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12th Week.


Moral Lesson.

Empty vessels make the most sun, were dancing up and down

like wild gnats, half mad. They sound.

had been catching the quiet mayP. Here is another proverb for bugs, who were out on a trip

they you,—“Empty vessels make the had been trying to catch the bats, most sound.

but they couldn't do that! L. Then, papa, they are like They had been listening to the the little brooks which have not geese on the common, who were much water in them, and make singing their vesper hymn; and much noise.

the ass, who had been rolling in P. Yes. Hearken to the tale of the dust, and then_"joining in” a boy who was an empty vessel. with their chant. They had list

ened to the wheels of what had “There's a ring at the bell, mam

proved to be a cart—to the wheels ma! It's the coach, I think. No; of an omnibus—to the wheels of a there! it is only the carrier's cart."

van—but now, they heard a rumble

again, and through the dusky light, Master Edward Gratetalk,

they spied at the top of the hill, the

heads of two horses—the heads of The Rosary,

four horses—the head of a coachCLAPTON. man-of some passengers — the

legs of four horses—and then, four “Is this right, mum?” said the red wheels, which they knew man, as he brought in a trunk, belonged to the Cheshunt Coach. and a carpet bag. “ 18. 6d. to So, when their brother came,

they dragged him out of the coach, A few minutes after, Emily and and each taking one of his hands, her little sister were sitting by the they dragged him into the house, road-side, looking out for the and hugged him, and danced round coach, which was to bring home him, like pleased, and proper sistheir brother from school.

ters. It was getting rather late, and “How brown you look! and they wished he would come, for how you have grown !” said his they had a great deal to say to little sister Jane, after they had him before going to bed that even had tea; “and what great hands ing. The last swallow had bid he has, mamma! Please let us them good night; so they watched go in the garden, I have so many the red light of the sun on the things to show him.” house, and the dazzling rays which “Look here, Edward !" said his flashed back from the glass. They little sister, “this is our doggie had been looking, a little while, at Mike! he is a new dog.". the gnats, who were quite at ease, “Yes, he is a most glorious dog!" now the swallows were gone, and said Edward. in their delight at the good glowing Little Jane looked as though she


see the gold fish in the panx*, “40 - "Well, Edward,” said his papa,

had never known that before; she The children had been promised did not understand how Mike that to-night they should sit up could be glorious, but supposed with their papa, and they then that it was a very good thing. went in to supper. ” Carry, to

“I am very glad to see that you They are most splendacious!" are looking so well and strong, said Edward.

You are eleven years old now-and “ And come to the bottom of I am sure, that, as you have been the lawn, and see the bees! Here learning so much at school, you'll is a glass hive; you cannot see be very glad to teach your sisters them very well to-night, because in the holidays. Teach them as it is their bed-time.”

much as you can.” “Ah! bees are jolly fellows,” “Oh, papa,” said Emily, "he said Edward ; “don't they make has taught us two or three things, loads of honey?"

already. He says that our pretty “Why they haven't made a bell-flower is a Campanula rotundicart-load," said Emma, “if you folia—that the hollyhock is an Almean a cart load; but, what is 'cea—something, and that these are jolly, Edward ?

Latin words." Ed. Why “jolly?” that is an “And the fishes," said little expression! I mean, that they Jane, “they are splendacious."" are fond of a lark, you know they “What are they?” said papa, fly about for a game. Let us go looking rather unpleasant. and see our gardens-I wonder “Oh! I said that they were how my roses get on.

splendacious," said Edward, colour“Yes, we will," said Emma ; | ing a little. “Jane does not unwe have kept your garden in derstand-she thinks it is Latin order. Here it is, with our gardens - It is only an expression of on each side of it. Here is a mine.” beautiful bell-flower! We don't “But, Edward,” answered his know what it is called.”


that is not the sort of “ That,” said Edward, “is The teaching I want for your sisters. Campanula rotundifolia.

I should like you to teach them “ Look at this fine foxglove, sense, not sounds. There is no Edward !”

great credit in knowing even the Ed. That is The Digitalis pur- Latin names for the flowers ; they purea.

are only words, and are no better “And see how tall my hollyhock than English words, for a magpie is growing !"

could learn them all. I would Ed. That is the Alcea Rosea. rather that you should have learned

“The what? Edward-we always something of the nature of the call it a hollyhock, and papa does. flowers, so that you might think Oh, Edward! I see you are mak- about them, which a magpie could ing fun at us.”

not do. Perhaps, your sisters Ed. No, I am not; these are the might help you to do this. scientific names — they are Latin. “ But then, Edward, as for the Ah, you haven't learned Latin yet other words ! You called our mso, it will be a long time before fishes splendacious -you know them.

mamma heard you calling the bees

and your




jollyand the dog glorius. Even “One day, passing through the Mike himself, if he could under- woods, he heard a strange noise, stand, would feel uncomfortable at and the noise of men clapping such a name, for he would know their hands, like people at a public that it is without sense. You may meeting. On looking he saw his be sure, therefore, although you servant standing on a mound, surthink such words have a fine rounded by Indians. Although sound-that they are not fine, but the man did not understand their foolish. Such words are very easy language, he was making a bawling to say—but only ignorant boys sound, like the noise of a great whose minds are empty, will use speech. The Indians were listenthem.

ing with attention ; they did not “I hope, Edward, that your mind doubt for a moment that they were is not empty, and that it is filled hearing their own language, but with something more than sounds. they said that his style of speaking Will you let me hear what you was too great for their underhave been learning at school?”. standing.

“Yes, papa," said Edward, glad- “The servant had not an idea to ly, for he wanted to show that he give them, for his head was empty knew something more than names, -50 the Indians went away with so he began

empty heads also. Not a word “My name is Norval; on the of sense had been spoken, they had Grampian hills, my father feeds his only heard a loud sound. flock."

"It is so with other people, EdHe repeated this piece to his ward. Those who have thoughts, papa, with a great deal of action which are very little, often say —sometimes looking very fierce them in voices which are very loud, sometimes

very modest-speaking to give them importance --it genewith a loud voice-and again, very rally happens that the men who scftly. So, his sisters thought that talk much think little. he did it very well.

“If you were to strike a number He then repeated another piece, of casks with a stick, and one beginning

made a hollow sounding noise, you "Most potent, grave, and reve- would at once know it to be empty. rend signiors!”

So, from your fondness for “Well, Edward,” said his father, foolish names with a fine sound, "you have repeated these very Latin names with a fine sound, well; but I am not so anxious for and 'speeches' with a fine sound, you to talk as to think. You I am afraid that when I examine remind me of a man whom I you to-morrow, I shall find that should like you to hear about. your mind has not many ideas-I

“A missionary, who was living hope that it is not empty-but this amongst the North American In- proverb always has been and aldians, had a servant, who liked to ways will be true, that EMPTY make fine speeches.


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animal, mamma, will you talk

about my framework, please? I M. How do you know a Verte- have ever so many bones in mebrated Animal, Ion?

plenty. Ion. Because it has (1.) an in M. Very well, Willie. During ternal skeleton made of bones. the last three evenings, your papa (2.) Four limbs.

-after you have been in bed-has (3.) Red blood.

been busy in making a drawing of M. That is correct, Ion. We your framework. It is very nearly have now learned to arrange the finished, and you shall see it next works of nature into three king- week, when we shall require it for doms, -and, to arrange one of these our lesson. kingdoms (the animal kingdom) Before noticing the whole of your into four sub-kingdoms. We ought framework-we shall, to-day, learn to take one of these sub-kingdoms, something of the nature of bones. and arrange it into

Ion. Sub sub-kingdoms, I suppose.

M. Yes; or classes, we generally call them. But, before doing so, we must stop a little to talk about the framework, and limbs, and blood of vertebrated animals.

Ion. Do, inamma ! I should like to know something about my bones.

W. But, mamma! will it not take us a long time? I want to get on a little faster–because, I want to hear of the curious animals Here are two bones from a all over the world. I want to shoulder of mutton-and a piece know about their shapes and co- of bone from a leg of beef, which lours—the places they live in-how I have been soaking in muriatic they live-and some of the curious acid and water. I will put this things they do. Oh, I shall be so one in the microscope, and you glad when we learn about Kan- shall examine it-now, look ! garoos!

L. I see it, mamma-How much M. Very good, Willie,—but, you larger it is! It seems to be made may go on too fast. I should' like up of long fibres like the stalk of a for you—and, indeed, for all other plant. children-to know the names of every M. That is true. Now, instead bone in your body; and not only of laying it down on its.side, I will the names but the nature of these place it for you with the end upbones--and their uses. However, i wards. I shall only stop now to teach you

L. Now it has a curious appearall that you must know in order to ance, mamma. There seem to be understand your natural history holes between the fibres, something properly.

like the holes in a piece of cane, W. Then, I am a vertebrated | when you cut it-only they are not





quite so rouna How the fibres are “The animal part gives toughness, woven together-like a piece of and the mineral part gives firmnetwork! But, mamma, I thought | ness. that our bones were solid-I should If dur bones were all cortilage, think that if they are formed with they would bend and not hold up so many pores as there are in this, our bodies properly-and, if they they cannot be very strong: were all earth, they would snap

M. No; they would not be—but very often. the bone was not so until I soaked M. That is right-and I should it in muriatic acid ; those “holes" tell you that very little earthy were filled up with another sub matter can be found in the bones stance,-an earth.

of young animals.

The baby's Bones consist of two substances bones are very soft—and are nearly -an animal substance called carti- | all cartilage or gristle. Babies lage, and a mineral substance, or often fall down, and get very hard earth.

blows, but you seldom hear of their W. Yes, mamma. Papa taught bones breaking. As the baby gets us about the earth, lime. He said | older his bones will contain more that it formed part of our bones-earth, and become rather hard, like but it is not pure lime, I suppose ! yours-and if he should grow up

M. No; the lime is united with to be as old as your papa, they will an. acid which you have not yet be harder, and more brittle still. heard of, called phosphoric acid. In the bones of old people the The other lime-earths were, you cartilage wears away; their bones may remember, called, “carbonate then contain too much lime, and of lime," "sulphate of lime,' and become very brittle indeed. When “fluate of lime”*-So, this one in an old man falls down, how easily our bones is called phosphate of lime. his bones break! When I soaked this piece of bone L. Yes; but old men take a in the weak muriatic acid the phos- great deal more care of themselves phate of lime between the fibres than babies, and do not tumble was destroyed—and only the car about so much. You seldom see tilage remained.

an old man fall down. Do you think, now, that you W. But, mamma, what is the can tell me why God should have use of our bones being hollowused two substances for our bones? would they not be stronger if they What is the use of the mineral sub

were solid? stance?

M. No; the hollowness of bones Ion. I think it is to give firmness really gives them strength-and, to our bones—if they were all car at the same time, renders them tilage they would bend.

much lighter. How heavy your M. And why should the fibres legs would feel, and, how soon you be made of animal substance--of would be tired when you went out cartilage ?

for a long walk, if you had solid W. I think I know, mamma. bones. Depend upon it, whatever To give the bones toughness, or else God makes is sure to be made in they would be too hard -- they the best possible way. would be brittle. So, we will sa , L. Mamma! I have been look

ing in the microscope and have • Physical Geography Lesson, page 77. I been noticing how straight the

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