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And P still to vice unknown, unchanged by art,
P“ I was confirmed in the opinion that he, who would not be frustrated of his hope to write well hereafter in laudable things, ought himself to be a true poem, that is, a composition and pattern of the best and honourablest things, not presuming to sing the high praises of heroic men or famous cities, unless he has in himself the experience and the practice of all that is praise-worthy." Apol, for Smect.-P.W. i. 224.
? As the reader may be desirous of seeing the whole of this pleasing elegy, I subjoin in this place the first and the last twelve lines, which, not being immediately to my purpose, I omitted in the body of the work. The translation is by Mr. Wrangham.
AD CAROLUM DEODATUM RURI
Mitto tibi sanam, non pleno ventre, salutem;
Quâ tu distento forte carere potes.
Nec sinit optatas posse sequi tenebras ?
While Milton's occupation, as a teacher,
Crede mihi vix hoc carmine scire queas. Nam
neque noster amor modulis includitur arctis, Nec venit ad claudos integer ipse pedes. Quam bene solennes epulas, hilaremque decembrem,
Festaque califugam quæ coluere Deum: Deliciasque refers, hiberni gaudia ruris,
Haustaque per lepidos Gallica musta focos ?
Light and unfever'd with excess, I send
At tu siquid agam scitabere, (si modo saltem
Esse putas tanti noscere siquid agam,) Paciferum canimus cælesti semine regem,
Faustaque sacratis sæcula pacta libris; Vagitumque Dei, et stabulantem paupere tecto
Qui suprema suo cum patre regna colit; Stelliparumque polum, modulantesque æthere turmas,
Et subito elisos ad sua fana Deos.
Illa sub auroram lux mihi prima tulit.
quoque pressa manent patriis meditata cicutis, Tu mihi, cui recitem, judicis instar eris.
But thou, should interest, kind or curious, bend,
preserved his familiarity with many of the
Know that the Son of heaven's eternal King,
The reader need not be informed that, in these lines, Milton alludes to his ode on Christ's nativity. The expressions, in italics, are borrowed from this ode.
This excellent translation Mr. Hayley has prudently omitted to notice when he published Mr. Cowper's version of the same elegy. Mr. H. was aware, no doubt, that any comparison of the two productions would not be in favour of his friend's, and therefore, with more judgment than candour he suppressed all reference to the superior composition.
Of Mr. Cowper's translations, which have lately been published, that of Francini's Italian Ode is unquestionably the best. With respect to the rest, it cannot with truth be said that any of them rise above mediocrity:
to the part in which he was to act. Conscious of his own proper strength, and sensible that genius armed with knowledge was a power of far greater and more extensive efficiency than the bodily force of any individual, he decided in favour of the pen against the sword; and stationed himself in the closet, where he was himself an host, rather than in the field, where every
muscular private man would be his superior. This is substantially the account which we have from himself; and the motives of his conduct must obtain our approbation as hunourable and wise.'
The Long Parliament was now assembled as the representative of a nation, irritated and alarmed by very flagrant abuses of power
F“ Atque illi quidem, Deo perinde confisi, servitutem honestissimis armis pepulere: cujus laudis etsi nullam partem mihi vindico, à reprehensione tamen vel timiditatis vel ignaviæ, siqua infertur, facilè me tueor. Neque enim militiæ labores et pericula sic defugi, ut non alia ratione et operam multò utiliorem nec minore cum periculo meis civibus navarim, et animum dubiis in rebus neque demissum unquam, neque ullius invidiæ vel etiam mortis plus æquo metuentem præstiterim. Nam cùm ab adolescentulo humanioribus essem studiis ut qui maximè deditus, et ingenio semper quàm corpore validior, posthabitâ castrensi opera, qua, me gregarius quilibet robustior facilè superasset, ad ea me contuli quibus plus potui ; ut parte mei meliore ac potiore, si saperem, non deteriore, ad rationes patriæ, causamque hanc præstantissimam quantum maximè possem momentum accederem."
in the civil and in the ecclesiastical deparlment. The king's violent conduct to his four former parliaments, with his unrelenting imprisonment of their members, one of whom had died under the length and rigours of the confinement; his violent attempts to govern by prerogative alone; his arbitrary exactions in violation of all law, and the severe sentences, with which his council and his courts abetted and enforced his injudicious despotism, had alienated all the orders of the com
“ Relying on the assistance of God, they indeed repelled servitude with the most justifiable war; and though I claim na share of their peculiar praise, I can easily defend myself against the charge, (if any charge of that nature should be brought against me,) of timidity or of indolence. For I did not for any other reason decline the toils and the dangers of war than that I might in another way, with much more efficacy and with not less danger to myself, render assistance to my countrymen, and discover a mind neither shrinking from adverse fortune, nor actuated by any improper fear of calumny or of death. Since from my childhood I had been devoted to the more liberal studies and was always more powerful in my intellect than in my body, avoiding the labours of the camp, in which any robust common soldier might easily have surpassed me, I betook myself to those weapons which I could wield with the most effect; and I conceived that I was acting wisely when I thus brought my better and more valuable faculties, those which constituted my principal strength and consequence, to the assistance of my country and her most honourable cause." Def. Sec. P. W. v. 199.
* A very accurate and circumstantial history of England, by various authors, (a second edition of which was published in two