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nobly struggled for liberty under your auspices, as well as the manes of those who have fallen in the conflict: reverence also the opinion and the discourse of foreign communities; their lofty anticipations with respect to our freedom so valiantly obtainedto our republic so gloriously established, of which the speedy extinction would involve us in the deepest and the most unexampled infamy: reverence, finally, yourself! and suffer not that liberty, for the attainment of which you have encountered so many perils and have endured so many hardships, to sustain any violation from your own hands, or any from those of others. Without our freedom, in fact, you cannot yourself be free: for it is justly ordained by nature that he who invades the liberty of others shall in the very outset lose his own, and be the first to feel that servitude which he has induced. But if the very patron, the tutelary Deity as it were of freedom;--if the man, most eminent for justice, and sanctity, and general excellence should assail that liberty which he has asserted, the issue must necessarily be pernicious, if not fatal, not only to the aggressor but, to the entire system and interests of piety berself: honour and virtue would indeed appear to be empty names; the credit
and character of religion would decline and perish under a wound more deep than any which, since the first transgression, had been inflicted on the race of man.
You have engaged in a most arduous undertaking, which will search you to the quick; which will scrutinize you through and through; which will bring to the severest test your spirit, your energy, your stability; which will ascertain whether you are really actuated by that living piely, and honour, and equity, and moderation which seem, with the favour of God, to have raised you to your present high dignity. To rule with your counsels three mighty realms, in the place of their erroneous institutions to introduce a sounder system of doctrine and of discipline, to pervade their remotest provinces with unremitting attention and anxiety, vigilance and foresight; to decline no labours, to yield to no blandishments of pleasure, to spurn the pagcantries of wealth and of power--these are difficulties in comparison with which those of war are the mere levities of play: these will sift and winnow you; these demand a man sustained by the divine assistance, tutored and instructed almost by a personal communication with his God. These and more than these you often, as I doubt not,
revolve in your mind and make the subjects of your deepest meditation, greatly solicitous how most happily they may be achieved, and your country's freedom be strengthened and secured : and these objects you cannot, in my judgment, otherwise effect than by admitting, as you do, to an intimate share of your counsels those men, who have already participated your toils and your dangers ;men of the utmost moderation, integrity, and valour; not rendered 'savage' or austere by i the sight of so much bloodshed and of so many
forms of death; but inclined to justice, to the reverence of the Deity, to a sympathy with human suffering, and animated for the preservation of liberty with a real strengthened by the hazards which for its sake they have encountered; men not raked together from the dregs of our own or of a foreign populace-not a band of mercenary adventurers, but men chiefly of superior condition; in extraction, noble or reputable; with respect to property, considerable or competent, or in some instances deriving a stronger claim to our regard, even from their poverty itself;' men, not convened by the lust of plunder, but, in times of extreme difficulty, amid circumstances generally doubtful and often almost desperate, excited to vindicate their
country from oppression; and prompt, not only in the safety of the senate-house to wage the war of words, but to join battle with the enemy on the field. If we will then renounce the idleness of never-ending and fallacious expectation, I see not in whom, if not in these and in such as these, we can place reliance or trust. Of their FIDELITY we have the surest and most indisputable proof in the readiness which they have discovered even to die, if it had been their lot, in the cause of their country; of their Piety, in the devotion with which, having repeatedly and successfully implored the protection of Heaven, they uniformly ascribed the glory to Him from whom they had solicited the victory; of their JUSTICE, in not exempting even their king from trial or from execution; of their MODERATION, in our own experience and in the certainty that, if their violence should disturb the peace which they have established, they would themselves be the first to feel the resulting mischiefs, themselves would receive the first wounds in their own bodies, while they were again doomed to struggle for all their fortunes and honours now happily secured; of their FORTITUDE, lastly, in that none ever recovered their liberty with more : bravery or effect, to give us the assurance
that none will ever watch over it with more solicitous attention and care."
I cannot prevail on myself to leave this interesting production before I present to my readers the striking paragraphs with which it concludes.
Ad me quod attinet, quocunque res redierit, quam ego operam meam maximè ex 'usu reipublicæ futuram judicavi, haud gravatim certè et, ut spero, haud frustrà impendi; meaque arma pro libertate, non solum ante fores extuli, sed etiam iis itâ latè sum usus, ut factorum minimè vulgarium jus atque ratio et apud nostros et apud exteros explicata, defensa, atque bonis certè omnibus probata, et ad meorum civium summam laudem et posterorum ad exemplum præclarè constet. Si postrema primis non satis responderint, ipsi viderint; ergo quæ eximia, quæ excelsa, quæ omni laude propè majora fuere, iis testimonium, prope dixerim monu. mentum perhibui haud citò interiturum; et si aliud nihil, certè fidem meam liberavi. Quemadmodum autem poeta is qui epicus vocatur, si quis paulò accuratior miniméque abnormis est, quem heroem versibus canendum sibi proponit, ejus non vitam omnem, sed unam ferè vitæ actionem, Achillis putà ad Trojam, vel Ulyssis reditum, vel