Vocational Rehabilitation: Evidence for Federal Program's Effectiveness is Mixed : Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Select Education and Civil Rights, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives

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A study gathered information on the estimated population eligible to be served by the federal-state vocational rehabilitation (VR) program. It contrasted those accepted and those not, described services clients received, and evaluated the program's outcomes. The study found that, in national surveys in the 1980s, 14-18 million people reported work limitations that made them potentially eligible for VR, but a much smaller group was actually served by the state-federal VR program: in any one year, 5-7 percent of those potentially eligible. Those accepted were generally similar to those who applied, except that those accepted were much more likely to be classified as having a severe disability. Most VR clients received only modest services. Less than half received any type of education or training services, the total value of purchased services averaged only $1,573 per client, and just under half received purchased services costing less than $500. States purchased more services for clients with physical than with mental disabilities, more for clients with severe than with nonsevere disabilities, and more for White clients than for Black, Hispanic, or American Indian clients. Evaluation of long-term outcomes found that rehabilitants' gains in employment and earnings faded after about 2 years. (Appendixes include a list of major disabling conditions of VR clients, racial differences on variables, regression analyses for long-term outcomes, 19 references, and a glossary.) (YLB)

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Página 1 - HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON SELECT EDUCATION AND CIVIL RIGHTS, COMMITTEE ON EDUCATION AND LABOR, Washington, DC.
Página 2 - Child Care Arrangements in the United States in 1974," testimony before the Subcommittee on Employment, Poverty and Migratory Labor of the Senate Committee on Labor and Public Welfare, and the Subcommittee on Select Education of the House Committee on Education and Labor, Joint Hearings on the Child and Family Services Act, 1975, 94th Congress, 1st Session, Feb.
Página 3 - find that states purchased more services for clients with physical than with mental disabilities, more for clients with severe than with non-severe disabilities, and more for white clients than for black, Hispanic, or American Indian clients. (Vocational Rehabilitation: Evidence for Federal Program's Effectiveness Is Mixed, GAO, August 1993) It appears little has changed in the ensuing years. Bernice Loschen testified to NCD that: People labeled with psychiatric disabilities need to be given equal...
Página 13 - An Info Use Report (Washington, DC: National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, 1988).
Página 99 - A Cost Effectiveness Evaluation of the Federal/State Vocational Rehabilitation Program - Using a Comparison Group.
Página 100 - This is training that helps the client to adjust to a particular situation hindering his or her ability to work. Included would be work conditioning; developing work tolerance; training in the use of artificial limbs, aids, or appliances; mobility training; remedial training; literacy training; lip reading; braille; etc. Vocational Training This is noncollegiate postsecondary education. Included is training in a business/commercial school or college (preparing the client for work in areas of office...
Página 15 - Are you limited in the kind or amount of work you can do because of any impairment or health problem? Does any impairment or health problem keep you from working at a job or business?
Página 101 - ... lower, specialized schools for the blind and deaf which are academic in nature) . College Training All academic training on a level higher than a secondary education. On-the-Job Training Training by a prospective employer in which the client usually works for wages while learning the skills of a job. Other Services Included are reader and interpreter services, occupational tools and equipment, initial stocks and licenses, services to family members for the benefit of the client, and medical care...
Página 5 - Act, and the Secretary of Education and the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall solicit the advice and comments of appropriate State agencies with regard to, respectively, education and health and welfare services. Such services shall include basic or general education, educational programs conducted for offenders, institutional training, health care, child care...
Página 100 - ... license, permit, or other written authority, required by a State, city, or other governmental unit to be obtained in order to enter an occupation. Examples: Plumber, electrician, cosmetologist, embalmer, or optometrist. (j) "Physical restoration services" means those medical and related services which are necessary to correct or substantially modify a physical or mental condition which is static and include: (1) General medical treatment; (2) specialist services in the field suitable to the specific...

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