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Ruge, Dr. Max, died June 17, in Berlin; formerly teacher in the Grauo Kloster; since

1890, Liberal deputy in the lower house of ibo Prussian legislature. Runkwitz, K., died November 21, in Altenburg; rector of normal school and school

councilor. SCHAEFER, died December 21, in Friedberg; roctor of normal school. SCHARLACII, Cur. I'r., died December 18, in Halle; superintendent of public schools

in Halle for many years. SCHLOTTERBECK, B., died October 30; editor of the Mecklenburg Schulzeitung, and

author of educational writings. SCHOTTMÜLLER, Dr. CoxrAD, died May 16, in Berlin; councilor in department of

education. SCHMITT, JOnaxx, died August 6, in Darmstadt; founder of the Hessian Teachers'

Union, and editor of the Hessische Schulbote; since 1865 member of the permanent committeo of the National Teachers' Association, and since 1871 member

of the executive committee of the National German Teachers' Union. SCHOENER, Rector, died May 6, in Rybnik; at the time of his death the oldest active

teacher in Germany, 92 years old. SCHORNSTEIN, Dr. E., died August 17, in Elberfeld; rector of secondary school for

girls; a well-kuown writer in behalf of higher education of women. SCHULZ, F. A., died April 24, in Wolfenbüttel; musical composer and publisher of song

books. SEIDEL, FRIEDRICII, died January 13, in Weimar; author of many educational works;

for many years president of the German Froebel Association, and active promoter

of kindergartens. SELKE, died in July, in Königsberg; mayor of the city and warm friend of public

schools. STAFFELD, B., died March 21, in Strelitz; founder and president of Provincial Teach

ers' Association and Aid Society. VÖLCKER, Dr., died in June, in Danzig; provincial school councilor. WALDBACH, W., died November 21, in Eylau; principal of a normal school, and

musical director and composer. WÄTZOLDT, Gust. AD., died August 10, in Berlin; privy councilor, formerly principal

of a normal school; later councilor in the department of public education and

director of the Royal normal school for gymnastics. WILLE, RECTOR, died in December, in Dresden; member of Pestalozzi Association.

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GREAT BRITAIN.

BALLANCE, Joux, born in Antrim, Ireland, March, 1839; died in Auckland April 27;

emigrated to New Zealand in 1866; in 1878 became minister of education; at

the time of his death was premier. Birch, CHARLES BELL, born 1832; died in October; was sculptor in London. CLARK, Sir ANDREW, noted English physician; born 1826; died in London Novem

ber 30. COLE, Vicat, born in Portsmouth, 1833; died in London April 6; English painter;

son and pupil of George Cole. COWPER, ED. ALFRED, English inventor; born in London December 10, 1819; died

there in May; invented the fog signals, and among other things invented an

electrical writing telegraph. Cox, SAMUEL, born near London, 1826; died March 30; was educated for the Baptist

ministry; author of Salvator Mundi, Private Letters of St. Paul and St. John;

founded in 1875 the Expositor, and retired from its editorship in 1885. DERBY, Earl of, born in Knowsley, July, 1826; died there April 21; educated at

Rugby and Trinity College; traveled extensively; entered Parliament, took service under different administrations; was a hard worker in important com

missions, and was influential as chancellor of the University of London. JOWETT, BENJAMIN, born in London, 1817; died at Oxford in October; graduated at

Balliol College, Oxford; became tutor of Greek; 1857 was professor of Greek at Oxford, and in 1870 was elected master of Balliol; was translator of classics aud author of ecclesiastical treatises.

MARSHALL, ARTHUR MILNES, born June 8, 1852; died in Cumberlandshire, England,

December 31; graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge, 1874; studied at Dr. Dohrus's Zoological station in Naples; 1875, was appointed professor of zoology, Owens College, Manchester; was secretary, and afterwards chairman general board of studies in organizing courses in Victoria University; was author of

several papers in scientific journals. PARKE, Thomas H., born in 1857; died September 9; distin lished for service in

Egypt, and in the cholera epidemic was courageous; was an African explorer

and published several works. PRATT, ANNE, born in Stroud, 1806; died July 27; had marked success in popularizing

botany. TYNDALL, JOHN, born in Leighlin Bridge, Carlow, Ireland, August 21, 1820; died in

Haslemere, Surrey, England, December 4; of humble origin and without usual school privileges rose to great eminence as scientist.

ITALY.

GENOLA, FRANCISCO, born 1813; died November 8; deputy of his province; known

for his rectitude and lofty spirit, and became minister of public works. MOLLSCHOTT, JACOB, born in Holland; died in Rome in May, aged 71; noted in physi

ology, and professor University of Rome since 1878. CONTANI, ARNALDO, born in Austria; died in Naples May 6, in his fifty-sixth year;

graduated M. D., Prague; senator, professor of medicine in Naples.

MEXICO. GONZALES, ex-President, born near Matamoras, 1820; died in City of Mexico May 8.

NETHERLANDS.

Buys, T. T., died in Leyden May 14; was one of the most eminent professors of the

legal faculty of the Atheneum at Amsterdam. LEEMAN, Dr. CONRAD, born 1809; died in October; director of the Museum of

Antiquities.

NORWAY.

UNDSET, INGVOLD M., born in Drontheim, November 9, 1853; died in Christiania

December 3; eminent archæologist.

PORTUGAL,

LAURENCO, Dr. AGOSTINIO, died in February; was one of the most illustrious

scientists in Portugal. RODREQUES, José Julio, professor of natural sciences in Lyceum of Lisbon, and

the Industrial Institute.

RUSSIA.

KOKSCHAROW, Dr. Nicolas, died in St. Petersburg January 2; director of the

Imperial School of Mines.

SPAIN

CORDERA Y Poto, Don MARIANA, died in Madrid January 15; organizer of normal

schools and inspector-general of primary schools, and founder of Pedagogical

Review. ARENAL, Doña CONCEPCION, born January, 1820, died February; well known author

and promoter of education.

SWEDEN.

HAGBER, M., died in May, aged 68; author, and professor in university in Stockholm. KLEMMING, GUSTAVUS Edward, born September 5, 1823, in Stockholm; died there

September 7; was librarian in the Royal Library, and specially active in ancient Swedish literature,

SWITZERLAND.

DENZLER, WM., died November 20, in Zürich; professor of mathemathics in Zürich

University.
FRANKHAUSEN, J., died May 23, in Bern; professor in secondary school.
HAEDERLI, J., died January 4, in Zürich; teacher from 1842 till 1892.
ODERMATT, R., died March 26, in Stans; school inspector in the canton of Nidwalden.
RAEDLÉ, Nich,, died May 17, in Freiburg; historian and friend of P. Girard.
RUEGG, Prof. H. R., died October 29, in Bern; leader of the Swiss teachers; editor

of the Swiss “ Lehrerzeitung.".
VOLKMAR, Dr. G., died January 8, in Zürich; professor in university; distinguished

theologian.
WIESENDANGER, U., died April 7, in Zürich; councilor of education.
WINNE, J. St., died February 14, in Hippolyte-Elsass; school rector in Altorf-Uri.
WOLF, Dr. R., died December 6, in Zürich; astronomer.
Wyss, Dr. G. von, died December 17, in Zürich; historian.

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PART IV.

STATISTICAL TABLES.

CITY SCHOOL SYSTEMS (p. 1786).
PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS (p. 1816).
PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS (p. 1897).
UNIVERSITIES AND COLLEGES (p. 1952).
COLLEGES FOR WOMEN (p. 1968).
COLLEGES OF AGRICULTURE AND THE MECHANIC ARTS (p. 1972).
TECHNOLOGICAL SCHOOLS (p. 1981).
SCHOOLS OF MEDICINE, LAW, AND THEOLOGY (p. 1982).
NORMAL SCHOOLS (p. 2002).
BUSINESS COLLEGES (p. 2018).
SCHOOLS FOR THE DEAF AND DUMB AND THE BLIND (p. 2012).
SCHOOLS FOR THE FEEBLE-MINDED (p. 2061).
REFORM SCHOOLS (p. 2067).
ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES (p. 2075).

1785

TABLE 1.-Statistics of school population, enrollment, attendance, supervisors, teachers, and accommodations in cities containing 8,000 or more inhabitants.

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7-21
7-21

1
2
3

Birmingham
Huntsville
Mobile
Montgomery

10, 754
1, 888

7-21

4,512

300

2,000

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