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Ruge, Dr. Max, died June 17, in Berlin; formerly teacher in the Grauo Kloster; since
1890, Liberal deputy in the lower house of ibo Prussian legislature. Runkwitz, K., died November 21, in Altenburg; rector of normal school and school
councilor. SCHAEFER, died December 21, in Friedberg; roctor of normal school. SCHARLACII, Cur. I'r., died December 18, in Halle; superintendent of public schools
in Halle for many years. SCHLOTTERBECK, B., died October 30; editor of the Mecklenburg Schulzeitung, and
author of educational writings. SCHOTTMÜLLER, Dr. CoxrAD, died May 16, in Berlin; councilor in department of
education. SCHMITT, JOnaxx, died August 6, in Darmstadt; founder of the Hessian Teachers'
Union, and editor of the Hessische Schulbote; since 1865 member of the permanent committeo of the National Teachers' Association, and since 1871 member
of the executive committee of the National German Teachers' Union. SCHOENER, Rector, died May 6, in Rybnik; at the time of his death the oldest active
teacher in Germany, 92 years old. SCHORNSTEIN, Dr. E., died August 17, in Elberfeld; rector of secondary school for
girls; a well-kuown writer in behalf of higher education of women. SCHULZ, F. A., died April 24, in Wolfenbüttel; musical composer and publisher of song
books. SEIDEL, FRIEDRICII, died January 13, in Weimar; author of many educational works;
for many years president of the German Froebel Association, and active promoter
of kindergartens. SELKE, died in July, in Königsberg; mayor of the city and warm friend of public
schools. STAFFELD, B., died March 21, in Strelitz; founder and president of Provincial Teach
ers' Association and Aid Society. VÖLCKER, Dr., died in June, in Danzig; provincial school councilor. WALDBACH, W., died November 21, in Eylau; principal of a normal school, and
musical director and composer. WÄTZOLDT, Gust. AD., died August 10, in Berlin; privy councilor, formerly principal
of a normal school; later councilor in the department of public education and
director of the Royal normal school for gymnastics. WILLE, RECTOR, died in December, in Dresden; member of Pestalozzi Association.
BALLANCE, Joux, born in Antrim, Ireland, March, 1839; died in Auckland April 27;
emigrated to New Zealand in 1866; in 1878 became minister of education; at
the time of his death was premier. Birch, CHARLES BELL, born 1832; died in October; was sculptor in London. CLARK, Sir ANDREW, noted English physician; born 1826; died in London Novem
ber 30. COLE, Vicat, born in Portsmouth, 1833; died in London April 6; English painter;
son and pupil of George Cole. COWPER, ED. ALFRED, English inventor; born in London December 10, 1819; died
there in May; invented the fog signals, and among other things invented an
electrical writing telegraph. Cox, SAMUEL, born near London, 1826; died March 30; was educated for the Baptist
ministry; author of Salvator Mundi, Private Letters of St. Paul and St. John;
founded in 1875 the Expositor, and retired from its editorship in 1885. DERBY, Earl of, born in Knowsley, July, 1826; died there April 21; educated at
Rugby and Trinity College; traveled extensively; entered Parliament, took service under different administrations; was a hard worker in important com
missions, and was influential as chancellor of the University of London. JOWETT, BENJAMIN, born in London, 1817; died at Oxford in October; graduated at
Balliol College, Oxford; became tutor of Greek; 1857 was professor of Greek at Oxford, and in 1870 was elected master of Balliol; was translator of classics aud author of ecclesiastical treatises.
MARSHALL, ARTHUR MILNES, born June 8, 1852; died in Cumberlandshire, England,
December 31; graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge, 1874; studied at Dr. Dohrus's Zoological station in Naples; 1875, was appointed professor of zoology, Owens College, Manchester; was secretary, and afterwards chairman general board of studies in organizing courses in Victoria University; was author of
several papers in scientific journals. PARKE, Thomas H., born in 1857; died September 9; distin lished for service in
Egypt, and in the cholera epidemic was courageous; was an African explorer
and published several works. PRATT, ANNE, born in Stroud, 1806; died July 27; had marked success in popularizing
botany. TYNDALL, JOHN, born in Leighlin Bridge, Carlow, Ireland, August 21, 1820; died in
Haslemere, Surrey, England, December 4; of humble origin and without usual school privileges rose to great eminence as scientist.
GENOLA, FRANCISCO, born 1813; died November 8; deputy of his province; known
for his rectitude and lofty spirit, and became minister of public works. MOLLSCHOTT, JACOB, born in Holland; died in Rome in May, aged 71; noted in physi
ology, and professor University of Rome since 1878. CONTANI, ARNALDO, born in Austria; died in Naples May 6, in his fifty-sixth year;
graduated M. D., Prague; senator, professor of medicine in Naples.
MEXICO. GONZALES, ex-President, born near Matamoras, 1820; died in City of Mexico May 8.
Buys, T. T., died in Leyden May 14; was one of the most eminent professors of the
legal faculty of the Atheneum at Amsterdam. LEEMAN, Dr. CONRAD, born 1809; died in October; director of the Museum of
UNDSET, INGVOLD M., born in Drontheim, November 9, 1853; died in Christiania
December 3; eminent archæologist.
LAURENCO, Dr. AGOSTINIO, died in February; was one of the most illustrious
scientists in Portugal. RODREQUES, José Julio, professor of natural sciences in Lyceum of Lisbon, and
the Industrial Institute.
KOKSCHAROW, Dr. Nicolas, died in St. Petersburg January 2; director of the
Imperial School of Mines.
CORDERA Y Poto, Don MARIANA, died in Madrid January 15; organizer of normal
schools and inspector-general of primary schools, and founder of Pedagogical
Review. ARENAL, Doña CONCEPCION, born January, 1820, died February; well known author
and promoter of education.
HAGBER, M., died in May, aged 68; author, and professor in university in Stockholm. KLEMMING, GUSTAVUS Edward, born September 5, 1823, in Stockholm; died there
September 7; was librarian in the Royal Library, and specially active in ancient Swedish literature,
DENZLER, WM., died November 20, in Zürich; professor of mathemathics in Zürich
of the Swiss “ Lehrerzeitung.".
CITY SCHOOL SYSTEMS (p. 1786).