to be applied, under the direction of dent's direction, the president of the United States, in the purchase of of arms, &c.
arms, ammunition, and military stores; which said se-
An officer to suiperintend re
340 000 dolls, to
in the purchase
*See act of 7th of May, 1800, chap. 44, sec. 1.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That an annual ac- Annual accoune count of the expenses of the national armories be laidl armories, &c. * before the legislature of the United States, together congresse with an account of the arms made and repaired therein.
[Approved, April 2, 1791.]
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Re- 764 non-commispresentatives of the United States of America in Congress privates, &c. to assembled, That the number of seven hundred and six-ber raised for ty-four non-commissioned officers, privates, and artifi- Comunissioned cers, to serve as privates, and musicians, shall be en-pointed, &c. gaged for the term of three years, by voluntary enlistments; and that the proper proportion of commissioned officers shall be appointed to command the same.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, that the aforesaid to be incorpo commissioned and non-commissioned officers, privates, corps of artille. artificers, and musicians, shall be incorporated with the corps of artillery now in the service of the United States, and denominated the corps of artillerists and engineers; of the corps of and that the entire nuinber of the said corps, exclusively engi'ers to be of the commissioned officers, sball be nine hundred and 892, exclusively,
Sec. S. And be it further enacted, That the organi- Organization of zation of the said corps be as herein mentioned, to wit: one lieutenant-colonel commandant, one adjntant, one surgeon; four battalions, each to consist of one major, one adjutant and paymaster, and one surgeon's mate; and four companies, caclı ti consist of one captain, two lieutenants, two cadets, with the pay, clothing, and rations of a sergeant, four sergeants, four corporals, forty-two privates, sappers, and miners, and ten artificers to serve as privates, and two musicians.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the additional omcers and pri commissioned officer's, non-commissioned oslicers, pri- the same pay, vates, artificers, and musicians, by this act directed to &c. as other be raised, shall receive the same pay and allowances, in verned hy the
same rules, &c. all respects, as the troops already in the service of the United States; and they shall also be governed by the same rules and articles of war, which have been, or may be, by law established.
* Continued by acts of 3d March, 1795, chap 24, and 30th May, 1796, chap 26. An additional regiment provided by act of 27th April, 1798, chap. 30. Repeated and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802, chap. 46, sections 1, 2, 26, 27, 28 and 29.
the corps, as mentioned.
The secretary of SEC. 5. And be it further enacted, That it shall be the to this proxide duty of the Secretary of war to provide, at the public
expense, under such regulations as shall be directed by the president of the United States, the necessary books, instruments, and apparatus, for the use and benefit of
the said corps. The president to SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the president cause portions of of the United States shall cause such proportions of the deem , serve as he may said corps to serve in the field, on the frontiers, or in &e.
the fortifications on the sea coast, as he shall deem consistent with the public service.
[Approved, May 9, 1794.]
ports and harbors in the United States.”
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of ReThe port and harbor of Anna. presentatives of the United States of America in Congress polis, to be forti fied, &c. assembled, That the port and barbor of the city of An
napolis be fortified, in such manner, and at such time or times, as the president of the United States may di
rect; and that it shall be lawful for the president of the The president United States to employ a garrison in the said fortifiGarrison az Am. cation, provide cannon and equipments, and receive, wa polis, &concor from the state of Maryland, a cession of the lands on land, &c. which the said fortification, and its necessary build
ings, may be erected, agreeably to the second and third
[Approved, May 9, 1794.]
vision for the protection of the frontiers of the United States."'t
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of ReHalf pay for five years to the wino presentatives of the United States of America in Congress dows or orphans assembleil, That if any commissioned officer in the officers dying in troops of the United States shall, while in the service
*See original act, chapter 18.
+ The 1st and 2d sections of this act were superseded and supplied by act of 16th March, 1802—See chap. 46, sections 13 & 15. The 3d was continued with some modification by acts of 3d March, 1795, and 30tle May, 1796, chap. 24, sec 9, and chap. 26, sec. 11, but formally repealed by act of 3d March, 1797-see chap. 27, sec. 1.
of the United States, die, by reason of wounds received the service frota
wounds, &c. in actual service of the United States, and shall leave a widow, or if no widow, shall leave a child or children, under age, such widow, or if no widow, such child or children, shall be entitled to, and receive, the half of the monthly pay to which the deceased was entitled at the time of his death, for and during the term of five years: And in case of the death or intermarriage of such widow, before the expiration of the said term of five years, the half pay, for the remainder of the term, shall go to the
child or children of such deceased officer, while under the e age of sixteen years, and, in like manner, the allowance
to the child or children of such deceased, where there is no widow, shall be paid no longer than while there is a Proviso; no child or children under the age aforesaid. Provided That great in allow no greater sum shall be allowed, in any case, to the wi- case, than the dow or to the child or children, of any officer, than the tenant colonel. half pay of a lieutenant-colonel.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the army be Ameans of the in future paid in such manner that the arrears shall at ceed 2 months. no time exceed two months. SEC. 3. And be it further enacted, That to such of the
The president troops as are, or may be, employed on the frontiers, cations of troops and under such special circumstances as, in the opinion under special of the president of the United States, may require an &c.
augmentation of some parts of their rations, the presid! dent be authorized to direct such augmentation as he
may judge necessary, not exceeding four ounces of beef,
[.Approved, June 7, 1794.]
may augment the
purveyor of presentatives of the United States of America in Congress in the departe assembled, That there shall be, in the department of the ment of the trea. treasury, an officer, to be denominated "Purveyor of
• The office of Purveyor abolished by act of March 28th, 1812-See
Altered by act of 16th July, 1798--See chap. 37, sec. 3.