Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

fibres of the bones are--they all tough, and alle to bear pressing, lie parallel to each other, like the pulling, and twisting, without being fibres of a stalk.

easily broken. M. But it is only so with the (2.) These bones, therefore, conlong bones of your body. You sist of two partsthe fibres made of have other bones-broad flat bones, an animal substance, called cartilage such as the bones of your Skull, in -and a mineral substance, called these the fibres are radiated (you phosphate of lime. know what that word means—they The mineral substance gives them are like the spokes of a wheel) firmness to support the weight of our You have also, in your spine and bodies; and other parts, short square bones-in The animal substance gives them these the fibres lie irregularly. toughness, that they may not be too

Now, let us make up the lesson. brittle.
Lesson 7. ON BONES.

Some of our bones are hollow, and

are thus rendered stronger, and lighter. (1.) The internal framework of (3.) We have three sorts of bones. Vertebrated Animals is made of Long bones, with parallel fibres, flat BONES,—which, in order to support bones, with radiated fibres, and square our bodies, must be firm, strong,. / short bones, with irregular fibres.

LIFE COMPARED TO A RIVER.
RIVER, River, little River,

Bright you sparkle on your way,
O'er the yellow pebbles dancing,
Through the flowers and foliage glancing,

Like a child at play.
River, River, swelling River,

On you rush o'er rough and smooth,
Louder, faster, brawling, leaping
Over rocks, by rose-banks sweeping

Like impetuous youth.
River, River, brimming River

Broad and deep, and still as Time;
Seeming still, yet still in motion
Tending onward to the ocean,

Just like mortal prime.
River, River, rapid River !

Swifter now you slip away;
Swift and silent as an arrow;
Through a channel dark and narrow,

Like life's closing day.
River, River, headlong River,

Down you daslı into the sea;
Sea, that line hath never sounded,
Sea, that voyage hath never rounded,

Like eternity.--ANON.

12th Week.

WEDNESDAY.

History,

names.

EDWARD.

THE SAXON KINGDOM.

he died, being afraid that, now he

was gone, the Danes would come EDWARD, ATHELSTANE, AND

again. EDMUND.

ATHELSTANE. L. Last week you heard of Al However, the next king, AthelFRED. Well! King Alfred died, stane, was even a better man than -as all kings do. This was in his father. Some people said that the year 900.

he was quite as good as Alfred. There is not very much worth Athelstane took great care of the noticing in the other Saxon kings; ships of England, and so improved but I will tell you one fact about them that he easily kept off the each of them, in order that you .Danes. Then, as he knew that may be able to remember their ships were useful for something else

besides war, he encouraged the merchants, and others, who had

money, to go in ships to foreign The next king after Alfred was countries and buy silk, cloth, wine, His son EDWARD.

and other things, and bring them Edward was a rather useful king, home to sell. He, therefore, made because he tried to prevent war. He a law that every man who built a ship, was a very brave soldier, and ac- and made three voyages on his own customed to battles; for in the be- account, should become a THANE, or ginning of his father's reign, he had NOBĻEMAN,—which means, as you helped him in driving away the may read in “Little Arthur's flisDanes. So, when the Danes came tory of England,” that he should be again, thinking that now Alfred called Lord, instead of Mister, when was dead they could easily con- he was spoken to. quer, they found themselves mis It appears, however, that he was taken.

obliged to fight sometimes. The Edward's good sister helped him Welsh people would not obey him, to govern the kingdom whilst he but fought with those English who met the Danes,-sometimes on the lived near to them. So Athelstane water, in ships; sometimes on the marched against them, defeated land; and everywhere he defeated | them, and took their King HOWEL them. Then, as he thought it | prisoner. Then, instead of killing would be best to protect the people, him, as the poor king expected, he so that the Danes might not easily gave him his liberty and his kingget at them, or kill them, he built dom again - for he said that it walls round more of the cities, and was more glorious to make a king made more strong castles in those than to dethrone one.

So you see parts of the country where they that, like Alfred, he knew that were wanted. The cities of Ches glory”

” could only come from ter, Warwick, Colchester, Hunting- doing good. don, and many others, were forti There is also a good story about fied by him; and castles were built Athelstane, to be found in “ Little in Lincoln, Buckingham, and other Arthur's History of England.” It parts.

is well worth hearing, so listen to The people were very sorry when it carefully.

STORY OF KING ATHELSTANE. asked the company to go and sit

“Once I was reading a very old round the fire, and drink ale and book, and I found something in it mead. Now, they had no fire-place, about this Athelstane that I will like ours, at the side of the hall; tell you. A king of the Danes, and but there was a great stone hearth three other kings, who all lived in in the very middle of the floor, and very cold poor countries, agreed a large fire was made on it, of logs that they would come to England, of wood, bigger than one man could and take part of it for themselves. lift, and there was no chimney, but So they got a great many soldiers the smoke went out a hole in the to come with them in ships; and roof of the hall. then landed, and began to take “When the company came to the a part of the country. But Athel- fire, King Athelstane made King stane soon heard of their coming, Egill sit on a high stool face to face and went to meet these kings at a with him, and King Athelstane, place called Brunanburgh, and had a very long and broad sword, fought with them, and conquered and he laid it across his knees, that them, and took some of them pri- if any of the company behaved ill, soners.

he might punish them. And they “One of the prisoners was called all drank a great deal of ale, and Egill, and he told the man who while they drank there were several wrote the oid book I mentioned to harpers, called minstrels, singing you, that King Athelstane behaved to them about the great battles they very kindly to all the people after had fought, and the great men who the battle, and would not let even were dead; and the kings sang in the enemies that were beaten be their turn, and so they passed the killed, or vexed in any manner; evening very pleasantly. and that he invited him and some “ The next morning, when Egill of the othı : prisoners to supper, at and his friends expected to be sent a large house which he had near to prison, King Athelstane went to the place where the battle was them, and told them he liked such fought.

brave and clever men as they were, “When they went to supper, and that if they would promise not they found that the house was very to come to England to plague the long and very broad, but not high, people any more, they might go for it had no rooms up stairs, and home. They proinised they would there was no fire anywhere but in not come any more, and then Athelthe kitchen and the great hall. stane let them go home, and girë

“In the other rooms they had no them some handsome presents." carpets, but the floors were strewed over with rushes, and there were When Athelstane died, there only wooden benches and high was another king called EDMUND. stools to sit upon.

This king, when he had reigned “The supper was in the great nearly six yerrs, was stabbed by ball. I do not know what they had a wicked robber called Leolf, in to eat, but after supper the king the year 946.

EDMUND.

PLEASANT PAGES.

SUMMER-WOODS.
COME ye into the summer-woods;

There entereth no annoy;
All greenly wave the chestnut leares,

And the earth is full of joy.
I cannot tell you half the sights

Of beauty you may see,
The bursts of golden sunshine,

And many a shady tree.
There, lightly swung, in bowery glades,

The honeysuckles twine;
There blooms the rose-red campion,

And the dark-blue columbine.
There grows the four-leaved plant “true-love,"

In some dusk woodland spot;
There grows the enchanter's night-shade,

And the wood forget-me-not.
And many a merry bird is there,

Unscared by lawless men;
The blue-winged jay, the wood-pecker,

And the golden-crested wren.
Come down, arid ye shall see them all,

The timid and the bold;
For their sweet life of pleasantness,

It is not to be told.
I've seen the freakish squirrels drop

Down from their leafy tree,
The little squirrels with the old,

Great joy it was to me!
And far within that summer-wood,

Among the leaves so green,
There flows a little gurgling brook,

The brightest e'er was seen.
There come the little gentle birds,

Without a fear of ill,
Down to the murmuring wator's elge,

And froely drink their fill!
And dash about and splash about,
The merry

little things;
And look askance with bright black eyes,

And flirt their dripping wings.
The nodding plants they bowed their heads,

As if, in heartsome cheer,
They spake unto those little things,

"'Tis merry living here!"
Oh, how my heart ran o'er with joy!

I saw that all was good,
And how we might glean up delight
All round us, if we would !

MARY HOWITT.

you do?

Coffee, tea, sugar, and cocoa, COCOA,

grow in plantations.

M. Cocoa plantations are found M. We alked last week about not only in South America, but in the Cotfee.

the West Indies. In one of the Ada. And to-day, mamma, you | West India islands, called GRENare to tell us about papa's Cocoa. ADA, the plantations are pleasantly Why does he not drink coffee, as situated amongst the mountains.

Thus, there is always cool shade M. Because he is under Homoeo for the Negroes to work in. pathic treatment.

The trees, which are twenty feet W. Pray what is that, mamma ? high, about four times as tall as is it good treatment?

papa, are arranged in rows, formM. Well, never mind now. You ing what are called cocoa walks.” had better ask papa. Tell me what When the young leaves come out Cocoa is.

they are of a pale red colour, and Ion. I have read, mamma, that as they get older they become it is the seed of a tree, but I don't green. Then you will see numknow where it grows.

bers of small flowers springing from M. You know where South the thick branches of the trees America is. You had better fetch they are of a light red colour, the map, I think, then we shall see mixed with yellow. its place more clearly. If you were When the flowers have dropped to go there, particularly in those off, they are followed by small parts which belong to the Span- pods of an oval shape, like an egg. iards, you would see some large These pods, when they have grown cocoa plantations.

to their full size, and are green, Ada. What are "plantations,” are very nice. They contain the mamma ?

unripe seeds, and a beautiful white M. A plantation means a place pulp, which is sweet and cooling where trees are planted. Tell me to the taste. Very often the poor some trees that grow in planta- blackamoor travellers, when they tions?

feel hot and weary, stop to pick a L. Coffee grows in plantations, few pods, and refresh themselves

they plant the coffee- by eating their pulp. So excellent trees. The sugar-canes and tea and good is this pulp, that the trees, too, are planted.

great botanist, Linnæus, gave to W. Corn is not grown in plan- the cocoa - tree a name which tations, but in the fields.

means “food for a god.” Ion. Apples and other fruits are These trees were so valuable at grown in orchards ; but, the vege one time, that in a West India tables we have for dinner, most of island called Trinidad, when people those are grown in gardens, kit were so foolish and wicked as to chen-gardens, by the market-gar- keep slaves, there was a law, that dener-so that

if a slave planted one thousand Vegetables and flowers grow in cocoa-trees, and could make them gardens.

all bear fruit, he could claim his Most fruits grow in orchards. liberty from his master - or his Corn and oats grow in fields. manumission, as it was called.

mamma

« AnteriorContinuar »