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happy with his great shows. Jenny Lind made people happy with her sweet songs. Is the happiness which arises from seeing things less in

tense or abiding than that which comes from hearing things? 4. Why does the interesting episode with Daniel Webster so deeply stir

us? Could one less famous than Webster thus have interrupted ? 5. Did Jenny Lind “just happen” to come from Sweden ? Caruso from

sunny Italy? Why is it natural for an Irishman to be witty; a Scotch

man to be sober; an Indian to be taciturn? 6. Learn something of Cornelia, Joan of Arc, Frances Willard. Will his

tory accord Jenny Lind a place with such as these? Why?


1. Reread this beautiful description, then try to picture the whole scene as

it occurred. Embellish in your own mind the picture our author draws of the good-natured crowds that jostled on the streets while waiting the coming of the president. In the same way try to depict the gravity and dignity of the distinguished statesmen as they waited. What do you

think was the nature of their conversation ? 2. Catch a glimpse of the vessel bearing Washington as it first hove in

sight; then describe as you picture it in your own mind the bustle along

the streets. 3. Compare such a crowd with a crowd on a similar occasion to-day. 4. Is it an extravagant sentiment among the American people that holds

Washington so dear, or is he entirely worthy of our great affection?

Why do you think so ? 5. Contrast this first inauguration with an inauguration of this day. What conditions which now and then appear sinister would visit the grave of Washington occasionally they would lose their bitterness. Explain.

features have these occasions discontinued and what have they added ? Would the coronation ceremonies of a king enter into the thoughts of persons to-day when a president is inaugurated? Did they in Wash

ington's time? Why? 6. Henry Lee characterized Washington as: “First in war, first in peace,

and first in the hearts of his countrymen.” Does history fully justify

this compliment? 7. Steamboats plying up and down the Potomac toll their bells as they

pass the tomb of Washington. What reason could be offered for a dis

continuance of this custom, if any? 8. It has been suggested that if men who are discontented with political the most vital of them all? 2. What is the author's real purpose in this selection ? 3. Contrast the condition of the peasantry described in this selection with


1. Read the Christmas Carol of Dickens, then compare the sentiment there

expressed with the sentiment of Jamesy. In what respect are the two

stories alike? How do they differ? 2. Does Jamesy appeal to you as merely a happy-go-lucky boy, or as a

"diamond in the rough”? 3. What did Riley wish to tell us by this beautiful story of a grimy-faced

lad ? 4. Do you think society fully acknowledges its obligation to such as

Jamesy? 5. What is the thing about Christmas that you really believe in ? 6. If the heart of the world is made tender once a year by an unfortunate

and neglected boy's appeal for Christmas observance, should not all be

lieve that by and by the heart of the world will always be tender? 7. Duty is emphasized by this story. Duty to what? Duty to whom? 8. What are the manifest weaknesses of Jamesy's character? Are these

weaknesses overshadowed by the halo of glory surrounding him ?


1. Why are Oliver Twist, Nicholas Nickleby, David Copperfield and A

Tale of Two Cities so much appreciated by the common people? Because the case of the common people is so eloquently pleaded by the gifted Dickens. But why is A Tale of Two Cities regarded as perhaps

that of the peons in Mexico; the serfs of Russia; the coolies of China. In what way have the sufferings of the people led them to rebel in these countries, just as the French Revolution followed the conditions de

scribed in this story? 4. Who was the dominating influence in emancipating the poor classes of

France, the scholar or the soldier?


1. Is it an evidence of weakness or of greatness upon the part of the poet

when he describes the play-house scenes of the three children? In what respect? In what way do the lines

“Between the dark and the daylight,
When the night is beginning to lower,
Comes a pause in the day's occupation,

That is known as the children's hour". suggest a similar friendliness for the innocency of childhood ? 2. What may be said in justification of the thrift of Enoch? Poor Rich

ard often exhorted to economy. Quote some of his sayings. 3. What trait in Philip's character does his passive attitude toward Annie

suggest? Is an aggressive, valiant lover more to be admired? What

may be said in Philip's defense? 4. In deciding finally to go on the voyage to China, did Enoch act hero

ically or otherwise? Was the view-point of Annie that of Enoch? Could they, by conference, have established the same point of view before concluding? Was selfishness a factor in determining Enoch’s con

clusion? 5. Joaquin Miller wrote:

“But deep in a walled-up woman's heart

Of woman that would not yield,
But patiently, patiently bore her part-

Lo! there is the battlefield.” Why could not the suffering of Enoch during the separation have been so keen as that of Annie?


1. When and where did the Seneca Indian tribe flourish? What else have

you learned of their great chief, Red Jacket, the author of this brilliant

speech? 2. If one Indian without the advantages of special training could speak

like Red Jacket, why could not all Indians do so? What is meant by

inherent ability ? 3. What experience of the Indian made him at all times pathetic in his

utterance? How do you account for the lack of mirth among the red

men, when it is so pronounced a characteristic of the black men ? 4. Explain the great reverence of the Indian for his religion. Do you

think fear inspired his regard for the Great Spirit, or did love beget it? 5. John Burroughs says that there are many religions which come and go

but that religion always abides. Apply this to the primitive American

Indian. 6. Was the treatment which prompted Red Jacket's complaint largely dif

ferent from that which has usually been shown to the Indians by the

white men ? 7. What service did Helen Hunt Jackson render the Indian ? 8. What religion is prevalent among the Indians to-day?


1. What eminent philosopher, as a youth, hungrily gnawing a two-penny

loaf, sauntered down the streets of an American city? Who was the famous rail-splitter? What president of the United States began life as a canal-boat driver? What great educator of his race slept under the platform of the railway station the first night he spent in a college town—driven by poverty to do so ? Compare the sacrifices of these persons with the sacrifice of Modjeska while she was mastering her

profession in America. Compare their successes with her success. 2. What does Modjeska mean when she classes Poland as "the vanquished

of modern history”? What influence would that fact have upon the individual life of one of Polish birth? How and to what extent? How came Modjeska into possession of such a singular resolve? In what

degree does environment destroy inherited tendencies? 3. Does the somber suggestion of suicide in the event of failure add to the

sweet memories of Modjeska? Do they not rather becloud? How do you like this bit from Edgar Guest :

"To do my best and let that stand
The record of my brain and hand;
And then, should failure come to me,

Still work, and hope for victory"? 4. In styles of dress, why do we still speak of Balmoral skirts? Why of

Prince Albert coats? Compare this following of English fashions with the sentiment which animated Modjeska to wish a London approval. Search out what may be said in favor of her decision, from her viewpoint. To what extent to-day is London's sanction essential to an

artist's success? 5. Omne trinum perfectum”: equivalent to our well-known expression

“The third time's the charm."


1. Name one great novel which Victor Hugo wrote. 2. How is Voltaire usually regarded? If this story correctly portrays his

conception of truth, what can you say of the vigor with which it is

presented ? 3. What was the condition of the French people during the time covered

by Voltaire's life? In what way did these conditions cause the loss of

correct social ideals, religious ideals, political ideals? 4. Why does Hugo say Versailles was radiant, Paris ignorant? 5. Reread the ten sentences beginning with "He conquered.” Finally, read

again the last ten sentences. They are wonderful.



1. “Sweet Auburn.” Why not beautiful or lovely Auburn? Is the author

dwelling so much on streets and houses, as on memories? “Cut these sentences and they bleed,” declared Emerson. Try it with these splen

did first lines. Read slowly-do not merely say the words. 2.

“I still had hopes, my long vexations past,

Here to return, and die at home at last.” How the mind runs to the lines others have penned carrying the same thought.

"Breathes there a man with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said," etc.;

"An exile from home, splendor dazzles in vain.” 3. "Near yonder copse where once a garden smiled.” Read this extract

aloud; read it silently. Absorb its spirit. Picture the preacher, his surroundings, his parishioners. Is such a character needed in every com

munity? 4. We may get scientific value from reading, or literary value, or social

value, or historic value; but none of these can take the place of the per

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