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DiLuigi, James A., AIA, director, technical information, Marriott Corp., on
behalf of the American Hotel and Motel Association, Washington, DC:
Fawcett, Stephen B., Ph.D., professor of human development and research
associate of the Research and Training Center on Independent Living
(RTCIL), and Barbara Bradford, training associate (RTCIL), University of
Kansas: Prepared statement ......
Feldblum, Chai R., legislative counsel, American Civil Liberties Union: Pre
Hoey, Christopher J., assistant treasurer and general counsel, Woolworth
Corp., on behalf of the International Mass Retail Association: Prepared
Holzer, Jo, executive director, Council for Disability Rights: Prepared state
Lynch, Robert Dale, AIA, American Institute of Architects, Washington, DC:
Prepared statement ...
Motley, John, director of Federal Government relations, National Federation
of Independent Business: Prepared statement ..
Roth, Paul A., president, the Roth Cos., Silver Spring, MD, and chairman,
Government Relations Committee, National Association of Theatre Owners,
North Hollywood, CA: Prepared statement.
Thornburgh, Dick, Attorney General of the United States of America: Pre
Witkin, Cynthia D., director, congressional relations/labor, Associated Gener-
al Contractors of America: Prepared statement.
Hon. F. James Sensenbrenner, letter to Chai Feldblum, August 7, 1989.
Chai R. Feldblum, legislative counsel, American Civil Liberties Union, letter
to Hon. F. James Sensenbrenner, September 26, 1989
James W. Ellis, president, American Association on Mental Retardation, pre-
Nancy R. Fulco, U.S. Chamber of Commerce, prepared statement
Roy Š. Bredder, director, Washington office, American Dental Association,
letter to Hon. Jack Brooks, October 24, 1989.....
Kathy J. Hogancamp, prepared statement...
James P. Cramer, executive vice president and CEO, American Institute of
Architects, letter to Hon. Don Edwards, October 26, 1989......
AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT OF 1989
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SUBCOMMITTEE ON CIVIL AND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS,
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY,
Washington, DC. The subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 9:40 a.m., in room 2237, Rayburn House Office Building, Hon. Don Edwards (chairman of the subcommittee) presiding.
Present: Representatives Don Edwards, William E. Dannemeyer, and Craig T. James.
Also present: Representative Steny H. Hoyer.
Staff present: Stuart J. Ishimaru and Ivy L. Davis, assistant counsels; Jancelyn Brower, secretary; and Colleen Kiko, minority counsel.
Mr. EDWARDS. The subcommittee will come to order.
Mr. DANNEMEYER. Mr. Chairman, I ask unanimous consent for the subcommittee to permit the coverage of these hearings in full or in part by television broadcast, still photography, or by radio broadcast, in accordance with committee rule 5. Mr. EDWARDS. Without objection, it is so ordered.
OPENING STATEMENT OF CHAIRMAN EDWARDS This morning the subcommittee begins hearings on H.R. 2273, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). The ADA represents a major effort to provide comprehensive antidiscrimination protections for persons with disabilities. The bill was introduced first by our colleague, the former majority whip, Mr. Coelho, and is now managed by Mr. Hoyer. The bill has broad bipartisan support, with 200 cosponsors. [The bill, H.R. 2273, follows:]
To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of discrimination on the basis
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
MAY 9, 1989
Mr. COELHO (for himself, Mr. Fish, Mr. HAWKINS, Mr. CONTE, Mr. OWENS of
New York, Mr. ACKERMAN, Mr. ATKINS, Mr. BEILENSON, Mr. BENNETT,
Mr. BORSKI, Mr. Bosco, Mrs. BOXER, Mr. CAMPBELL of California, Mr.
CARDIN, Mr. CLAY, Mr. CROCKETT, Mr. DE LUGO, Mr. DONNELLY, Mr.
DWYER of New Jersey, Mr. DYMALLY, Mr. EDWARDS of California, Mr.
Fazio, Mr. FEIGHAN, Mr. FRANK, Mr. Frost, Mr. FUSTER, Mr. GEJDEN-
son, Mr. GORDON, Mr. HAYES of Illinois, Mr. HOYER, Mr. HUTTO, Mr.
JACOBS, Mr. JonTz, Mr. KASTENMEIER, Mr. KLECZKA, Mr. LEVIN of
Michigan, Mr. LEWIS of Georgia, Mr. Manton, Mr. MATSUI, Mr. McClos-
KEY, Mr. McDERMOTT, Mr. McHugh, Mr. MFUME, Mr. MILLER of Califor-
nia, Mr. MINETA, Mrs. MORELLA, Mr. OBERSTAR, Mr. PALLONE, Ms.
PELOSI, Mr. RICHARDSON, Mr. ROWLAND of Connecticut, Ms. SCHNEIDER,
Mr. SHAYS, Mr. Smith of Vermont, Mr. SOLARZ, Mr. STUDDS, Mr. TRAX-
LER, Mr. UDALL, Mr. VENTO, Mr. WAXMAN, Mr. Weiss, Mr. WISE, Mr.
WOLPE, Mr. FLORIO, Mr. WILLIAMS, Mr. ROYBAL, Mr. MORRISON of Con-
necticut, Mr. BROWN of California, Mr. DELLUMS, Mr. SABO, Mr. ESPY,
Mr. Dixon, Mr. MILLER of Washington, Mr. Young of Alaska, Mr. FOGLI-
ETTA, Mr. RANGEL, Mr. GARCIA, Mrs. SAIKI, Mr. MARTINEZ, Mr. Mav-
ROULES, Mr. CONYERS, Mr. MARKEY, Mr. VISCLOSKY, Mr. RilDEE, and
Mrs. COLLINS) introduced the following bill; which was referred jointly to
the Committees on Education and Labor, Energy and Commerce, Public
Works and Transportation, and the Judiciary
AUGUST 29, 1989
Additional sponsors: Mr. Towns, Mrs. KENNELLY, Mr. GRAY, Mr. WHEAT, Mr.
GEPHARDT, Mr. LEVINE of California, Mr. FORD of Tennessee, Mr.
RAHALL, Mr. ARAKA, Mr. MOAKLEY, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. ROBINSON, Mr.
SAWYER, Mr. McNulty, Mr. BRENNAN, Mr. DOWNEY, Mr. GUARINI, Mr.
Yates, Mr. GILMAN, Mr. LEHMAN of Florida, Mr. FRENZEL, Mrs. Un-
SOELD, Mr. BRYANT, Mr. BOEHLERT, Mr. OWENS of Utah, Mr. Dicks, Mr.
MACHTLEY, Mrs. SCHROEDER, Mr. BONIOR, Mr. CARPER, Mr. KENNEDY,
Mr. LEHMAN of California, Mr. DURBIN, Mr. COYNE, Mr. WALGREN, Mr.
HORTON, Mr. KOLTER, Mr. BERMAN, Mr. BILBRAY, Mr. BOUCHER, Mr.
GONZALEZ, Mr. ENGEL, Mr. AuCoin, Mr. FAUNTROY, Mr. MRAZEK, Mr.
FORD of Michigan, Mr. STOKES, Mrs. Bogos, Mr. LIPINSKI, Mr. BUSTA-
MANTE, Mr. Hall of Ohio, Mr. DORGAN of North Dakota, Mr. VOLKMER,
Mr. WALSH, Ms. KAPTUR, Mr. POSHARD, Mr. NEAL of Massachusetts, Mr.
RoE, Mr. DERRICK, Mr. JONES of Georgia, Mr. SAVAGE, Mr. BATES, Mr.
HERTEL, Mr. TORRICELLI, Mr. JONES of North Carolina, Mr. PANETTA,
Mr. RAVENEL, Mr. TRAFICANT, Ms. OAKAR, Mr. DeFazio, Mr. WATKINS,
Mr. FASCELL, Mr. PAYNE of New Jersey, Mr. RIDGE, Mr. SIKORSKI, Mr.
STARK, Mr. TORRES, Mr. HUGHES, Mrs. BYRON, Mr. SMITH of Florida, Mr.
HOCHBRUECKNER, Mr. Wilson, Mr. LELAND, Ms. SLAUGHTER of New
York, Mr. COSTELLO, Mr. EVANS, Mr. DARDEN, Mr. SKAGGS, Mr.
YATRON, Mr. SANGMEISTER, Mr. JENKINS, Mr. JOHNSON of South Dakota,
Mr. GREEN, Mr. Dyson, Mr. CLEMENT, Mr. SLATTERY, Mr. KosTMAYER,
Mr. Nowak, Mr. SCHEUER, Mr. CARR, Mr. HAMILTON, Mr. McMILLEN of
Maryland, Mr. SWIFT, Mr. FLAKE, Mr. HUBBARD, Mr. COLEMAN of Texas,
Mr. CHAPMAN, Mr. ECKART, Mr. REGULA, Ms. LONG, Mr. EARLY, Mr.
ROSE, Mr. TALLON, Mr. BEVILL, Mrs. LOWEY of New York, Mr. GIBBONS,
Mr. WYDEN, Mr. NEAL of North Carolina, Mr. SHARP, Mr. CAMPBELL of
Colorado, Mr. HOAGLAND, Mr. ANDREWS, Mr. ANNUNZIO, Mr. ASPIN, Mr.
MURPHY, Mr. GLICKMAN, Mr. PERKINS, Mr. SKELTON, Mr. WEBER, Mrs.
JOHNSON of Connecticut, Mr. ROWLAND of Georgia, Mr. PRICE, Mr. GUN-
DERSON, Mr. STAGGERS, and Mr. PORTER
OCTOBER 3, 1989 Additional sponsors: Mr. LEACH of Iowa, Mr. LEATH of Texas, Mr. ANDERSON,
Mr. NAGLE, Mr. MOLLOHAN, Mr. PICKLE, Mr. DAVIS, Mr. Nelson of Florida, Mr. SPRATT, Mr. BRUCE, and Mr. HYDE
To establish a clear and comprehensive prohibition of
discrimination on the basis of disability.
1 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representa2 tives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
3 SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) SHORT TITLE.-This Act may be cited as the
5 “Americans with Disabilities Act of 1989”.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents is as
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
Sec. 2. Findings and purposes.
Sec. 3. Definitions.
TITLE I–GENERAL PROHIBITION AGAINST DISCRIMINATION
Sec. 101. Forms of discrimination prohibited.
Sec. 201. Definitions.
Sec. 202. Discrimination.
Sec. 203. Posting notices.
Sec. 204. Regulations.
Sec. 205. Enforcement.
TITLE III–PUBLIC SERVICES
Sec. 301. Definition of qualified individual with a disability.
Sec. 302. Discrimination.
Sec. 303. Actions applicable to public transportation considered discriminatory.
Sec. 304. Regulations.
Sec. 305. Enforcement.
TITLE IV-PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS AND SERVICES OPERATED
BY PRIVATE ENTITIES
Sec. 401. Definitions.
Sec. 402. Prohibition of discrimination by public accommodations.
Sec. 403. Prohibition of discrimination in public transportation services provided by
Sec. 404. Regulations.
Sec. 405. Enforcement.
TITLE V-TELECOMMUNICATIONS RELAY SERVICES
Sec. 501. Definitions.
Sec. 502. Telecommunications relay services.
Sec. 503. Regulations.
Sec. 504. Enforcement.
TITLE VI-MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
Sec. 601. Construction.
Sec. 602. Prohibition against retaliation.
Sec. 603. State immunity.
Sec. 604. Regulations by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance
Sec. 605. Attorney's fees.
Sec. 606. Effective date.