Report of the Federal Trade Commission on the Grain Trade, Volúmenes1-3

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U.S. Government Printing Office, 1920
 

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Contenido

Development of Country Elevators and Country Market
74
Distribution of mill elevators by specified States in comparison
79
Individual mill elevators
80
Opposition to cooperatives
86
Patronage dividend cooperatives
92
Number and percentage of elevators in specified States report
98
Outright sales by farmer to the elevator
99
Distribution of total purchases by kind of grain
114
Variations in crop production and country elevator marketings
115
Diagram G Proportions of wheat corn oats rye and barley marketed
119
Rate of capacity turnover
120
Monthly distribution of total grain purchases in specified States
122
Page
125
Number of cars shipped to specified markets receiving more
129
Proportion of country elevator shipments to terminal markets
137
Distribution of country elevator shipments of specified grains
143
Distribution of country elevator shipments of specified grains
144
Number and proportion of cars of grain sold by country ele
150
Characteristics of incidental functions
151
Variations in elevation by type of house
155
Percentages of elevators of different types with and without
161
Sec 1L Warehouse cleaning facilities
164
Number and percentages of elevators of different types handling
168
Relative importance of different side lines
172
Relative extent of use of different sources
181
Determination of country prices
187
Average buying margins of different types of elevators on speci
192
Summary of Interviews on buying margins
195
Explanation of the profits and losses involved
203
Some technical details of country elevator hedging
212
Number and percentages of reporting elevators and warehouses
213
Tvpe variations in hedging
219
Markets employed by country elevators for hedging 27
227
Number and proportion of times specified exchanges are
228
Page
233
Relative importance of different sources of borrowings by dif
234
Lineelevator policies in meeting competition
275
Division of receipts
282
Closing and wrecking elevators on a rental basis
288
Agreements and understandings among local agents
294
Effecting agreements and understandings through traveling super
301
Letter of the President to the Chairman of the Federal Trade
315
Form of contract between country elevator and farmer
321
St Louis Daily Market Reporter facing
326
Construction materials of elevators and warehouses in specified
331
Total purchases of each of the five principal grains made
339
Proportion of elevators handling specified side lines in the 14
345
Dally price card 176
17
Number of elevators and warehouses at stations aud proportion
33
Average annual production of oats in tho principal producing States
34
Number of sources of borrowed funds reported by country ele
35
Numbers and percentages of different types of elevators
40
Percentage analysis of sources of grain receipts wheat corn oats
41
Diagram A Per cent ratio of commercial line elevators to all classes
50
Export grain rates from 10 primary markets to 6 Atlantic and Gulf
51
Diagram E Per cent ratio of mill line elevators to all classes of ele
58
Receipts of grain at Cincinnati St Louis and Chicago in 1858
61
Average freight rates Chicago to New York by lakeandcanal
69
Classification of members of Chicago Board of Trade list dalcd
75
Elevator storage distribution at Chicago March 31 1868 90
90
Total elevator warehouse capacity at Chicago relative storage rapac
102
Classification of resident members in the grain trade Milwaukee
135
Classification of resident members in the grain trade Minneapolis
143
Memberships of WashbumCrosby interests at Minneapolis
149
Period of construction reported by different types of country
197
Percentages of different types of existing elevators and ware
4
Percentage distribution between types for all elevators
47
Proportion of cooperative elevators In specified States in com
55
Average capacity of elevators and warehouses in the United
62
Materials of which elevators were constructed in specified
106
Results of mixing operations in wheat by two Duluth elevator com
316
Deviations over and under Grain Bulletin card prices by four types
330

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Página 91 - The true test of legality is whether the restraint imposed is such as merely regulates and perhaps thereby promotes competition or whether it is such as may suppress or even destroy competition. To determine that question the court must ordinarily consider the facts peculiar to the business to which the restraint is applied; its condition before and after the restraint was imposed; the nature of the restraint and its effect, actual or probable. The history of the restraint, the evil believed to exist,...
Página 101 - In this connection it must also be borne in mind that, although in 1874 there were in Chicago fourteen warehouses adapted to this particular business, and owned by about thirty persons, nine business firms controlled them, and that the prices charged and received for storage were such "as have been from year to year agreed upon and established by the different elevators or warehouses in the city of Chicago, and which rates have been annually published in one or more newspapers printed in said city,...
Página 269 - As liquidated damage, the seller shall pay to the purchaser not less than five per cent., nor more than ten per cent, of the value of the commodity as established by the committee ; the percentage, within said limits, to be such as In the judgment of the committee, may be just and equitable. Settlement shall be made without delay, and the damage, as determined under the provisions of this section, shall be due and payable Immediately upon the finding of the committee.
Página 100 - State having not less than one hundred thousand inhabitants, "in which grain is stored in bulk, and in which the grain of different owners is mixed together, or in which grain is stored in such a manner that the identity of different lots or parcels cannot be accurately preserved.
Página 320 - ... ascertain the facts bearing on alleged violations of the antitrust acts, and particularly upon the question whether there are manipulations, controls, trusts, combinations, conspiracies, or restraints of trade out of harmony with the law or the public interest.
Página 69 - Washington is in grain which passes through the elevators of Chicago. In this way the trade in grain is carried on by the inhabitants of seven or eight of the great States of the West with four or five of the States lying on the seashore, and forms the largest part of interstate commerce in these States.
Página 36 - South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
Página 141 - ... and that it is deliverable upon the return of the receipt, properly endorsed by the person to whose order it was issued, and the payment of proper charges for storage.
Página 69 - the great producing region of the West and North-west sends its grain by water and rail to Chicago, where the greater part of it is shipped by vessel for transportation to the seaboard by the Great Lakes, and some of it is forwarded by railway to the Eastern ports. . Vessels, to some extent, are loaded in the Chicago harbor, and sailed through the St. Lawrence directly to Europe. . The quantity [of grain] received in Chicago has made it the greatest grain market in the world.
Página 119 - Whoever contracts to have or give to himself or another the option to sell or buy, at a future time...

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