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Clitus. Now is that noble vessel full of grief,
That it runs over even at his eyes.

Brutus. Come hither, good Volumnius; list a word.
Volumnius. What says my lord ?

Why, this, Volumnius:
The ghost of Cæsar hath appear'd to me
Two several times by night; at Sardis once,
And this last night here in Philippi fields.
I know my hour is come.

Not so, my lord.
Brutus. Nay, I am sure it is, Volumnius.
Thou seest the world, Volumnius, how it goes;
Our enemies have beat us to the pit.

[Low alarums. It is more worthy to leap in ourselves Than tarry till they push us. Good Volumnius, Thou know'st that we two went to school together; Even for that our love of old, I prithee, Hold thou my sword-hilts whilst I run on it. Volumnius. That's not an office for a friend, my lord.

[Alarum still.

Clitus. Fly, fly, my lord ! there is no tarrying here.

Brutus. Farewell to you ;—and you ;-and you, Volumnius.Strato, thou hast been all this while asleep; Farewell to thee too, Strato.-Countrymen, My heart doth joy that yet in all my life I found no man but he was true to me. I shall have glory by this losing day, More than Octavius and Mark Antony By this vile conquest shall attain unto. So, fare you well at once; for Brutus' tongue Hath almost ended his life's history.

Night hangs upon my eyes; my bones would rest,
That have but labor'd to attain this hour.

[Alarum. Cry within, "Fly, fly, fly!"

Clitus. Fly, my lord, fly!

Hence, I will follow.

[Exeunt Clitus, Dardanius, and Volumnius.

I prithee, Strato, stay thou by thy lord.
Thou art a fellow of a good respect;
Thy life hath had some smatch of honor in it.
Hold then my sword, and turn away thy face
While I do run upon it. Wilt thou, Strato?
Strato. Give me your hand first; fare you well, my lord.

Brutus. Farewell, good Strato.-Cæsar, now be still;
I kill'd not thee with half so good a will.

[He runs on his sword, and dies.

Alarum. Retreat. Enter OCTAVIUS, ANTONY, MESSALA,

LUCILIUS, and the Army

Octavius. What man is that?
Messala. My master's man.-Strato, where is thy master?

Strato. Free from the bondage you are in, Messala.
The conquerors can but make a fire of him;
For Brutus only overcame himself,
And no man else hath honor by his death.

Lucilius. So Brutus should be found.—I thank thee, Brutus,
That thou hast prov'd Lucilius' saying true.

Octavius. All that serv’d Brutus, I will entertain them.Fellow, wilt thou bestow thy time with me?

Strato. Ay, if Messala will prefer me to you.

Octavius. Do so, good Messala.
Messala. How died my master, Strato?
Strato. I held the sword, and he did run on it.

Messala. Octavius, then take him to follow thee
That did the latest service to my master.

Antony. This was the noblest Roman of them all.
All the conspirators, save only he,
Did that they did in envy of great Cæsar;
He only, in a general honest thought
And common good to all, made one of them.
His life was gentle, and the elements
So mix'd in him that Nature might stand up
And say to all the world, “This was a man!"

Octavius. According to his virtue let us use him,
With all respect and rites of burial.
Within my tent his bones to-night shall lie,
Most like a soldier, ordered honorably.
So, call the field to rest, and let's away,
To part the glories of this happy day.


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1. Why do travelers often refer to the Hudson River as “The Beautiful

Hudson"? To what extent do historical memories contribute to make this stream "beautiful”? Locate Treason House; Stony Point; Ver

planck's Point; Tarrytown ; West Point. 2. The noted actor, Joseph Jefferson, won great fame portraying the char

acter of Rip Van Winkle. How could Jefferson make such strong ap

peal to real men with such an unreal character ? 3. The streams in the early days abounded in fish, the woods were filled

with game, and the soil was responsive to the merest touch. Trace a connection, if you can, between these facts and Rip Van Winkle's attitude toward farm work. Could the wars of the period have inspired slothfulness among the people? What, evidently, did Irving have in

mind when he wrote this selection ? 4. Rip Van Winkle does not say ten lines in the entire story. Why is he

not made to declare himself more freely? Why was taciturnity a characteristic of the pioneer? What subjects of conversation were prob

ably of largest interest to the dwellers of Dutch New York? 5. If one were to visit the scenes of this narrative to-day, evidences of a

marvelous development would abound. Trace a similar and equally

marked change in the manners, customs and attainments of the people. 6. Is the deep fascination of this story to be found in its quaint characters,

its outdoor scenes, its unreality, or in them all? To what extent does

each contribute to the interest? 7. You will wish to know much about the gifted author of Rip Van Win

kle, a namesake of The Father of His Country, who has written the best biography of Washington we have.


1. This selection is from Doctor Parkman's The Oregon Trail. Can you

name some other of the author's works? You will be interested in learning how he came to write about the Indians. Read his life.

2. Cooper's Leather Stocking Tales possess unusual interest for youth. Is

it because American youth love adventure ? Compare the feeling

roused by this selection with that wakened by one of Cooper's tales. 3. We still read with pleasure the rovings of sea-captains, voyagers, and

even pirates. We study the migrations of nations in their attempts to subjugate the wilderness—to blaze the path of progress. Shall we ultimately find similar pleasure in the perusal of such stories as Park

man's ? 4. With what portions of our country are Parkman's stories particularly

identified? How do you account for the meagerness of literature re

lating to those regions ? 5. Doctor Jordan declared once: “The reason why the Indian had to give

place to the white man was because it required too many acres of land to keep one Indian.” Can a similar reason be found for the disappearance of the huge herds of buffalo, and the vast numbers of other game

animals which once inhabited this country? 6. As one reads this selection one feels irresistibly a desire to participate

in such excitement. How do you account for this feeling? When shall

we be free from such appeal, if ever ? 7. When the Grand Duke Alexis of Russia visited this country during

General Grant's administration as president, a great hunting party was organized as a means of entertainment for him. Thousands of buffalo were wantonly slaughtered on the plains. What difference is apparent

in such an expedition and the one described here? 8. What great hunter and scout has recently died—the last of that group

which made the West famous fifty years ago ?


1. Poeta nascitur; non fit. (The poet is born, not made.) To what degree

is this true of Jenny Lind? Of Melba ? Where do you draw the line between the born artist and the made artist? How much importance is

attached to the claims of some people that they are self-made? 2. Compare the other charms of Jenny Lind—her girlish attractiveness,

her remarkable modesty, her marked generosity-with her marvelous musical talent. Which do you prefer—the singing woman, or the

woman, singing ? 3. In later life, P. T. Barnum succeeded in making millions of people

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