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11th Week.



he would be a great king too, and THE SAXON KINGDOM.

that men should one day talk ALFRED THE GREAT.

about his glory: P. You will like to hear about But, when he grew older, he King Alfred. I have many plea- began to think how he should sant things to tell you. I said, you make this glory, and what“ " a may remember, that when he was glory” was. Then, as he thought, a little boy, he went with his father he found that there was a true to ROME. There the Pope Leo glory-very different from the one anointed him as future king, just he could make by fighting. He as the prophet Samuel anointed found out that the glory of killing King David.

belonged, not to kings, but to At Rome he gained much know- brutes, for, not any man could ledge, but he learned much more even fight so much, or get so when he came back to his mother, much of that kind of glory, as a I'm sure she was a good mother, lion. Indeed, do you know that for she

took very great pains with now, when men speak of the glory him. Every day she used to show of the bravest King of England, him one of her prayer-books, and they only say he was as fierce as all its beautiful printings. He the King of the brutes—for, he was liked to look at the red and blue “Lion-hearted.” and black letters in it; and although W. And a man's heart is the it was a Latin book, and one best part of him! which he could not understand, he P. But Alfred looked up higher; soon learned to read it. His and, from the world above, he mother then gave him some more found deeper thoughts—He was to books, so, he read them all, and be a King! Then he tried to became very fond of reading. know the glory of the King of

He also liked to listen some- kings. times to some of the men who Do you know what that is ? would come and play harps, and The glory of the King of kings sing songs; just as you like now to is to send “ PEACE on earth, and sit at the parlour window, and hear goodwill towards men,” and to the men play the “ tink-a-tink live in the hearts of those who things,” as Ada calls them. love him, so this is the proper

Ada. And, to give them a penny glory for all kings. afterwards.

This, too, was Alfred's glory-to P. Ah! but the old bards whom bring peace-to do good to his Alfred listened to, sung him fine people to be praised by those songs. He stared at them, and who loved him-and such glory, opened his little mouth, and listen- | like that of The Eternal One, will ed long, as he heard them sing last for ever. about Saxon heroes, and the glo- Now, hear of what he did. In ries of men who were brave. the year 871, he was made King of Soon, he learned to sing those England, when he found it to be songs himself, and to play the overrun with Danes, as I told you tunes on the harp - and often before. These men were almost when he sat down in the evening masters of the island, and they to sing and play, he thought that I would not go away unless he could drive them out. It does was dead. Then he dressed himnot seem to me right that he should self as a harper, and entering the fight or kill them-but it appeared, camp of the Danes, he sang them then, to be the only thing that he some songs, and pleased them could do. He fought very many very much. He saw in the camp, battles with them, but greater the Danish chief GUTHRUM. He swarms of Danes came over, until noticed that he and other chiefs of the Saxon people were so fright- the Danes spent their nights and ened, that many of them chose days in feasting and drinking, rather to be slaves, than to defend thinking themselves safe from all their country. Alfred was therefore harm. Then he noticed, and perobliged to give way:

haps he counted, all their tents, But, in the midst of all his — and found out which would troubleshe never forgot the glory of be the best place to make an atdoing good. I have heard that, tack. one winter, when he and his wife So, one night, he collected all his had only a single loaf in their friends, who made up a large army house, a pilgrim knocked at his--they fell on the Danes suddengate to beg for bread. Alfred ly -- awakened them -- astonished then gave the poor man the half them—and defeated them. They of his only loaf, and, turning to his killed many, and made the others wife, he told her that “God, who prisoners, with their great chief, could feed five thousand with five Guthrum. Very soon afterwards, loaves, could make that half loaf Alfred subdued all the Danes in to be sufficient for them.”

the island. At length, he was in great dan- He might now have punished ger from the Danes, who wanted them; but, he knew that true to kill him, and he was obliged to glory came not from doing harm, hide himself in secret places. but from doing good. So, instead

So he put on the dress of a of leading Guthrum to death, he country servant, and engaged taught him the way to eternal life. himself to a poor farmer to take This chief and many other Danes care of his cows. I dare say you learned about Jesus Christ, and have heard before, how he was became Christians, whilst the rest told by his mistress to mind some were allowed to return to their cakes, and was scolded for not own country. cooking them well. His mind Then, Alfred began to make was so full of thoughts of his king- glory for himself by his good deeds dom that he forgot his new duties. to others. He thought of nothing but how he He had enough to do, and was should save his people from the never idle. He knew that time cruel Danes—until he was roused was a good thing, so he divided by the farmer's wife, who said his time very carefully. He gave that the cakes were spoiled, and one part of the day to prayer and that he was a lazy fellow.

study, another part to business, Whilst he was thus obliged to and, another part to exercise, food, hide, news were brought to him and sleep. He wished to be very that there was hope of defeating exact and particular, so, he caused the Danes, who had become very candles to be made, each of which careless, because they thought he burned a certain number of hours,




and thus he kept an account of his no robber would dare to touch time. I have heard, too, that in them. order to make the candles burn He repaired the mischief which steadily, he invented lanterns. the Danes had made. He rebuilt

W. That shows that he was very part of London, and many other exact.

cities which they had burned. He P. He knew that learning was caused stone houses and churches a good thing, and would do the to be built-for, hitherto, they had people good, so he advised all the been made chiefly of wood. nobles in the land to teach their He thought that instead of curchildren to read. He sent to Italy ing evils it would be better to preand France for books, he sent vent them, so, he built a fleet of vessels, with men to get knowledge nearly a hundred long ships, as from other countries, and made | large as those of the Danes, and one or two voyages himself. He some much larger. With these sent for learned men to teach, and he met them on the sea, and kept caused many more schools to be them away from the land. built. He began the first college In this way, and in many other for young men at Oxford, and thus better ways, he tried to prevent founded what is now called the evil, and to do good. He made Oxford University,

the people more happy than they He led the people on, and showed had been since the days of the them that he was in earnest by his Romans,-so he felt happy, too. own love of hard work. He trane Though he was brave, he was slated part of the Testament (the kind, merciful, and gentle. His four Gospels) from Latin into enemies feared him, his subjects English, and studied Grammar, loved him, and all people admired History, Geometry, Architecture, him. Music, and Poetry.

The greatness he gave to his He knew that order was a good kingdom came back to him, and thing, and he, therefore, made he was called Alfred the Great. many good laws. He wished all The goodness he showed to his his people to be properly taken people came back to him, and he care of, and to be protected from was called “The good King Alrobbery, so he placed guards in all fred." The good which he did has parts of the country, and men like not yet been forgotten, and his our policemen ; and I have heard glory will last for a long, long that he was so strict in making while, because he tried to copy the people honest, that if golden brace “ King of kings,” whose glory will lets were hung in the highways, I last for ever.

A SONNET FOR ANGLO-SAXONS. Non Angli sed Angeli ! this is praise With living splendour of Good Deeds Higher than mortals may deserve or ablaze :

[to do,

Something we've done, but more remains And as through fapse of long since Far more for us of Anglo-Saxon race; vanished days

If to the prompting of our hearts but true, Our backward glance inquiringly we Who shall contest with us the foremost turn,

place, How should our hearts with shame In the progressive march of human kind? within us burn,

TO TEACH, TO BLESS, to CIVILIZE, such is To mark how little we have done, to raise our work assigned. The lofty pile that ages may discern,




COFFEE (Continued). you asked him whether he'd take L. Now, mamma, may we have milk and sugar, he would tell you the history of Coffee, please? “No," but would put in some

M. Yes. A long, long time cloves, or cinnamon, or something ago I don't know when else with a nice aromatic flavour. where--a Prior, who lived in a In time, other people found out Monastery, had a message brought that coffee was a pleasant thing, to him. The man who took care and it was drunk in Spain, France, of the monastery goats, or the Germany, and various parts of the Goatherd, as they called him, Continent. said that the goats would browse One of the French kings sent for on a certain plant with red berries a coffee plant, which he placed in -and, that whenever they did so, the Royal Gardens, at Paris. There they wouldn't go to sleep at night, it was carefully nursed, and when but were disposed to cut capers, it had grown to a tree, it was sent and keep late hours.

to the French colonies in the West W. Well, they were “exhilara- Indies. During the long voyage ted!”

there, the water on board ship M. Now, this Prior had some became very scarce and each pasmonks in his monastery, who were senger had a very small portion too sleepy. They had to get out given him daily. The gentleman of bed very early every morning, who had the charge of the plant, and come down to repeat their gave it, every day, a part of his Matins, or morning prayers, which, little allowance - and thus sucperhaps, they did not understand, ceeded in keeping it alive, and in so they found that it was very bringing it to his destiny. When difficult to keep themselves awake. it reached the West Indies it there The prior, therefore, tricd them bore fruit and seeds, which in time with these berries-or, perhaps, formed more plants, and led to the the juice of them, for they were cultivation of coffee in those parts. Coffee-berries; and, it had the The French people are still very effects which we spoke of last fond of coffee—they make beautiweek. It stimulated them, and ful coffee in Paris, refreshed them

L. When did they learn to W. And exhilarated them ? drink it in England, mamma ? M. Perhaps ; but it is not always

M. I will tell you.

About 200 easy to exhilarate a monk, espe- years ago, it was not known in cially at matins. Then the prior this country, no one had tasted it took some himself, and liked it hereand soon it was “strongly recom- Ion. Was that in the year 1650 ? mended” to the neighbours, until M. No. It was two years after it became the fashionable drink in then-in the year 1652. A Greek Mecca, Cairo, Constantinople- servant, named Pasqua, came to throughout Arabia, Egypt, Syria, England, and set up in business as Turkey, Persia, and all Eastern coffee man,” near Cornhill. It Countries.

became more and more liked in You should see a Turk drink England, and now the English coffee. Sometimes he uses a people use about 36,000,000 pounds quarter of a pound in a day. If every year.





L. Thank you, mamma. Now | by the red berries, which look some may we hear its natural history-I thing like small cherries. mean the history of its nature- When these berries are ripe the how it grows--and so on?

negroes come and pick them, and M. În Arabia and Eastern put them in bags which are fastCountries, the coffee trees are al- ened round their necks. They are lowed to grow to a good height, next spread out under the hot sun and the berries are left on the trees until the soft part, or pulp, feruntil they are ripe—so that they ments ;-or, sometimes the pulp is easily fall off when the branches bruised on a mill, and made softare shaken, and drop on to a mat it is then washed away, and the which is placed underneath. They seeds are dried. are then spread out on the mat, to These seeds are packed up in be dried by the heat of the sun. bags or bales, and exported—some

The husk, or dry berry, is after- of them to England. The grocer wards crushed by a stone roller, who buys them puts them in a and the seeds are picked out. close iron box, and roasts them

But in the West Indies it is cul- over a slow charcoal fire-then, tivated differently. The trees are they swell, and have the qualities grown in large plantations, which which we spoke of last week-they are often situated on the hills and become darker in colour, more high grounds that are not rich crisp, with a bitter, aromatic, and enough for the sugar. If any one agreeable flavour. There are sewho has been cultivating sugar for a veral ways of roasting it now. If long time should happen to be in you go to some of the large grocers' bad health, the change of air to a shops—you will see some curious coffee plantation will often make engines for roasting, and you will him better.

hear of patent roasters, dessicated These plantations are pleasant coffee, and of many strange ways to see. The shrubs, which are which I do not understand. only allowed to grow to the height W. Do they not mix Chicory of about four feet, have leaves of a with coffee, mamma ? bright green colour, something like M. Yes. A little chicory is said the leaves of our orange tree in to improve the flavour of coffee, the greenhouse. It has leaves at but as it is cheaper than coffee, the all times of the year.

cheap.”. grocers often mix too L. So, it is called an Evergreen, much with it, and so spoil it. Many is it not, mamma ?

people also spoil their coffee by M. Yes ;-and these evergreen boiling it. The best way to preshrubs, at the time of blossom, have pare it is by pouring boiling water a beautiful appearance. They are upon it-for, if it is left long on the then covered with a brilliant white fire, the aromatic part of its flavour flower, something like the jasmine. is driven away, and only the bitter These flowers open in such abund- taste remains. ance that the leaves of the trees I do not think I can tell you are completely hidden—and from anything else about coffeethe distance, appear as white as Ion. Please tell us the different heaps of snow, at the same time sorts of coffee, mamma. they have a delicious and fragrant M. You may have seen the smell. The blossoms are followed names of the different coffees on

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