Norway and Its Glaciers: Visited in 1851; Followed by Journals of Excursions in the High Alps of Dauphiné, Berne and Savoy
A. and C. Black, 1853 - 349 páginas
Description of glaciers in Norway as seen by author during 1851 visit. Also discusses excursions in high alps of Dauphine, Berne, and Savoy.
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Página 322 - The mists boil up around the glaciers; clouds Rise curling fast beneath me, white and sulphury, Like foam from the roused ocean of deep Hell, Whose every wave breaks on a living shore, Heap'd with the damn'd like pebbles.— I am giddy.
Página 73 - BEINDEER. 73 up the child for the night in its little wooden cradle, whilst half a dozen of us looked on with no small curiosity. The cradle was cut out of the solid, and covered with leather, flaps of which were so arranged as to lace across the top with leathern thongs ; — the inside and the little pillow were rendered tolerably soft with reindeer moss ; and the infant fitted the space so exactly that it could stir neither hand nor foot, yet made little resistance to the operation. A hood protected...
Página 216 - ... that though the surface actually covered by perpetual snow in Norway be small, yet the mountainous districts and table-lands everywhere approach it so nearly, that the snow plane may be said to hover over the peninsula, and any cause which should lower it, even a little, would plunge a great part of the country under a mantle of frost.
Página 235 - I have deduced from the facts above stated or referred to, is this : — That a glacier is a plastic mass impelled by gravity, having tenacity sufficient to mould itself upon the obstacles which it encounters, and to permit one portion to slide past another without fracture, except when the forces are so violent as to produce discontinuity in the form of a crevasse, or more generally of a bruised condition of the mass so acted on; — that, in consequence...
Página 117 - ... and has been traditionally recollected ever since. It happened, as has been placed beyond a doubt by the careful and ingenious researches of Professor Harsteen of Christiania, on the afternoon of the 31st August, 1030. King Olaf the saint (canonized for his efforts to introduce at the point of the sword the doctrines of Christianity among the heathens of Scandinavia) engaged in battle on that day with his rebellious subjects, who were urged on by Kuut, king of Denmark and England, who desired...
Página 234 - That the downward motion of the ice from the mountains towards the valleys is a continuous and regular motion, going on day and night without starts or stops. 2. That it occurs in winter as well as in summer, though less in amount. 3. That it varies at all times with the temperature, being less in cold than in hot weather. 4. That rain and melting snow tends to accelerate the glacier motion. 5. That the centre of the glacier moves faster than the sides, as is the case in a river. 6. The surface of...
Página 235 - The glacier moves fastest (other things being supposed alike) on steep inclinations. 8. The motion of a glacier is not prevented, nor its continuity hindered, by contractions of the rocky channel in which it moves, nor by the inequalities of its bed. 9. The crevasses are for the most part formed anew annually — the old ones disappearing by the collapse of the ice during and after the hot season.
Página 250 - ... above and the valley below ; they look so slender that we wonder at their absolute uniformity and perfect whiteness throughout so great a space, — never dissipated in air, — never disappearing under debris; but on approaching these seeming threads we are astonished at their volume, which is usually such as completely to stop communication from bank to bank."— P.
Página 32 - The opinion of a passing traveller ignorant of the language, is, perhaps, hardly worth stating ; but having some faith in physiognomy, I will venture to record my impression at the time, that I had never in any country seen so fine a peasantry, in point both of general appearance and of expression, as on this journey, and more particularly on the north descent of the Dovrc.
Página 249 - Norwegian mountains above the tableland which forms their base, is usually too small to give them much effect. But the scenery of the fiords and the profound valleys, which may be considered as the mere prolongation of them, is the really distinguishing feature of Norway as regards the picturesque. It is analogous, indeed, to that of the west...