Outcasts and Heretics: Profiles in Independent Thought and Courage

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Lexington Books, 2007 - 352 páginas
Outcasts and Heretics is a historical survey of independent thought in action. Divided into two sections, 'Modern Outcasts' and 'The Legacy of Religious Heresy and Dissent', professor emeritus Donald K. Sharpes traces common themes between courageous historical individuals. Often looking at individuals in the context of religion, Sharpes paints profiles of individuals who stood up against oppressing forces and overwhelming odds. Offering numerous profiles of varying lengths, the selection ranges from such well-known 20th century figures as Gandhi to esoteric historical figures, such as John Leo. Outcasts and Heretics is an inspiring book for all readers.
 

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Contenido

GREAT SOULS OF THE MODERN AGE
13
Dr Martin Luther King Jr 19291968
18
Bantu Steven Biko 19461977
23
Ayaan Hirsi Ali 1969
26
TWENTIETHCENTURY DISSENTERS
31
Dietrich Bonhoeffer 19061945
32
Kaj Munk 18981944
34
World War II German Army Deserters
36
Emperor Julian 331363
148
Nestorius 381451
153
Original Sin and Grace
160
Boethius c 475524
162
HERESY IN MEDIEVAL ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
167
Islam and the Infidels
168
Islamic Dissidents
170
The Crusades 10951291
174

Edith Stein 18911942
38
Aung San Suu Kyi 1945
41
Authors and Outsiders
43
AMERICAN OUTSIDERS
49
Roger Williams c 16031683
50
Thomas Paine 17371809
53
Cochise c 18151874
61
Red Cloud 18221909
63
SKEPTICAL SCIENTISTS AS DISSIDENTS
67
Charles Darwin 18091882
70
Natural Selection Over Time
74
Evidence About Human Origins
76
Intelligent Design
79
WITCHES AND OTHER PAGANS
83
Alice Kyteler Medieval Irish Witch
86
Witches Among the Puritans
87
Mary Dyer 16111660
90
Modern Wiccas
94
THE LEGACY OF RELIGIOUS HERESY AND DISSENT
99
PRECHRISTIAN DISSENTERS
101
Greek Mystery Religions
103
Sources of the Literary Tradition
104
Anaxagoras c 500428 BCE
106
Protagoras c 490420 BCE
107
Empedocles c 492432 BCE
109
Socrates 469399 BCE
110
Chinese Ideologies
111
On the Nature of the Gods
113
The Religion of the Romans
115
HERETICS IN THE FIRST CHRISTIAN CENTURIES
119
First Century Rome
122
Apollonius of Tyana Contemporary of Jesus
128
Marcion c 85160 The Heretic
131
Tertullian c 160230 and the Montanists
134
The Proliferation of Heresies
138
Cyprian of Carthage c 200258
142
THE AGE OF RELIGIOUS DISSENSION
145
The Rise of the Military Orders and the Fall of the Templars
178
The Crusade Against Heretics and the Cathars
180
Peter Abelard 10791142
186
Roger Bacon c12141292 Alchemist
187
Heretics Condemned
190
LATE MEDIEVAL REFORMERS AND INTELLECTUAL DISSENTERS
193
John Wycliffe c13281384
194
John Hus 13731415
200
Cecco dAscoli 12571327 and Astrology
203
Marcilius Marsiglio of Padua c 12751342
205
Saint Joan 14121431
207
William Tyndale 14941536
212
Girolamo Savonarola 14521498
218
RENAISSANCE DISSENTERS
221
Giordano Bruno 15481600
222
Thomas More 14781535
227
Johannes Kepler 15711630
232
Rene Descartes 15961650
233
Baruch Benedict Spinoza 16321677
238
Voltaire 16941778
241
TWO QUEENS ONE PRINCESS
247
Mary Stuart Queen of Scots 15421587
248
Queen Christina of Sweden 16261689
257
Elisabeth von der Pfalz Princess Palatine 16181680
263
ENLIGHTENMENT DISSENTERS
269
Denis Diderot 17131784
271
PhilipAugustin Caron de Beaumarchais 17321799
274
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier 17431794
278
JeanAntoineNicolas Caritat Marquis de Condorcet 17431794
281
EPILOGUE
287
ORIGIN OF THE JESUS LEGEND
293
CHURCH COUNCILS
295
NOTES
299
GLOSSARY
319
REFERENCES
321
INDEX
345
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Donald K. Sharpes is professor emeritus at Arizona State University.

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