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CHAP.5.-AN ACT making an appropriation to carry into effect the provisions of an act approved

March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, entitled "An act to establish agricultural expori. mental stations in connection with the colleges established in the several States under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of acts supplementary thereto."

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That to carry into effect the provisions of an act approved March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, entitled "An act to establish agricultural experiment stations in connection with the colleges established in the several States, under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the acts supplementary thereto," the sum of five hundred and eighty-five thousand dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the fiscal year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight." CHAP. 373.-AN ACT to amend an act entitled "An act to establish agricultural stations in connection

with the colleges established in the several States under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the acts supplementary thereto."

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the grant of money authorized by the act of Congress entitled “An act to establish agricultural experiment stations in connection with the colleges established in the several States under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of acts supplementary thereto," is subject as therein provided to the legislative assent of the States or Territories to be affected thereby; but as to such installments of the appropriations as may be now due or may hereafter become due, when the legislaturo may not be in session, the governor of said State or Territory may make the assent therein provided, and upon a duly certified copy thereof to the Secretary of the Treasury le shall cause the same to be paid in the manner provided in tho act of which this is amendatory, until the termination of the next regular session of the legislature of such State or Territory.?

EXPERIMENTAL STATIONS,

(From an act making appropriations for the Department of Agriculture.) That to carry into offect the provisions of an act approved March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, entitled “An act to establish agricultural experimeut stations in connection with the colleges established in the several States, under the provisions of an act approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the acts supplementary thereto," five hundred and ninety-five thousand dollars are appropriated; ten thousand dollars of which sum shall be payable upon the order of the Commissioner of Agriculture to enable hiin to carry out the provisions of section three of said act of March second, eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, and to compare, edit, and publish such of the results of tho experiments made under section two of said act by said experimental stations as he may deem necessary; and for these purposes the Commissioner of Agriculture is autlorized to employ such assistants, clerks, and other persons as he may deem necessary.3 CHAP. 841.-AN ACT to apply a portion of the proceeds of the public lands to the more comploto

endowment and support of the colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts established under the provisions of an act of Congress approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That there shall be, and hereby is, annually appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, arising from the

Stat. L., Fistieth Congress, p. 32. Approved February 1, 1888.
"Stat. L., Fiftieth Congress, p. 176. Approved June 7, 1888.
3 Stat. L., Fiftieth Congress, p. 334. Approved July 18, 1888.

sales of public lands, to be paid as hereinafter provided, to each State and Territory for the more complete endowment and maintenance of colleges for the benefit of agricultnre and the mechanic arts now established, or which may be hereafter established, in accordance with an act of Congress approved July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, the sum of fifteen thousand dollars for the year ending June thirtieth, eighteen hundred and ninety, and an annual increase of the amount of such appropriation thereafter for ten years by an additional sum of one thousand dollars over the preceding year, and the annual amount to be paid thereafter to each State and Territory shall be twenty-five thousand dollars, to be applied only to instruction in agriculture, the mechanic arts, the English language, and the various branches of mathematical, physical, natural, and economic science, with special reference to their applications in the industries of life and to the facilities for such instruction: Provided, That no money shall be paid out under this act to any State or 'Territory for the support and maintenance of a college where a distinction of race or color is made in the admission of students; but the establishment and maintenance of such colleges separately for white and colored students shall be held to be a compliance with the provisions of this act if the funds received in such State or Territory be equitably divided as hereinafter set forth: Provided, That in any State in which there has been one college established in pursuance of the act of July second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and also in which an educational institution of like character has been established, or may be hereafter established, and is now aided by such State from its own revenue, for the education of colored students in agriculture and the inechanic arts, however named or styled, or whether or not it has received money beretofore under the act to which this act is an amendment, the legislature of such State may propose and report to the Secretary of the Interior a just and equitable division of the fund to be received under this act between one college for white students and one institution for colored students established as aforesaid, which shall be divided into two parts and paid accordingly, and thereupon such institution for colored students shall be entitled to the benefits of this act and subject to its provisions, as much as it would have been if it had been included under the act of eighteen hundred and sixty-two, and the fulfillment of the foregoing provisions shall be taken as a compliance with the provisions in reference to separate colleges for white and colored students.

SEC. 2. That the sums hereby appropriated to the States and Territories for the further endowment and support of colleges shall be annually paid on or before the thirty-first day of July of each year, by the Secretary of the Treasury, upon the warrant of the Secretary of the Interior, out of the Treasury of the United States, to the State or Territorial treasurer, or to such officer as shall be designated by the laws of such State or Territory to receive the same, who shall, upon the order of the trustees of the college, or the institution for colored students, immediately pay over said sums to the treasurers of the respective colleges or other institutions entitled to receive the same, and such treasurers shall be required to report to the Secretary of Agriculture and to the Secretary of the Interior, on or before the first day of September of each year, a detailed statement of the amount so received and of its disbursement. The grants of moneys authorized by this act are made subject to the legislative assent of the several States and Territories to the purpose of said grants: Provided, That payments of such installments of the appropriation herein made as shall become due to any State before the adjournment of the regular session of the legislature meeting next after the passage of this act shall be made upon the assent of the governor thereof, duly certified to the Secretary of the Treasury.

SEC. 3. That if any portion of the moneys received by the designated officer of the State or Territory for the further and more complete endowment, support, and maintenance of colleges, or of institutions for colored students, as provided in this act, shall, by any action or contingency, be diminished or lost, or be misapplied, it shall be replaced by the State or Territory to which it belongs, and until so replaced no subsequent appropriation shall be apportioned or paid to such Stato or Territory;

ED 93—81

and no portion of such moneys shall be applied, directly or indirectly, under any pretense whatever, to the purchase, erection, preservation, or repair of any building or buildings. An annual report by the president of each of said colleges shall be made to the Secretary of Agriculture, as well as to the Secretary of the Interior, regarding the condition and progress of each college, including statistical information in relation to its receipts and expenditures, its library, the number of its students and professors, and also as to any improvements and experiments made under the direction of any experiment stations attached to said colleges, with their cost and results, and such other industrial and economical statistics as may be regarded as useful, one copy of which shall be transmitted by mail free to all other colleges further endowed under this act.

SEC. 4. That on or before the first day of July in each year, after the passage of this act, the Secretary of the Interior shall ascertain and certify to the Secretary of the Treasury as to each State and Territory whether it is entitled to receive its share of the annual appropriation for colleges, or of institutions for colored students, under this act, and the amount which thereupon each is entitled respectively to receive. If the Secretary of the Interior shall withhold a certificate from any State or Territory of its appropriation the facts and reasons there for shall be reported to the President, and the amount involved shall be kept separate in the Treasury until the close of the next Congress, in order that the State or Territory may, if it should so desire, appeal to Congress from the determination of the Secretary of the Interior. If the next Congress shall not direct such sum to be paid it shall be covered into the Treasury. And the Secretary of the Interior is hereby charged with the proper administration of this law.

Sec. 5. That the Secretary of the Interior shall annually report to the Congress the disbursements which have been made in all the States and Territories, and also whether the appropriation of any State or Territory has been withheld, and if so, the reason therefor.

SEC. 6. Congress may at any time amend, suspend, or repeal any or all of the provisions of this act.

· Stat. L., approved August 30, 1890.

APPENDIX TO VI AND VII.

The following tables are transcribed from The Public Domain, its History with Statistics, compiled by Thomas Donaldson and printed at the Government Printing Office, Chap. XIII:

I.

Grants of lands to States and reserrations to Territories for [common) school purposes.

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California. Minnesota Oregon.. Kansas Nevada Nebraska Colorado. Washington New Mexico Utah. Dakota Montana. Arizona.. Idaho Wyoming...

6,719, 324 Mar. 3, 1853 2, 969, 990 Feb. 26, 1857 3, 329, 700 Feb. 14, 1859 2, 801, 306 Jan. 29. 1861 3,985, 428 Mar. 21, 1864 2, 702, 044

Apr. 19, 1864 3,715, 555 Mar. 3, 1875 2, 488, 675

Mar. 2, 1853 4, 309, 368 Sept. 9, 1850

July 22, 1854 3,003, 613 Sept. 9, 1850 5, 360, 451 Mar. 2, 1861 5, 112, 035 Feb. 28, 1851 4,050, 347 | May 26, 1861 3,068, 231 Mar. 3, 1863 3, 480, 281 July 25, 1863

Total

67, 893, 919

No grants to Indian and Alaska Territories.
Sixteenth and thirty-sixth sections in Territories not granted, but reserved.

Lands in place and indemnity for deficiencies in sections and townships, under acts of May 20, 1826, and February 26, 1859, included in the above statement.

II.

The following table shows the number of acres granted to States and reserved to Territories for seminaries or universities, down to the time of its preparation, June 30, 1880:

States and Territories.

Total area.

Under what acts.

Ohio.
Indiana
Illinois
Missouri.
Alabama.
Mississippi
Louisiana.
Michigan
Arkansas.
Florida
Iowa.
Wisconsin
California
Minnesota
Oregon
Kansas
Nevada
Nebraska
Colorado
Washington
New Mexico
Utah

Acres.

69, 120 Apr. 21, 1792; Mar. 3, 1803,
46, 080 Mar. 26, 1804; Apr. 19, 1816.
46, 080

Mar. 26, 1804; Apr. 18, 1818.
46, 080 Feb. 17, 1818; Mar. 6, 1820.
46, 080 Apr. 20, 1818; Mar. 2, 1819.
46, 080 Mar. 3, 1803; Feb. 20, 1819.
46, 080

Apr. 21, 1806; Mar. 3, 1811; Mar. 3, 1827. 46, 080

June 23, 1836. 46,000 Do. 92, 160 Mar. 3, 1845. 46, 080 Do. 92, 160 Aug. 6, 1846; Dec. 15, 1854. 46, 080 Mar. 3, 1853. 82, 640 Mar. 2, 1861; Feb. 26, 1857; July 8, 1870. 46, 080 Feb. 14, 1859; Mar. 2, 1861. 46, 080 Jan. 29, 1861. 46, 080 July 4, 1866. 46, 080 Apr. 19, 1864. 46, 080 Mar. 3, 1875. 46, 080 July 17, 1854; Mar. 14, 1864. 46, 080 July 22, 1854. 46, 080 Feb. 21, 1855.

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States having land subject to selection in placefor agricultural and mechanical colleges,

under act of July 2, 1862, and acts amendatory thereof.

("In place" means that the States having public lands within their limits were to take such lands in satisfaction of their allowance under this law.]

Acres, Wisconsin

240,000 Iowa

240,000 Oregon

90,000 Kansas

90,000 Minnesota

120,000 Michigan

240,000 California

150,000 Nevada (also under act of July 4, 1866)

90,000 Missouri......

330, 000 Nebraska (also under act of July 23, 1866)

90,000 Colorado

90, 000 Total....

1, 770, 000

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