Bilingualism: Basic Principles
Multilingual Matters, 1986 - 205 páginas
This revised edition of a major textbook provides an introduction to the queries that arise in connection with bilingualism and the effect it has on the personality. It underlines the normality of speaking and using more than one language and aims to dispel many myths and fears. It should interest all types of reader - parents, educators and policy makers, as well as language specialists.
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achievement acquired affective filter ambilingual anomie aspects Baetens Beardsmore balanced bilingual bicultural bilingual ability bilingual behaviour bilingual communities bilingual development bilingual education bilingual speech bilingual's Brussels French circumstances cognitive communicative competence context cultural degree of bilingualism determined diglossia discussion distinction dominant language Dutch early bilingualism effects elements English environment example factors foreign language functional bilingual gender grammatical Gumperz Haugen immersion programmes immigrant individual integration interference and code-switching interlocutor investigation Lambert language learning language shift language transfer languages involved late bilinguals lead learner lexical loan translations loanwords Luganda majority measure monoglot norms monolingual morphemic multilingual native-speaker normal patterns phonemes phonological productive bilingual proficiency question receptive bilingualism recipient language reference reveal second language second language acquisition semantic semi-speakers semilingualism significant similar situation social societal sociolinguistic standard French structure studies Swain switch syntactic tend tests transfer type of bilingual unilingual weaker language words