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by domestic tutors at home.” How great are the obligations of Britain and of the world to such a father, engaged in the assiduous and well-directed cultivation of the mind of such a son!
But the reward of the father was ample; and no one, but a parent of taste and sensibility under circumstances of some resemblance, can form any estimate of the gratification which he must have felt from his child's increasing progress, and from the prospects which it gradually opened. How exquisite must have been his sensations on receiving, in that admirable Latin poem which is addressed to him, the fullest evidence of the learning, genius, taste, piety and gratitude which had unfolded beneath his eye! How pleased must he have been to accept immortality from the hand which he had himself fostered—to be assured of visiting posterity as the benefactor of his illustrious offspring, and of being associated, as it were, with him in the procession and expanding pomp of his triumph! We may imagine with what pleasure a father would read the following elegant compliment to his own peculiar talent from the pen of his accomplished and poetic son:
Nec tu perge, precor, sacras contemnere Musas;
affect to scorn the Aonian quire,
This must have been most acceptable; and yet, perhaps, more gratifying to the heart of a parent would be that effusion of filial affection with which the
At tibi, chare pater, postquam non æqua merenti
Et vos, O nostri, juvenilia carmina, lusus,
Some part of our author's early education was committed to the care of Mr. Thomas Young, a puritan minister and a native, as Aubrey affirms, of Essex: but at what
precise period this connexion began or ended is not now to be ascertained. It has been deemed probable that Young continued in his office till the time when, in consequence of his religious opinions, he was compelled to retire to the continent, where he obtained the appointment of minister to the British inerchants at Hamburgh. Young's depar
| The reader will find an entire translation of this poem at the end of the volume.
ture from England is stated to have taken place in 1623, when his pupil is supposed to have been placed, in his fifteenth year, at St. Paul's school. But this statement seems to be inaccurate, as his pupil, in a letter dated from Cambridge in 1628, promises him a visit at his country house in Suffolk, and compliments him on the independency of mind with which he maintained himself, like a Grecian sage or an old Roman consul, on the profits of a small farm.“
m « Rus tuum accersitus, simul ac ver adoleverit, libenter adve. niam ad capessendas anni tuique non minus colloquii delicias : et ab urbano strepitu subducam me paulisper ad Stoam tuam Icenorum, tanquam ad celeberrimam illam Zenonis porticum aut Ciceronis Tusculanum, ubi tu, in re modicâ regio sanè animo, yeluti Serranus aliquis aut Curius, in agello tuo placide regnas," *
Mr. Warton imagines that Young returned in or before this year (1628): but Laud's persecution of the puritans was now at its height; and if Young formerly fled from this persecution, he must at the time in question have returned by stealth, and could hardly have resided openly upon his Suffolk living of Stow-Market. As the Iceni are supposed to have inhabited the counties of Norfolk and Cambridge as well as that of Suffolk, the expression of “ Stoam țuam Icenorum,” can be confined to Suffolk only by a reference to Young's living of Stow-Market. When Milton used the word “ Stoa,” on this occasion, and forced it from its proper station next to “ Zenonis,” could he playfully intend an allusion to his tutor's Stow? I suspect that he did. It is probable that Young did not return from the continent till about the end of 1640 or the beginning of the following year, when the Long Parliament of fered to him and to his brother exiles protection from the tyranny of the High Commission and the Star-Chamber courts. Soon
* Epis. Thomæ Junio Jul. 2. 1628. P. W. vi. 112.
“ Availing myself” (Milton writes to his late tutor) “ of your invitation to your country house, I will with pleasure come to you as soon as the spring is further advanced, that I may at once enjoy the delightfulness of the season and that of your conversation. I will then retire for a short time, as I would to the celebrated porch of Zeno or to the Tusculan villa of Cicero, from the tumult of the town to your Suffolk Stoa, where you, like another Serranus or Curius, in moderate circumstances but with a princely soul, reign tranquilly in the midst of your little farm.” In the same year however, we find him on the continent, and followed by the affection and gratitude of his pupil in a Latin elegy of much beauty and poetic merit.
after this period, we find him engaged in controversy, as one of the writers of the pamphlet called Smectymnuus, against bishop Hall and archbishop Usher. He was a preacher at Duke's Place, and was nominated one of the famous Assembly of Divines, whom the Parliament appointed in 1643 for the management of religion. On the visitation of the University of Cambridge by the earl of Manchester, he was established, on the ejection of Dr. Richard Stern, in the Mastership of Jesus College, and retained it, with much credit to himself and advantage to the college, till bis refusal of subscription to THE ENGAGEMENT occasioned his expulsion from the office. He died, and was buried, as Mr. Warton in one of his notes in his edition of Milton's ju. venile poems informs us, at Stow-Market, of which parish he had been Vicar during thirty years.